The American bobtail is a fairly young breed that has gone unnoticed until recently, overshadowed by the Japanese bobtail with which it has no genetic or pattern relationship.
Its tail is short and its hind legs slightly longer than the front, giving it a rectangular pose. Its ears end in a point and are reminiscent of those of the wild lynx with which it has no genetic relationship either.
The American bobtail got its start from an unusual street kitten, which was picked up by one couple, these are John and Brenda Sanders, this happened in the early 60s of the last century.
This kitten attracted the Sanders with its unusual color and short tail. By the appearance of the kitten, it could be assumed that there were wild lynxes in his family, but these are only speculations, in fact, these signs appeared as a result of a spontaneous mutation. The kitten turned out to be quite prolific, as a result of its alliance with a Siamese cat of the Seal Point color, kittens with the same short tails were born.
Thus, it became clear that the gene responsible for this unusual tail length is dominant and suitable for further breeding experiments. Cats of several breeds participated in the experiments: Siamese, Burmese, Himalayan, Ragdoll cats, Manx cats and ordinary domestic cats.
In the 80s, experiments did not bring the proper result, the offspring began to degenerate, which required new breeds of cats to participate in breeding programs.
However, the further crossing of American bobtail cats among themselves almost led to their degeneration. Breeders had to choose a new tactic. Since inbreeding did not give the expected results, only wild animals with a shorter tail and pets of clean, that is, non-hybrid, lines were selected for breeding.
This is what made it possible to obtain a very strong and healthy breed. American bobtails are a healthy breed, on average they live from 12 years to 21 years old. Initially, all born cats had a long coat. But as a result of numerous crosses, animals with short hair were born. Since all the other thoroughbred characters of these kittens were preserved, for the sake of them, adjustments were made to the description of the American Bobtail standard.
Hard work continued for more than a decade, and finally, by the end of the twentieth century, it was officially crowned with success. It was recognized immediately by several international organizations and clubs of felinologists.
Physical characteristics of the American Bobtail
American Bobtail cats have short hosts and are a very popular breed of domestic cats in America, some even consider these cats to be the symbol of America.
This breed is not very popular in other countries, but true connoisseurs of American cat breeds are found there. The appearance of the American Bobtail should have a long coat, spotty color, white socks and a white mark on the face, and of course a short tail.
Unfortunately, the number of this breed of cats is still small, to maintain a viable gene pool, cats of this breed are still allowed to be mixed with various domestic cats, both short-haired and long-haired.
The characteristic features of the breed: a strong muscular body, large enough, the hind legs longer than the front, on the pillows between the fingers tufts of wool, the pillows themselves are round in shape, the image of a wild cat is created by convex arches of eyebrows on the face, wedge-shaped head, almond-shaped eyes deep set. Ears wide at the base end with tassels at the ends.
A separate description relates to the short tail, it has its own variations, it can be straight, or with tubercles along the entire length, it can be broken or rounded at the end. In the presence of kinks, the tail movement should be natural, unhindered. But more preference is given to straight tails. At the same time, both short-haired and long-haired American Bobtail cats have double hair, but the hair is elastic, not prone to stalling, with the only difference being that the long-haired hair is longer on the neck, stomach, tail and breeches.
Colors are acceptable of all kinds, but brown tabby is more popular with the American Bobtail cats.
A weight of 5 to 7 kg for males and 3 to 4 kg for females.
Character and temperament of American Bobtail Cats
As a result of painstaking selection, the world received a very smart and friendly four-legged creature. If many features of the appearance of the American Bobtail were borrowed from wild ancestors, then its inherited features of character from home progenitors.
That is why the following features can be called among the predominant features of the breed:
- Quick wits.
As for activity, it does not go off scale among representatives of the breed and is manifested only in the desire to play a lot. Adequate behavior at home is one of the manifestations of high intelligence and even some intelligence of the American Bobtail, if, of course, this term can be used in relation to cats.
If the long-awaited kitten appeared in the house, then you need to play a lot with it. The American Bobtail cannot live without attention, affection and care. But in response, he gives both adults and children a lot of positive emotions. And although the cat always feels who cares more about it, it does not deprive other family members of attention. That is why it is ideal for families where children grow up.
Taking an American bobtail into the house, it is worth remembering that he does not tolerate a change of scenery and moving. Also, painfully these four-legged creatures perceive the new owner.
Their affection, devotion and fidelity can be an example even for the person himself. Thanks to good mental abilities, cats can be quickly trained and raised. They easily master various tricks and simple stage numbers. Such artistic abilities in them are inherent in nature.
This breeding line is considered one of the healthiest in the cat world. Thoroughbred pets have no hereditary diseases. However, if a close relative or an animal with an unknown pedigree participated in the breeding, then there is a risk of developing some diseases.
Most often it is: dysplasia; dermatitis; allergy. If the American Bobtail is not properly fed, diabetes can progress. Most often this happens when cats are fed primarily with carbohydrate feed. To prevent this from happening, food for them should include more meat.
Caring for an American bobtail cat does not cause much difficulty. More obstacles may arise at the very first stage when it is necessary to acquire a thoroughbred kitten. The thing is that the American bobtail is quite widespread in America, but in other regions of the planet it is rare. The breeding and reproduction of purebred representatives are still only engaged in the United States. But if luck nevertheless smiled and a real American bobtail settled in the house, then keeping this fluffy miracle will be a simple and enjoyable affair.
Cats need periodic walks in the fresh air. But at the same time, they must be closely watched, since the natural instinct for free life can make itself felt. Long-haired American Bobtail requires regular combing.
The house must have a scratching post. Approximately every 10-12 days, the American bobtail needs to check the claws and, if necessary, grind them so that they do not interfere with the soft tread.
American bobtail fun facts
- Eye color is associated with colorpoint, mink and sepia varieties.
- Wild colors are preferred at exhibitions, that is, tabby is suitable.
- A pet-class American bobtail kitten costs from $ 500, and you will have to pay all $ 1300 for an exhibition specimen.
- A American bobtail is difficult to acquire in many coutries, because breeding is carried out mainly in the United States. We have private specialists and enthusiasts doing this.
- For shows, the tail of the American Bobtail should end just above the heels of the hind legs. If the length is more than 8 cm, this may lead to disqualification of the cat.
American bobtail cats are rightly considered the favorites of their owners. Externally, cats retained the features of their wild ancestors, but at the same time they are distinguished by a kind and gentle disposition. If you add high intellectual abilities and an extravagant hunting look to this, the authority of the breed rises even higher. All the features of the character and appearance of fluffy cats cause only pleasant emotions for everyone who at least once came across them in life. Such an unusual combination of features makes snow beans unique.