The American bobtail is a fairly young breed that has gone unnoticed until recently, overshadowed by the Japanese bobtail with which it has no genetic or pattern relationship.
Its tail is short and its hind legs slightly longer than the front, giving it a rectangular pose. Its ears end in a point and are reminiscent of those of the wild lynx with which it has no genetic relationship either.
The American bobtail got its start from an unusual street kitten, which was picked up by one couple, these are John and Brenda Sanders, this happened in the early 60s of the last century.
This kitten attracted the Sanders with its unusual color and short tail. By the appearance of the kitten, it could be assumed that there were wild lynxes in his family, but these are only speculations, in fact, these signs appeared as a result of a spontaneous mutation. The kitten turned out to be quite prolific, as a result of its alliance with a Siamese cat of the Seal Point color, kittens with the same short tails were born.
Thus, it became clear that the gene responsible for this unusual tail length is dominant and suitable for further breeding experiments. Cats of several breeds participated in the experiments: Siamese, Burmese, Himalayan, Ragdoll cats, Manx cats and ordinary domestic cats.
In the 80s, experiments did not bring the proper result, the offspring began to degenerate, which required new breeds of cats to participate in breeding programs.
However, the further crossing of American bobtail cats among themselves almost led to their degeneration. Breeders had to choose a new tactic. Since inbreeding did not give the expected results, only wild animals with a shorter tail and pets of clean, that is, non-hybrid, lines were selected for breeding.
This is what made it possible to obtain a very strong and healthy breed. American bobtails are a healthy breed, on average they live from 12 years to 21 years old. Initially, all born cats had a long coat. But as a result of numerous crosses, animals with short hair were born. Since all the other thoroughbred characters of these kittens were preserved, for the sake of them, adjustments were made to the description of the American Bobtail standard.
Hard work continued for more than a decade, and finally, by the end of the twentieth century, it was officially crowned with success. It was recognized immediately by several international organizations and clubs of felinologists.
Physical characteristics of the American Bobtail
American Bobtail cats have short hosts and are a very popular breed of domestic cats in America, some even consider these cats to be the symbol of America.
This breed is not very popular in other countries, but true connoisseurs of American cat breeds are found there. The appearance of the American Bobtail should have a long coat, spotty color, white socks and a white mark on the face, and of course a short tail.
Unfortunately, the number of this breed of cats is still small, to maintain a viable gene pool, cats of this breed are still allowed to be mixed with various domestic cats, both short-haired and long-haired.
The characteristic features of the breed: a strong muscular body, large enough, the hind legs longer than the front, on the pillows between the fingers tufts of wool, the pillows themselves are round in shape, the image of a wild cat is created by convex arches of eyebrows on the face, wedge-shaped head, almond-shaped eyes deep set. Ears wide at the base end with tassels at the ends.
A separate description relates to the short tail, it has its own variations, it can be straight, or with tubercles along the entire length, it can be broken or rounded at the end. In the presence of kinks, the tail movement should be natural, unhindered. But more preference is given to straight tails. At the same time, both short-haired and long-haired American Bobtail cats have double hair, but the hair is elastic, not prone to stalling, with the only difference being that the long-haired hair is longer on the neck, stomach, tail and breeches.
Colors are acceptable of all kinds, but brown tabby is more popular with the American Bobtail cats.
A weight of 5 to 7 kg for males and 3 to 4 kg for females.
Character and temperament of American Bobtail Cats
As a result of painstaking selection, the world received a very smart and friendly four-legged creature. If many features of the appearance of the American Bobtail were borrowed from wild ancestors, then its inherited features of character from home progenitors.
That is why the following features can be called among the predominant features of the breed:
- Quick wits.
As for activity, it does not go off scale among representatives of the breed and is manifested only in the desire to play a lot. Adequate behavior at home is one of the manifestations of high intelligence and even some intelligence of the American Bobtail, if, of course, this term can be used in relation to cats.
If the long-awaited kitten appeared in the house, then you need to play a lot with it. The American Bobtail cannot live without attention, affection and care. But in response, he gives both adults and children a lot of positive emotions. And although the cat always feels who cares more about it, it does not deprive other family members of attention. That is why it is ideal for families where children grow up.
Taking an American bobtail into the house, it is worth remembering that he does not tolerate a change of scenery and moving. Also, painfully these four-legged creatures perceive the new owner.
Their affection, devotion and fidelity can be an example even for the person himself. Thanks to good mental abilities, cats can be quickly trained and raised. They easily master various tricks and simple stage numbers. Such artistic abilities in them are inherent in nature.
Cohabitation with other animals and children
The American Bobtail feels and cohabits best with older children who are old enough to understand cat behavior. Children under 6 years old should not play with an animal without adult supervision to avoid unwanted injury, both the cat and the child. American Bobtails are very quiet and sensitive, so they will be fine with adults, the elderly and just calm people. These cats get along well with other animals, including dogs, but their first encounter must be supervised and closely monitored.
American Bobtails are very intelligent animals with a wild look and kind character. They get along well in families and are unusually loyal to their owners. Their short tails and feral appearance have earned them a place in the hearts of many cat lovers.
These cats love to travel and will not resent if you need to move them to another location. Just make sure you use a safe and secure carrier, as many master escape illusionists would envy these cats for their skill in getting out of closed cages. Kittens of this breed can be picked up from the breeder at the age of six months or younger, when you are sure that they have received all the necessary vaccinations and are already sufficiently socialized.
This breeding line is considered one of the healthiest in the cat world. Thoroughbred pets have no hereditary diseases. However, if a close relative or an animal with an unknown pedigree participated in the breeding, then there is a risk of developing some diseases.
Hip dysplasia: This is an inherited condition that can lead to arthritis or severe lameness in the hind legs.
Shortened spine: This case is not considered a problem because it is a congenital disability. In this case, bobtails are born without a tail. These animals usually face a lot of problems associated with a shortened spine.
Other known diseases : dermatitis; allergy.
If the American Bobtail is not properly fed, diabetes can progress. Most often this happens when cats are fed primarily with carbohydrate feed. To prevent this from happening, food for them should include more meat.
Caring for an American bobtail cat does not cause much difficulty. More obstacles may arise at the very first stage when it is necessary to acquire a thoroughbred kitten. The thing is that the American bobtail is quite widespread in America, but in other regions of the planet it is rare. The breeding and reproduction of purebred representatives are still only engaged in the United States. But if luck nevertheless smiled and a real American bobtail settled in the house, then keeping this fluffy miracle will be a simple and enjoyable affair.
Cats need periodic walks in the fresh air. But at the same time, they must be closely watched, since the natural instinct for free life can make itself felt. Long-haired American Bobtail requires regular combing.
The house must have a scratching post. Approximately every 10-12 days, the American bobtail needs to check the claws and, if necessary, grind them so that they do not interfere with the soft tread.
- The eyes of the American Bobtail cat are daily wiped with a piece of natural cloth dipped in warm boiled water.
- American Bobtail cat’s ears are cleaned once a week. The procedure is carried out in several stages. First, a special agent is instilled into the ear of the bobtail. After a few minutes, it is gently wiped with a cloth made of natural fabric or a cotton pad.
- The bobtail’s teeth are brushed twice a week with a silicone brush and a non-foaming paste. This simple procedure will help remove plaque and prevent stone formation.
American Bobtail cats should be kept on a protein-rich diet. Be sure to follow the minimum veterinarian and breeder guidelines for feeding American bobtails. Quality ingredients like beef, chicken and fish are excellent sources of protein. It is also necessary to add minerals, essential amino acids, vitamins and fatty acids to the diet.
American Bobtails love consistency, so it is recommended that you give them the same amount of food at the same time. You can portion your meals with half in the morning and half in the evening. When in doubt about how much food your pet needs, be sure to check with your veterinarian. Keep in mind that the nutritional needs of the American Bobtail will change with age.
American bobtail fun facts
- Eye color is associated with colorpoint, mink and sepia varieties.
- Wild colors are preferred at exhibitions, that is, tabby is suitable.
- A pet-class American bobtail kitten costs from $ 500, and you will have to pay all $ 1300 for an exhibition specimen.
- A American bobtail is difficult to acquire in many coutries, because breeding is carried out mainly in the United States. We have private specialists and enthusiasts doing this.
- For shows, the tail of the American Bobtail should end just above the heels of the hind legs. If the length is more than 8 cm, this may lead to disqualification of the cat.
- It is impossible to find two cats of a given breed with the same tails. Even among bobtails from the same litter, they differ in shape, length and width.
- American bobtails are considered very rare even in their historical homeland. At the beginning of the XXI century, only 216 cats of this breed were registered.
- According to an unofficial version, American Bobtails appeared as a result of a mutation that happened during the breeding of ragdolls.
American Bobtail price?
How to determine how much an American bobtail kitten will cost you? The whole problem is that basically this breed is bred only in the USA. So, a bobtail will cost an average of 500 $. This price is for a pet-class kitten. The cost of show cats and cats for breeding is from 1300 dollars.
American bobtail cats are rightly considered the favorites of their owners. Externally, cats retained the features of their wild ancestors, but at the same time they are distinguished by a kind and gentle disposition. If you add high intellectual abilities and an extravagant hunting look to this, the authority of the breed rises even higher. All the features of the character and appearance of fluffy cats cause only pleasant emotions for everyone who at least once came across them in life. Such an unusual combination of features makes snow beans unique.