The American curl cat stands out for its ears and, although it is a relatively young breed, it is tremendously popular in its country of origin, although not so much in Europe or other continents. American Curl-eared cats and sweet-looking, “curls” are affectionate and sociable felines who adore the company of their family.
You want to know more? In this breed sheet file of Pets Feed, learn more about the American Curl cat breed. The origin of the breed, appearance, character, colors, care, and photos.
As is clear from the name of the breed, its homeland is the USA. The history of the American Curl dates back to 1981 in Lakewood, California. Locals named Ruga found a black kitten with unusual ears. It turned out to be a girl – she was called Shulamith. Six months later, in her first litter of 4 kittens, two were born with the same ears wrapped.
Since 1983, professional breeders began to engage in the selection of a unique gene. The American curl was even interested in the famous English felinologist and geneticist Roy Robinson. He studied 383 kittens from 81 litters and confirmed that the gene for swirling ears is unique. In some ways, the breed is similar to the Siberian cat breed.
Characteristics of the American Curl cats
The American Curl is a unique cat, and it is unique in its unusual shape of ears, the ears of these cats are bent! The bent shape of the ears was the result of a natural mutation of the gene responsible for the shape of the ears, so this breed can be considered naturally arisen, rather than artificially bred. There is a huge variety of colors, while the fur of cats is dense, soft, silky.
These cats are perfectly folded, harmonious, with a tight physique, American curl cats do not suffer from excess weight, they are slender, not massive. The neck and chest are strong, well developed, the body is flexible, strong legs have rounded pads.
On the wedge-shaped head there is a nice sweet muzzle, soft profile contours, a straight nose with smooth transitions to the forehead and chin. American curl cats look at the world with clear shiny eyes of a pleasant nutty color, a little obliquely set from which the gaze of cats acquires a certain charm and charm. But the most striking feature of the appearance is the ears of the American curl cats, open, at the base the wide ears of cats bend back in a smooth arc, while the angle of inversion of these soft and flexible tips can vary from 90 to 180 °.
It is important that the ears of such an unusual shape are absolutely healthy, unlike the Scottish fold ears, which are prone to ear diseases just because of the fold. Interestingly, American curl kittens are born with regular ears, on the fourth day after birth, the shape of the ears begins to form, which finally forms in cats by four months.
Average weight: 2.5-5 kg.
Life span: 13-15 years
American Curl character
American Curl cats are very gentle, they appreciate the owner’s attention, caress with pleasure and do not strive for independence. These cats love to be among people, are not afraid of big noisy companies and strangers. American Curl are very suffering from loneliness, so they should not be left alone for long: from a long and frequent being alone, a pet may even have problems with the nervous system. These cats can easily travel and move because they are attached not to the place, but to the person.
These cats have a somewhat canine character: they are easy to train and educate, smart and understanding, they will be happy to accept encouragement from the owner in the form of a favorite treat for a fulfilled command or good behavior. In addition, they easily get used to walking on a leash.
These are very peaceful and balanced cats with a calm character. The American curl cats not subject to panic and sudden mood swings and, as a rule, are in a good mood. They don’t make a mess in the house, they don’t mess up and even meow very rarely, and if there is a need to give a voice, they make quiet sounds. These pets get along well with children and feel comfortable in the role of a nanny.
American Curl cats are not intrusive and feel good at the owner’s mood, while they prefer to take part in all household chores – whether it’s general cleaning or washing; They are interested in what family members are doing. They are curious, and therefore very fond of exploring new places, exploring unfamiliar objects, looking into every corner.
American curl cats are quite mobile and playful cats; therefore, they prefer active games, they like to jump on tall pieces of furniture. By nature, they are well physically developed and have good musculature.
Representatives of this breed are prone to obesity, for this reason it is necessary to carefully monitor how much the cat eats. It is important to correctly determine the daily norm of food and strictly observe it.
The American Curl will need the same “belongings” as any other cat. In particular, for the purr, you will have to purchase a bed or a house, toys, bowls for food and drink, a carrier, a tray, and a harness for walking. The house will also have to be put in order for the kitten to move. Remove from the floor any small objects that the baby wants to taste, and securely hide household chemicals, shoes and wires from household appliances.
Up to a year old, American Curl kittens suffer from excessive curiosity, which drives them to window sills, to open windows, to the drums of washing machines, ovens and garbage cans, so at first it is better to carefully monitor the movement of the mustachioed curl around the apartment. It is possible to take an American Curl kitten out into the street no earlier than in 2.5-3 months, and then only if the animal is vaccinated and proglistogens. Adult cats are walked twice a day on a harness. The breed is considered active and playful, it needs constant fresh impressions, which can only be obtained outside the apartment, respectively, it is wiser not to neglect the daily walks of the pet.
The hair of American Curls does not fall off and almost does not get tangled, so a simple combing with a fine comb and a stimulating massage with a natural bristle brush is enough for it. Both short-haired and semi-long-haired individuals are combed using the same set of tools, but with different frequencies. In particular, the “fur coats” of short-haired curls are recommended to be worked with a comb once every 7-10 days, for long-haired curls – twice a week. American curls shed seasonally and during such periods it is better to increase the number of combing: it is useful for the pet, and there is less wool in the apartment. Sometimes a slicker is used to remove the dead undercoat, which is insignificant in the breed.
It is better not to abuse bathing: two or three times a year will be enough for an American Curl. They wash the purr with zoo shampoo, which is better to select with a consultant for cat cosmetics. It is advisable to use a conditioner to give the coat a pleasant shine and ease combing. Dry short-haired curls with a cotton towel, long-haired curls with a hairdryer. In between bathing, kotofey can arrange dry cleaning, for which it is worth buying powder and powder shampoos.
Cleaning the ears of American Curls is also necessary, but due to the unusual structure of the ear funnels, this should be done with extreme caution. The ear cartilage in kitties is dense and easily breaks if you press hard on it. Usually the ears of American Curls do not give off much of a dry, dark bloom that is recommended to be cleaned once a month. The eyes are best examined daily. Representatives of this breed do not suffer from excessive tearing, but the paths and lumps in the corners of the eyelids, of course, do not decorate the animal. So wipe the corners of the curl’s eyes with a damp cloth in the morning.
Brushing your teeth is best done once every couple of weeks. To do this, you will have to stock up on a cleaning compound from a veterinary medicine and a cat’s toothbrush. If for some reason such things are not available, you can limit yourself to a piece of gauze and baking soda wrapped around your finger. Even if a Curl has ten scratching posts hung all over the apartment, it is still necessary to cut “scratches” for him, since they often grow into pads in representatives of this breed. The only point: if you do not have experience in clipping claws as such, it is advisable to read the step-by-step instructions before the procedure, otherwise you risk touching a blood vessel in the claw and injuring your pet.
A study of the genetics of the American curl showed that this breed did not inherit any particular defects and tendencies to diseases. The only mutation that has occurred with these cats is twisted ears.
However, it is worth remembering other cats with a mutation of the ears – Scottish fold. Homozygous representatives of this breed have dysplasia of the hind limbs and tail. So, the question remains open about the risk of developing defects in cartilage and bone abnormalities in homozygous curls. Although the reviews of the owners say that with proper care, nothing like this has been noticed.
In any case, American curl cats need to clean their ears more often. At the same time, this must be done carefully so as not to damage the hard cartilage: do not stretch or straighten your ears.
American curl fun facts
- The first American curl kitten, a girl, was called Shulamith. They found her quite by accident.
- Experts believe that the breed bears similarities with Siberian cats. Perhaps they have common roots.
- For the first time for cats, the CFA has decided that both longhaired and shorthaired varieties have the right to exist.
- According to show measurements, spotted representatives of the American curl cats should always have regular blue eyes.
- American curl kittens are born with straight ears, which curl up by 2 months and take their final shape by 4 months. Buy a kitten at this age, if you do not want to risk and get a representative of a different breed instead.
- The maximum ear curl is considered a good sign for exhibitions. However, the tips do not touch the animal’s head. This may serve as a reason for his disqualification.
- American Longhaired Curl kittens cost in the range of $ 60 – 1000. In addition, it depends on the breed variety and compliance with show standards, which of these two different numbers breeders ask you for.
- Nurseries began to breed the breed quite actively only in 2000. She is the first, where cats with completely different fur lengths are officially recognized. Therefore, immediately after that, she actively began to gain popularity. Today, the relatively low starting price is due to the fact that there is an opportunity to find such a kitten for purchase.
American Curl cat breed highlights
The American Curl exists in two distinct types – short-haired and semi-long-haired (in the FIFe system it is positioned as long-haired). Despite the fact that the standard considers both varieties to be equal, breeders around the world continue to favor semi-long-haired curls as more glamorous and photogenic pets.
The genetic mutation responsible for the shape and position of the ear cartilage does not adversely affect animal health. Moreover, American Curls have unexpectedly strong immunity for pedigree cats.
American Curls are pets with a fine mental organization, who love people more than other cats. They are unobtrusive and do not arrange deafening “oratorios” if they are hungry or disagree with something.
The breed is distinguished by a high level of intelligence and trainability (as far as a cat can be trained at all).
American Curls have a peaceful nature that helps them share housing with other cats and even dogs. In addition, they are very child-friendly.
Curls’ playful paws masterfully open kitchen cabinets and press on door latches until they switch to the desired position for the cat.
Adult kitties retain playfulness and childlike spontaneity until old age, for which they are called cats with the character of Peter Pan.
The thin ears of American Curls, as if twisted on curlers, have more solid cartilage than the ears of ordinary cats, and are easily injured. In general, get ready to explain long and convincingly to guests why you do not allow stroking your cat on the head.
American Curl kittens are born with straight ears, which begin to curl only 3-10 days of age. In this case, the degree of curl of the cartilage can be different: from the minimum to a miniature “roll”.