Differentiating one cat breed from another by its physical characteristics is not always easy. Especially when several breeds share some of these characteristics. This is what happens with the Balinese cat, a breed often confused with the Siamese cat for its aesthetic resemblance. Although the reality is that they are two very different breeds with their own characteristics, both physical and in terms of temperament.
One of the reasons why this breed and the Siamese cat breed are confused is that their origin is linked. And it is that the history of the Balinese cat begins from the cross between the Siamese cats and the cats of other breeds with long hair. What was wanted at the time was to maintain the image and beauty of the Siamese cat, but with a much longer and softer coat.
If you want to adopt or buy a Balinese cat, it’s time to find out. This ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet will show you the most relevant traits, characteristics of the Balinese cat and its most appropriate care.
There are several versions of the origin of the Balinese cat. Some experts are inclined to believe that the sophisticated cat was the result of crossing the Angora and Siamese cats. However, most are of the opinion that the Balinese cat appeared due to a natural mutation. Like other short-haired breeds, the Siamese occasionally gave birth to long-haired kittens. But unusual babies were not a source of pride for the owners and were even considered “defective”.
Everything changed in the 40s of the last century, when the American Marion Dorset decided that they undeservedly call the non-standard descendants of Siamese cats defective. She decided at all costs to develop a new breed thanks to long-haired cats. To enhance the non-typical traits in breeding, Dorset used those cats in which the gene responsible for the type of coat was most pronounced. In the 60s, another enthusiast joined her team – Helen Smith.
Felinologist Helen Smith was an unusual person with mystical hobbies. Therefore, she gave new pets an outlandish name – balinez. With their flowing and graceful movements, they reminded her of exotic professional Balinese dancers. Since then, long-haired Siamese cats began to be called Balinese. In addition, the island of Bali is located near the homeland of the Siamese, which indicates the family ties of the breeds.
Breeders of purebred Siamese were wary of the emergence of such feline relatives. They worried that long-haired relatives might distract attention from their status and proud ancestors. Moreover, the Balinese cat, in their opinion, could disturb the harmony of the gene pool of Siamese parents. But successfully bypassing rumors, the Balinese breed by the 1970s received the approval of most of the American cat fanciers associations.
Characteristics of the Balinese cat
The Balinese cat is a medium-sized feline compared to other domestic feline breeds. It has great beauty and a stylized silhouette that can be seen when the cat is moving and also at rest. Having a fairly elongated body, it can appear slim in certain postures, but the truth is that it is a strong and very agile animal, capable of intense exercises and for a good part of the day.
The Balinese cat has a graceful, athletic build and well-developed muscles. Visually, he is very similar to the Siamese, only with a longer coat.
Dimensions and weight
The Balinese breed is not a large animal. Females weigh an average of 3.5 kg. Cats of this breed are heavier: the body weight of an adult male is about 5 kg.
Purebred Balinese cats must meet the following description:
- The head is small, wedge-shaped with a narrowed, elongated muzzle, a straight profile, a pointed chin, high prominent cheekbones and a strong lower jaw.
- The eyes are almond-shaped, expressive, set obliquely. The color of the iris is light blue or blue.
- The ears are triangular, erect, disproportionately large. They have rounded tips and are a harmonious continuation of the wedge-shaped head.
- The body is stretched, slender with well-developed muscles.
- The limbs are lean, long with small oval paws. The front ones are slightly shorter than the rear ones.
- The tail is thin and long. Visually resembles a whip. Decorated with a plume.
Coat color and type
The body of a Balinese cat is covered with a shiny, silky awn. On the chin, tail and neck of the animal, the hair is slightly wavy.
Balinese colors can be varied. Most often, the following colors are found in the breed:
- Frost point;
- Brown (chocolate) point;
- Seal point;
- Blue point;
Behavior of the Balinese cat
In the temperament of the Balinese cat, it is emphasized that it is an animal which shows extreme fidelity to its master, chosen directly by him. This means that you can omit other members of your family, but you will always be aware of the person you choose, to the point of constantly seeking your attention and petting.
In general, the Balinese cat is very affectionate, sociable and gentle, and tends to be very grateful to the people who take care of it and feed it. Therefore, the best strategy for earning affection is to offer care, affection and care whenever possible.
On the other hand, he is also very active and playful, and needs to exercise as much as possible a day. This is why they often get along well with children, because they often become playmates to hunt and attract attention. It is a feline breed which easily becomes the center of attention of the family and does not go unnoticed if you can avoid it.
It will seek by all means that the family notices it, so it is also a quite talkative cat, with a meow which does not disturb but which can become very repetitive and insistent until it reaches its objective. If you prefer a quieter cat, this is not your breed.
Regarding coexistence with other animals, it must be clear that it is possible but not easy. The temperament of the Balinese cat is strong and authoritarian, and it can fight with other animals for human attentions. With good socialization of the kitten, this can be avoided, but you will have to work hard with it.
There are some risks in keeping this cat. They are susceptible to liver and kidney amyloidosis, diseases of the cardiovascular system and oral ailments.
Sometimes Balinese cats can suffer from diabetes mellitus, asthma, dysplasia of the joints of the elbows and hip region. In this case, only the help of a qualified veterinarian will help them. Do not self-medicate under any circumstances.
Diabetes mellitus can be determined independently, but it is still worth resorting to the help and advice of a professional. A pet can suddenly gain or lose grams, often go to the toilet and feel thirsty, become depressed for no reason, and walk unbalanced. Also, there is an increased level of acetone in the blood.
With proper care, the Balinese cat lives for about 15 years. They do not belong to the breed of centenarians, but with proper care there may be exceptions to the generally accepted rules.
Caring for a Balinese cat is quite simple. Maintaining healthy lifestyles for the animal is more than enough to keep it healthy, including regular visits to the veterinarian, necessary annual vaccinations, as well as internal and external deworming.
Like most cats, the Balinese are very clean, so exceptional care of the animals will not be necessary to make their coat clean and shiny. As this is a long-haired breed, frequent brushing is recommended, at least twice a week, which can also be accompanied by full baths every two months.
To make the Balinese cat look aesthetically pleasing, it is provided with appropriate care:
The eyes and ears of the animal are regularly wiped with a moistened cotton pad and examined for unusual discharge. If balinesis pus is found, be sure to show the veterinarian.
To prevent plaque and calculus from forming on the cat’s teeth, they are cleaned weekly with a silicone brush and a special paste that does not foam.
Although balinese claws grind their own nails, they are regularly trimmed to keep them well-groomed.
To prevent the Balinese cat’s fur coat from tangling, it is combed out several times a week with a special comb. During molting, the procedure is carried out more often than usual in order to accelerate the loss of dead awn and the growth of new cover.
Since the balinese take care of the cleanliness of their coats on their own, they do not need to be washed frequently. Cats of this breed are bathed 2-3 times a year. The procedure is carried out in a warm room, away from drafts.
Moistened balinese wool is lathered with a special shampoo, and then rinsed with non-hot water. The ransomed cat is thoroughly dried with a towel.
Feeding the cat
The quality of nutrition of balinese depends not only on its health, but also on its appearance. In order for the cat to develop correctly and have a beautiful coat, she is provided with a balanced menu.
A complete diet
It is most convenient to give a Balinese cat premium or super premium commercial food. It contains all the vitamins and minerals necessary for the normal development of the pet.
The main thing is that it contains no dubious additives like soy, dyes or flavor enhancers. Best of all these requirements are met:
- Royal Canin;
When feeding a Balinese cat with natural products, the diet is composed so that different types of meat predominate in it. Also, the animal is given:
- Dairy products.
It is strictly forbidden to treat Balinese with sweets, river fish and leftovers from the master’s table.
A kitten of this breed eats a little, but often. Therefore, the frequency of meals depends on the age of Balinese cats:
- Up to 6 months – 4 times a day;
- 6-12 months – 3 times a day;
- Over 12 months – 2 times a day.
Balinese Cat Fun Facts
Although the Balinese cats appeared relatively recently, they managed to associate a lot of interesting things with the breed:
- The breeders did not work on the breed of these cats in the Balinese Islands, and they have no relationship with the local felines. The name comes from the fact that the specialists thought the smooth and graceful movements of cats resembled dancers from temples in Bali.
- With the Turkish Angora and Persian cats, the Balinese were crossed to give the colorpoitna color. The result was the Himalayan breed.
- This is a unique Siamese cat that has a long hair gene. There are no analogues of this hybrid in the world. However, they differ from the Siamese in a number of ways.
- It is widely believed that strabismus is a common occurrence in the Balinese cat. However, at exhibitions because of him, they may be excluded from the competition list.
- Balinese kittens are born with short hair. It is distinguished by increased charm, as it does not look like kittens of other breeds. The owner can fully enjoy its originality.
- There are 20 officially recognized colors in the breed standard. Blue, frost point, seal point, chocolate are considered classics. All kittens are born white, and with age they become a characteristic Siamese color.
- The price of cubs starts at $ 270 for a pet-class kitten. Now the fashion and popularity of this breed has revived again, so kittens can be bought in the vastness of the former Soviet Union.
- The color of the coat of representatives of this breed is influenced by a special gene, the activity of which changes with a cold snap. Therefore, it is better to keep Balinese cat in warm rooms with an air temperature of 22-24 ° C.
- Kittens of this breed are born short-haired. The guard hair lengthens as the Balinese cat matures.
Balinese cat breed conclusions
The Balinese cat is a subspecies of Siamese cats, but with an elongated coat. Despite their aristocratic posture and proud appearance, Balinese are very gentle and affectionate creatures. And in order to assess the level of intelligence, it is enough to look once into the sapphire eyes and see in them attentiveness and hidden curiosity. Balinese cats love to be in the company of people, but usually only bond with their owners. They have a loud but soft and musical voice. Despite the name, nothing connects the breed with the island of Bali, the country of their origin is the USA.