Last Updated on November 10, 2021 by Pets Feed
Basset Fauve de Bretagne or Fawn Brittany Basset is one of the six officially recognized Basset breeds, and one of five, whose origin is entirely French. These dogs are instantly recognizable due to their inherent characteristics. Namely: animals have short stature, short limbs, a wiry coat, which has a deer color. The Basset Fauves de Bretagne is named after its coat color. Until recently, representatives of this species were on the verge of extinction. Now, the livestock is gradually increasing in number, becoming more and more popular in France, thanks to its hunting abilities, as well as the pleasant disposition of the companion.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne photos
Basset Fauve de Bretagne has a unique appearance that is completely different from the appearance parameters of other Basset varieties and most French hounds. The dog is located quite low to the ground, and is not as long in body as other Basset species. These canines are known for their tough and coarse coats and deer (fawn or red) hair. Their eyes and muzzle are quite different from other French hounds and are in many ways more similar to the English Beagle.
As is the case with all Bassets, the Basset Fauves de Bretagne is short. These dogs are usually between 31.75 and 39.37 centimeters in height at the withers and are less sexually dimorphic than most canines. Breed standards do not imply a specific weight for the animal, although these stocky and muscular dogs usually weigh between 16.33 and 18.15 kilograms.
The head is medium in length, well balanced. The skull is moderately domed, of harmonious width. The occipital point is well marked.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne dog description
- The muzzle is of medium length, with a slightly curved bridge of the nose. It is not perfectly rectangular; it tapers a little. The transition of the muzzle to the forehead is moderate. The upper lips of the breed hang over the lower lips, giving it a square, but no frills. The mustache is slightly marked. The jaws are strong, with well-developed teeth that are set in a scissor bite.
- The nose is black or very dark brown. The nostrils are wide open.
- The eyes of the breed are placed on the skull not too deeply and do not stand out, the conjunctiva is not visible. They are slightly oval in shape and should be dark brown or hazel in color. Basset Fauve de Bretagne’s expression is lively and slightly pleading.
- The ears are drooping, but they are shorter than those of many long-eared dogs. Set on flush with the eye sockets. When pulled, they reach the nose. If the dog is alert, they are directed forward. The cartilage is thin and slightly folded. The ears are covered with thinner, darker and softer hair than on the body.
- The neck is rather short and well-muscled.
- The body of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is strong and well-muscled, as the dog is a hunting breed. The chest is wide and deep. The croup is prominent, the loin is strong. The ribs are well rounded. The lower abdomen is pulled slightly towards the back.
- The tail is shorter than that of most bassets. It is thick at the base and then tapers. The dog usually carries it upright, like a saber.
- The skin is quite thick, elastic, should not form wrinkles, possibly with the exception of the area around the neck.
- The forelimbs are straight; although slight curvature may be acceptable. They have strong pasterns and slightly sloped shoulders.
- Hindquarters – Balanced, parallel, neither close nor wide. The thighs are long and muscular.
- Feet – tightly padded and firm, short nails. They should not be turned either inward or outward.
Coat and colors
The coat is short to medium in length, with a very coarse and stiff wiry structure.
Coloring is possible in any shade, from golden wheat to red. The Basset Fauve de Bretagne should be solid in color, although the ears may be slightly darker. Some dogs have black hair or a white patch on the chest. Such markings are acceptable but discouraged.
Representatives of the breed are famous for their cheerful disposition and affectionate displays with people. Some experts even describe these animals as very joyful. Basset Fauves de Bretagne, as a rule, is very fond of its owner. Most of the Basset Fauve de Bretagnes will warmly welcome strangers. They treat children with tenderness and love. Such pets adapt much better to the role of companion animal than most hunting working breeds. With the right training and stimulation, these dogs can make great companions.
Initially, these pets were bred to work in a group with numerous other canines. Therefore, they have loyal expressions to their fellows. If you are looking for a new dog and you already have other companion dogs in your home, the Basset Fauves de Bretagne can be a very good choice. However, whenever a new animal is introduced along with existing adult pets, it must be done carefully and under vigilant supervision. As with many hunting hounds, the breed has dominant behaviors. The “dominant” individuals are sometimes capable of infringing too much on the rights of other canines, although this, as a rule, weakens after the establishment of social hierarchies.
Basset Fauves de Bretagne is not ideal for keeping with other non-canine animals. This breed was selected as a fairly skilled hunter. Representatives of this species have a natural instinct for catching prey. This does not mean that Basset Fauve de Bretagne cannot learn to communicate with cats or other small animals. But, in such a situation, the pet needs careful education and proper socialization in relations with other animals. Moreover, such training begins from the earliest age of the dog. This also means that you may not want to have this breed if you have other animals in your household. Keep in mind that if your Basset Fauves de Bretagne is not interested in a cat that lives with him under the same roof, this does not mean that he will not chase the neighbour’s “moores”.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne has a fairly healthy body. Until recently, they were only hunting working dogs. An individual with genetic defects is useless as a working dog and has been completely excluded from hunting pedigrees. On average, these dogs live from twelve to fourteen years, which is relatively long for their size. Most lovers of the breed claim that they do not have the congenital health defects that are often found in various canine species. This does not mean that the breed is immune to diseases, it is just that there are few individuals susceptible to flaws.
Research by the British Kennel Club showed that the most common causes of death for Basset Fauve de Bretagnes were road accidents, cancer, heart and kidney problems. The frequency of road traffic accidents is likely a consequence of the breed’s tendency to follow the detected odor, sometimes not noticing what is happening around them.
Breeders of this canine breed continue to carefully breed their pets to prevent future health problems from developing in the breed. Diseases that Basset Fauves de Bretagne may experience include kidney failure, reproductive problems, ear infections, ulcerative keratitis, cataracts.
The Basset Fauves de Bretagne is a dog that is hardly used for washing and wearing, with a tough, coarse coat that repels dirt and resists matting. Some dogs have more hair than others. Long-haired dogs can be undressed by hand. They all require weekly grooming with a fine-toothed comb followed by a stiff comb. Molting is seasonal. Nails should be trimmed regularly to avoid overgrowth and delamination. You should brush your teeth and check your ears regularly.
Basset Fauve de Bretagne grooming
The coat of these dogs does not require a lot of effort and time. The breed needs regular brushing, which must be constantly maintained. The “coat” also needs to be trimmed (plucked) at least 2 times a year. Many owners take their dogs to the professionals, although it is relatively easy to learn how to trim at home. This can be done with a special trimming knife. Representatives of the breed shed in the same way as many dogs, but their hairs do not fall to the ground, but partially remain on the animal. This is very convenient if the pet is kept in the apartment, because it does not need to be cleaned again.
Although Basset Fauve de Bretagne does not have a tendency to shed heavily, it is not the best option for people with allergies. Their coarse coat practically does not get dirty, because it repels dirt and dust. This means that you rarely need to bathe your pets. When washing, do not allow water to enter the ears and rinse thoroughly the detergent concentrate from the wool. Drying with a hairdryer is not required for the dog, you just need to blot excess moisture from the “fur coat” and make sure that the four-legged friend is not in a draft.
In order to avoid all kinds of diseases, teeth should be cleaned regularly. So that the pet is not afraid, it is better to teach him to manipulate from a very early age. To clean the dog’s dentition, you can use a flavoring paste and a silicone brush. Also, it is effective to remove plaque with the help of pharmacy activated carbon. They rub the enamel of the teeth and then wipe off the excess with a bandage. Regular brushing guarantees the prevention of tartar, gum inflammation and removes bad odors.
The ears of the Basset Fauves de Bretagne require special attention and vigilance. As with many floppy-eared breeds, these animals often quickly build up dirt and wax, which can lead to chronic infections. To prevent such troubles, the ear canals of such pets should be cleaned regularly. In addition to cleaning with lotion once a week, for better ventilation of the ear canal, the hair inside the ear can be cut with nail scissors or plucked with your fingers.
The eyes of these dogs should be checked after the hunt. Take a good look at them for any cloudiness, damage or just dust. In case of insignificant contamination, they are wiped with a pharmaceutical prophylactic agent. If serious injuries are found, the animal should be examined by a veterinarian as soon as possible. The doctor will diagnose and prescribe the necessary treatment. In difficult cases, urgent surgical intervention is required, followed by rehabilitative procedures.
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne claws also need attention. If the dog is little walked, then the claws do not grind naturally. When the length grows longer than it should be, the fingers of the animal may be injured. Therefore, the excess length must be shortened as it grows back. Experienced breeders carry out the manipulation using a special tool – a claw cutter. They come in various configurations, sizes and are individually selected. But for inexperienced owners, it is better to use a file for animals from pet stores.
Feeding these hunting dogs their owners should correlate with the activity of the dog. If the pet is kept as a companion and little is done with it, then with increased feeding it will quickly gain excess weight. The Basset Fauve de Bretagne has a stretched body and, if overweight, will put extra stress on the spine and limbs. The heart will also suffer. But working dogs, with moderate feeding, will not have enough energy to hunt, and on the contrary they will lose weight, which is also not good and threatens to deplete the body. In the composition of the diet, of course, balance is needed. Without much difficulty, ready-made dry professional feeds can provide this, especially since they are not only useful, but also convenient to use. It is only necessary to make sure that water is always present in the animal’s bowl. If they prefer to feed the dog with natural food, then the owner should consult with a professional about the composition, portion and additional vitamin supplements.
Like many hounds, it is very important that the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is always led on a leash when the dog is in an unsafe location. This breed was bred to track prey by smell. The pets will follow the trail until they find a hiding animal. It can be extremely difficult for these determined and focused dogs to respond to the call of the owner or hunter, as they can go many kilometers. Any area where these dogs are released must be reasonably safe. Basset Fauves de Bretagne is intelligent and determined, as well as strikingly strong and athletic. These dogs have extraordinary abilities and can climb under or over a fence, the height of which is sometimes surprising.
It is a lively and energetic breed. While Basset Fauve de Bretagne are not as active as breeds like the Border Collie or Jack Russell Terrier, they are definitely not couch pets. These dogs need regular walks. They are very curious and will prefer to explore any unexplored territory. A bored Basset Fauve de Bretagne can get destructive or vocal. These are intelligent and strong enough animals that are capable of performing such undesirable actions.
Basset Fauves are energetic and love to play. On regular walks, they should be on a leash, as they can run away and follow their nose at any moment. Training and play areas, such as the backyard, should be fenced in for the same reasons. Exercise can also take the form of indoor activities such as hide and seek, chasing a ball rolling on the floor, or teaching them new tricks. Training for canine sports like agility, obedience, and rallying can also be a great way to develop your dog.
Training and education
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne exhibits a lot of difficulty in training, except when it comes to hunting. These dogs were bred to be definite “trackers” with a strong desire to follow the trail of the beast for quite some time. Also, these dogs have independent thinking, which allows them to make the right decisions in a given situation. As a result, these pets are often stubborn, ignoring the commands of their owner. Therefore, many members of the breed will demonstrate selective obedience. These dogs tend to do what they want, not what you want.
Basset Fauves de Bretagne is quite difficult to train, but that doesn’t mean you can’t teach them anything. You just have to spend significantly more time and energy training than many other breeds. You will also likely never get the brilliant results that you have planned for yourself. If you are looking for a very obedient dog, or one that can perform difficult tricks, then Basset Fauve de Bretagne may not be the best choice.
Cost of a Basset Fauve de Bretagne puppy
One aspect of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne’s character that can be difficult for potential owners is the breed’s tendency to bark. These dogs were bred to pursue their prey on the trail, signaling this by barking. This informs the hunter of the whereabouts of the dog as it attacks the trail and follows it. The breed can make a wide variety of sounds, some of which are surprisingly loud. Even the most well trained and trained Basset Fauves de Bretagne will make louder sounds than many breeds. Those who are not trained properly can bark for several hours. In urban areas, this behavior of the dog is likely to cause outrage and complaints from neighbors. The price of a puppy is $ 460-560.
History of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne dog breed
The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a truly old French hound dating back to the 1500s, when François I had a pack of Breton dogs that he hunted regularly. These dogs were the Grand Fauve de Bretagnes, which sadly became extinct, but their DNA continues to follow the lines of today’s rugged griffins and Basset hounds like the Basset Fauve. The Grand Fauve de Bretagnes (fawn from Brittany) was larger (27.5-29.5 inches) and was introduced to the French court around 1520 by Admiral d’Annebuld. In the pack owned by François I, there was a male named Mirro, who was widely used by the royal family.
Until the French Revolution, only the aristocracy were allowed to keep dogs and hunt with them on horseback. In 1789, aristocratic privileges were abolished and anyone could own and hunt a dog. Most of the peasants, however, did not have a horse, so a shorter-legged hunter who was closer to the ground was required. Thus, Basset was developed. How the Basset breed was formed is a matter of controversy, but most likely from the smallest to the smallest over a long period of time.
By the 19th century, dog packs consisted exclusively of Basset hunters for hunting rabbits, hares, foxes, roe deer and wild boars. Although it was rumored that both the Grands and the Bassets were nearly extinct during World War II, this was confirmed by leading French expert on fauve, Madame. F. Corbeau of the French Club du Fauves de Bretagne, that the breed remains popular with French hunters.
The breed continues to be a popular versatile hunting dog and family dog in France, gaining popularity in the United States and having breed clubs in many countries.