The basset hound belongs to the group of hounds and comes from Saint Hubert (France) where a noble hunting enthusiast chose this breed for his private hunts. Fashion spread throughout the country until it reached Great Britain. Once in England, the breeding of these dogs continued, which ended up adopting an English origin.
These dogs have a unique appearance that makes them admire the world, because it is a dog notoriously longer than tall, designed to follow the trail of a prey in difficult terrain. They are excellent companions for hunting, although nowadays most animal lovers prefer to adopt it as another pet, regardless of these qualities.
It has a unique appearance which makes it admirers of the whole world, because the Basset Hound is a notoriously longer than large dog, designed to follow a dam in difficult terrain. It is an excellent hunting companion, although today most animal lovers prefer to adopt it as another pet.
In this Pets Feed breed sheet, we’ll explain to show you all the information you need to know to have a basset hound.
Basset Hound is a true European dog. Officially, Britain is considered his homeland, but do not say this to the French. It has been in France since ancient times that low-legged hounds were cultivated; they were called bass.
The old-type bass differed from the main herd of hounds in a slow motion, good instinct and viscosity. A dog with such characteristics was needed by foot hunters, in contrast to swarms of fast hounds of horse nobility. Bass worked diligently on the trail of a small beast: hare, rabbit, fox, wounded roe deer and wild boar.
The selection of hounds was carried out solely on working grounds, however, as a result, a peculiar exterior dog was obtained: massive, low, with a long body and short limbs. So in the XIV-XIV centuries. a prototype artesian-norman basset appeared.
By the 18th century the general phenotype of the breed has developed, although in different regions of France and different amateur breeders had their preferences. However, the short legs gradually came to naught, and the reason for this was the spread of firearms and the lack of interested selection.
The original hounds were actually revived by French breeders Lekute and Lahn. Dogs attracted the attention of the British and were brought to the island in 1863 and 1866.
In England, there were no such hounds, but immediately there was a desire to strengthen and consolidate not the workers, but the exterior differences. To do this, the bass was crossed with a bloodhound. Dogs acquired powerful expressive heads with dark sunken eyes and bryl, unique ears and sagging skin in places. Along the way, the complex character of a large bloodhound passed to the basset.
The work of the English breeders was prudent and focused, and the result was obtained very quickly. Already in 1883, the Basset-Club formed the first standard of the new breed.
In England, the walking race was not popular, but over time, gentleman hunters began to feel oppression in their beloved parforsy hunt and turned their attention to the basset. The non-standard appearance of the new hound spoke of its decorative orientation, but in such a short time the dogs did not lose their main hunting quality – the ability to follow the track correctly and for a long time.
Nevertheless, the fate of the breed was predetermined: decorative purpose, exhibition displays and the role of a companion. It was in this capacity that the basset hound conquered the rest of the European countries, America and Russia.
Physical characteristics of the Basset hound
Not everyone remembers the name of the breed when they meet a dog for a walk, but its appearance is unforgettable. The official breed standard has undergone changes, but in general the basset hound dogs have retained their original features. Since the breed is an island, the current FCI document copies the provisions of the Kennel Club of Great Britain.
The standard requires the basset hound to be powerful, bony, hardy and active. Despite the fact that the format of the dog is stretched, and the head is very large, proportionality of addition and a harmonious overall appearance come to the fore. The obligatory impression of the dog is an expression of self-esteem.
The height at the withers in the range of 33-38 cm is regulated by the standard, but is not a determining parameter. Much depends on the skeleton and size of the head, the state of muscles and skin. The weight of the basset hound can range from 20 to 35 kg, but heavier specimens are increasingly found.
Basset hounds has a very strong block and voluminous chest. Its limbs are slightly curved, enough to effectively support the body, and equipped with strong ligaments.
The basset hound has an elegant color, most often it is a combination of black and red spots and arrays on white. This color in hounds, Russian hunters call “black-pied pied in blush.” Two-tone red-white of varying intensity is also inherent in the breed.
Brand features of the breed:
- Massive head with a pronounced occipital protuberance and a smooth forehead line.
- Drilled (lips).
- Long soft ears.
- Diamond-shaped eyes with a slightly lower eyelid.
- Large total area of the skin, in some places forming a crease.
- The tail is long and strong, in the form of a saber.
Since the basset hound is practically not used in hunting, its exterior was deliberately exaggerated. This has given rise to a number of modifications that threaten the health of dogs, namely:
- Excessive skin folds on the forehead and limbs.
- Too long, thin ears.
- Overdeveloped, lowered chest.
As a result of the ultimate decorative effect, large dogs lost their freedom of movement, and the basset hound temperament suffered. Under the influence of the veterinary lobby and animal rights advocates, the British Kennel Club and the FCI supplemented the current standard with special provisions.
The current version emphasizes that the basset is a hound dog, which means it has all the features for long-term movement on the ground. Free sweeping movements, comfortable chest, strong bony limbs are vital. The balance of all exterior elements is appreciated without frills and distortions.
Basset hound personality and temperament
Despite his tacit and serious appearance, he is a sociable, calm and playful dog. The basset hound is affectionate with people, loves children and gets along with other dogs and pets. He is cordial with strangers, but if he perceives a danger, he barks loudly.
The basset hound is an affable, funny and cheerful dog, something that does not correspond to his sad and lonely appearance. He is very familiar and enjoys playing games, walks and excursions with his family. In general, we are talking about a breed of dog that accepts the company of little ones and patiently endures their pranks.
However, it is important that we educate our children so that they do not pull their long ears, thus avoiding any negative reaction from our pet. The games between the two will be active and fun, if your idea is to share this dog with your whole family, we assure you that you will enjoy a very special dog. Of course, you should always provide distractions in the form of various toys so that the basset hound has “things to do.”
Although it is a hunting dog, the basset hound can have a very good relationship with other pets inside the house and it is that by applying a good socialization, our new pet can become friends with whoever we want.
Basset Hounds health
Basset Hound has the potential for a full life of 12-14 years. The necessary conditions:
- Moderate diet.
- Daily regime.
Knitting is not without the help of the owners. Basset hound females give birth on their own, but pregnancy creates difficulties for normal movement.
In addition to the usual canine problems, basset hound dogs have specific breed diseases:
- The elongated format creates the prerequisites for the infringement of the vertebral discs.
- Eye pathologies: ectropion and entropion, glaucoma, “cherry eye” – loss of the third century. The basis for the disease is created by raw, drooping eyelids, excess skin on the head.
- Elbow dysplasia.
- Dermatitis of various etiologies.
Basset Hound is part of a group of dogs with chondrodystrophy (the phenomenon of shortening of the limbs with normal sizes of the skull). Hence the general risks arising from the genetic nature of the phenomenon. Moreover, this is not only discopathy, but also obesity, skin diseases, false pregnancies.
At the same time, experts in veterinary medicine note that the breed is in good condition and does not carry a genetic threat. For a healthy and long life, basset hound need skillful care for skin folds, ears and eyes, as well as a fair amount of physical activity.
It requires about an hour of exercise a day. The Basset Hound tends to be lazy if he has the slightest chance, but he needs to exercise to prevent him from gaining too much weight, which could cause spine problems when mature. During periods of rapid growth, however, exercise should be limited, as complications can arise with the joints. Due to the length of his body, he should not be allowed to go up or down stairs before the age of 18 months.
Basset hound feeding
Your dog’s diet should contain the right proportion of all of the major nutrient groups, including a continuous supply of fresh water. It is also important to perform regular checks of the weight of your basset hound to ensure that you keep your dog in top condition.
The basset hound generally has a very healthy appetite, which means that if he is not getting the right amount of exercise daily, this dog is prone to gaining too much weight. The puppy and the adult Basset Hound should be fed a good quality and well-balanced diet throughout their life, ensuring that it is suitable for the different stages of their life.
If you get a Basset Hound puppy from a breeder, it will give you a feeding schedule and it is important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same type of food to avoid stomach upset. You can change the diet of a puppy, but this should be done very gradually, ensuring that it does not develop digestive problems.
Feeding guide for a Basset Hound puppy (depending on the puppy’s construction)
Puppies need to be fed a highly nutritious, good quality diet to develop and grow as they should. As a guide, a Basset Hound puppy can be fed the following amounts every day ensuring that its meals are distributed evenly throughout the day and it is best to feed them 3 or 4 times a day:
- 2 months – 264g to 274g
- 3 months – 327g to 344g
- 4 months – 354g to 374g
- 5 months – 381g to 413g
- 6 months – 405g to 450g
- 7 months – 403g to 450g
- 8 months – 374g to 419g
- 9 months – 349g to 391g
- 10 months – 318g to 356g
- 11 months – 290g to 323g
- 12 months – 288g to 321g
- 13 months – 286g to 320g
- 14 months – 286g to 318g
Once a puppy is 15 months old, it can be fed with food for adult dogs.
Feeding guide for an adult Basset Hound (depending on activity)
Once fully mature, an adult Basset Hound should be fed a good quality diet to ensure good health. As an indication, an adult Basset Hound can be fed the following amounts every day:
- Dogs weighing 20 kg can be fed from 146g to 323g
- Dogs weighing 25 kg can be fed from 276 g to 363 g
- Dogs weighing 29 kg can be fed from 307 g to 404 g
- Dogs weighing 34 kg can be fed from 337 g to 443 g
Basset hound cannot be called easy to maintain. That is why a large number of “refuseniks” are noted in the breed: the owners, not appreciating their capabilities, return the puppies to the breeders a few months after the purchase or give almost adult dogs.
There are several problem points in a life together with a basset hound:
- The hardest is the toilet issue. On it many owners went out of the race. Basset hound dogs for a very long time are accustomed to sending their needs during a walk, preferring to do all things at home. To overcome this stereotype of behavior from the owner requires tremendous patience and a certain psychological attitude.
- Long walks. In the first year of life, the puppy is also frequent, up to 10 exits from the house per day. Walking the basset dog, standing in one place with the “colleagues”, will not work. You have to walk a lot, but at least not fast. Exercise for 2-3 hours.
- Great dog weight. Given the peculiarities of addition – short legs + deep chest – it is difficult for the basset hound, and the first year you cannot go down the stairs and jump out of the car. Carry on the hands of impressive juniors and elderly veterans, not everyone can do it.
- Skin, ear and eye care, claw trimming. These absolutely necessary procedures, taking into account the size of the dog, are time consuming and require accuracy. It’s enough to bathe the dogs once every 2-3 months, but this is a laborious undertaking. At the same time, bathing does not get rid of the smell – yes, many bassets smell specific.
Basset hound dogs will need special ammunition for walking: harnesses of individual sizes (only for adult dogs), a wide soft collar and necessarily a long leash of 5-10 m. Without a leash, dogs practically do not walk, and that’s why the hound with a lower flair, interested in the smell, can develop a fairly high speed and hide from view. At the same time, the basset hound who has taken the trace practically does not hear and does not see anything except the trail.
All ammunition is checked for “indefinability” in winter and for “indelible” in summer. Basset hound skin and coat are sensitive.
A separate problem is the tendency of the basset hound dogs to overeat. And without that, a rather big dog, having gained excess weight, turns into an almost motionless creature.
Basset Hound Dog Breed Highlights
- The Basset Hound is a gentle, loyal and affectionate family dog.
- It is very good around children of all ages.
- It is a very good companion for the elderly.
- The Basset Hound is a social dog by nature and gets along with everyone.
- It is a good choice for the first dog owners who have the time to devote to it.
- This dog requires little maintenance on the grooming forehead.
- The Basset Hound can be difficult to follow.
- He is known to be a “thief” of food.
- He can turn a deaf ear to an order when it suits him.
- It loses a lot of hair throughout the year and more in the spring and fall.
- The Basset Hound often has a “dog” smell.
- He may suffer from skin and ear infections.
Pros and cons of the breed
Obviously, the basset hound is an amateur breed, of which there are few. Do not advise to start a basset as the first dog, the responsibility is too great. But great is the temptation, the puppies are very cute and the adult dogs are amazing.
Basset hound is the case when a strong personality with a special mentality is hiding behind an angelic appearance. And it suits those people who appreciate and respect this “feature”.
We’ll evaluate not the dogs, but the potential owners of the basset hound:
The presence of a private house, large spaces for walking – plus the owner. Workload, regular absence is a minus.
Interest in the training process, psychologism, pedagogical inventiveness – plus. Laziness, a tendency to passive rest – minus.
Willingness to spend the first year of a puppy’s life with him and his puddles, piles and torn things is a plus. Patience, endurance is another plus.
The biggest plus to the owner of the basset hound will be his love of walks in any weather.