The Beauceron is also known as the Beauce Shepherd is a sheepdog of French origin. It is a breed little known in Europe and in the rest of the world, but with different qualities because it is a very intelligent and active dog, capable of developing all kinds of exercises and following the orders that we offer.
In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet, we will detail with you everything you need to know if you are thinking of adopting a Beauceron dog. We will explain to you details about his character, his origins, his characteristics or the physical activity necessary to develop and be happy. We will also discuss the basic care this dog needs and the most common health issues.
Read on and find out if Beauceron is the perfect dog for you:
Origin of Beauceron
The Beauceron is a purely French dog from the plains near Paris known as La Beauce. Previously, these dogs were used for multiple functions, to guide herds and protect them from threats outside the protection of property and people.
In 1863, the two breeds of sheepdogs were differentiated from France, the short coat (beauceron) on one side and the long coat (Berger de Brie – Briard) on the other. The Central Canine Society registered the first Beauceron in 1893, and in 1922 the first club of the breed was founded.
These dogs were also used by the French army during the two world wars. However, despite its great qualities, the Beauceron has not become a very popular dog. To reverse this situation, a program of recovery and promotion of the breed was created in 1960. From then on, the Beauceron began to gain popularity and to actively participate in dog and sport exhibitions, although it is still a little known dog outside of France.
Beauceron physical characteristics
The Beauceron dog’s body is solid, powerful, rustic and muscular, but without giving the impression of heaviness. He is slightly longer than tall and has a straight back and a deep chest. The legs are strong and muscular and the backs have a double spur characteristic of the breed. The Beauceron’s head has a flat or slightly rounded cranial vault. The cranial vault and the upper plane of the snout are parallel. The nose is black and should not be split.
The eyes are slightly oval and are arranged horizontally. They can be brown or hazelnut, but always dark. For Harlequin dogs, eyes of different colors are accepted. The ears are semi-erect or hanging, and previously the breed standard required that they be amputated to give a more wolfish appearance. Fortunately, this custom has been lost and is illegal in many European countries, so the breed standard has changed and accepts natural ears.
The tail is long and low. It reaches at least the point of the hock and forms at its end a light hook in the shape of “J”. The breed standard makes it very clear that the tail should not be amputated.
The hairs of Beauceron are strong, short, thick, bushy and straight. On the body, it measures between three and four centimeters long, but it is shorter on the head. The inner layer is thin, dense and velvety. The fur of these dogs can be black and tan or harlequin.
The height at the cross of the males goes from 65 to 70 centimeters. Females measure from 61 to 68 centimeters. The ideal weight is not indicated in the breed standard, but the beaucerons can weigh between 30 and 50 kilograms.
Character and temperament of Beauceron
The Beauceron is a confident, courageous and loyal dog. It is a very intelligent animal capable of learning the diversity of orders, words and actions. It is a wonderful dog that requires good treatment because corporal punishment, humiliation and bad habits are very harmful for training and the relationship with its owner.
He is generally very loyal and affectionate with his family, but reserved for strangers. However, the Beauceron can get along well with other people, dogs and pets if it has received a good socialization, if this is the case, we will enjoy a social dog, cheerful and fearless.
Beauceron is above all an excellent animal which tends to get along a lot with people, children and all kinds of animals. However, if we have very young children at home, we will have to explain how to properly treat the dog.
However, the Beauceron is also tenacious and this characteristic, as well as its need for training and exercise, does not make it an ideal dog for novice owners, but requires more experienced handling.
Beauceron dogs are generally healthy dogs, but the breed has a certain predisposition to certain diseases. In addition to strictly following its vaccination and deworming schedule internal and external, we will pay particular attention to the following diseases:
Hip dysplasia is a negative bone problem that affects the dog’s mobility, causing pain and discomfort. This is a joint defect and can appear if we overdo the exercise abnormally and excessively.
Gastric torsion occurs when we feed or provide water just before the dog gets a lot of exercise. It is a very serious complication that puts the dog’s life in danger.
It is important to check the double spur of the hind legs frequently, as it can be easily injured. In case of frequent injuries, it may be necessary to amputate it to avoid infection and subsequent damage although this is contrary to breed standards and is not acceptable for exposed dogs. To avoid injury, we must cut the nail if necessary and remove the hair around it.
It is a working dog that has a lot of energy, physical and mental, and that requires at least two hours of daily exercises.
The Beauceron is good at canine sports, such as work tests and frisbee, and enjoys spending time training or exercising with his family.
Large breed dogs, in addition to having a large appetite, need a different nutritional balance, including minerals and vitamins, than smaller dogs.
If you get a Beauceron puppy from a breeder, he will give you a feeding schedule and it is important to follow the same routine, by feeding the same puppy food to avoid stomach upset.
Older dogs are not known to be picky or fussy eaters, but that doesn’t mean you can feed them inferior food. It is best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and again in the evening, making sure it is a good quality food that meets all of its nutritional needs.
Because the Beauceron tends to suffer from bloating, it is really important that they are fed twice a day instead of giving them just one bigger meal a day. It is also a good idea to invest in a support to place their feeding bowl, which allows these large dogs to eat comfortably without having to stretch their necks down to reach their food.
Feeding guide for a Beauceron puppy (depending on the puppy’s construction)
Puppies need to be fed a highly nutritious, good quality diet to develop and grow as they should. As a guide, a Beauceron puppy can be fed the following amounts every day, ensuring that its meals are distributed evenly throughout the day and it is best to feed them 3 or 4 times a day:
- 2 months – 274g to 332g
- 3 months – 344g to 428g
- 4 months – 374g to 470g
- 5 months – 413g to 552g
- 6 months – 450g to 624g
- 7 months – 450g to 625g
- 8 months – 419g to 621g
- 9 months – 391g to 581g
- 10 months – 356g to 545g
- 11 months – 323g to 500g
- 12 months – 321g to 458g
- 13 months – 320g to 455g
- 14 months – 318g to 461g
Once a puppy is 15 months old, it can be fed with food for adult dogs.
Feeding guide for an adult Beauceron dog (depending on the activity)
Once fully mature, an adult Beauceron should be fed a good quality diet to ensure good health. As an indication, an adult dog can be fed each day with the following quantities:
- Dogs weighing 32 kg can be fed from 322g to 424g
- Dogs weighing 40 kg can be fed from 381g to 501g
- Dogs weighing 45 kg can be fed from 409 g to 538g
- Dogs weighing 50 kg can be fed from 434g to 473g
The short, thick fur is 3 or 4 cm long. It is quite rough and remains attached to the body. The coat is shorter on the head and slightly longer on the back of the thigh and under the tail, an area where tangles can occur if care is neglected.
The coat of the Beauceron is very easy to maintain. It usually takes just a weekly brushing to remove dead hair and a bath only when the dog is dirty. However, this largely depends on the activity exercised by the dogs outside, due to their active nature, they tend to get dirty easily.
We must leave at least 30 days of space between baths, because otherwise we would remove the dog’s natural protective layer. We will pay attention to cleaning the teeth, nails and ears about twice a month, a habit that will help prevent possible health problems.
Beauceron dog breed facts
- The Beauceron thrives in a family environment and makes a wonderful companion and a very loyal dog.
- This dog is known to be very tolerant of children of all ages and the elderly as well.
- The Beauceron is ultra-sensitive to the mood of its owner.
- It is one of the most intelligent dogs.
- It is always eager to please and in the right hands, easy to train.
- The Beauceron is generally tolerant of dogs he already knows.
- This breed of dog has an easy-care coat.
- The Beauceron is not the best choice for new owners, nor the right breed for everyone.
- Young Beauceron tends to be a bit clumsy.
- It does not tolerate unfair treatment.
- Its training must last up to the age of 10 months and must be constant throughout their life.
- It is a breed that has a strong sense of prey.
- The Beauceron must receive lots of daily physical exercise and mental stimulation.
- The urge to “drive” is extremely strong.
- This dog suffers from separation anxiety when left alone.
- Beauceron can be territorial around dogs it does not know.