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Before you buy a Bernese Mountain dog puppy, you need to learn important rule, such as training the pet, feeding it, vaccinating, etc.
By giving your dog time and attention, you will become the owner of a loyal and obedient friend.
Feeding a Bernese Mountain puppy
In the first days after the very purchase of a Bernese Mountain puppy, you should adhere to the same diet and give the same products as the previous owners.
This will help avoid eating disorders.
The Bernese Mountain puppy will not be able to eat the daily feed rate that the dog should receive in 1-2 times, otherwise the pet will receive a huge load on the stomach, bones, ligaments.
Therefore, the smaller it is, the more often it is worth feeding it:
- 1-2 months – 5-6 times
- 2-4 months – 4-5 times
- 4-6 months – 3-4 times
- 7-12 months – 2-3 times
- From 1.5 years and older – 2 times a day
In the diet of a Bernese Mountain puppy, like that of cubs of other large breeds such as the Tosa Inu, Cane Corso, Ca de Bou and the Neapolitan Mastiff, meat should prevail, for a 10-kg dog of this breed, 300-400 grams of meat per day are needed, with a weight of 20 kg – 800-900 grams of meat.
You can also include cottage cheese, dairy products, eggs in the diet (no more than 3 times a week).
These products are required for a Bernese Mountain puppy up to 2-3 months of age, but you should not refuse them when the dog grows up.
When the dog is older, you can add premium dry food to its diet.
Chicken stomachs, necks, legs will be useful for the Bernese Mountain puppy.
It is worth diversifying the diet with cereals (buckwheat, rice, oatmeal) and vegetables (pumpkin, zucchini, tomatoes, carrots).
Important! A bowl of food, as well as water, should melt on a special stand so that the Bernese Mountain puppy’s vertebrae do not bend while eating. Food must not be overheated, given from the stove or directly from the refrigerator, the food must be warm. The pet should always have fresh cool water. The drinking bowl should be washed once a day, and the water itself should be changed a couple of times a day.
At an early age, it is better to overfeed the Bernese Mountain puppy than underfeed, since the lack of nutrients and vitamins after 12 months of age will be difficult to correct.
A balanced diet is the key to the development of an active, strong and healthy pet.
After eating, you need to give the Bernese Mountain puppy a rest, for 1-1.5 hours you should not bother him, take him out for a walk, make him follow commands.
Increased activity after a meal may well lead to so-called volvulus.
Bernese Mountain puppy tidiness training
It is not necessary to bathe a Bernese Mountain puppy often, if absolutely necessary, it is better not to wet the head at all, it is important that water does not get into the ears.
After bathing, you need to wipe the puppy, wrap it in a towel until the fur dries, and avoid drafts.
Every time after eating, the Bernese Mountain puppy needs to satisfy his physiological needs, so it is advisable to immediately take him outside.
It is necessary to train a Bernese Mountain puppy to the toilet exclusively on the outside from puppyhood, encouraging him with delicious delicacies, if he obeys you.
You should not scold for disobedience in early puppyhood, because the animal simply does not understand what you want, while it needs to satisfy its needs.
But discipline is a must, because if you don’t toilet train your Bernese Mountain puppy as a child, raising an adult dog will be much more difficult.
Important! Do not forget that a Bernese Mountain puppy is still a child. In addition to grueling workouts, you need to devote time to games and pranks.
Vaccinations for Bernese Mountain Dog puppies
Like other dogs, it is very important to vaccinate Bernese Mountain puppies.
The first vaccination must be carried out at 1.5-2 months, it forms immunity against diseases such as hepatitis, plague, leptospirosis, parvovirus enteritis, etc.
At 6 months, the so-called complex vaccination is done, including rabies vaccination.
Another vaccination is performed at the age of 12 months, after which the Bernese Mountain puppy is inoculated every year.
It is also important to treat your pet against ticks and fleas. You can buy a special tick collar.
Raising a Bernese Mountain puppy
Bernese Mountain puppies, whose photos cause affection even among serious owners, actively learn about life, they are curious, cheerful, and ready to learn new teams and master new qualities.
It is at this age that pets, like Cane Corso puppies, are best trained, at the age of 2-3 months the basic qualities of the dog are formed.
It is best if the Bernese Mountain puppies live outside in their own kennel or aviary. There are several main rules to follow when raising a Bernese Mountain puppy:
- Train your pet to unconditionally follow the “no” command.
- There can be no indulgence in this, because if you once allow something that was actively prohibited a few days ago, it is unlikely that the dog will take your commands and bans seriously in the future.
- Do not persuade the Bernese Mountain puppy to eat and do not follow him with a bowl. Better to allow a certain amount of time (15-20 minutes) for food, after which the bowl is taken away.
- Strictly forbid taking food from someone else’s hands and never change this rule.
- Even if your good friend wants to pamper the Bernese Mountain puppy, you should not give indulgences, because in the future the dog will decide that you can take food from any stranger.
The same rule applies to picking up food and other items from the ground. This training rule also applies to shorthaired pointer puppies.
One of the common mistakes of the owners is the permission to bite family members “playfully”.
Bernese Mountain puppies do this not out of spite, and usually the owners do not attach any importance to this.
But it is important to completely suppress any attempts of the dog to bite its own from an early age, as well as to clearly explain the difference between “friends” and “strangers” so that the dog can stand up for itself. The same rule applies to the education of St. Bernard puppies.
The Bernese Mountain puppy must know the basic set of commands, for example, “no”, “sit”, “place”.
It is important not to punish your pet during training, but to achieve unquestioning execution of commands.
This does not mean that you should always be very strict with the dog and limit it in many ways.
It is important that you are the authority for her, and then your prohibitions will be perceived instantly.
Up to 6 months old, the Bernese Mountain puppy will erupt its teeth. At this time, it is important not to let him carry a leash and other objects with him, so as not to spoil the bite.
It is also important to choose the right toys for your pet, because if he has nothing to chew on, he can ruin furniture or wires in the house.
Balls, gelatin bones, and other special puppy toys are great.
Bernese Mountain puppies, the price of which justifies the positive emotions that they give to their owners, love active pastime, especially at an early age.
It is important to provide your pet with a variety of games, interesting tasks and a set of toys, directing energy in the right direction.
Important! In no case do not bring training with a Bernese Mountain puppy to fatigue, otherwise he may permanently lose interest in them.
Often the owners are fond of games and training, and overload the psyche of an immature Bernese Mountain puppy, forcing him to repeat the commands over and over again.
Monotony, overwork, and a feeling of fatigue can discourage a dog from exercising, obeying its owner and playing.
Therefore, it is better if the training will not last long, but will allow the dog to rest, run, execute several commands.
The relationship with the owner will be consolidated, and the Bernese Mountain puppy will be more obedient and cheerful.
Contact with the owner
The more commands the Bernese Mountain puppy remembers by 3-5 months of age, the better.
Tell him “Next” or “Sit”, teach him to your voice and the most important commands, and then by 6 months the pet will delight you with its obedience and diligence.
Before you buy a Bernese Mountain puppy, decide if you can devote enough time to raising it, walking and training.
After all, even if you are not going to participate with your pet in exhibitions, you need to pay due attention to his education and obedience.
A dog that does not follow basic commands and does not perceive the owner as an authority will grow up to be capricious and disobedient.
If, when purchasing a Bernese Mountain puppy, you want to find a new family friend, then it is worth spending a lot of time and effort to make the Bernese Mountain puppy become such a pet for you!