The bloodhound also known as Saint-Hubert dog, is easily recognizable by its noble and wrinkled head, its drooping eyelids and its long ears hanging like pendulums. It also has a strong body and legs and is a very big dog.
This dog is native to Belgium. We are talking about one of the oldest dog breeds in the world, which also has impressive physical characteristics, thanks to its size and appearance. However, the character of the bloodhound surprises everyone who knows it, as it is also a very balanced breed of dog that creates strong ties with its guardians, whom it follows and protects.
This dog has an innate and unparalleled ability to locate, so he is the only dog whose tracking evidence is allowed by the court in some countries.The bloodhound dogs are known for their excellent tracking ability, which no other dog can equal.
The Bloodhound is a dog that is ready to help people from birth. In the genes of the representatives of the Belgian breed, there is a desire to serve the owner. These dogs almost never show aggression. They cannot be taught to attack a person.
If you are considering the option of adopting a bloodhound or, simply, you want to know more about this dog breed dog, keep reading, in this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet, we will show you everything you need to know about the bloodhound, probably the dog with the best sense of smell in the world. Keep reading!
The predecessor of modern Bloodhound is at the Abbey of Saint-Hubert, where dogs called “Segusius” were originally used to track wolves, big cats or deer, or for track down injured prey. When the Normans conquered England in 1066 BC, they brought many of their dogs with them and the Saint Hubert’s Dog was one of those who were transferred to England, where he ended up being known as the Bloodhound’s name or, to be more exact, only black dogs and cinnamon, because whites were known as Talbot.
The Dog of Saint-Hubert modern Bloodhound is not the same dog as at that time, but it is still known under the name of the Dog of Saint-Hubert in Belgium.
Characteristics of the Bloodhound – St. Hubert Dog
One of the distinguishing characteristics of this breed is that in hunting it never corners or kills its prey, but instead follows its trail to guide hunters to their hiding places. So developed is his sense of smell that he is also able to track people, which during the time of slavery in the United States made him serve as a tracking dog for slaves escaping from the cotton fields. Currently, and far from those aberrant practices, the bloodhound is used as a tracking dog for missing persons, with a high effectiveness helping in rescues.
Bloodhound is a large dog, generally well proportioned, although it is slightly longer than it is tall. Its body is robust and strong, as are its legs, quite long and powerful, ready for the race at all times. Its head is quite large in relation to the rest of the body, one of its distinctive characteristics, both for its size and shape and for the presence of wrinkles that give it a unique appearance in the canine world.
The bloodhound’s characteristic wrinkles can be seen on the animal’s head, but also on the neck and chest, and it has an excess of hanging skin on the end of the muzzle that makes it drool frequently. The nose and ears are particularly large, the latter being elongated and drooping on both sides of the head. The eyes are small and deep, and appear embedded in the rough and characteristic skin of this animal. It should also be noted a long and low insertion tail, which usually leads to an average height when it is in motion.
Bloodhound Dog Size
This breed is considered as large in size, measuring up to 67 centimeters in the case of males and about 60 centimeters in the case of females. The weight is always kept in proportion, and the most common is that it is between 40 and 48 kilos depending on the size of the animal.
The coat of the Bloodhound dog is also easy to recognize by its characteristics. It is short, dense and rough to the touch, and most often the specimens show a hue that mixes black with fire in different proportions. There may also be cases of exclusive fire-colored specimens, but they generally have some type of black coloration on the body.
Bloodhound’s coat is coarse, close-fitting, short. Such a coat reliably protects the dog from cold and natural precipitation. The following colors are allowed:
- Redhead with a black “cloak”.
- Red-haired with a black cap.
- Red with different shades of base color, from light to dark.
Bloodhound or St. Hubert character and personality
Bloodhound breed, despite its menacing appearance and size, loves people very much. And even taking into account the fact that with the help of these dogs they still catch runaway criminals and track down illegal border violators, love for people remains an important character trait of these animals.
Another thing is that in the past they were used by slave owners and specifically hated and bloodthirsty in dogs. By the way, precisely because of their attitude to people, now these dogs are practically not used as guard dogs and for protection, although if the offender tries to attack you, your pet will certainly stand up for protection. These are very smart and devoted animals that don’t mind in their family and master, they love close contact, interaction, participation in family life, affection and tenderness.
However, despite devotion and love, the Bloodhound can be quite willful and sometimes act in its own way. With strangers, if this is a friend of the family, the dog will most likely behave shyly at the first contact, but this happens when he gets to know the person more closely. Children are perceived well, kindly, cases when these animals were aggressive with the child can be counted on the fingers – this is a huge rarity.
Bloodhound has a fairly high level of energy, although it is not a fidget, and therefore needs exercise and daily walks. By the way, the instinct of the pursuer and the hunter becomes apparent on the street – the dog seeks out interesting smells and constantly tries to follow them, so the owner must be vigilant. In addition, it is necessary to maintain muscle tone.
Bloodhound dog is perfect for keeping in a private house with its own yard, but it may well get on in the apartment. These animals are quite strongly attached to their family, and therefore leaving them for a long time with friends is not a good idea. If you travel a lot, and it is not possible to do this together with your four-legged friend, it is better to choose a different breed of dog.
Some bloodhounds can bark loudly and a lot in an excited state, while others, on the contrary, are not inclined to give a voice, you can’t guess here. In general, the breed is distinguished by obedience, although you need to get used to their independent nature. Most importantly, do not try to take a dominant position solely from a position of strength – this will not only negatively affect the character of the pet, but, in principle, will build relationships with the animal not as a friend, but as a subordinate.
They are docile and affectionate dogs that generally get along well with children and can live in harmony with other dogs and pets. These are warm dogs that will welcome the desired and unwanted visitors.
Although they remain silent at home, they can be very communicative abroad. They are family dogs and do not like to be left alone.
The average life span of the Bloodhound is 10-12 years. To maintain his body in a healthy state, preventive examinations with X-rays and tests should be carried out annually in a veterinary clinic. This will help to detect the disease in time and get rid of the problem at the initial stage.
Bloodhound dogs are predisposed to the following diseases:
- Joint dysplasia – if not treated, at the last stage the Bloodhound will not be able to walk and will suffer from unbearable pain.
- Dermatitis of the skin folds is a skin disease that occurs due to inadequate care.
- Epilepsy – accompanied by seizures.
- Hypothyroidism is a lack of thyroid hormones.
- Entropy, ectropia – twisting and eversion of the eyelid does not lend itself to drug treatment, in this case, surgery is required.
- Bloating, volvulus – if you do not take immediate action, the dog can die in a matter of hours.
- Cherry eye is a third eyelid adenoma.
It is important to carry out routine vaccination on time to avoid infectious diseases. The first vaccination is given to the puppy at the age of 8-9 weeks, the second vaccination is carried out in a month. Be sure to deworm a dog of any age 10 days before vaccination.
It is also important to treat animals from skin parasites, especially in the spring-summer period, when it is time for ticks.
Apartment keeping is not recommended for the Bloodhound dog. He needs space, freedom of movement, fresh air. That is why the ideal option for representatives of the breed is a private fenced yard with an aviary and a warm booth.
The Bloodhound loves walking. He loves to run, play a hunter, sniffing out smells on the way. If this dog gets too carried away by some smell, it can, leaving the owner behind, go on an independent journey. Therefore, it is important to always keep your pet on a leash, at least when walking in public places in an open area.
This dog needs a lot of physical activity. Take daily walks with her in any weather, two walks a day are recommended, each of them should last at least 45-60 minutes. This mode is recommended for adults, mature animals, since the puppies should not be overworked.
Such an active dog should have toys, long-playing bones. Also, be sure to buy containers for water and food, keep them clean. In addition, you will need bloodhound care products (brushes, washing, nail clippers …), which you will use during the procedures below:
- We comb the Bloodhound twice a week with a special brush or with a furminator. But it’s best to use a rubber glove. You just stroke the dog, which makes it enjoyable, and dead hairs collect on the glove.
- We bathe our dog as needed. After water procedures, the dog’s coat must be dried. For this, you should not use a hair dryer, it is better to prepare a towel with a hard nap. Rubbing wool with such a towel will make it shiny and well-groomed.
- The large hanging ears of the Bloodhound require constant care and increased attention from the owner. The fact is that dust and dirt accumulate in them due to an active lifestyle and long walks. Therefore, representatives of the breed are prone to ear infections. To avoid them, once a week you need to clean your ears with napkins and special products. It is recommended to examine it every day after an evening walk. This procedure is especially important in the summer, when the weather is hot.
- The eyes are the weakness of the Bloodhound. Due to drooping eyelids, inflammation and conjunctivitis often occur. The breed is prone to eversion and twisting of the eyelids. It is recommended to use a mild brew of tea for rinsing the eyes. It is also important to check your eyes daily.
- Deep skin folds of the Bloodhound require weekly examination and maintenance. They need to be gently pushed apart and wiped with special products, thus preventing the occurrence of diaper rash.
- Usually, an active dog grinds its claws during daily walks. If natural grinding does not occur, you should trim them using a nail clipper.
It is important to provide the Bloodhound with a balanced diet. The fact is that these dogs are prone to problems with the musculoskeletal system. In many cases, such diseases occur due to improper diet. Particular attention should be paid to this feature during the growth and development of the pet.
Because of their size and rate of growth, it is best not to exercise excessively when they are still puppies. During the first year, care must be taken to ensure that bones and joints have the opportunity to develop properly.
The adult Bloodhound dog loves endurance and needs at least two hours of physical exercise a day. They are mainly stalk dogs looking for smells and looking for origin. There are courses and tests, and your participation in these courses is recommended.
Bloodhound training and education
Bloodhound training is difficult. Despite loyalty and friendliness towards the owner, this dog is difficult to educate and train. The fact is that it is difficult to force him to do something against his will.
To raise a well-mannered, obedient Bloodhound, you need to start educational work as early as possible. It is important to find an approach to the pet and persist in training.
Rudeness, physical punishment will not help in working with a hound. It takes patience, calmness, consistency and encouragement.
It is not recommended to teach the Bloodhound on your own at home. The ideal option is a special playground and training courses under the guidance of an experienced dog handler.
Bloodhound – St. Hubert dog Fun Facts
- The name Bloodhound means “blood trail”.
- About 1,000 Bloodhound dogs accompanied Gonzago Pizarro when he set out on a jungle expedition in 1540.
- Bloodhound is able to follow a trail that was left more than four days ago. If he is not hindered, he will not stop until he reaches the target.
- The Saint Hubert dog tends to gnaw and swallow the most unusual objects, for example, remotes from home appliances, batteries, stones, plants …
- Although the breed is believed to be called bloodhound in England for its pure blood, it is also possible that this name refers to the ability of these dogs to chase blood trails from all kinds of animals and even people.
Bloodhound Dog Breed Highlights
The Bloodhound is completely unsuitable for inexperienced people. The owner of such a dog must be strong-willed, with a strong character, active. Before buying a puppy, check out the main pros and cons of the Saint Hubert dog.
- Unusual appearance.
- Exceptional scent.
- Fondness for children.
- Tendency to howl and “talkativeness”.
- Excessive salivation.
- Has a specific canine smell.
- Difficult care.
- Prone to eye and ear diseases.
- Requires daily physical activity, long walks.
If you think that this breed of dog is the most suitable for you, you should go to a breeder specialized in it and professional, with previous references to have all the necessary guarantees on the health of the puppy of San Huberto. In addition, going to a reputable breeder you will have all the information you need about the breed first hand, which will greatly facilitate the task of educating and raising it properly.