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A bullmastiff is a dog that was created to guard and protect. A huge dog inspires fear and horror with one look. In fact, if there is no reason, the dog is quite calm, adequate and friendly. Such a dog will sit quietly for hours at the owner’s feet, guarding his peace and sleep. He’s ready for anything for his family.
Despite the great weight and height, the bullmastiff is distinguished by dexterity, agility, and the ability to start lightning fast at the command of the owner. Representatives of the breed in the modern world for the most part are companions and pets, although these daredevils can also be found as guard and police dogs.
The bullmastiff is a watchdog by nature but at the same time, he is very affectionate and familiar with his owners, even if he is broad and muscular. In addition, this dog can live quietly in a small house as long as it has the opportunity to walk several times a day.
If you are considering adopting a bullmastiff, you cannot miss this Pets Feed breed sheet, which contains all the information you need to know about this breed.
The name “bullmastiff” stands for “large bulldog.” Such a translation is fully true, representatives of this breed are distinguished by large dimensions and all the features of a bulldog. The first information about the bullmastiff appeared in the second half of the eighteenth century.
Before official recognition, these dogs have come a long way. Only in 1924 the breed was registered and defined standard. In June 1925, breed lovers organized the Mindland Bullmastiff Club. Since that time, these dogs quickly began to conquer European and Asian countries, they are admired by Americans and residents of the countries of the former USSR.
The birthplace of bullmastiff is England. Bred this breed specifically to help the guards who fought against poachers. The huge dog had to be able to quickly detect the intruder, catch up and hold, without causing harm before the arrival of the owner.
In addition, the bullmastiff is silent, casting a voice only when necessary. Breeders managed to create a dog that meets all the requirements. As a result, the representatives of the breed perfectly proved themselves not only as guards of forests and other territories, but also as police dogs.
Physical characteristics of the bullmastiff
Bullmastiff is a powerful dog with a harmonious physique. She has great strength, while moving, energetic, able to quickly develop speed. The weight of adults is 41-59 kg., Height is about 61-68 cm, females are noticeably inferior in size to males, they are lighter and lower in height.
The arcuate neck is of medium length, muscular, comparable in circumference to a skull. The head is square format, heavy, the skull is wide. If the dog is preoccupied with something, numerous wrinkles appear on the head, in a calm state they are not noticeable. Bullmastiff ears are wide set, small in size, adjacent to the head. The color is darker than the color of the body. According to the standard, rose-shaped ears with folding are unacceptable. There is a small notch between the dark eyes. Light shade of eyes is considered a defect.
The muzzle is short, wide, square format. Cheeks full, nose rounded, wide, nostrils wide open. The jaws are powerful, the fangs are large, strong. A direct bite is preferred, but a small snack is allowed.
The physique is powerful, compact, the back is straight, short. A sagging back is considered a disadvantage. The sides are deep, the loin is wide. The chest is also wide and deep. Legs are strong, with well-developed muscles, straight. Bullmastiff’s paws, paw pads firm, nails dark. The movements are balanced, defined, strong. The tail is straight or slightly bent up.
The coat is short, smooth, and fits snugly to the body. Hard to the touch of hair. The color of the coat is as follows:
- Fawn Brindle
- Red Brindle
- Red Fawn
- Red Fawn Brindle
A black mask is mandatory on the muzzle, a small white mark is allowed on the chest, a dark border around the eyes.
Personality and temperament of the bullmastiff
Bullmastiff with proper and timely socialization is quite adequate and not aggressive. Aggression and anger in representatives of the breed is manifested only in justified situations. Such a pet is endlessly loyal to the owner, whenever possible he always tries to be near him, he is hard going through separation. It is important from the first day to inspire the puppy its primacy and supremacy.
With other household members and family friends, the dog behaves in a friendly manner. It gets along well with children. Despite the love for children, leaving a bullmastiff and a child should not be left alone. Specially, the dog does not harm the baby, but inadvertently can push or knock down during the game. With strangers behaves strictly and wary. The stranger warns with a quiet roar, thereby showing that he will not tolerate liberties on his part. It barks only in the most extreme cases; it is in the blood.
The hunting instinct in bullmastiff is so developed that it is better not to leave this dog alone with pets, especially small ones. Cats and dogs are no exception, not to mention rabbits and birds. The dog can take them for prey and start hunting. To avoid such problems, it is necessary to properly educate and socialize the dog.
Bullmastiff always strives for dominance. It is especially difficult with males; they do not tolerate competition. It is not recommended to keep two dogs of the indicated breed together, even if they are raised from puppyhood.
By nature, bullmastiff dogs are hardy and healthy dogs with a strong immune system. With proper care and maintenance, such a dog can live about 9-10 years, twelve-year-old centenarians are found. The owner of a bullmastiff should know what diseases the pet is predisposed to:
- Oncological diseases.
- Skin diseases.
- Dysplasia of the joints.
- Entropy – the incorrect position of the eyelids is eliminated only by surgery.
- Rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament is a pathology of the knee joint.
- Hypothyroidism is a lack of thyroid hormones.
- Cystinuria – cystine kidney stones.
- Gastrointestinal diseases – bloating, intestinal torsion, diarrhea, expansion of the stomach.
- Obstructive cardiomyopathy is a serious disease of the cardiovascular system.
This dog should be carefully monitored until at least 12 months of age, since if they exercise too much when they are young, they can suffer from bone and joint problems of the elderly.
They enjoy exercise and family games, and a couple of hours of exercise a day will keep the adult Bullmastiff satisfied.
Dogs of large breeds, in addition to having a great appetite, require a different nutrient balance, including minerals and vitamins, than smaller dogs.
Feeding a Bullmastiff can be a bit difficult as it is known to be a little demanding. This means setting up a diet program and sticking to it to avoid disruption. It is best to feed a mature Bullmastiff twice a day, once in the morning and again in the evening, making sure it is good quality food that meets all of its nutritional needs.
a Bullmastiff puppy is best to be feed 3 or 4 times a day.
Once a Bullmastiff is 18 months old, it can be fed adult dog food.
Feeding a bullmastiff can be carried out both with natural products and with dry food. It is not recommended to mix these two diets.
In a natural diet, follow the usual regimen for large dogs:
Raw lean meat (beef, rabbit, veal) poultry (boiled) raw sea fish cottage cheese porridge vegetables
Important! Do not give raw vegetables and cooked foods. They are poorly absorbed by themselves, and when combined with cooked food, they can cause stomach upset.
Calculate portions based on your dog’s weight, but try not to overfeed your pet.
Important! If your dog refuses to eat, but feels good, do not force him to eat: sometimes dogs need a short break from eating.
Despite the large dimensions, the bullmastiff may well live in an apartment. Of course, the owners will experience some sense of cramped space, but this pet never gets underfoot. He can lie for hours, sitting on his favorite rug.
The bullmastiff does not need special, increased physical exertion. This does not mean that he does not need to walk. Twice a day, preferably in the morning and evening, the owner should take the dog for a walk. Moreover, in no case should it be allowed to freely walk in crowded places without a leash and without a muzzle.
If you decide to keep the bullmastiff in the aviary, it should be spacious with a large insulated booth. Letting him go for a walk-in private territory, the owner first checks the reliability of the fence so that the dog cannot independently go beyond the borders of his possessions.
From the first days of stay in the house, the dog must know its place, have a bed, a bowl for water and food, toys. With a still weak puppy, it is forbidden to play the banner using, for example, a rag or a toy bone. As a result of such entertainment, the pet may still have an unformed bite.
In order for the dog to grow up healthy and beautiful, you need to take good care of him. Bullmastiff care procedures are very simple and take a little time:
- Short hair is enough to brush out twice a week. Thanks to this, dead hairs are removed, the coat acquires shine, and the dog looks well-groomed.
- It is recommended to bathe 1-2 times a year, not more often.
- Once a week, clean your dog’s ears with a cotton swab and examine for inflammation or damage.
- Cut nails as they grow.
- The eyes of the bullmastiff must be monitored daily, they are considered the weak point of the animal. The fact is that his eyelids do not protect the mucous membrane from pollution. As a result of getting even ordinary dust, different eye diseases often develop. Therefore, if you notice redness or excessive discharge, show the pet to a veterinarian.
- Another not too pleasant moment in caring for bullmastiff is increased salivation. Fighting it is useless. The owner can only stock up on towels and often wipe the dog’s face. It is worth noting that drooling is especially strong when the dog eats, drinks water or physically strains.
- For brushing your dog’s teeth, it is better to purchase special bones, although you can brush them with a special paste and brush.
Feeding such a big dog is not easy. In order to properly draw up a diet, it is recommended to seek the advice of a veterinarian. The menu for bullmastiff must be carefully prepared so that the body receives all the necessary products, vitamins and minerals. As a result of poor nutrition, the puppy’s skeleton will not form correctly.
It is recommended to feed the breed with natural food, although dry food is also not prohibited. In the diet, collagen products must be present. They help strengthen bones by nourishing the body with phosphorus and calcium. 70% of the diet is protein food. It is also important that the dog constantly has access to cool, clear water.
Training and education
Despite its large size and awesome appearance, the bullmastiff is on the list of the best family dogs. The main thing is to educate him correctly from an early age and teach him obedience, rules of conduct, both in the house and in public places.
Representatives of this breed are easily amenable to training, as they possess intelligence and quick wit. But during the lessons it is necessary to take into account the fact that this dog is quite wayward, sometimes very stubborn. Such qualities are inherent in all molossians. It is necessary to find an approach to the pet, but not with the help of screams and corporal punishment. In this case, calmness, perseverance, consistency is required from the owner of the bullmastiff. It is recommended to use game techniques during training, as well as to listen to the advice of an experienced dog handler.
Regarding the training of bullmastiff, it is worth noting that from birth he has excellent security and guard qualities. They are genetically incorporated in the formation of the breed. On this basis, it is not necessary to develop excessive aggression in such a dog and encourage anger. Only after passing the course of obedience and reaching 1.5 years the psyche of bullmastiff is ready for the development of the qualities of a security guard.
Bullmastiff Fun Facts
- The original purpose of the bullmastiff dogs was to combat poachers. It was the dog’s responsibility to detect the intruder in the forest, detain him and hand him over to the rangers. Bullmastiff was ideally suited for such a service, he is strong, silent, fearless. Having overtaken the poacher, silently, with a powerful throw, the dog knocked him down without causing injuries, then barked the owner.
- At the very beginning of history, the English Bullmastiff called “night dog rangers.”
- The football team of England “Arsenal” made a bullmastiff named Ganner as its mascot. Before each match, a mighty dog importantly passed across the field in front of the audience, thereby setting up the players to win.
- Representatives of the breed have a high pain threshold, they are able to patiently endure even very severe pain.
- In the Republic of South Africa, bullmastiffs are used as guard dogs on diamond mines.
Bullmastiff Dog Breed Highlights
Such a large and serious dog as a bullmastiff is not suitable for every person. You need to have the strength of mind, the skills of handling watchdogs and the ability to keep a pet in proper conditions. Having familiarized yourself with the main pros and cons of the breed, you can make the right decision.
- The Bullmastiff is a faithful and devoted companion and a familiar dog.
- It is best for families with older children.
- The Bullmastiff requires little maintenance on the grooming front.
- It is not a dog “barker” like many other breeds.
- It is very protective of the people it loves.
- It makes a very good watchdog.
- The Bullmastiff is a very strong and very powerful dog.
- Its socialization and training must begin very early.
- It can be very stubborn when its mood takes it.
- Known for suffering some hereditary health problems.
- This dog breed is not the best choice for new owners.
- The Bullmastiff is not an appropriate choice for families with very young children.
- It loses a moderate amount of hair throughout the year and even more in the spring and fall.
- The Bullmastiff is known for drooling.
- It is expensive to feed.
- The Bullmastiff can be aggressive towards other animals if it is not socialized enough at an early age.