Ca de Bou | Information & Dog Breed Facts


Did you know that there is a breed of moly dogs typical of the Balearic Islands called Ca de Bou ? In Catalan, ca de bou means “bull dog” and it received this name because in the past, this dog was facing bulls in man-made fights, if we can call them that.

Fortunately, today these sadistic and cruel customs are gone and the Ca de Bou is a very good guard dog, super faithful to its owners and very brave.

With a good socialization of a puppy and a good education, the Majorca mastiff will become a pet who will love to spend a lot of time with its family and go for long walks every day because it needs a good dose of physical and mental activity to perform and be a healthy and happy dog.

This dog is the perfect combination of mobility and power. In this dog, strength is in tandem with adequacy, which is very valuable for serious conservation breeds.

Despite the fact that Ca de Bou is playful, friendly with all family members, affectionate with children, in the right situations, such a dog can turn into a formidable, fearless guard, a perfect watch dog. It cannot be called a toy for children, because in his veins the blood of Spanish ancestors who fought with bulls seethes.

Read this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet and find out everything you need to know about Majorca mastiff (origin, temperament, exercise needs …) before adopting it and being a responsible owner.

Other names

Mallorquin Mastiff
Mallorquin Bulldog
Perro Dogo
Presa Canario Mallorquin
Majorcan Mastiff
Majorcan Bulldog
Bull Mastiff
Silverback Mastiff

Breed history

In 1232, King Jaime I conquered the archipelago of the Balearic Islands. With the king, several large strong dogs travelled between Alans and Bulldogs of the Iberian Peninsula. These dogs would give birth to the current ca de Bou.

In 1713, thanks to the Treaty of Utrecht, the Balearic Islands became English colonies. During the English rule on the islands, dog fighting and dog-bull fights, “sports” common in England at the time, were encouraged.

It was at this time that they started crossing the existing dogs on the islands in order to obtain the most suitable fighting dog for the high temperatures of the Balearic Islands. Of course, bulldog dogs and other English moloids were also used at these crosses.

The result was the Ca de Bou. Dog and bull fighting took place not only in sports arenas, but also because butchers used dogs to control and kill cattle. Hence the name of Ca de Bou, which in Catalan means “bull dog”.

Years later. With the return of the Balearic Islands to the Spanish Crown and the prohibition of dogfights, the Majorca mastiff continued to be used as a watchdog and as a butcher ‘s assistant.

Today, the breed is little known outside the archipelago that saw them born, and even in Mallorca and the other Balearic Islands, its population is small.

Perro Dogo Mallorquin

Characteristics of Ca de Bou

Even today, he is a tough and serious dog. After all, throughout its history, it has been used for thankless tasks steeped in the DNA of the breed. And it is a typical mastiff: strong, powerful, of medium size, of somewhat elongated constitution.

With the right education, and taking advantage of his peace of mind and emotional balance, Ca de Bou can be a companion dog. Obviously, it will not be accessible for all families and will require adequate exercise to be able to develop without problems, both physically and mentally, this dog needs continuous work. Of course, never apply aggressive techniques with Ca de Bou or it can respond violently.

And if he gets the proper education as a puppy, you will have a cheerful, kind and home-made dog. A good companion for the family who, in addition, will behave impeccably with the little ones in the house. But it is essential that you know how to impose yourself on it and do not let it take over the situation. Remember that in addition to his strength, you face a dog with a good intelligence, so he will know when he can ignore your rules.

At home, Ca de Bou is a very loyal and grateful dog. Which, with the good treatment he has with humans, makes him a pleasant and calm companion dog. If you treat him with the love he deserves – always without losing your leadership – you will have a docile companion ready to obey your orders at any time.

The coat is hard and short. There are the following color options:

Tiger (variegated) – with a predominance of dark tones.

Red (deer).


The height at the withers reaches 52-58 cm, weight is 30-38 kg.

Ca de Bou dog

Ca de bou temperament and character

The modern Ca de Bou retains the temperament of its predecessors. It is a hard dog, courageous and determined. Like many moly dogs, he is also calm and balanced and very loyal to its owners, making it an excellent guardian and protector of its family.

It does not usually bark for no reason, but it is very suspicious of strangers and tends to be aggressive with other dogs if it is not well socialized, just like other breeds. On the other hand, if it has received a proper socialization, the Ca de Bou will be a quiet and very home – made dog who will love life at home with its human family.

The Ca de Bou can be an excellent companion if treated with respect, affection and love, and if it is well educated, but it is usually not the right dog for a novice owner because it is not easy to train.


Thanks to the fact that it is a very alert dog, it is a good watchdog. Indeed, since the prohibition of fighting between dogs and bulls, it has been used as a defense and protection dog. Unfortunately, Ca de Bou was not always used well, which led to its inclusion in the lists of potentially dangerous dogs.

This dog calmly behaves in relation to friends and acquaintances in the presence of his master. However, if he is not nearby, he will not let anyone on the threshold, even if he has seen this person many times.

Ca de bou

Ca de Bou and children

Having such a dog with a fighting past at home, many owners worry that pets can be dangerous to children, especially small ones. After all, not every child controls his actions, he can accidentally pull his ear, pinch or crush his paw. Therefore, the feelings of the parents are quite natural, because the dog can show aggression in response.

However, in the case of the Ca de bou, these fears are unnecessary. Despite their rather frightening appearance, the Ca de bou dogs are very affectionate, balanced, friendly creatures. They will never bark or bite a child, no matter how old he is.

For Ca de bou, the family is his whole “flock”, which he will protect and preserve to the last, so you should not expect from him uncontrolled aggression towards children. Ca de bou and children in the house are a wonderful tandem that will give you an infinite amount of positive emotions.

This breed is devoted to more than just one family member. Exceptional love and obedience are shown to everyone, including children.

Ca de Bou puppies

Ca de bou puppies

The ca de bou puppy grows very quickly, for this reason, it is good to pay special attention to its diet and its state of health, especially in the early stages of its life. As for his education, he must go hand in hand with socialization, to prevent him from developing an overly aggressive and combative character towards strangers and other dog breeds. Sometimes the help of an experienced trainer can be very helpful.

In Spain, the average price of a Ca de Bou puppy is 700 euros, 800 dollars. And since it is difficult to find elsewhere, it is therefore not possible to establish an approximate price. The advice, as always, is to prefer a specialized hatchery, even abroad, rather than a private sale on the Internet.


On average, Ca de Bou can live 10-12 years. But with good genetics, proper maintenance, nutrition and care, this dog lives up to 14-15 years.

If you want your pet to become a long-liver, do not neglect the following rules:

  1. Routine vaccination.
  2. 1-2 times a year, preventive visits to the veterinary clinic (x-ray, tests, visual examination).
  3. Deworming.
  4. Treatment for skin parasites (especially in the spring-summer period).

This is not to say that Ca de Bou is notable for poor health. By nature, they are hardy and strong. But, like other animal species, the Ca de Bou has a predisposition to the following health problems:

  • Coprostasis is an intestinal disease in which the movement of feces slows down or stops, the dog may die within the shortest time, if measures are not urgently taken.
  • Dermatitis is a serious skin disease, accompanied by complications and requires long-term treatment.
  • Joint dysplasia – the dog is limping, experiencing severe pain in the first stages, in the last stage the pain becomes intolerable, which is why the animal is immobilized.
  • Myocardial infarction is the necrosis of a specific area of ​​the heart muscle.
  • Pemphigus is an allergic skin reaction.
  • Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendons.
  • Bursitis – most often occurs in the area of ​​the elbow joint, has a number of complications if the necessary treatment is not carried out in time.
Ca de Bou dog

Basic care

Ca de bou can be kept both in the apartment (house) and in the yard. In the first case, the dog should have its own place with a couch, toys, bowls for water, food. In the second case, a spacious aviary with a warmed booth should be equipped. Holding the Ca de bou on the chain is excluded.

Daily, active walks to the Ca de bou are necessary. In public places, near roadways, it is not recommended to lower the dog from the leash.

Even the most obedient and educated dog can momentarily forget about the owner and rush after a cat, for example. So, it is better not to risk the fact that the dog will fall under the wheels of the car or engage in a fight with a stray cat or dog.

For active walks, select a special platform. If the owner is involved in sports, the Ca de bou will be happy to make morning runs with him, to run next to his bicycle or to swim in a natural reservoir.

It is also recommended that you regularly travel with your pet outside the city. It’s there where the Ca de bou, will receive freedom of movement, and under the supervision of the owner will be able to splash out the stock of accumulated energy.

For maintaining the health and beauty of the Ca de bou, we regularly conduct the following procedures:

  • Using a special mitten, comb out dead hair three times a week from the coat.
  • During molting, it is recommended to use a furminator, removing dead hair daily.
  • We bathe our dog twice a year, adjusting to seasonal molt. It is not advisable to use detergents more often, since allergies can occur and the skin can suffer.
  • Once or twice a month, we cut the claws with a claw cutter, if the Ca de bou does not grind them on a hard road surface. With long claws, the dog will be limited in movement and may even be injured.
  • After each meal, we wipe the face, paying particular attention to the folds.
  • After each walk, we wash the dog’s paws, examining the pads, fingers for evidence of injuries, cracks.
  • We regularly brush our dog’s teeth, preventing the appearance of dental diseases and an unpleasant smell from the mouth.
  • Every week we examine the ears and clean the auricles using a special tool recommended by a veterinarian.
Ca de bou


The nutrition should be balanced, high-quality. You can feed with natural food or prepared foods intended for dogs.

We feed small puppies 5-6 times a day. As they grow older, the number of feedings is gradually reduced. From 8-9 months of age, the Ca de bou receives food 2 times a day. Water must always be available

When buying dry food, make sure that it is premium from trusted brands. With natural feeding, you need to take care of mineral, vitamin supplements. We carefully think over the diet.

It must be present: sour-milk, not fatty foods, meat, fruits, vegetables, cereals, fish, offal.

Proper nutrition is the key to good health and well-being of your pet.


These dogs need a good dose of daily exercise. Daily walks can provide much of this exercise while helping to maintain the socialization of Ca de Bou.

Although they are not very large dogs, they do not adapt well to life in small apartments or in densely populated urban areas, so it is advisable to provide the dog with enough space to live and, it is outside, much better.

Ca de Bou dog

Training and education

For raising and training a Ca de Bou, the owner must find a middle ground between too tight control and gentleness, lack of will. The dog should know that the owner’s word is law, but encouragement and praise, as well as mutual understanding, must be present.

This breed does not belong to the decorative, Ca de Bou is a serious dog that requires serious training, early socialization and education. It must necessarily take a protective course, preferably under the guidance of an experienced dog handler.

Too encourage a dog treats during training is not worth it. For example, after the first correctly executed command, it is enough to praise the pet verbally: “well done”, “good”. If the dog diligently executes commands several times in a row, use flavoring encouragement.

In general, the Ca de Bou is easy to train and quickly remembers commands. With proper education, this is an obedient, adequate dog.

How to choose a puppy

Experienced dog breeders recommend looking for Ca de Bou puppies in specialized kennels, because the pets are well-groomed there, have all vaccinations, veterinary passport and other documents. The cost of puppies is as follows:

Without pedigree Up to $ 200

For breeding males: 54-58 cm, females: 52-55 cm

To participate in exhibitions About $ 1,500

Perro Dogo Mallorquin

Ca de Bou Fun Facts

  • In ancient times, this mastiff took part in bullfighting. Their duties included protecting bullfighters and even fighting a bull. Because of this, the breed was called ” Ca de Bou “, which means “bull dog.”
  • Ca de Bou is noble in his behavior with other dogs. Such a dog will never attack a small or weak, sick dog.
  • The Ca de Bou with surprising accuracy determines intuitively which of the people around him is friend and who is the enemy.
  • Majorca mastiff is impossible to bribe or persuade, this dog is an ideal guard and watch dog.
  • It adapts easily to the climate and is also an excellent pet.
  • Its tail is weakly inserted, so its presence is hardly noticeable.

Pros and cons of the breed

Ca de Bou is the embodiment of strength, will, energy. Therefore, before buying a puppy of the specified type, weigh your options. It is also important to familiarize yourself with the main advantages and disadvantages of the breed.


  • Adequacy, friendliness.
  • Unpretentiousness in leaving and food.
  • Affectionate, caring attitude towards children.
  • Get along with other pets.
  • Excellent security, watchdog qualities.
  • Devotion.
  • Fearlessness, endurance.
  • Easy to train.


  • Requires a lot of physical activity and daily active walking.
  • Needs serious training.
  • Stubbornness.