Remember that from now on, the life of the animal is in your hands. Love for him, as well as ensuring his safety – the key to a long and happy life of your pet. Be attentive to him, watch his behavior. If you suspect that the cat is feeling unwell – loss of appetite, decreased activity, lethargy, obvious signs of a cold (sneezing, coughing, watery or festering eyes), vomiting, diarrhea, etc. – contact your veterinarian immediately! BE ESPECIALLY CAREFUL TO THE KITTENS: often their life goes on for hours, and if the owner is inactive – for minutes!
In the early days, limit your cat’s habitat if possible. To do this, it is enough to provide her with a small, quiet room (room, kitchen).
If you bring your cat to a house where other animals live, place them in different rooms. After a few days, start introducing your cat to other animals. At the time of acquaintance, as well as during the first few hours of acquaintance, do not leave animals unattended.
Offer your cat the food she is used to and treat her to something tasty. This may encourage her to talk to you more often and build trust in you.
You shouldn’t bathe your cat on the first day in your home, as this procedure will add additional stress to her.
Only after the cat adapts, begins to regularly visit the litter box, you can allow her to move freely around the apartment.
Cats can be fed
– special industrial feed (dry feed, canned food, preserves)
– natural products (meat, meat offal).
Feeding with forage. When choosing a brand of feed, it is recommended to give preference to Premium and Super-premium feeds, because constant feeding of animals with economy class feed leads to health problems. These feeds include Kitekat, Whiskas, Friskies, Darling, KotiKorm, etc., which are made from low quality raw materials, have an extremely low content of meat, necessary elements, contain harmful additives, and are distinguished by the presence of components painted in different colors ( for example, various forms of green, bright yellow, bright red, orange, etc. components).
When choosing food, take into account the age and characteristics of your animal (for neutered / spayed, animals with long hair, for picky food, with health problems, etc.) and, if possible, consult a specialist. The amount of feed recommended to the animal per feeding is indicated by the manufacturer on the package.
Feeding with natural products. The basic rule: do not feed the cat “from the table”!
The basis of the diet should be beef, veal, poultry (chicken, turkey), meat and chicken offal (beef heart, liver, chicken hearts, stomachs, liver or a mixture of these offal). You can give them both raw (but always frozen !!!), and boiled. You can feed a cat with sea or ocean fish no more than 1 time in 7-10 days.
NOT RECOMMENDED: pork and pork offal, beef kidney, also fried, smoked, salted, spicy foods, river fish.
Fermented milk products (kefir, cottage cheese, yogurt), low in fat, without any additives, are an important element in a cat’s diet. They should be given at least 2-3 times a week.
When choosing a mixed diet, it is not recommended to give the animal in one feeding natural products and industrial feed. You can use dry food in the morning feeding, natural food in the evening feeding, or vice versa.
Place the litter box in an easily accessible but “hidden” place away from food bowls. It will be easier for the cat to navigate if you pour the filler familiar to it into the tray (check with the previous owner). It will simplify the task and the presence in the tray of a small amount of litter used by the cat earlier (you need to take it from the previous owner), napkin or toilet paper slightly moistened with cat urine.
Watch your cat. If she shows anxiety, starts sniffing on the floor, scratching it, try to “put” the cat in the toilet: take it carefully to the litter box, put it in the litter box and leave it there for a while, closing the door. Praise and pet the pet after the litter box has been removed.
If you find a puddle or a pile in the wrong place, do not raise your voice, do not “poke your nose” the cat into the “deed”. Try to understand what the cat doesn’t like: the place for the litter box may have been chosen incorrectly, it is not clean enough, the litter is unusual for the cat, etc. Stress or illness of the animal and the fact that your pet is not neutered / neutered can also be common causes.
Cats are clean animals, so keep the litter box clean, but do not use strong-smelling disinfectants !!!
Training a cat to the litter box or weaning it from using inappropriate places is facilitated by the use of special products in the form of sprays, which are sold in pet stores or veterinary pharmacies.
Degelminization (treatment from worms)
You should be aware that helminths appear in pets that never go outside. Helminth eggs can be brought by you from the street on shoes, on your hands; your pets going outside (for example, a dog); may appear as a result of feeding the cat with raw (not frozen) offal, etc.
Deworming should be carried out once every 3-6 months only with veterinary drugs purchased in veterinary pharmacies or pet stores (cestal, drontal, febtal, prazicide, drops on the withers Profender, Advocat, etc.) exactly in accordance with the dosage indicated in the instructions and strictly by weight.
After the primary deworming, as well as in the presence of obvious signs of helminths in the cat (swollen belly, the presence of helminths in the feces or vomit), it is necessary to re-treat against worms after 10-14 days.
It is not recommended to treat kittens for worms earlier than 3 months. For kittens, there are special “gentle” products (dirofen paste with pumpkin oil).
Castration / Neutering
Castration does not affect the hunting instincts of animals. There is a misconception that neutered animals become fat and lazy. Not all animals are prone to obesity after surgery. Your pet will not gain weight if it is reasonably fed and moves regularly.
It is recommended to castration / sterilization of a cat at 7 – 8 months, but it is possible even earlier, after consulting a doctor. The operation is performed under general anesthesia in veterinary clinics. It takes 1-2 days to fully recover after surgery.
Castration also protects the cat from various diseases such as prostatitis, prostate tumors, perianal adenomas and other infections.
It is recommended to castrate / neuter a cat at 8-10 months, but it is possible earlier, after consulting a doctor. The operation is performed under general anesthesia in veterinary clinics. On the 8-12th day, the stitches are removed, and the cat is completely healthy.
In sterilized cats, diseases of the reproductive organs are excluded and diseases of the mammary glands are extremely rare (unlike unsterilized cats).
If you decide NOT to neuter / sterilize a pet, you should be aware that during the period of sexual activity, animals become restless, sometimes aggressive, scream loudly day and night, roll on the floor, rush into the street, may quietly escape through the door, jump out of the window or from the balcony and get lost or get caught. It often ends tragically. Both cats and cats begin to mark the territory of an apartment or house, as well as furniture, clothes and shoes of their owners, while leaving a disgusting smell.
The use of drugs for the regulation of sexual hunting (“Contrasex”, “Antimyau”, “EKS-5”, “EKS-7”, etc.) is dangerous for the health of the animal and leads to oncological formations and even death.
For prophylaxis, the cat should be taken to the veterinarian for examination once a year and, if necessary, vaccinated. Even if your kitty is always at home and does not go out, there is a chance to bring different viruses on clothes or shoes, especially if you come into contact with stray cats. Ask your veterinarian what vaccinations are required in your area and their duration.
With a routine vaccination, a visit to the veterinarian must be planned in advance and given a remedy for worms 10 days before the day of vaccination. For cats, they offer 3 types of products – in tablets, suspensions and drops on the withers.
Finding a good veterinarian who will advise only the necessary procedures is not always easy, but it is worth spending time on it, because with proper handling of the animal, the age of the cat can reach 20 years or more, which means that all this time you need to have someone with whom you can consult and contact in time.
1. Doors, windows, balconies. Be careful when you slam the door, make sure your pet is not on the doorstep. Keep the cat away from the window / vents that are not covered with a net, do not leave the cat on an un-glazed balcony.
2. Folding and moving furniture (sofas, rocking chairs, armchairs with wheels, etc.). Cats love to sit under furniture, so make sure your pet is in a safe place when folding / unfolding and moving furniture.
3. Hot surfaces: electric stoves, irons, fireplaces, etc. can cause severe burns.
4. Washing machines. Before loading laundry and turning on the machine, check if your pet is inside. It is best to keep the washing machine door always closed.
5. Electric current. Limit your cat’s access to wires, sockets.
6. Small and piercing objects (jewelry, pins, etc.) left unattended may end up in the cat’s stomach. Store them out of the reach of your pet.
7. Packages. Do not let your cat play with the bags without your supervision: a harmless “toy” can cause strangulation of the animal.
8. Human footwear is a source of various diseases. Take it away to places inaccessible to the cat.
9. Medicines. Limit the animal’s access to them. The use of drugs intended for humans is allowed only as directed by a veterinarian.
10. Household chemicals. Thoroughly rinse off household cleaning residues from surfaces that the cat touches. Chemicals trapped in your cat can cause serious poisoning.
11. Plants. There are many house plants that are poisonous to cats. Place them out of reach of the cat.
12. Products not intended for animals (fatty, spicy, smoked, salty foods, onions, garlic).
Surely everyone has heard that cats are nocturnal predators, so it is likely that your pet jumps on its chest at night, catches its legs from under the blanket, or insists on eating. And although domestic cats spend 2/3 of their lives in a dream, they sleep in your absence, so when you return in the evening, their day is just beginning.
To avoid this, physical activity is needed. Play with your cat in the evening with a laser pointer with treats (the game should have a goal and end, not just running around) or a toy fishing rod. You can even go further and buy an intellectual game for the cat, but there are some. Many cats just love the usual candy wrapper, so you don’t even have to spend money. If this does not exhaust your pet, then you can get a second kitty so that they occupy themselves. Although cats are considered antisocial and love solitude, for active representatives of the feline genus, a second brother can be a way out. The main thing is to choose a similar temperament and introduce them correctly, so that in the future there will be no fights at home instead of games.
Of course, you can let the cat out into the street if you live in a private house so that it would spend its energy there, but living in a metropolis where there are a lot of cars, people, dogs and everything else – this can ruin your pet, so I do not recommend such practices. Although some breeds, for example Oriental or Russian, walk well on a leash, so you can easily teach your cat to walk, and at the same time walk yourself. Only unlike a walk with a dog, the cat itself will decide where she wants to go and where she does not. It is important to do this correctly and first contact a specialist so as not to injure the cat.