In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ article, we’ll talk about one of the most popular Cross breeds dog for its dazzling appearance, the Cavachon. It is a hybrid dog that emerges from the cross of a Bichon Frise and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, two of the most recognized dog breeds in the world.
Due to the characteristics of its parents, the Cavachon is a dog which has a very beautiful physical appearance. However, its benefits go much further, because we are faced with a hypoallergenic dog of a cheerful nature and above all very energetic. So, if you are considering adopting a crossbreed dog like this, read on to learn all about the Cavachon dog, its characteristics, its care and its possible health problems.
Origin of the Cavachon
The Cavachon is one of the so-called designer dogs, because it arises in order to cover the expectations generated by the characteristics of the original breeds. In this case, a dog was sought which combined the physical and psychological characteristics of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel with those of the Bichon Frise. As a result, the breed first appeared in the United States, especially in Pine, Arizona, where breeders, advised and helped by geneticists and veterinarians, created a special breeding program. The fruit of this program appeared with the first cavachon in 1996. In this way, we can say that the history of the cavachon is very recent, so it is considered a truly new cross breed dog.
Currently, the breed does not have an official standard registered in the main international cynological organizations, because it is recognized only as a hybrid, not as an independent breed.
Characteristics of the cavachon
Before talking about the characteristics inherent in dogs of the cavachon breed, it should be clarified that not all puppies are equal, because it depends on which of the two primitive breeds predominates in the genetics of the puppy. For this reason, hybrid dogs are always unique and it is practically impossible to find two identical or very similar specimens.
Now, focusing on the characteristics of the cavachon with general characteristics, we can say that they are small dogs, which weigh between 4 and 9 kilograms and have a height at the cross between 23 and 33 centimeters. This small dog has a broad body, like its back, with legs of developed and powerful musculature. Its shape, in general, is rounded and smooth. The tail is thick and dangles, upright when alert, like its ears, which are medium and rounded. Likewise, the head is medium, rounded and with a long snout and a small dark nose, although there are variations between different specimens. The eyes are large, dark in color, generally brown and round in shape, which are characterized by their great expressiveness.
The long cavachon fur is extremely soft and silky. The coat differs according to the specimens, because while some have curly hairs, others have straight or wavy hairs. This variation in the coat is explained, once again, in the dominant genetics, since the Bichon with curly hair has a curly coat and the rider King Charles Spaniel has a wavy. Regardless of the type, they always have an undercoat of soft fur and the coat grows extremely fast when they are small, knowing what type of fur they will have when they are barely a month old.
Having no official standard, we cannot speak of accepted colors, but mention the most frequent, which are: brown, white and combinations between white and black or with associated tan or white spots. apricot stains.
The Cavachon puppy
The cavachon is a remarkably energetic and nervous dog, which is exacerbated when it is in the puppy stage. At this stage of development, the cavachon tends to be restless, hyperactive, always eager to play and explore. These hairy balls weigh barely about 2 kilos when they are puppies, so between that and that his body is not fully developed, we must be careful with blows or falls, because they can be fatal for their delicate little bodies.
As with adult specimens, it is very difficult to establish the characteristics of the puppy cavachon, because each one is different. In general, they are puppies with a lot of hair, curly or wavy, so their appearance is really adorable. In addition, they have been very expressive since childhood.
Character and temperament of Cavachon
The Cavachon is distinguished by its energy, which means that it is a restless dog and must constantly run, play and jump. Some specimens can even become hyperactive, which we need to consider before adopting one. If this active temperament is not well channeled through games and exercises, it can be destructive due to the accumulated energy. In addition, they usually bark enough, always being attentive to anything new or which seems dangerous to them.
They need constant attention and affection, as these dogs do not tolerate loneliness. Therefore, we should only adopt a cavachon as a pet if we are absolutely sure that we can accompany it long enough. If we spend too much time away from home, the cavachon can suffer from fairly serious emotional disturbances, developing separation anxiety or depression. Of course, this does not mean that they are not able to learn to deal with loneliness. It is possible to teach them to be alone but, being a widespread tendency, it is advisable to do it by the hand of a dog trainer or an ethologist.
Apart from the above, the temperament of the cavachon is characterized by being affectionate and attentive. It is the ideal dog for everyone, both for people living alone, because it offers love and companionship in abundance, as well as for families with children, with whom it spends a lot of time, and for the elderly, to whom it will give infinite affection and joy, It is also ideal for those who already share their home with other animals, because the cavachon is generally a sociable dog.
Dogs of the Cavachon breed generally do not exhibit abnormalities of the progenitor breeds with great frequency, however, they can occur in them. Some of the most common are eye problems, including conjunctivitis or cataracts. To avoid complications, it is recommended that you keep its eyes clean and go to the vet for alarming signs such as irritation or abnormal secretions. They can also develop hearing problems such as otitis, for which it is also recommended to keep its ears clean and monitored.
Other diseases of the cavachon which may be of concern are the cardiac pathology which affects the mitral valve. We must be alert if symptoms of heart dysfunction, such as lethargy, excessive tiredness or breathing difficulties, go to the vet urgently.
On the other hand, it is necessary to keep our animal vaccinated, identified by microchip and dewormed, according to the recommendations of our trusted veterinarian. If we provide the cavachon with all the care it needs and we perform adequate preventive medicine, its life expectancy generally varies from 12 to 14 years.
The cavachon must mainly be active by exercising constantly and frequently. This is essential so that it retains its balanced character and does not present physical or mental alterations. For this, we can use games, circuits or long walks. Likewise, we can resort to games of ingenuity and intelligence, which will promote the good intellectual development of our cavachon and will entertain him.
Regarding the previous point, we must not forget the attention needs that this hybrid dog requires. Remember it does not tolerate loneliness, so toys become even more important when we go out. So, we can buy food distribution toys or the aforementioned intelligence games.
Another care of the cavachon resides in its coat. It is necessary to brush it daily, because being long, its fur tends to become tangled if it is not brushed regularly. In addition, it is recommended to cut the hairs every two to three months to keep them uniform and prevent them from accumulating.
After acquiring a Cavachon puppy, the first thing to make sure is that he has completed his breastfeeding period correctly, this will guarantee that the little dog received the necessary antibodies and that his stomach has been properly prepared for the feeding that later will begin to be supplied.
A Cavachon puppy acquired from a breeder will have a menu and a specific feeding schedule, which must be followed to the letter, to guarantee that there are no stomach upsets.
It is recommended that when the Cavachon puppy gets home, and for a period, you keep for him the same type of food that the breeder had been supplying him, and later if you want to change it, do it according to the recommendation of the veterinarian.
Generally, when making a change in a dog’s diet, it is best to do it gradually, so that his stomach can receive the change in a favorable way. In addition to this, when a new brand of food is given to a dog, in this case a Cavachon, they notice the change and it is likely that for the first two days they will not want to eat a bite.
For these cases, it is best to link the old food with the new one, in equal parts the first two days, then reduce the amount to a quarter of the previous food, placing a greater quantity of new food, for two more days and then place in its entirety alone the new food.
In this period, it is very important to check the puppy’s feces to ensure that the change of food has not generated any type of stomach imbalance, if on the contrary an unfavorable reaction is observed it is best to return to the initial food, until the Cavachon be a little bigger.
Among the portions recommended by expert Cavachon breeders are that the portions should be increased as the months progress and according to the amount of activity they perform during the day.
For example, for a 2-month-old Cavachon the recommended portion is 150 to 208 grams per day, when it reaches 3 months the portion should be 176 to 246 grams per day, and by the 4th month it will be increased to 187 until 264 grams daily, while for the 6th month it should be supplied between 189 to 270 grams of food.
Then, when the Cavachon reaches 7 months of age, it is recommended to lower the portions a bit since at this stage his body has finished developing, so it is recommended to place between 171 to 250 grams of food in its container.
For the 8th, 9th and 10th month the servings should comprise between 153 to 195 grams per day.
In the 12th month, the Cavachon can already be given food for adults, considering that it should be food for adults of small breeds, so that the croquettes are not so big and hard.
A Cavachon should eat three times a day until reaching 14 or 18 months of age, after which the portion should be gradually reduced to two per day.
In the adult stage, a good quality diet should be provided to guarantee good health, remember that the health of a dog is directly related to what it eats, since this is shown in its daily energy and in the shine of its coat .
It is also important to emphasize that the highest price of a food is not necessarily related to its quality, so to select a suitable food it is necessary to consult which is the best option to choose to feed a Cavachon.
There are brands that offer varied croquettes that include vegetables, meats and chickens, there are many others that are made up of grains and cereals, while there are many that have natural and artificial preservatives, in short, there are a number of brands that may or may not be beneficial for a Cavachon, so it is necessary to have the approval of the doctor before buying the food that will be given.
On the other hand, the owner of a Cavachon must be responsible for the discipline involved in placing the food at the established time, that is, a Cavachon should not be fed when it wants but when the food is placed, which must be provided in the same hours day after day.
This will create a habit in the dog and ensure that it does not create anxiety when it comes to eating, or that it asks for food all the time.
Water is a fundamental part of their diet, so they should have a suitable container with fresh water and that is free of insects or animals that can contaminate it.
It is worth remembering that dogs do not feel good about the treats that people eat, such as ice cream, chocolates, some candies, among others which are very harmful to them, so do not succumb to their tender gaze that encourages us to give them a bite of what we are eating.
In any case, it is preferable to buy a treat specially designed for them in pet stores, with which we will be sure that they will enjoy it and will not do them any harm.
Where to adopt a cavachon?
If we have fallen in love with this hybrid dog and want to share our home with a cavachon, we must first make sure that we are prepared for it. We must take into account the characteristics indicated in this article, such as his high level of energy or his tendency to bark, as well as the need for affection and companionship.
If, taking into account all of the above, we are determined to share our life with a cavachon, we advise you to go to animal shelters and an association in your area, because perhaps one of these dogs is currently looking for a family. By adopting an abandoned animal, we help save a life and fight animal abuse, giving it the opportunity to enjoy a happy home and give us all the love you have.
Facts About the Cavachon Crossbreed Dog
- Soft and affectionate in nature, the cavachon is a perfect companion.
- Nice size, neither too large nor too small.
- The cavachon has a low loss coat.
- Very adaptable and provided he does enough daily exercise, he is happy to live in an apartment.
- Fun in nature, the cavachon gets along with everyone and any company.
- The cavachon forms close links with its owners and never likes to be left to itself.
- May suffer from separation anxiety and hate being left alone.
- The cavachon requires a lot of maintenance on the grooming front.
- May suffer from specific hereditary health problems resulting in high veterinary bills.