It is believed that the ability to relieve stress belongs to cats. But among dogs there is also a breed that has the same gift. It is the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. In England, these animals are called “creating comfort.” They are royal pets; they are kept in many royal families.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is known for its appearance in several films, similarly, it has also been popularized thanks to celebrities who have chosen it as a companion dog, such as Coco Chanel, Oscar Wilde or Frank Sinatra.
In addition, this breed is highly prized for its elegant appearance and for its silky and delicate coat. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has a gentle and affectionate character, but it should not be forgotten that he is also a delicate breed, due to the various hereditary health problems it can present.
If you want to know more about the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed, in this Pets Feed article, you will find all the necessary information, such as its origins, characteristics, character, care, health or the breed highlights. Read on!
Origin of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
There are many stories and legends about this fascinating breed, which peaked under the reigns of Charles I of England and Scotland and Charles II of England. It appears in various paintings from the 16th and 17th centuries, where we can observe some differences from the current standard, mainly in the face, which shows a slightly more elongated muzzle, as well as in the body, which is thinner.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a breed originally from England and the first specimens date back to the time of Elizabeth I of England. It is likely that the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was born from the cross between the Pekingese dogs and the Japanese water dogs, since there is evidence of the delivery of dogs as they are present to members of royal families in Europe. Already in the year 1.600 began to be appreciated among the English nobles.
He receives part of his name, “Charles”, thanks to Charles II, who was particularly attached to him. Historians point out that he was one more member of his entourage and that he never separated from his faithful four-legged friend, even during state meetings. This is why he is also called “Horseman”. Other parents of the English royal family were also great lovers of the breed.
In recent years, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has spread around the world and is considered one of the most popular and valued breeds of English dogs, both for its affectionate character and for its tender appearance.
Characteristics of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a small, well-proportioned and elegant dog. Its weight is between 5.4 and 8 kilograms and the height at the cross is between 30 and 33 cm. It belongs to group IX of the FCI, that of companion dogs.
Its head is small and has a slightly elongated muzzle and an almost flat forehead, it is precisely for this reason that the frontal depression is quite obvious. The muzzle narrows towards the end. The teeth of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog are strong and have the typical scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth overlap perfectly with the lower teeth.
The eyes are round, dark and well spaced. The ears are a very characteristic feature of the breed and slightly resemble those of the English Cocker Spaniel, as they are long and have fringes. However, in the case of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, they are highly integrated.
The tail is proportional to the body, has a lot of hair and is never above the level of the rear line. It has a straight and horizontal back, as well as a moderate chest, characterized by a good circle of ribs. The legs are of moderate skeleton, while the feet are covered with abundant hair and have good spans.
The coat of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is long and silky, with abundant fringes, and can present different shades: black and cinnamon, ruby, blenheim or tricolor.
Character and temperament of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a docile and friendly dog, which makes it one of the most suitable breeds for living with children and the elderly. Its character is cheerful and, well socialized, without fear, anxiety or nervousness, on the contrary, it is an active but balanced dog.
Living with a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is particularly simple, and thanks to its small size, it adapts smoothly to apartment life. It can live with any type of family, however, as with any other individual, we should not promote a particularly sedentary lifestyle, but we should provide it with walks, exercise and stimulation to keep it happy.
The family of these dogs is affectionate, undemanding and excellent with children and the elderly. They do not bark excessively but they will warn of the presence of strangers. However, they are not guard dogs because they welcome people with great affection. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel’s get along with everyone, including cats and other small pets. Being relatively small and calm, they are good traveling companions.
Finally, note that, with proper socialization, this dog can be wonderfully related to all kinds of people and animals, which also makes it an excellent breed for animal-assisted therapy.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Health
The life expectancy of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is between 9 and 14 years, however, it is a breed that has a strong predisposition to suffer from various hereditary diseases, highlighting syringomyella, a particularly painful and serious pathology. It is estimated that approximately 33% of the King Charles Spaniel Cavaliers population suffers from it. This is mainly due to excessive growth of the brain mass, which does not have enough space in the skull.
The other common Cavalier King Charles Spaniel diseases are:
- Mitral valve dysplasia
- Corneal dystrophy
- Hip dysplasia
- Progressive retinal atrophy
- Retinal dysplasia
- Brachycephalic dog syndrome
- Diabetes mellitus
- Idiopathic epilepsy
It is very important to consult the veterinarian periodically, every 6 or 12 months, to try to prevent these pathologies and detect them quickly if they appear. It will also be essential to follow the vaccination schedule and the deworming schedule.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs should be kept indoors. They get along well in an apartment or in a private house, do not take up much space and do not cause much trouble to the owners. The main thing is to properly educate the pet and teach him the rules of behavior in the house. From the first day, give the dog its place to sleep and rest, install bowls for water and food, provide toys and a bed. This dog does not require much physical exertion. It is enough to walk the dog every day.
The luxurious Cavalier King Charles Spaniel coat should be combed 3-4 times in 6-8 days. To do this, use a slicker and a stiff brush. Particular attention during this procedure is given to long hair on the limbs and behind the ears. If the warlocks are formed due to the owner’s oversight, they should be fought using a special conditioner. At the same time, it is unacceptable for the dog to lick the product from the wool.
If you prepare the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel for an exhibition show, he will not need a haircut. If the dog will not participate in the shows, it is recommended from time to time to shorten the long decorating hair. It is also recommended to trim the hair in the area of the pads. It is better to resort to the services of a groomer.
Occasionally, a dog needs to be bathed. During water procedures, make sure that water and detergents do not get into the ears, mouth and eyes of the pet. After the coat is dry, prevent the dog from getting into the drafts and the cold.
In addition to caring for the coat, the following procedures are required that contribute to the beauty and health of the dog:
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog’s ears are a weak spot. They need careful care. The fact is that the ears of this type of dog are poorly ventilated. Because of this, otitis media and infectious diseases often develop. Ear care consists in weekly cleaning using special solutions recommended by your veterinarian. You should also carefully examine whether there is inflammation or excessive ear discharge. Having found this, immediately show the pet to a specialist.
- Eyes require special attention. They are large, because of this they are often injured during walks, for example, with branches, grass. Often there are eye inflammation, conjunctivitis. In strong winds, excessive lacrimation is possible. Spaniel’s eye problems are explained by too narrow lacrimal ducts and a shortened muzzle. Eye examination should be done daily after returning from a walk. If you notice purulent discharge, immediately go to the veterinarian.
- We clean the dog’s teeth with a special toothpaste and a brush. It is also recommended to buy bones from natural beef veins and give a pet a carrot, an apple to bite.
- Every 25-35 days, we cut the claws of the spaniel. Due to its light weight, housing maintenance and relative immobility, the dog is not able to grind them on its own. It is advisable to entrust this procedure to a specialist. The owner must also ensure that the claws do not flake, this phenomenon signals a lack of vitamins in the dog’s body. After consulting with a specialist, add appropriate additives to your pet’s diet.
In food, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is completely unpretentious. The main thing is that the food is balanced. Allowed feeding, both natural food and dry food. In any case, the food should be of high quality and not expired. Adult dogs are fed twice a day, puppies three to five times, depending on age. Water should always be kept clean, cool.
Feeding by age:
- From 8 to 12 weeks – 3 times a day
- From 12 weeks to 9-12 months – 2 times
- From 12 months onwards – 1 time
The daily allowance for an adult Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can be divided into two approaches.
The easiest way to feed the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is professional dry food.
There are a couple of requirements in this case – the high quality of the product and its compliance with the pet’s age.
The pet can be fed with premium dry food.
If you decide to organize a doggie menu using natural products, make sure that it contains the following:
- Lean raw (beef) or boiled (lamb, chicken, turkey) meat;
- Boiled offal, cleared of fat;
- Soft-boiled eggs;
- Kefir and low-fat cottage cheese;
- Rice and buckwheat;
- Fruits and vegetables in small quantities;
- Multivitamins, minerals, for the shine of the coat – flax seed.
Resist the temptation to feed your Cavalier King Charles Spaniel food prepared for people, salty, spicy, spicy, sweet.
You cannot give the doggie sausages, sausages and all kinds of smoked meats. Bones have no nutritional value, but their tubular varieties can lead to serious health problems for a
Exercise is another fundamental aspect of care, because as mentioned earlier, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an active dog. We will offer you a minimum of 3 walks per day, including one to combine with a little physical exercise. Likewise, we must not forget the importance of mental stimulation to keep your dog’s mind active.
Training and education
A more diligent student than a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is hard to find. Representatives of the breed do not show obstinacy during classes. They are happy to learn commands and try to follow them correctly. The main thing is to encourage them with goodies and praise, to exclude punishment and rude attitude.
Early socialization is very important for the Cavalier King Charles puppy. A small dog must be accustomed to the outside world. So that it won’t be not afraid of strangers, animals, cars … The decorative dog does not require serious training, but it must pass the general course of obedience. Thanks to the basic training, the pet will learn to behave correctly in the house, on the street, in public places. It will also master the simplest, but important commands: sit, you can’t, close, a place, etc.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Dog Breed Highlights
Many dog lovers like Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs not only for their appearance, but also for the lack of aggression and their wonderful character. But do not think that such a pet is suitable for all people. The list of the main advantages and disadvantages of the breed will help you decide whether this is your dog or whether it is worth paying attention to a different dog breed:
- Ideal dogs for apartment maintenance.
- Do not require large physical exertion and long walks.
- Get along well with children and pets.
- Not aggressive.
- Easy to care for and undemanding in nutrition.
- Beautiful appearance.
- Easily tolerate trips.
- Does not tolerate loneliness.
- Excessive manifestation of the hunting instinct.
- Frequent eye problems (inflammation, conjunctivitis).
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Fan Facts
- Many times, this breed of dogs has been found in the top positions of the most popular breeds in various countries. For example, in 2007 it was sixth in the UK, with more than 11,000 registrations; It was also fourth in Australia in 2009 with more than 3,000 specimens.
- Although it is not distinguished by its intelligence, since it ranks 44th in the ranking of Stanley Coren on the intelligence of dogs, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a perfect dog for people of all kinds because of its temperament. It is commonly used as a therapy dog for patients, the elderly or depressed, as it is very patient and affectionate.
- A Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, being Mary Stuart’s favorite dog, accompanied his famous mistress to execution. Two days after the execution, the faithful dog died of melancholy.
- Spaniel spent many months with King Charles the First in prison. He was next to the owner before his execution, which he attended. After the execution, the fate of the faithful dog was rebelled.
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs are depicted in many paintings. In addition, the figures of these dogs are sculpted from clay. Now these clay figurines are in great demand among collectors.
- Cavalier King Charles Spaniels were bred right in the royal palaces. There they gave birth to puppies, after which the babies were transferred to the training and education of specially trained people. They prepared the dogs for life under the royal persons, taught them good manners.
- In France, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs were called the “consolidateur”, which means “comforter”.
If you think this breed is right for you, then you should look for a reputable breeder specializing in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel so that he can guarantee that the puppy’s health is exceptional and that his parents have no heart disease. In addition, this way you can have all the information about the breed in a direct and personal way, so it is the best option to get a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel puppy who will accompany you on all adventures for many years.