The Chartreux cat was originally used as a rat hunter, but now it is an excellent pet characterized by its calm personality, its beautiful fur and its large golden eyes. It is also known as the blue cat.
Of uncertain origin but undoubtedly one of the oldest known breeds, the Chartreux cats shared history with figures as important as General De Gaulle and the Templar monks of a homonymous monastery located in France. Whatever their origin, these cats are undeniably adorable, with a docile and affectionate character they will win the hearts not only of their owners, but also of all those who know them.
In this breed sheet of ‘ Love Cats and Dogs ‘, we will explain everything you need to know about the Chartreux cat, including its origins, its character, its care or its health problems, and of course some photos!
There are many versions of the origins and history of Chartreux cats. The most accepted is that they come from Western Siberia, where they existed millennia ago. It is therefore a race that is truly old and rooted in history.
Another hypothesis says that this cat would come from the borders of Turkey and Iran.
Sharing their homes with the monks of the French monastery of Le Grand Chartreux, these felines were born from the selection of Russian blue cats in order to obtain felines that meow little, so as not to distract the monks in their prayers.
They also played a fundamental role in the monastery from which they derive their name, the Chartreux defended the manuscripts and mouse supplies that followed them, keeping all temple units free of these rodents.
The truth is that it was not until the 20s of last century that the Chartreux participated in cat shows. But because of the decline caused by the Second World War, this breed of cat was about to disappear, so that controlled crossbreeding with British Shorthair was allowed to preserve it.
Physical characteristics of the Chartreux cat
Chartreux cats have a fairly wide range of weights and sizes, this is due to the fact that there are large differences between females and males, the sexual dimorphism being much more marked than in other breeds of cats. The size is medium to large, with specimens weighing up to 7 kilograms and having a fairly large chest, the females being almost always medium, not exceeding 3-4 kilograms. Its tail is of medium length and a base wider than the tip, which is rounded.
Whatever the gender, the Chartreuxs have a robust and muscular body, but at the same time agile and flexible. The limbs are strong but thin in proportion to the rest of the body, the feet being broad and round, with gray-blue pads.
The head of the Chartreuxs has the shape of an inverted trapezoid, with soft edges and a solid jaw, with fleshy cheeks and a perpetual smile because the silhouette of his mouth gives the impression that he is always happy and smiling. Its ears are medium in size and rounded at the ends. The nose is straight and broad and the forehead is high and flat, reaching eyes always golden, round and large, the expressiveness and the capacity for transmission of his golden gaze being marked. A curiosity is that the Chartreux puppies are generally born with blue-green eyes, which turn golden around the age of 3 months.
The coat is dense, with a double layer, that is to say that they have a woolly undercoat, which insulates them from cold and humidity, their hairs are short and always of a solid blue
Character of the Chartreux Cat
This smiling and cheerful feline is as it conveys its image, because the Chartreux is a docile cat, sweet and delicate. It adapts to almost any environment, as well as coexistence with children and other animals.
Although it is more affectionate with its family, it is a very sociable and open cat, making friends with visitors and their pets, as it is known to play and get along well with dogs and others. cats.
This breed has been compared many times with dogs, because the Chartreux tends to follow its owner throughout the house, wishing to stay with him at all times, so it likes to spend hours lying or sitting on its owner , as well as sleeping with him and enjoying his company a lot, so this may not be the best option to let a Chartreux cat spend a lot of time alone.
In addition to all this, the Chartreux is a very intelligent cat, of a balanced character and an almost infinite patience, practically impossible to see behaving in an aggressive way, because it prefers to avoid clashes and especially fighting, and it is also able to predict when this can happen, and prefers to go away until things are calmer.
Chartreux Cat Health
The average life expectancy of a Chartreux is between 12 and 15 years when it is well cared for and fed with a diet of good quality and adapted to his age.
Although it is a relatively healthy breed of cats, we must take into account some peculiarities that could cause health problems to our pet. It has been proven that the chartreux has a tendency to accumulate cerumen in its ears. That’s why we can ask our vet for advice on how to clean them properly. The specialist would do an exam that, in addition to checking the general health, would look closely at its ears.
On the other hand, it also seems that another disease particularly affects these cats, this is the so-called patellar dislocation, which also affects the Bengal cat, this disease attacks the patella of the cartridges, causing them a slight displacement more easily than in other breeds, it would be convenient to conduct frequent radiological examinations and follow-ups.
The Chartreux, like every cat, is unique and has its own needs in terms of food.
However, cats are carnivores and each cat must get 41 different specific nutrients in their food. The proportion of these nutrients will vary according to age, lifestyle and overall health.
It is therefore expected that a growing energetic kitten will need a different nutrient balance than a less active older cat.
The Chartreux is a bit greedy and tends to develop overweight and obesity, both very harmful to the health of our feline. But nothing can be prevented and resolved with a balanced diet and regular sessions of games and exercise.
Because of the particularity of Chartreux’s coat, since it has a double layer, we must be aware of its care, brushing it daily to avoid hairballs, which can cause more serious problems such as intestinal obstruction, and the dispersion of these hairs throughout the house.
The baths are not necessary, but if it is suitable for any reason, it is recommended to be very careful when drying, because we can dry them superficially leaving the wooly underlay, which could cause a cold or pneumonia.
We must also clean her mouth and ears, watch for general health and watch if her eyes are dirty or watery.