Exclusive cats are every person’s dream. After all, these cats not only look beautiful and have an unusual pedigree, but also differ in character favorably from ordinary cats. So, meet – the exclusive majestic Chausie cat.
Radically beautiful based on its wild aspect, which is logical considering its origins, the chausie is a hybrid cat born from the mixture between wild cats and domestic cats. A wonderful cat but not suitable for all audiences. We want to tell you as much as possible about the fascinating chausie cat, where it comes from and all that such a special breed can offer us – Do you want to meet this mysterious feline? You are lucky, in ‘Pets Feed ‘, we discover all the mysteries of the chausie cat breed!
Chausie is a hybrid breed of cats that descended from the domestic short-haired cat and the swamp lynx, or, as it is also called, the jungle cat.
The history of the breed began long before the launch of targeted Chausie breeding. It is not known for certain which breed of cat became one of the first Chausie, but breeders have definitely established that the second parent of the cat is a swamp lynx. From her, the Hausi, as the breed is also called, received an amazing ability to adapt to absolutely any conditions.
The name of the breed – Chausie – comes from the Latin name of its wild parent – Felis Chaus.
In Egypt, jungle cats and their hybrids from ancient times lived next to people and were used as virtuoso mouse-catchers and hunters. Cats, very similar to Felis Chaus, are also depicted in ancient Egyptian frescoes. In the days before felinology, people promoted the breeding of Chausie hybrids, which were strong and resilient like jungle cats, but much less wild.
The first people to become interested in Chausie were American tourists. During a trip to Egypt, they were surprised that real wild cats live in houses next to people. Felinologists from the USA also became interested in this. In the early 1970s, they came to grips with breeding unusual cats.
Breeders have faced many challenges, such as male infertility and incompatibility with most domestic cat breeds. It turned out by experience that the most suitable partner for Felis Chaus is the Abyssinian cat. Cats were also crossed with ordinary short-haired “noblewomen”, but this, like imbreeding (closely related crossbreeding), contributed to the degeneration of the breed.
Hard work with the Chausie cat was not immediately, but it was rewarded. In 1995 the breed was introduced to the TICA organization and received a standard. And in 2003 the Chausie cat became a full-fledged breed.
Physical characteristics of the chausie cat
The chausie is often confused with Abyssinian cats because of the similarities in terms of coat and color, however, the chausie is a cat of considerable size, being large or even giant.
The standard describes the Chausie cat as a very large cat (females – 10-15 kg, males – 13-16 kg). Breed standard:
Head. Small, wedge-shaped, medium-wide front view. Cheekbones are high, sharp, long. The long muzzle balances the cheekbones, complemented by a smooth and defined contour.
Eyes. Medium to small size allowed. The lower line of the eye is a semi-oval, extended upward to the outer edge of the base of the ear. The upper line is slightly flattened, in shape – a horizontal semi-oval. Eye color is preferable golden or yellow, shades of hazel and light green are also allowed.
Head profile. The forehead is long, oblique, ending with a small bulge above the eyebrows. Starting at a point just above the eyes, the profile descends in a soft, concave line that ends at the base of the eyes. The nose line rises at the tip, forming a small protrusion above the convex lobe.
Ears. The ears are high, large, set close and slightly at an angle. The distance between the inner edges of the bases is about two fingers. The ears are rather wide along the entire length, the tips are rounded. On the ears, tassels are preferred, but their absence is not a disadvantage.
The neck is of medium length and thickness.
Muzzle. It must be long; it must balance the cheekbones. The contours are rounded, clear. The chin is full and powerful both in front and in profile. The nose is medium to wide, the bridge of the nose is slightly widened. The nose is full and convex.
Body. The torso is long, thin, with a deep chest. Rectangular in shape. The physique is solid, but not bulky. The legs are long, with medium bone structure. The feet are medium in size, oval in shape. The tail is relatively short, narrow, conical, and very mobile. The musculature is noticeable, but not pronounced. The backbone is not heavy. The middle leg bone is complemented by a deep, medium-sized chest.
Wool. The coat is short or slightly elongated. The length must be sufficient for correct ticking (color). The undercoat is soft and dense, the guard hair is elastic, somewhat coarser. In solid black color the guard hair can be softer. In the black grizzled and silver ticked colors, the roughness of the coat is proportional to the amount of ticking.
There are six official colors – brown ticked tabby, black ticked tabby, black, black grizzly, black grizzly tabby, silver ticked.
- Brown Ticked Tabby Chausie cat.
The base of the hair is mouse-colored, the base color ranges from sandy to reddish-golden.
The coat should have two or three dark ticking stripes.
Tabby markings are preferred on the tail, upper inner forelegs and hind legs.
The necklaces may or may not be present.
On the back of the ears, there should be a lighter colored thumbprint (so called “wild spot”).
A cream colored coat frames the face and eyes.
A few spots or marks on the abdomen may only be in the stomach area.
The nose is brick-colored with a dark outline.
The paw pads can be black or pink. Combinations of these colors are also acceptable.
On the body of Chausie under one-year old, weak tabby marking is allowed.
- Black solid Chausie cat – deep black color, subtle tabby markings may be present.
- Black Ticked Tabby. Very similar to the brown ticked one, with the difference that the ticking of the coat is darker, almost black. In this case, the tips of the hairs remain sandy or red-gold.
- Black grizzled ticket Chausie cat. Got to cats from a wild ancestor. There is also a tabby variety of this color, with markings not only on the legs and tail, but all over the body. May be black or brownish.
The base of the hair is mouse-colored, then dark and light stripes alternate. The tip of the hair is always dark.
The Chausie cat nose is always black.
The paw pads can be black or pink. Combinations of these colors are also acceptable.
- Silver ticked tabby Chausie cat. The rarest and most expensive color in the breed. This color is distinguished by the fact that the coat is silvery with dark tips.
Chausie cat breed branches
The behavior and appearance of a Chausie cat is influenced by the generation to which the cat belongs. The generation is designated by the letter F (branch) and a number. Shows the percentage of Felis chaus blood in the cat’s blood.
- F1. First generation. Wild blood content not less than 50%. Direct descendant of Felis Chaus.
- F2. Second generation. At least 25% of the blood of Felis chaus. Direct descendant of Chausie F1.
- F3. In the third generation, there should be at least 12.5% of the blood of a jungle cat. Direct descendant of Chausie F2.
- F4. In this generation of Chausie, the percentage of Felis Chaus blood is at least 6.25%. Direct descendant of Chausie F3.
- F5,6, … Subsequent generations of chausie contain less than 3.12% wild blood.
The most similar to the jungle cat is the Chausie cat of 1 and 2 generations. Chausie F1 by nature the “wildest”, but still are pets. The higher the generation index, the more unlike a wild cat the Chausie becomes. Also, the size depends on the generation. Some F1 cats reach 18 kg. The less wild blood in the Chausie’s blood, the smaller the cat will be.
Cats and cats 3,4,5 etc. generations are already very little like the Chausie cat, therefore they do not represent such value as cats of 1 and 2 generations.
Character and temperament of the Chausie cat
When analyzing the character of a chausie cat, we must always bear in mind the fact that it descends almost directly from a breed of wild cat. This is why there are characteristics typical of wild cats in these wonderful domestic cats. One of these traits is his restlessness and extremely active character, being a feline with high activity and exercise needs. For this reason, it is not a good option to live in enclosed spaces.
The chausie is a very independent cat, sometimes very complicated to train, because he is quite stubborn. However, this does not deceive us, because it is a very alert and intelligent feline, because it learns to open doors and windows with incredible ease. In this sense, it is important to be careful and watch over the cat that is chausie, because it is not scary, exposing itself to dangers whatever the risk it runs.
On the other hand, he is a very loyal and affectionate cat, taking a lot of love from his human companions, whom he loves and is very loyal. Of course, it does not adapt particularly well to children and other animals, which we will have to take into account when adopting it.
The Chausie cat is distinguished by truly good health. Although the cat is thermophilic, it is not afraid of light frosts and does not get sick from the slightest draft. Chausie also has quite sensitive digestion. The only disease these cats are prone to is obesity.
Obesity in Chausie arises from his exorbitant appetite. Chausie can literally eat without stopping. The owner needs to stop begging, otherwise the cat will quickly turn not only into a kind of ball on its paws, but also into an eternally hungry meowing tail, which does not disdain stealing food from the master’s table.
- The weight of the cat is 20% or more above the norm.
- Severe shortness of breath with little activity.
- Mobility problems.
- Inability to feel the ribs or spine through the fat layer.
What causes obesity:
- Genetic predisposition.
- Uncontrolled food.
- Hormonal disbalance.
- Lack of physical activity.
Obesity is much easier to prevent than to cure. For this, the cat needs to ensure maximum physical activity and correct, balanced feeding. But if the cat is still sick, then treatment involves diet, physical activity and, if necessary, taking hormonal drugs.
The biggest requirement that we must meet if we intend to have a cat cat is to be completely sure that we can allow our pet to exercise a lot, which must be vigorous, stimulating and enriching, at the daily. Otherwise, our cat will be restless and may develop problems such as anxiety or aggression.
By removing this, a chausie will only need basic care like any other cat, like receiving lots of love and eating a healthy, balanced diet that covers its caloric and nutritional needs. His general health should also be maintained in good condition, taking care of his fur, eyes, ears and mouth. Likewise, environmental enrichment is part of the care of chausie expenses, so it will be essential to offer various toys, scrapers of different heights, etc.
The Chausie cat has a special digestive system and a shortened intestine that cannot digest most plant foods, including cereals and legumes that are included in many foods. Because of these features inherited from the jungle cat, Chausie can only be fed with natural food.
What foods can be given to chausie:
- Lean beef;
- Low-fat cottage cheese;
- Quail meat;
- Bird necks (crushed);
- Rabbit meat;
- White sea fish;
- Forage mice;
- Day-old chickens;
- Quail raw eggs.
Some of the foods on the list are unusual, such as mice and chickens. But it is they that make up a harmonious and familiar diet for Chausie, they should be given at least twice a week. You can order chickens at the poultry farm; mice are sold in specialized pet stores as food for snakes. Cottage cheese is given to obtain calcium once or twice a week for 50-80 g.
The Chausie cat loves quail eggs, but do not overuse them – 4–5 eggs per week will be enough. Meat makes up 80-85% of the Chausie diet, it is recommended to alternate its varieties: the first day – beef, the second – rabbit, the third – quail, etc. The fish is served boiled or lightly cooked, two to three times a week.
It will also be useful to give the Chausie cat vitamins for cats – this will make up for the lack of nutrients.
What vitamins are suitable for a Chausie cat:
- Vitamins in tablets.
- Liquid vitamins.
- Vitamin pastes.
Chausie cat coat hygiene
The luxurious Chausie coat requires brushing twice a week. To do this, you will need to purchase a rubber brush, a combination comb and a slinger for the shedding period.
- If the cat does not shed, brushing is done twice a week. First, you need to carefully comb the coat with a combined comb, from the neck to the belly and paws. Then remove the remaining dead hairs with a rubber brush.
- During molting, the wool is combed first with a comb, then with a slicker, and only after that with a rubber brush.
Chausie cats are very fond of water, because their ancestor, the jungle cat, not only hunted, but also fished in small rivers and lakes. Therefore, if you have a pool or access to clean water, letting your pet swim as often as possible will improve its health. After swimming in open reservoirs, the cat will need to be washed with clean running water without shampoo. If there is no access to the reservoir, then you can arrange a Chausie bath every two weeks.
Chausie should be washed with shampoo no more than 2-3 times a year – the cat is very clean.
Care for claws, teeth, eyes, ears
- Caring for Chausie ears, teeth and eyes is not too different from caring for other domestic cats:
- Ears are cleaned every five to six days with special ear cleaning drops. You need to drip a few drops into the ear and gently massage its base for 2-3 minutes.
- The eyes should be cleaned daily with a cloth soaked in warm water. You need to wipe in the direction from the inner corner to the outer.
- Teeth are cleaned with a silicone toothbrush and cat toothpaste. The joints of the teeth and the area near the gums are most thoroughly cleaned.
- A simple scratching post will not work for Chausie claws: they need a wooden log. Claws need to be trimmed as they grow – for this, purchase a nail clipper. The claw is cut slightly at an angle, so that the cut in front resembles the tip of a nail and does not touch the pink sensitive part of the claw. If the claw is bleeding after pruning, treat the wound with hydrogen peroxide.