Last Updated on August 13, 2023 by Pets Feed
Chihuahuas are popular due to their small size and weight, they are considered companion dogs, which is not surprising – they can be taken anywhere with you. Consider the characteristics of the breed, as well as the weight of puppies and adult dogs.
What determines the height and weight of a Chihuahua?
When buying a Chihuahua puppy, it is impossible to understand how it will grow into an adult. There are too many factors on which the final result depends on the height and weight of dogs of this breed. We list the main ones and briefly characterize the degree of influence on the height of an individual. The standards do not apply to adult growth, but general figures range from 18 to 25 centimeters. The weight of pets is more strictly controlled, for participation in exhibitions the maximum weight indicator is 3 kilograms, all dogs above this indicator are not allowed to participate.
There are general standard indicators that help owners determine the normal development of their puppies, but remember that each dog has its own individual characteristics, including a combination of genetics (up to five generations), food and of habitat. Mini Chihuahuas can produce both mini and standard Chihuahua puppies just like a standard female.
Puppy birth weight
This indicator is one of the main ones for determining the weight of a Chihuahua puppy in an adult state in advance. Below is a table by which you can imagine the approximate size of your pet, if you know what weight it was born with (by type and weight).
There is an approximate table showing weight standards by week:
- 1st week – from 100 to 270 grams;
- 3rd week – from 170 to 500 grams;
- 6th week – from 255 to 765 grams;
- 8th week – from 310 to 950 grams;
- 10th week – from 370 grams to 1.07 kilograms;
- 15th week – from 540 grams to 1.5 kilograms;
- 24th week – from 740 grams to 2.2 kilograms;
- 1 year and 6 months – from 908 grams to 3 kilograms.
If data on birth weight is not available, but the date of birth of the Chihuahua puppy is known, the following table will help you, which determines the expected type of height and weight of an adult animal, depending on its development (weight) by month after birth.
The growth of a normally developed dog in adulthood is 18-25 centimeters, and the best weight is considered to be 1.5-2 kg, although breed standards allow weights of up to 3kg. A weight above 3 kg indicates the dog’s obesity.
An important factor that significantly determines the development of puppies from birth. This indicator can affect the offspring even after 5 generations. Therefore, when choosing a puppy to participate in various exhibitions, you should carefully study its pedigree.
The number of puppies in the litter, among which your pupil was born. Everything here is inversely proportional – the larger the litter, the smaller the weight of each puppy, and vice versa. But with proper care and nutrition, puppies will begin to develop according to the characteristics inherent in their genes. It is more reliable to judge how puppies will grow at 3 months of age. And before that, even the most fragile puppies of a large litter should achieve good performance if they have excellent health and an excellent pedigree.
Care and feeding
Keeping and feeding conditions significantly affect the health of puppies, determining their condition and development. Considering the miniature size of the Chihuahua breed, you need to create special – one might say gentle – conditions for these babies. And arrange feeding according to all necessary standards, while carefully monitoring their development: control weight gain – weekly in the first month of life, monthly – at other periods of their growth up to 18 months of life.
According to experts, from 3 to 12 months, the weight gain of normally developing puppies should average at least 80 to 100 grams per month. After a year of life, weight gain decreases sharply.
What to do if the development of the puppy is delayed?
If there are deviations in the height and weight of the puppy from the breed standards, then in cases where the weight exceeds the norm, nothing should be done before the age of 12 months. Even with significant excess weight, this is not scary, most likely, everything will return to normal when the puppy is fully formed, like an adult dog. Chihuahuas are not uncommon.
If, on the contrary, the puppy is falling behind the lowest weight thresholds of its type, the situation must be assessed and the cause of the deviations must be found with the help of a veterinarian. Common reasons for this are:
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- Intolerance to all food components;
- Oppression of pets by other puppies or animals;
- Congenital diseases;
- Lack of attention from the owner and other family members;
- The presence of worms and insects.