Last Updated on June 25, 2022 by Pets Feed
The Chinese crested dog breed is liked by millions of people not only for its exotic appearance. These dogs are very funny, energetic, they are also credited with supernatural abilities. Of course, a decorative doggie will not be able to be a guard, but he is able to cheer up, comfort and even warm him up. This pet is suitable for both adults and children. It was created for a comfortable life and adoration by its owners.
Chinese Crested photos
Chinese Crested dog breed standard
The peculiarity of the Chinese Crested dog lies in its exotic appearance. She has a crest on her head (hence the name of the breed). It starts from the forehead and ends at the neck. Along the length of the hair, the tuft can be long, falling to the bottom, but also not very long is acceptable. The first option is preferable.
These are small, graceful decorative animals. There are two varieties: downy and naked. Bitches differ from males in more refined constitution, lighter weight and size. The growth of adults is 23-33 cm, with a weight of 2-6 kg.
A graceful, elongated head rests on a long, relatively thin neck. Erect, large ears can be adorned with long fringed hair, or they can be hairless. The downy variety of the breed is found with hanging ears. In any case, according to the standard, ears standing on half-cartilages are not allowed.
Dark, almost black eyes, not too large, set wide apart. A serious drawback is light eyes. The muzzle is flat and tapers towards the nose. It should not be loose. Jaws strong, scissor bite.
The limbs are long, straight. Thighs strongly muscled. Paws “hare”, narrow and long. The long tail is set high. At the end there is a flowing, long tassel covering the tail by two-thirds. The lack of a brush is considered a serious disadvantage.
According to the type of coat, Chinese crested dogs are divided into two varieties:
- Naked. This type is more famous and popular. Hairless crested dogs have visible hair on their paws, tail, head and ears. The rest of the body appears to be bare, but upon close examination and touch, it becomes clear that the body is covered with a fine, like fluff, hair. The skin is soft, warm, elastic.
- Downy. Representatives of this type of crested are called “puffs”. Their whole body is covered with silky fur. This variety is less well known and popular.
Any color is allowed according to the standard. There are Chinese crested dogs with a very amazing combination of colors in the coat color.
Character and behavior
The main purpose of the Chinese crested dog is man’s friend and companion. They fully fulfill their mission. Such pets are distinguished by a friendly character, devotion, attachment to the owner and to all family members. The decorative doggie loves to be surrounded by people and does not tolerate loneliness.
They play with children with pleasure, but if there is a small child in the family, then you should not leave him alone with a small pet. A dog, being affectionate and friendly, is unlikely to bite a baby, but a child can inadvertently harm a fragile animal.
The crested gets along well with other dogs and cats. He does not strive for domination and does not differ in a scandalous, pugnacious disposition. It is not recommended to keep a large breed dog together with a Chinese decorative dog in the same apartment. A small animal will not feel comfortable around a large relative.
Aggression is not typical for this breed. However, they are wary of strangers. In the absence of socialization, the crested can become too fearful or, conversely, aggressive. So the correct and timely acquaintance of the pet with the outside world is necessary, the formation of character depends on it.
The Chinese crested dog does not tolerate extreme heat or extreme cold. She cannot live on the outside; He needs to have comfortable conditions in the house. A small decorative pet feels great even in the smallest apartment. The crested does not require compulsory daily walks, if the weather is bad, the dog celebrates its natural needs on the litter tray, to which it is taught from a small boy.
This does not mean that you do not need to walk with such a pet at all. Chinese dogs love outdoor walks. If the weather is cold, the naked dog should be dressed in special clothes. If it is too hot, you need to take care that he does not get heatstroke and burns on the body from the sun’s rays. In summer, it is recommended to apply a special sunscreen to the skin where there is no wool.
When leaving the dog alone, make sure that he has something to do. For this, there are various bones, rubber toys, balls, etc. on sale. The fact is that the Chinese crested dog is prone to excessive chewing. While in other breeds this problem dies down with age, the crested love to chew everything that gets on the tooth in adulthood, especially when they are bored. In addition to toys, clothes and a litter box, it is necessary to purchase bowls for water and food (preferably with a stand), a bed, a harness, cosmetics, combs and everything else that is needed for hygienic care before buying a puppy.
Caring for the Chinese crested dog does not take much time, the main thing is to do everything correctly and on time:
- Hairless crested dogs are easier to care for in terms of combing. You only need to comb out the crest, tail and hair on the paws. In addition, proper care of the skin unprotected by wool is required. For this, a cream is used against drying out and peeling, which one, the veterinarian will advise. You also need to regularly bathe such a pet so that the skin is clean, without inflammation.
- Downy crested need to be combed out with a wide-toothed comb every day. The coat of this dog is prone to tangling and tangling. If you do not comb it out in time, the pet will look unkempt. Crested sheds very little, so it is important to comb out dead hairs.
- Indoor dogs, who spend relatively little time outdoors, need to be clipped as their claws grow. It is recommended to entrust this procedure to a specialist. The fact is that the Chinese crested dog has elongated fingers. Because of this, the blood vessels in the claws go deeper, with inept cutting, they can be touched, thereby causing injury to the dog.
- Wipe ears and eyes, examine once a week. If a lot of secretions accumulate regularly or wounds, inflammations are noticed, urgently show your pet to a veterinarian.
- In hairless crested dogs, the teeth are covered with a weak layer of enamel, because of this, dogs often suffer from caries and lose their canines early. Therefore, it is very important to teach the puppy to brush his teeth as early as possible, this will help prevent early loss and dental diseases.
The Chinese crested dog breed is prone to obesity. With an improperly formulated diet, a small dog will quickly gain excess weight. It is important to monitor the calorie intake, noticing the extra pounds, reduce the number of calories. You need to feed your pet at the same time. It is better to coordinate the norms with the veterinarian.
The average lifespan of the Chinese crested dog is 10-12 years. Each owner of such a dog should know what problems most often arise with her health and what diseases she is predisposed to:
- Perthes disease – characterized by impaired blood supply to the femoral head, leading to lameness.
- Karatoconjunctivitis – characterized by a decrease in the production of tear fluid, the disappearance of the protective film on the surface of the eye, drying and inflammation of the cornea, as well as inflammation of the conjunctiva.
- Allergy – causes itching, acne, dry skin.
- Difficult childbirth – due to the small size of the dog, it is often necessary to resort to caesarean section during childbirth.
- Dental diseases – often occur due to the small size of the mouth.
- Dislocation of the patella.
- Progressive retinal atrophy – If untreated, it can lead to complete blindness.
- Deafness can be either congenital or acquired.
- Hypothyroidism is an unstable thyroid gland.
- Multisystem atrophy – characterized by movement degeneration. This is a very rare disease in which the puppy moves very poorly, as it grows up, the condition worsens and ends in immobility.
Training and education
Of course, you cannot train a decorative dog in the security service, although the dog can bark loudly to warn the owner about the arrival of a stranger. Usually, small dogs are taught different tricks, for example, climbing stairs, jumping over obstacles or walking on their hind legs. The Chinese crested dog is very capable of such training, she is quick-witted and quickly learns what the owner requires of her.
In addition to pet tricks, you need to teach the rules of behavior in the house, on the street, in public places. Although the dog is small, it must know the basic commands: you can’t come to me, place, sit, etc. Such a pet does not really like to obey, so you need to find an approach to it, to encourage it for success. Rudeness and physical punishment should be completely eliminated.
- One litter may contain both fluffy and hairless varieties of the breed.
- The Chinese crested dog is believed to be one of the hardest to train breeds when it comes to litter box training.
- Since ancient times, owners have used crested dogs as warm heating pads that save them from the cold.
- Indian tribes believe that bald dogs are able to heal people’s mental illnesses, rheumatism, and toothache.
- Crested dogs were a symbol of the prosperity and well-being of the Chinese nobles.
Chinese Crested dog breed highlights
- Exotic appearance.
- Suitable for apartments.
- Lack of aggression.
- Love for children.
- Does not fade.
- Does not tolerate cold.
- Males mark territory.
- Cannot stand loneliness.
One can only guess how ancient this breed is. Some of the found remains of dogs, strongly reminiscent of Chinese crested dogs, are more than 10 thousand years old. There are versions that the ancestors of the “Chinese Crested” were a Chihuahua and a Mexican hairless dog.
For the first time at an exhibition in New York, the breed was presented in 1885. Today, Chinese crested dogs are distributed throughout the world, but they are most popular in the US and the UK.
Interestingly, there are a great many beautiful legends about the origin of these unusual dogs. One of them tells how a miniature fluffy dog, which did not yet belong to people, but was free and wild, met a child dying from a cold in a cold forest. Taking pity on the baby, the selfless fluffy shook off his fur on him – and the wool covered the child like a warm blanket. Then the dog brought the spirits of the forest to the baby. They were shocked by the picture before them and returned the child to their parents. And the caring dog was allowed to leave after the people, because it became the talisman of the rescued child. Since then, Chinese crested live among people and bring them joy.