Home Breeds Dog breeds Coton De Tulear | Information & Dog Breed Facts

Coton De Tulear | Information & Dog Breed Facts

Coton de Tulear
Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear is a beautiful Malagasy pet dog. Its main feature is the white cotton coat, soft and textured, hence its name. It is a dog capable of adapting to any situation, loving, sociable and ideal for families and for single people or seniors, as long as they have the time that this breed requires.

Coton de Tulear

The Coton de Tulear, also known as the Coton, or simply “Cotie”, is the national dog of Madagascar. It is precisely from there that comes this breed famous for its beautiful white fur, similar to that of cotton (hence its name). Much appreciated for his gentle and affectionate nature as well as for his beautiful and charming appearance, this dog was a great unknown from the rest of the world until about 40 years ago, when it also began to be bred in Europe and the United States.

If you are looking for a dog to spend a large part of your time playing with and offering all your love, the Coton de Tulear is undoubtedly the partner you are looking for. But if your you have to spend long hours away from your home, it is best to opt for a different breed of dog or to look for a good dog daycare. Read and find out with ‘ Pets Feed ‘ everything you need to know about Tulear cotton.


Known as the Royal Dog of Madagascar, it is a long-established breed that takes its name from Tuléar, a port city located on the southwest coast of the island.

It is said that in the 15th century, several dogs of the Bichon breed survived a sinking and swam to Tulear, where they mated with the local burrows, giving birth to Coton de Tuléar.

It became a very popular dog in noble households, so much so that a law prohibiting the possession of this breed to those who did not belong to the nobility was published.

Note! The name “coton de tulear” does not mean anything special and is translated as “cotton from Tulear”. Tulear is a city in the south of Madagascar, and the royal dogs really looked very much like opened cotton boxes.

Coton de Tulear

Physical characteristics of Tulear cotton

This dog has a longer than large body and the upper line is slightly convex. The cross is slightly accentuated, the loin is muscular and the rump is oblique, short and muscular. The chest is long and well developed, while the belly is gathered but not excessively thin. Seen from above, the head of the Coton de Tulear is short and triangular in shape.

The front view is wide and slightly domed. The stop is slightly accentuated and the black truffle. The eyes are dark, round and alert and lively. The ears are high insertion, triangular and suspended. The tail of the Tulear cotton is weakly inserted.

When the dog is at rest, it hangs on the hock, but with the tip bent. When the dog is in action, he wears it curved on his back. The coat of the Coton de Tulear is characteristic of the breed and the cause of its name, “cotton”. It is soft, loose, dense and above all cottony. According to the FCI standard, the background color is always white, but traces of gray or roan red are accepted on the ears.

The breed standards of other organizations allow for other colors. However, according to the FCI standard of the breed, the ideal size for Tulear cotton is as follows:

• From 26 to 28 centimeters at the cross for males.
• From 23 to 25 centimeters at the cross for females.

The ideal weight is as follows:

• From 4 to 6 kilograms for males.
• From 3.5 to 5 kilograms for females.

Note! A peculiar woolen cover perfectly protects the coton de tulear from the summer heat and winter frosts; it is waterproof and self-cleaning. But keeping such wool in order is not easy.

Coton de Tulear

Coton De Tulear Temperament

Coton de Tulear is a sweet dog, very gay, playful, intelligent and sociable. It adapts easily to different situations and tends to be very fun. Of course, he needs companionship to feel good.

It is easy to socialize this dog because it generally gets along well with people, other dogs and other pets. However, low socialization of puppies can turn them into shy and elusive animals. It is therefore important to pay attention to the socialization of Coton de Tulear at a very young age.

In general, this dog does not exhibit behavioral problems when properly socialized and educated. However, since it is an animal that needs to be accompanied most of the time, it can easily develop separation anxiety if it spends long periods alone.

Coton de Tulear is an excellent pet for almost everyone. He can be a good partner for singles, couples and families with children.
It is also an excellent dog for novice owners. However, because of its small size, it is likely to be injured and it is therefore not recommended to consider it as a pet of young children who still can not handle a dog properly.

It is easy to socialize this dog because it generally gets along well with people, other dogs and other pets. However, low socialization of puppies can turn them into shy and elusive animals. It is therefore important to pay attention to the socialization of Coton de Tulear at a very young age.

Coton de Tulear

Coton De Tulear Health

Coton de Tulear tends to be a healthy dog and no specific disease of the breed is known. However, this is not why you should neglect his health.

On the contrary, it is important to carry out periodic veterinary checks and follow the advice of the veterinarian, as for all dogs.
At the same time, you must keep your vaccination and deworming schedule up to date to prevent viral or infectious diseases such as canine parvovirus or rabies.

Coton de Tulear


Coton de Tulear needs more exercise than other breeds of small dogs. However, he adapts very well to different situations, because his size allows him to exercise indoors.

Even in this case, it is important to provide at least two daily walks for exercise and socializing, in addition to a game of recreation.
If possible, you should give him the opportunity to practice a sport such as agility, which he likes very much.

Coton de Tulear can not live isolated in a room, a patio or a garden. This is a dog who needs to spend most of the day with his own and requires a lot of attention.

This is not a dog for those who spend most of the day outside, but for those who have time to devote to their animals.

Note! Coton de tulear is a very mobile and inventive dog in fun, he loves to swim, play and jump. Moreover, he jumps very amusingly – high, pushing off the ground with all four paws and melodiously howling with joy. Words cannot describe what a flying and singing lump of white cotton wool looks like – you must see it with your own eyes at least once!

Coton de Tulear


Small dogs have a fast metabolism, which means that they burn energy at a very high rate. This means that with such a small stomach, they should eat little but often.

This exotic African is absolutely unpretentious and not picky about his food. The Coton de Tulear will eat both natural and dry food with equal pleasure. But in any case, special attention should be paid to the quality and balance of food. Overeating and unnecessary stress on the heart, liver, kidneys and joints must be avoided. Fatty foods and sweets should be categorically excluded from the diet of Coton de Tulear dogs.

If you prefer natural food, feed your pet only freshly prepared food and do not overuse cereals – there will definitely not be any benefit from them. But vegetables and fruits are very useful – both for the quality of the coat, and for the general health of the dog.

Recommended Daily Allowance: 3/4 cup high quality dog food, divided into two meals.

The amount of food you feed also depends on many other factors, such as activity level, size, age, body type and metabolism. Each dog is an individual and needs an appropriate approach.

Keep your Coton de Tulear in good shape, feed him twice a day, and do not leave food available at all times. If you put your hand on Coton’s ribs, then you should feel them without the need to press.
Otherwise, your dog needs less food and more exercise.

Puppies need to be fed a highly nutritious, good quality diet to develop and grow as they should. As a guide, a Coton de Tulear puppy can be fed 3 or 4 times a day.

Once a puppy is 11 months old, it can be fed with food for adult dogs.

Coton de Tulear

Basic care

Coton de Tulear also takes its name from its cotton-like, single-layer hairs, which measure between 8 and 9 cm. This dog does not lose his hair or very little, which makes him an excellent hypoallergenic dog.

However, it is important to brush it every day to prevent its cotton fur from becoming entangled.

It is not necessary to bring it to the groomer if brushing techniques are known and should not be bathed very often. Of course, if you do not know how to remove the knots from your dog’s fur, go to the hairdresser’s.

Similarly, we also recommend consulting a professional to cut his hair. On the other hand, the ideal is to wash it only when it is dirty and the recommended frequency is two to three times a year.

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear Dog Breed Highlights

Positive points

• Coton de Tulear is extremely loyal and dedicated to its family.
• It is very intelligent and easy to train in good hands.
• This dog breed is very adaptable being just as happy to live in an apartment in town as in a house in the countryside.
• It has a coat without hair loss.
• Coton de Tulear is very social by nature and gets along well with people and other dogs provided that it is well socialized from an early age.

Negative points

• Coton de Tulear hates being alone and suffers from separation anxiety.
• If it is not well enough socialized, Coton de Tulear becomes very shy.
• It requires a lot of maintenance on the grooming front.
• This little dog likes a little too much the sound of its own voice and will bark for the pleasure of doing so.

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear Fun Facts

Its resemblance to the Maltese is such that puppies are practically impossible to differentiate between the two breeds. In adulthood, these differences are due to the size and the cotton of Tulear is slightly larger, the shape of his head and the nuances of his fur.

In both cases, the hairs are white, but the cradle admits fringes of other colors, which does not happen in the case of the Maltese. This dog adapts to life in any place because of its small size, but its high level of energy makes it require its own space where a Coton de Tulear can run and let off steam, which makes it perfect for families. with a garden.

If you do not know if a copy belongs to the Coton de Tulear breed or to the Maltese bichon, there are several options to define the breed according to the standard. You can consult the veterinarian to check and compare its characteristics. Likewise, canine beauty contest judges can give you the solution regarding the breed due to their experience.

Finally, the FCI can review the measurements and characteristics of a specimen to define its breed. If you want to share your life with a small dog of Coton de Tulear breed, always look for a reliable breeder with experience in the breed, because it is only then that you will have the guarantees of health of the puppy and all any breed information you may need. In addition, you will have no doubt about the breed to which your new animal belongs. Never trust pet stores or private sales where the puppies have a dubious origin, because you favor the blind breeding of puppies.


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