The Czechoslovakian wolfdog is a true example of the close relationship between dogs and wolves. Result of the German shepherd and the Carpathian grey wolf, it has the qualities of the sheepdog and the wild wolf, it is therefore a very beautiful breed of dog.
Recently, pets from the category of exotics are becoming more and more popular. The Czechoslovakian wolfdog is to some extent also a predatory exotic pet. Of course, this is a dog breed, but its representatives have the size, power, grip of a wolf.
Due precisely to its recent incorporation, many people are unaware of the general characteristics of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, as well as its basic care, its appropriate training method and its possible health problems. To clarify these questions and more on this breed of dog, in this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ dog breed sheet, we explain everything about the Czechoslovakian wolfdog.
Origin of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog
This breed is very new and is the result of an experiment carried out in 1955 in extinct Czechoslovakia. This experiment aimed to check if it was possible to obtain viable offspring from crosses between dogs and wolves, for which they would cross Carpathian wolves with German shepherd dogs.
Since the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is in fact a subspecies of the wolf (although with very different ecological and ethological characteristics), from this experience were obtained puppies which could breed between them, giving birth to the breed that we now know as the Czechoslovakian wolfdog.
At the end of this experience, the breeding of this breed began, with the intention of obtaining in a single animal the best qualities of the German shepherd and the wolf, with which the breed has consolidated. In 1982, the Czechoslovakian wolfdog was recognized as the national breed of the Czechoslovak Republic, which has since disappeared.
Physical characteristics of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog
The strong and large body of these dogs is notoriously similar to that of the wolf. Barely longer than tall, the ratio between the length of the body and the height of the cross is 10: 9. This makes these dogs have an almost square structure. The legs are long, the front slender and the rear robust.
The head has the shape of a truncated wedge, typical of lupoid dogs. This part of the anatomy of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog is that which gives the greatest similarity to the wolf. The nose is small and oval, while the eyes are small, slanted and amber. The ears, typical of the wolf, are erect, thin, triangular and short. The tail of this dog also recalls that of wolves and has a strong insertion. During the action, the dog wears it and slightly curved in the shape of a sickle.
Finally, fur is another reminder of the wild line of this modern dog. The hairs are stiff and sticky, but winter fur is very different from summer. The winter hairs have a very dense inner lanilla and, with the outer layer, cover the whole body of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, including the abdomen, the inner part of the thighs, the scrotum, the inside of the auditory pavilion and the prohibited area. This breed of dog is gray and can range from yellowish gray to silver gray, with a characteristic clear mask.
These dogs are larger than the average dog, with a minimum cross height of 65 centimeters for males and 60 centimeters for females. There is no upper height limit. The minimum weight for adult males is 26 kg, while the minimum weight for adult females is 20 kg.
Character and behavior of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog
The primitive characteristics of the wolf are reflected not only in the appearance of the Czechoslovakian wolfdog, but also in its temperament. These dogs are very active, curious and courageous, but also suspicious and with quick and energetic reactions. They are generally very loyal to their own.
Since they are direct descendants of wolves, these dogs may have a smaller socialization window. And having very intense hunting impulses, it is important to socialize them with people, with dogs and with other animals as soon as possible. With good socialization, there shouldn’t be any problems, but you should never forget that these dogs also carry wolf blood.
Important! The Wolfhund is not a solitary, but a gregarious breed that needs regular communication with its own kind.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is not suitable for keeping in an apartment. It is categorically impossible to lock such an animal in a confined space. Representatives of the breed love freedom, space. Loneliness is also not scary to the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog; He is undemanding to the attention of the owner. This does not mean that communication with a hybrid of a wolf and a dog is rare. In order to establish a relationship of trust between a person and a half-wolf, it is recommended to contact the pet as often as possible.
You need to keep the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog in an aviary, his character deteriorates on a chain. The aviary should be spacious. Animal comfort is also necessary, despite the wild heritage. Therefore, install an insulated booth and some obstacles in the aviary, the space should not be empty. Buy some toys.
Do not build an aviary in a draft, make a shelter from the sun. If you let your pet run freely around the yard, make sure that the fence is high enough. In order to avoid digging, the fence is buried 40-50 cm into the ground. Remember that the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog loves to gnaw everything, dig holes in the ground, and he is also able to jump high.
Daily physical activity, training is vital for the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog. Normal walks at a leisurely pace will not be enough for such an active, energetic animal. Walk the dog at least twice every day, each walk lasts at least an hour.
An important point! Czechoslovakian wolfdog puppies who show cowardice in the first month of life are culled from the litter.
It is important to consider that the wolfdog is most active at night. Therefore, leave a longer walk or workout for the evening.
Caring for a mestizo is the same as for ordinary dogs. The procedures that maintain the appearance and health of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog in excellent condition are quite simple. The main thing is to do them regularly, correctly and on time. The list of required procedures is set out below:
- We comb out the wool every 6-8 days. During the seasonal molting period, combing is required daily.
- We bathe 2 times a year.
- It is recommended to use special bones for brushing your dog’s teeth, which are sold at your veterinary pharmacy. The wolf Czechoslovakian Wolfdog dog is extremely negative about brushing with toothpaste.
- We examine the eyes daily, removing morning discharge if necessary.
- We clean our dog’s ears 1-2 times a week. If discharge regularly accumulates or inflammation is found, immediately contact a veterinary clinic. This can be a signal of an infectious disease.
- The claws grind against the road surface, so no trimming is required.
We teach the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog from puppyhood to all of these procedures. Otherwise, it will be quite difficult to cope with a wayward pet.
Note! The Czechoslovakian wolf, like any other dog, needs a caring and affectionate attitude. You shouldn’t reject it. Try to give your pet at least a few hours a day.
For a wolf-dog hybrid, a protein diet and homemade food are recommended. Meals are required two times a day. It is impossible to feed the wolfdog more often; when overfeeding, the representatives of the breed quickly develop obesity with subsequent health problems.
You need to make sure that the dog always has drinking water in free access. The food bowl should be next to his sleeping place. The domestic dog becomes more disciplined if it eats at the same time of day. We recommend feeding this pet twice a day. What should I give him?
There are 2 options for feeding your dog – commercial and natural. In the first case, she eats food, dry or wet, in the second – food from the human table. The owner of the Czechoslovakian wolf does not have to choose only one option, they can be combined.
A young representative of the breed, a puppy, should be given a lot of protein. They are contained in:
- Chicken eggs.
But, the main product that he uses every day should be raw or cooked meat (turkey, chicken, rabbit). Gradually, the puppy of the Czechoslovak wolf needs to be transferred to food.
An adult dog of this breed should be given a dry diet twice a day. One serving is 300-400 grams. Also, do not forget to feed your pet fortified foods. We are talking about fruits, berries and vegetables. For example, dogs can be given: apples, bananas, pears, watermelons, apricots, plums, cucumbers, cabbage, tomatoes, etc. They happily eat all this.
Advice! To keep your pet healthier, give him special vitamins in tablets every year. It is advisable to pre-consult with a veterinarian.
Czechoslovakian wolfdog health
The average life span of a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is the same as that of large breed dogs. It is 12-15 years old. Although there are cases when mestizos lived up to 17-20 years. How long a pet will live depends largely on the conditions of detention, nutrition, veterinary support.
The health of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is naturally strong, inherited from wild wolves. The propensity for diseases inherent in large dog breeds is extremely low. Very rarely, the wolf dog has such diseases as:
- Dysplasia of the elbow and hip joints – characterized by severe pain, lameness, up to immobility.
- Cataract – leads to a decrease in vision, if not treated, the dog will go blind.
- Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract – occur due to improper diet, poor quality feed.
- Cryptorchidism is a hereditary disease in males, which is expressed in the fact that one or both testicles did not descend into the scrotum.
Conventional rabies vaccinations have been shown to be ineffective on the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog. There is no special vaccine for this type of animals. Therefore, vaccination is carried out with the usual drugs used for dogs.
In addition to routine vaccination, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog should be shown to a veterinarian once a year for a routine examination. Regular deworming and treatment for skin parasites is also important.
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog training and education
Despite the rather complex nature and the presence of wild wolf genes in the blood, it is impossible to register a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog as a very dangerous, uncontrollable pet. For example, pit bulls, shepherds, Dobermans can be no less dangerous.
In order for a pet to grow up adequate, obedient, not showing unjustified aggression, it needs to be socialized as early as possible and taken up with education, training.
During training, you need to show severity, perseverance, but not rudeness and cruelty. The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog can respond to rough treatment with aggression or simply refuse to train.
With proper training, the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog will be disciplined, faithfully following commands.
If you have no experience with such serious dogs as a wolf dog, it is recommended to use the services of an experienced dog handler.
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog Fun Facts
In May 2019, the Finnish government issued a decree banning the care, sale, breeding of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog and wolf hybrids.
A shepherd in a confined space is able to find a person in 4-5 minutes, while a Czechoslovakian Wolfdog spends only 20 seconds on the same task.
In Canada and the United States, organizations involved in trapping stray animals cannot place the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog in dog shelters, and it is also forbidden to transfer them to new owners. As a result, these animals are euthanized.
The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog, like wolves, do not bark, but howl or “talk”, making interesting sounds.
Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs are the heroes of the documentary “Dogs of Special Purpose”.
Czechoslovakian Wolfdog Breed Highlights
In most cases, attacks and aggression of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog are provoked by humans. To control an unpredictable wild nature, a wolfdog needs a competent, responsible, experienced owner with willpower.
Below are the main pros and cons of the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog.
- Exotic appearance, similar to a wild wolf.
- Intelligence, ingenuity.
- Good health.
- Willfulness, stubbornness.
- Display of excessive aggression.
- Disagreement with pets.
- Not suitable for apartment maintenance.