The dachshund, often nicknamed “sausage dog” is a dog very easy to recognize, thanks to its elongated body and short legs. Her personality is friendly and affectionate, so you will love it if you are looking for a nice little partner.
The breed has all the signs of megapopularity: maximum number, long-term “experience”, is widespread and loved on all continents. Other breeds go through booms and bumps, and the dachshund ignores fashion – it just feels good.
What is the secret of the dachshund? An extraordinary appearance combined with intelligence, mental and character traits, live instincts and “human” emotions. Plus, of course, the small size. The complex has turned out to be an ideal companion dog, from which, if desired, you can make both a hunter and a show champion.
In German, Dachselhund means “badger dog” and refers to the original function of this dog, which was to hunt badgers.
In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ dog breed sheet, we review the general characteristics of the dachshund, its basic care and possible health problems. Read on to learn all about this breed of dog if you are considering adopting a dachshund, or if you already have one and want to learn more.
Origin of the dachshund dog
What each dachshund has in common is its origin. We know that they are descendants of former German dogs called Deutsche Bracken, small animals that were used in badger hunting for their capacity as excavators. The crossing of these animals with others, of terrier type, and the successive generations, is at the origin of the dachshund as we know it today.
This breed is very old, as evidenced by the illustrations and sculptures from the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries where certain specimens fulfill their function as badger hunters.
Although its origin was in Germany, the dachshund was much more famous in Britain, as evidenced by the fact that the first dachshund club founded was the British, in 1881. Years later, in 1888, the Deutscher also was founded Teckelklub, and both are still active today.
He is one of the few dogs to have his own group in the Fédération Cynologique Internationale because of its importance and its unique characteristics. In this category would include all varieties of the breed, without division by size or by variety of hair.
Physical characteristics of the dachshund
The crosses that gave birth to this breed also influenced its final characteristics, and this is the reason why a dachshund has the smell of bloodhound, the elongated Basset type body and the small size of burrows, in addition to capacities. extraordinary as shovels and enthusiasm for hunting.
It is a small dog in general, with a body longer than the tall and very short legs, one of the most striking characteristics of the breed and which is known worldwide. This elongated shape, long tail and stretched and fine muzzle, is repeated in all varieties of the breed, although it may differ slightly.
Types of dachshund
Three varieties of dachshund are recognized according to their size, where the difference in thoracic circumference prevails, which are standard, miniature and toy. In their origin, the differences between the varieties were much more remarkable, but today they assume a fairly small difference in size and weight.
The standard dachshund is the closest to the original, although this variety has decreased in size over time. The first dachshunds weighed between 13 and 16 kilos and were used to hunt wild boars, but nowadays it is rare to see a standard dachshund weighing more than 7 kilos.
The miniature dachshund currently remains between 3 and 6 kilos, although originally it was also slightly heavier dogs, used in fox hunting. Currently, these animals can hunt rabbits or hares, although they are much more common as pets.
Finally, there is the toy dachshund, which is not recognized as a variety in all canine federations. It could also be a variant of the miniature, even smaller, weighing less than 3 kg, used for small game as long as its temperament and physical characteristics allow it.
In turn, the three sizes of dachshund can be divided according to their hair type and color, although these characteristics do not imply a division as such of the breed. The coat can be short, long or hard, although the latter was carried out after generations of selective breeding to give the dog the possibility of hunting between thorns and brambles.
As for the color, the dachshund admits a whole range of shades, and combinations of all kinds. It is possible to find copies of red, cream, bicolor, chocolate, black, brown, bluish gray, fawn, marbled, etc.
Dachshund behavior and temperament
If anything characterizes the behavior of the dachshund, it is the taste for hunting, tracking and running. Despite its small size, it is a very energetic animal, which requires a high dose of activity to be a balanced dog.
The dachshund has a very strong personality, and tends to bark when it does not get what it wants. In addition, it is more complicated to educate than other breeds for its tenacity and stubbornness, even if this can be done by starting to educate the dachshund puppy. It is a good playmate for children and very affectionate with adults, although it can be wary of strangers.
He has a great ability to adapt to most circumstances, so he can live in different environments without any problems. Due to its size, it is recommended to live in small apartments, but as long as it is guaranteed that this dog will be able to perform all the exercises he needs to feel good physically and mentally.
A tip for anyone who has a copy of the breed, is to try not to pamper him too much and to educate him firmly as a puppy. Otherwise, the dachshund will be spoiled, showing this innate stubbornness which has sometimes been named as an impossibility of educating it.
That’s what the dachshund is good for – no specific care is required for it. All the same standard set as for other breeds:
1. Balanced diet
It should be noted that hunter dachshunds and companion dachshunds should receive a slightly different diet, but only at the height of the hunting season.
2. Physical activity
As you know, the dachshund saves large amounts of energy despite its small constitution, so it will have to be offered the opportunity to walk, but also to run and perform other types of activities. Otherwise, the dachshund can become very barking and destructive at home, so it is not recommended for people who are not able to devote all the necessary attention.
Everything is like everyone else: combing, washing with shampoo, treatment for fleas and ticks. For many dachshunds, clipping the claws is an important regular procedure. Hanging ears require close attention, they must be examined, cleaned and simply ventilated. But driving in a car, leaning out the window, is contraindicated for a dachshund. Not good for ears to fall into a bowl of food.
Standard size dachshunds have another “high risk target”. Large teeth are prone to caries, plaque and calculus formation. Home cleaning of teeth with a brush, irrigation with special compounds helps. It is best to remove the stone in a hospital. Working and active dogs with a developed grasping instinct often break and cleave their teeth.
4. Care of the coat
Of course, it will differ depending on the type of coat. You will need different brushes and combs, it is also advisable to select the appropriate shampoo.
Smooth-haired dogs should not be left without their tools, especially since they have a pronounced seasonal molt. A sponge or mitten with raised pimples and a brush with short bristles will do. Velvet is used for shine.
Long-haired dachshunds need partial trimming, regular brushing, and more frequent washing. A hygienic haircut is performed on the feet, ears, groin and under the tail. A necessary tool in the house is a collar cutter, as well as a trimmer comb.
Before the exhibition show, there is more serious work ahead, which includes, in addition to haircuts, trimming – plucking out excess, protruding hairs. The selection of cosmetics and the actual bathing process deserves special attention from the “longs”. Much depends on the individual characteristics of the coat. It is advisable to buy shampoo taking into account the color. Air conditioning is required.
At first glance, grooming a wire-haired dachshund is difficult. The dog needs to be trimmed. In fact, such processing is within the power of any owner, because the dachshund is a small dog. In addition, the stiffer the structure of the wool, the less often it will be necessary and easier to carry out this specific procedure.
A trimmed dachshund does not shed, gets dirty less and looks more beautiful. Wool processing is carried out 2–4 times a year, depending on the degree of stiffness of the guard hair and the ratio of the undercoat. At the exhibition, breed experts will evaluate the structure of the coat and its preparation. In this case, long-haired and wire-haired dachshunds should look natural,
As a hunter by nature, the dachshund has quite healthy potential. She has only one weak point, and that is the spine.
Breed diseases of dachshunds are not numerous, in the first place in frequency and complexity – infringement of intervertebral discs. This does not mean that all livestock necessarily face a problem.
However, owners must remain vigilant and protect dogs from two provoking factors:
- Unnatural physical activity
- Lack of physical activity
It is in this contrast that the risk of discopathy, or hernia, balances. What is contraindicated for dachshunds? Jumping from a height, weak ligaments, sluggish muscles.
What else is on the problem list:
- Leather. There is a specific disease – acanthosis nigricans or juicy-pigmented dystrophy. Outwardly gives the picture of “elephant skin”.
- Osteoporosis in puppies. It manifests itself in the weakness of the hind limbs in puppies of 3-4 months of age, as a rule, overfed and crawling on a smooth, slippery floor.
- Idiopathic or imaginary epilepsy. It is found mainly in miniature representatives with long and coarse hair.
The listed three “breed” diseases are quite rare and curable. Other ailments in dachshunds are noted to the same extent as in most dogs. What owners should pay attention to:
- Ears. Like all breeds with hanging large ears, the dachshund is more at risk of getting otitis media, otodecosis, and skin irritation on the inner surface.
- Eyes. There is a tendency to cataracts. In dachshund hunters, the eyes are more likely to be irritated by dirt, sand and plant particles. Energetic dachshunds can suffer from cat claws.
- Tail. Due to the elongated format, the dachshund often receives tail injuries – it simply does not have time to run in, and the door slams shut. The same happens with the lids on the artificial burrow.
- Hypothermia. Small stature and a very low-slung chest pose an increased threat to the dachshund during a walk in winter, especially when the surface of the earth is frozen.
- Excess weight. A well-fed dachshund has become too common. It looks awful, threatens the dog with heart disease, musculoskeletal system and shortens its life.
The life expectancy of dachshund dogs does not allow us to call them long-livers, but these are very good indicators: 12-15 years. Good physical fitness, sufficient exercise and an attentive owner are what is needed to overcome most problems.
Training and education
It is clear that with outstanding intelligence and emotional alertness, the dachshund is very easy to train. The difficulty of his training lies in the fact that the dog does not tolerate coercion and excessive despotism.
Dachshund, whenever possible, defends his point of view and is not inclined to obey unquestioningly. A delicate approach and understanding of the dog’s nature is required from the owner. Typically, contact is achieved when there is mutual respect.
When practicing obedience commands with dachshunds, no punishment is used, except for verbal and intonation. Rudeness is excluded – dachshunds are touchy and vindictive. The point of the training course is to establish interaction.
Hunting training for dachshund dogs will also require patience, gentleness and usually take longer than with terriers. Excessive noise, bustle and crowding should be avoided on an artificial burrow. The baiting process should be carried out with the full interest of the dog.
Dachshund Dog Breed Highlights
If all the pros and cons of the breed are summed up, the balance is in favor of the dachshund by a large margin. It’s easier to list the qualities that can cause an ambiguous reaction:
- Extremely affectionate and loyal dog.
- Very intelligent, the dachshund learns quickly and knows how to please.
- Fun and playful by nature.
- The dachshund is known to be a real clown when the mood takes it.
- An energetic and fiery dog, the dachshund likes to be entertained.
- Little maintenance on all fronts.
- Not the best choice for first owners because the dachshund often has its own spirit.
- It can be a little more difficult to manage.
- The dachshund can sometimes be stubborn.
- Care should be taken with puppies as they should not be allowed to jump up and down from anywhere, as this could damage their back and joints.
- This dog tends to gain too much weight if he does not exercise enough daily.
- Although intelligent, the dachshund can be voluntary when it comes to training which includes training at home.
- This little dog can be overprotective if he is not well socialized from a young age.
- If he is not taught from an early age not to bark unnecessarily, the dachshund can become an excessive barker.
- The breed is known to suffer from many health issues, so veterinary bills can be high and why pet insurance is so important to anyone who owns a dachshund.
This is an ideal house dog, but just as well suited in a private home. The breed is diverse, with a range of sizes giving behavioral variations.
Is the dachshund a hunting dog?
Based on the characteristics of the dachshund, it is fairly easy to think that the answer is a resounding “no”. However, it is necessary to deepen the capacities of this animal before answering if the dachshund is a hunting dog. The truth is that, despite its size, the dachshund has an incredible hunting capacity. He is more than able to find animals underground thanks to these small dimensions, because he is able to enter the hiding places. In addition, the dachshund’s character is courageous and tenacious, which means that it becomes tireless when it comes to hunting.
In small game, the breed dachshund can hunt rabbits and hares at every corner of the mountain. Something this dog can do thanks to the almost toy size of the dachshund, the character of the dachshund and the hard hair it has. In big game, keep in mind that the dachshund is not a dog which can kill a big prey, but that it can follow its track without getting tired and more easily than the other dogs thanks to the proximity of its nose. with the ground.
For all these virtues, the dog of dachshund breed is a hunting dog, although it will be necessary to train it for that and to adequately maintain the dachshund of the hard or soft hairs. It is also necessary to define the types of dachshunds to know their qualities, that is to say that each will have its own needs.
Dachshund Fun Facts
- Each variety of the breed has its own legion of followers, so it’s easy to maintain the diversity of characteristics over time.
- There is a statue associated with an ancient pharaoh from Egypt where you can see a dog named Dachshund, which has the most distinctive characteristics of the breed.
- Dachshund, one of the names by which it is known, means German badger dog, which defines one of the pastimes of the breed.
- According to the first inscriptions, it was much more common to find dachshunds with short hairs than long or hard hairs, although at present the number of copies is more balanced, as is the case with sizes.
The great advantage of the dachshund is that it is a perfect breed for people of all kinds and all ages, because despite its character, it is easy to handle, protective of those he loves and affectionate with his family. If you are thinking of sharing your life with a copy of this breed, do not hesitate to contact an experienced breeder who offers you all the guarantees for his health and his parents, in addition to giving you the necessary information on the breed.
The Dachshund is an ideal house dog, but just as well suited in a private home. The breed is diverse, with a range of sizes giving behavioral variations.
Dachshunds look spectacular at exhibitions, IV FCI group often appears in “Best in show”. There are dachshunds – field champions, holders of I degree diplomas for work. Finally, dachshunds are consummate soul companions.
Interestingly, it can be the same dog in three guises.