Doberman | Information & Dog Breed Facts


Only owners who have been fortunate enough to enjoy the company of a Doberman know what it is to be probably one of the best dog breeds in the world.

It is an exemplary breed very attached to his family, a great friend of adults and children, in addition to being an excellent guard dog. With children, we have to be somewhat careful because it is a very energetic dog and inadvertently it could harm them. His strong image and even, for some, fierce, circulated against him many prejudices.


At the sight of such an unusual dog as a Doberman, a double sensation instantly appears. On the one hand, this excellent and stately dog delights with its grace and power.

On the other hand, many are beginning to fear being near such a formidable animal. In fact, the Doberman is one of the best canine representatives in the search for traces and all kinds of substances (such as drugs or explosives), and he is one of the best guards of his master. This breed of dogs includes all the best qualities – devotion, reaction, showiness, mental development, endurance.

And if such a dog is able to show aggression, then this is mainly due to serious errors in the upbringing and training of dogs. If you are ready to spend as much time as possible with your pet, giving it a lot of love and attention, then the Doberman is your breed.

Below we will review some of its characteristics and a lot of information and facts so that we can have a better understanding of the breed. If you are thinking of sharing your life with a Doberman, this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet will explain everything to you.

Other names

Doberman Pinscher, Dobie, Doberman


Herr Karl Louis Doberman was a man with many jobs: He was a tax collector, who would sometimes work as a police officer, night guard, and dog catcher. Because of his career, Doberman often found himself traveling with bags of money through dangerous parts of town at late hours; it left him feeling uneasy.

Herr Louis Dobermann combined several breeds looking for the ideal protective dog to accompany him in his rounds. Thus, he created the breed at the end of the 19th century. It is said that he used rottweilers and great Danes for his size and strength, greyhounds for his speed and Manchester terriers for his smooth fur and elegant silhouette, as well as for the tenacity of the terrier.

It is also possible that it included other breeds, such as schnauzers, German pinschers, German shepherds, German short-haired bracos and Weimar bracos. He spent 60 years searching for the perfect dog for personal protection. The first Doberman was registered in the German genealogical register in 1893.


Physical characteristics of the Doberman Pinscher

The head of this dog is wedge-shaped seen from above. Elegant and fine, seen from above and from the front should not give the impression of being bulky. The judgment is ill-defined, but obvious. The nose, wider than round, must have large nostrils. In black dogs, it should be black.

In brown dogs, it should be lighter in color. The Doberman’s snout is well developed and deep, with a mouth opening that almost reaches the molars. The scissor bite is very powerful. The eyes are medium in size and oval. They should be dark, but slightly lighter eyes are allowed in brown dogs. The eyelids are well attached and the conjunctiva of the eye is not visible.

Traditionally, Doberman’s ears were amputated when the dog was still a puppy for a few months.

Nowadays, this practice loses adherents and is considered cruel and unnecessary by most people. The full ears of the Doberman must be of medium size. The compact, muscular and powerful body of the Doberman, allows the dog a great capacity to carry out rapid movements in a small space. This ability promotes the work of dogs trained in attack and protection. The back is short and muscular, as is the spine.

The chest is large and deep. The tail has a high insertion and, according to the breed standard recognized by the International Cynological Federation, must be amputated leaving only two visible vertebrae. This practice is also rejected by many people and, fortunately, some countries have prohibited it with ear cutting. It is intended that amputations for cosmetic purposes will be completely prohibited in the future.

The Doberman has a single coat with short, hard, dense hairs. The hairs, distributed uniformly over the whole body, are smooth and well bonded. The colors accepted by the FCI are black and dark brown, with clean and sharp rust marks.

The Doberman is easy to train and quickly learns if it is treated with love and respect. The height at the cross is 68 to 72 centimeters for males and 63 to 68 centimeters for females. The weight is 40 to 45 kilograms for males and 32 to 35 kilograms for females.


Doberman character and temperament

The Doberman Pinscher is one of the most intelligent dogs out there. Essentially friendly and peaceful, the Doberman is a very family-dependent dog, so it is not appropriate to spend most of the day outdoors or not providing the care that this incredible breed does.

Although a friendly dog ​​with their own, the Doberman is somewhat wary of strangers, so it is advisable to conscientiously socialize him as a puppy. This distrust does not make him a dangerous dog, but it helps him to be a good guardian.

This breed learns quickly and easily, so it is not difficult to train a Doberman dog. The ability of this breed to train becomes evident when you consider the different activities it has exercised and that it successfully occupies: chase dogs, guard dogs, attack dogs, search and rescue dogs, therapy dogs, service dogs and many other occupations.

However, on a daily basis, the character of the Doberman Pinscher will really surprise us: He is a gentle, affectionate and sensitive dog. With an intelligence far superior to that of other breeds, it will therefore be rewarding to work on education and training. Originally, the Doberman’s temperament was relatively marked by aggressiveness, but this characteristic took shape over time, and today it is a much quieter and more balanced dog, which will not attack s ‘he doesn’t have a good reason.

The Doberman is a perfect pet, which gets along very well with children, although it is not recommended for very young children, because with its size and its strength, it can harm them unintentionally.

It is a very energetic and active dog, always in search of the game and who likes the company of his family in all circumstances. To make sure an adult Doberman Pinscher is calm and balanced, the main thing is that he has a firm owner and strives in his education. The Doberman can be dominant and difficult to manage, so he will need an affectionate and trained chef to control him.

In addition, his intelligence quickly makes him learn all kinds of orders and tricks. If you earn his respect, he will be ready to please and obey you in whatever you ask.



The Doberman is a hardy and a strong dog, but even it has a hereditary predisposition to certain diseases:

Allergies. Dogs may be allergic to mold, pollen, and dust.
Heart diseases. The Doberman can be affected by coronary heart disease, tachycardia, heart failure, arrhythmia, etc. Health problems can be recognized by noisy and long breaths, difficulty breathing, loss of balance, trembling.

Joint dysplasia (especially hip) is a typical joint disease in large breed dogs.

Narcolepsy is a central nervous system disease in which the dog is disturbed in sleep and muscle tone. The Doberman becomes motionless, its eyes like glass. This condition can last for several moments or several minutes.

Inversion of the stomach. This disease can be hereditary and develop as a result of malnutrition.

Hypothyroidism is possible, but not often. If it occurs, it is accompanied by hair loss, weight gain or loss.

Sometimes the Doberman has congenital deafness or develop arachnoid cysts, cataracts, cancer, pathologies of the cervical vertebrae, chronic hepatitis.

In order to prevent serious problems in the dog’s health, he should be shown to a veterinarian with the slightest alarming symptoms. Periodic preventive examinations also do not interfere.



Until the dog reaches 12 months of age, the exercise should consist of short and frequent sessions. Excessive exercise can cause joint problems. It is an active dog breed that will enjoy swimming, accompanying a cyclist or running without a leash.

More than two hours of daily exercise are recommended for a healthy adult Doberman.

Basic care

The Doberman is a beautiful and very comfortable to maintain. This dog is unpretentious, shedding little, so it is enough to comb it once a week. To monitor the beauty and purity of the coat, you do not need to bathe it often. This can only do harm, as the protective layer of the skin will be broken. It is enough to carry out water procedures several times a year. The rest of the time, give preference to wiping the pet with a damp towel.

Pay particular attention to your Doberman’s ears. Inspect them in time to notice possible inflammation and irritation. Do not use cotton wool to clean your ears. A fabric soft swab is more suitable. Treat the auricles only with the solution prescribed by the veterinarian.

Teeth should ideally be cleaned every day, in extreme cases, every week. Do not forget about cutting claws. This should be done approximately once a month or as needed.

The Doberman can live in an apartment and a private house. But there is an important condition: do not put this dog on a chain. If it does not receive enough attention, its communication with a person will be limited, then this will affect his character very badly. If you do not have another option, how to put a Doberman in an aviary, then try to spend as much time with him as possible. Communicate with the animal, take a walk, organize joint trips, etc. In general, entertain him as you can.

Doberman puppies
Doberman puppies

During the winter season, in connection with the short Doberman coat, walking is best reduced to the maximum, or you should buy special clothing for the dog if in winter the air temperature drops below 10-15 degrees.

As for the nutrition of these dogs, then in this respect they are not spoiled. The easiest feeding option is to give them high-quality dry food based on the animal’s body weight.

If you prefer to feed your pet with natural products, then make sure that the meat content in the diet of the animal is not less than 50%, and if possible – about 75%.

Protein is essential for dogs to maintain their natural anatomy and muscle strength. It is definitely impossible to feed only such animals porridges, although some of them are certainly present on the Dobermans menu. Nevertheless, they also need fiber for the effective functioning of the digestive system and complex carbohydrates for the normal level of energy potential.

The Doberman should not overeat, so do not overfeed your pet. Do not forget about the presence of vegetables and vitamin-mineral supplements in the diet.


Training and education

Doberman dogs are serious, intelligent and real intellectuals. Due to their innate quick wits, these animals learn quickly. This fact must be taken into account from the first instants of the appearance of a Doberman puppy in your home and methodically, patiently and calmly raise a pet.

When the dog becomes attached to the owner and begins to unquestioningly recognize his authority – further obedience is practically ensured. Consistently teach your pet to you, your family, the world around you.

Take him from a young age for walks in busy places, carry it by car. He must get used to the noise and the different atmosphere, otherwise a matured dog, not knowing different aspects of human life, may behave inappropriately in an unusual environment.

Doberman dogs will be great companions and guards. They will protect both man and property. With them you can engage in active sports, as they are very fond of movement. In addition, dogs of this breed have a natural gift of a ranger, which can be opened to a pet with the help of simple training techniques.

If we talk about the negative features of upbringing, it is worth noting that the Doberman (especially if it is a male) can be aggressive towards unfamiliar dogs. The owner should take this fact into account when he will go for a walk or to the training ground with his four-legged friend.


Doberman Dog Breed Highlights

Positive points

• Faithful, devoted companion and good pet.
• Little maintenance on the grooming front.
• The Doberman is an impressive guard dog.
• Extremely smart and easy to train in good hands.
• The Doberman is the ideal choice for people who lead an active outdoor lifestyle.

Negative points

• The Doberman is not the best choice for new owners.
• It is a dog that is better suited to households with older children.
• The Doberman needs a lot of exercise.
• This dog can be dominant if he is not well socialized and properly trained.
• Some Doberman lines have temperament problems.
• It can be aggressive towards other dogs and animals.
• The Doberman is sensitive to loud sounds and noises.
• This dog breed is predisposed to certain health problems, so veterinary bills can be high.
• As for the minuses, these dogs can be vicious and aggressive. Tolerant of unfamiliar dogs. However, under the condition of proper education and adequate training, such manifestations are not common.


Doberman Fun Facts

In 1976, an albino Doberman was born in a litter, an extremely rare specimen which crossed with its own puppies to maintain the genes and to obtain that their descendants are also albino. Right now, all white Doberman will come from these crosses, so they have associated significant health issues such as eye problems, skin problems, etc.

Although they are beautiful and rare to see, it is highly inadvisable to look for an albino Doberman, as their health will always be weakened. There is a myth associated with Doberman in popular culture, namely that its brain keeps growing in a too small skull, which makes the dog crazy and develops a lot of aggressiveness over time.

However, this idea has no basis, and that is, if it did, the dog would die from brain pressure as it grew. On the contrary, the Doberman Pinscher is in fifth place in the classification of breeds according to his intelligence. If you want to share your life with a copy of a Doberman Pinscher, the best thing you can do is to go to an experienced and reputable breeder of the breed.

Only in this way will you be able to get the best information about the breed, especially with regard to its education, and also get a puppy with all the health guarantees you may need. The Doberman is a unique breed, with very specific needs that you must understand and satisfy so that your dog is a happy and balanced animal, and so that together you can enjoy the best possible relationship.