Dogue de Bordeaux | Information & Dog Breed Facts


The dogue de bordeaux is a strong and powerful dog from France, which is part of the mastiff family. It is a breed of dog generally chosen to keep houses because of its size and personality, firm and determined, well trained to perform this function effectively.

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

This large dog is admired for its great power and its strong and imposing appearance. The Dogue de Bordeaux is of French origin (not to be confused with the Great Dane). The Dogue de Bordeaux is known for its tranquility and for its great patience when it comes to living with children and with other more active dogs. This breed is one of the oldest in France and today they are still very popular and well-known dogs. If you are thinking of adopting an adult Dogue de Bordeaux dog, it will be very important to be well informed in advance for the adoption to take place correctly. Remember there are a few things to keep in mind about the Dogue de Bordeaux that we need to consider beforehand, such as having a dog license. In this ‘ Love Cats and Dogs ‘breed file, we will detail everything you need to know about the Dogue de Bordeaux:


The Dogue de Bordeaux is an old French breed, even if it is supposed to come down directly from the mastiff dog of Rome. In the 12th century, it was used in French reserves for hunting pig, wild boar, wolf and bear. In the Middle Ages, his function was to drive cattle.

These dogs have also been used in the war to protect livestock and even to harass other animals and in dogfights. The breed has lost its popularity in the 20th century, but today it seems that its numbers are increasing.

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

Characteristics of the Dogue de Bordeaux

The general image of the dogue de bordeaux is that of a large and powerful animal. It especially stands out from the size of its head compared to the rest of the body, which has very marked skin folds. The nose is quite short, but it shows an incredibly solid prosthesis, advanced in its lower part, ready to catch prey of all types and all sizes. The average lifespan of these animals is 10 years, although it may be slightly longer depending on the type of life they lead and current medical progress. The body of the Dogue de Bordeaux is rectangular in profile (longer than its height at the withers), muscular and solid. The upper line is horizontal. The chest is solid, long, deep and wide. The sides are slightly retracted.

Size of the Dogue de Bordeaux

The great dane of bordeaux can be classified among the large breeds of dogs, although it is not difficult to see some examples of the giant dane of bordeaux. It has a solid, athletic figure and a large, well-proportioned trunk. It can measure up to 68 centimeters at the withers in the case of male specimens, and a female mastiff of bordeaux will remain between 58 and 66 centimeters in height. As for the weight of the dogue de bordeaux, the males easily weigh more than 50 kilos and the females more than 45 kilos.


The hair of the dogue de bordeaux is short, fine and hard, but it is also silky. The most common color of its coat is mahogany or fawn, although it supports all shades of red and yellow. He may have white spots on his chest and feet, and he has a red or black facial mask, the same color as the nose. Other characteristics of the dogue de bordeaux include a short neck and baleen, a broad straight back, drooping triangular ears, a long strong tail and an elastic movement when walking and jogging.

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

Temperament of the Dogue de Bordeaux

The dogue de bordeaux is known for its calm and firm temperament. He is very cool, so it’s a breed to keep in mind as the protector of his family and the home. This calm and balance makes it a dog that does not generally bark, except in specific cases, such as the appearance of an intruder in the house. It is also a perfect breed to share life with young children and other animals, because the dogue de bordeaux does not need to demonstrate its domination, unless it is disputed. Despite his appearance, the character of the dogue de bordeaux is warm and friendly, who likes contact with people and who has an almost infinite patience towards the games of the little ones. On the other hand, this dog is intelligent and docile, which implies that it is easy to train. Once the limits are set, he likes to obey and please his family, so he will learn all the tricks that are taught to him and he will do them with pleasure. Although the task is not easy at first, because it can also be arrogant, independent and stubborn. The past of the dogue de Bordeaux can make us think that it is a violent or excessively territorial dog due to its use as a fighting and protection dog. However, the truth is that the Dogue de Bordeaux is generally friendly and calm. It is a comfortable, intelligent and independent dog, with a very balanced personality. One detail to keep in mind is the great courage and affection he expresses for his partners in human life. In a situation that the dogue de bordeaux considers aggressive towards those it loves most, this dog can act negatively, as any beloved dog would do, but the difference is its large size and build. For this reason, it will be important to assess whether we have sufficient physical strength and adequate training time to provide it.

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux


The dogue de bordeaux is a dog of great physical strength. However, his health is fragile and he can get sick quite easily. It is advisable to go to the vet frequently, about every six months, to keep your best friend healthy. Among the most common conditions in the dogue de bordeaux:

  • Joint problems, such as hip or elbow dysplasia, which generally affect all large breeds.
  • Skin problems, such as allergies, fungi or ocular conjunctivitis.
  • Heart problems, such as dilated cardiomyopathy or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
  • The other common problems with this breed are gastric torsion or heat stroke, so you need to be very careful with the amount of food your dog eats and with the spaces where he will spend the hottest days of the year.
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux


This dog breed does not need to do as much exercise as it may seem: about an hour a day is usually enough for an adult.

A few walks during the day, letting him run and play freely for a few minutes, is enough for this dog, because if he exercises too much when he is young, he can suffer from bone and joint problems when he is old.


Giant dogs, in addition to a huge appetite, need a different proportion of minerals and vitamins you need for proper joint and cartilage maintenance.

If you get a dogue de bordeaux puppy from a breeder, he will give you a feeding schedule and it is important to follow the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid stomach upset. Older dogs are not known to be picky or fussy eaters, but that doesn’t mean you can feed them inferior food. It is best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and again in the evening, making sure it is a good quality food that meets all of its nutritional needs. It is also important that dogs get the right amount of exercise so that they burn any excess calories or gain too much weight, which can lead to all kinds of health problems. Obesity can shorten a dog’s life by several years, so it’s important to keep an eye on your waistline from the start.

Dogue de Bordeaux puppies
Dogue de Bordeaux puppies

Feeding guide for a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy (depending on the size of the puppy)

As a guide, Bordeaux Mastiff puppies can be fed daily in the following amounts to ensure they get all the nutrients they need to grow and develop properly:

  • 2 months – 309 g to 527 g
  • 3 months – 406 g to 710 g
  • 4 months – 449 g to 789 g
  • 5 months – 534 g to 952 g
  • 6 months – 607 g to 1084 g
  • 7 months – 609 g to 1104 g
  • 8 months – 605 g to 1109 g

Once a puppy is 9 months old and weighing 45 kg, it can be fed with food for adult dogs, as shown below.

Feeding guide for an adult Dogue de Bordeaux (depending on activity)

As an indication, an adult Dogue de Bordeaux adult can receive the following amounts daily to stay fit and healthy:

  • Dogs weighing 45 kg can be fed from 394 g to 519 g
  • Dogs weighing 57 kg can be fed from 455 g to 599 g
  • Dogs weighing 65 kg can be fed from 519 g to 683 g
  • Dogs weighing 68 kg can be fed from 524 g to 694 g
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

Basic care of the dogue de bordeaux

The dogue de bordeaux is a breed that requires little care compared to other breeds. The most important thing is to take care of your health and maintain good hygiene habits to avoid developing potential problems in the future.


The dogue de bordeaux type of hair holds particularly well even without frequent brushing. However, you can comb it from time to time to remove dead hair and dirt, as well as spend quality time with it and give it a massage that is sure to delight.


The bath should follow the same frequency as for most dogs. A good bath once a month or every month and a half will be enough to keep your partner clean and well maintained. Remember to use a shampoo suitable for his skin, as he can easily have allergies and reactions. It does not require haircutting due to its length, so the bath is sufficient to show it its best appearance.

Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux Breed Highlights

Positive points

  • The Dogue de Bordeaux is a loyal pet that maintains close ties with its owner.
  • The Dogue de Bordeaux is a good watchdog.
  • It’s a casual dog breed by nature.
  • Not too demanding when it comes to grooming

Negative points

  • The Dogue de Bordeaux drools a lot.
  • Veterinary bills can be high.
  • Some Dogue de Bordeaux may be a bit stubborn when the mood takes them.
  • They can easily overheat when it’s hot.
  • May suffer separation anxiety if left alone for a period of time.
  • The Dogue de Bordeaux is an expensive breed.
  • Unfortunately, the Dogue de Bordeaux has a fairly short lifespan
  • May be too protective of its owner.
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

Fun facts about the dogue de bordeaux

To supplement the information of the dogue de bordeaux, here are some very interesting curiosities about this particular breed that you surely did not know:

  • The breed became famous thanks to the appearance of a specimen in the film Partners and Hounds in 1989, which shared a leading role on screen with Tom Hanks.
  • In many countries, the dogue de bordeaux is considered a dog of dangerous breed, the use of the muzzle and the leash in public spaces is therefore compulsory.
  • The dogue de bordeaux tends to be very sensitive to anesthesia, so a veterinarian should always be careful about this.
  • An adult male Bordeaux dane can eat about a kilo of food a day and will require attention for several hours a day. Therefore, any future owner must make a rough estimate of the investment in time and money that an animal of this breed involves before deciding to have it.
  • The type of lips of the dogue de bordeaux, fallen on both sides of the muzzle, make it a fairly “viscous” dog. It is recommended to define the space it will need to move freely, in order to avoid transforming certain spaces such as the bed or the sofa into a swimming pool.
  • These animals do not respond well to physical or psychological punishment, so it is always better to bet on positive reinforcement to get them to obey any order.
  • Despite their strong and firm appearance, they are characterized by endless patience with children. It is very rare that a dogue de bordeaux shows aggressiveness towards people, and it will calmly resist children’s games, even if they disguise it or pull on its tail and ears.
Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux

If you are thinking of buying or adopting a dogue de bordeaux puppy, always contact a professional breeder who can give you more information about the breed and its needs. One should be wary of those who pay more attention to the price of the dogue de bordeaux than to other questions, and always demands to know the state of their parents. A dogue de bordeaux can be an excellent friend and adventure partner, but it also has specific needs that you will have to satisfy in order for your relationship to be the best for long. The most important thing is to be consistent in your education and socialization to always have a balanced, calm and friendly dog ​​with people and with other animals.


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