The English Bulldog has a short, stocky body, and relatively loose skin, especially on the head, neck and shoulder blades.
In the homeland, the English Bulldog was nicknamed the nanny dog. This nickname is well deserved, since it is difficult to find a more careful and caring attitude of an animal to a child. One of the features of the English Bulldog breed is the ability to endure even the most severe pain.
The English bulldog is a dog with an undeniable look. Robust and low, he has a fierce appearance (because of its origins), although its character is usually affectionate and calm. They are ideal for families in which special attention is given to pets, as it is a dog that must be in constant contact with its owners.
You will be surprised to know that one of the main characteristics of the English Bulldog is its strength and endurance. Despite its medium size and compact body, it was originally used for non-peaceful purposes.
In addition, dogs of this breed are considered very faithful because it is very difficult to change ownership of the English bulldog, but they are also characterized by their possessiveness of food or toys.
So, if you want to adopt one of these animals, in this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet, we show you its main characteristics so that you know this dog a little better.
The homeland of the English Bulldogs is Great Britain. The history of these amazing dogs is very unusual, interesting and full of bloody details. Let’s start with the fact that the Bulldog means eventually “bull dog”. It is not surprising, because the ancient ancestors of the modern representatives of the breed were used as pickling dogs. It is believed that they descended from the Alans and Mastiffs. Legends were written about the fearlessness of these animals.
Looking at the images of the modern and the Old English Bulldog, undoubtedly, we will find a lot in common in their appearance. As for the nature of these relatives, there is practically nothing in common. The forefathers of today’s English Bulldog were overly aggressive and vicious. The ability to endure unbearable pain, powerful jaws with a death grip, steel muscles allowed the Old English Bulldogs to be unsurpassed participants in various fights.
The most ancient ancestors, for the amusement of the public, participated in bull-baiting. Then the owners of these bull dogs, having considered in them the limitless potential of fighters, began to expose them to duels with lions and bears. A lot of money was earned on the blood of animals, and not only predators and bulls died. Under the hooves, claws, fangs and horns, fighting dogs died. Back then, bull dogs were worth their weight in gold and were at the height of their fame.
The popularity of the Bulldogs began to decline starting in 1835. It was then that a ban on bullfighting was introduced in the UK. In order not to disappoint fans of bloody spectacles, the organizers took up dog fights. In battles with other species, bulldogs gained fame as the most bloodthirsty and invincible. But the ban was imposed on this cruel spectacle. It would seem that now oblivion awaited the English Bulldogs, it was impossible to find a use for their evil, aggressive disposition.
Trying to get more practical offspring, the owners of the English Bulldogs increasingly allowed their pets to be crossed with other types of dogs. As a result, there are so few purebred bull dogs left that the breed was on the verge of extinction.
Since 1858, admirers of the Old English Bulldogs have come to grips with not only restoring the population, but also correcting the nature of these animals. Indeed, in order to find a place for them in the modern peaceful world, it was necessary to pacify their rage and aggression. The work of the breeders was crowned with success. The founders of modern English Bulldogs were the most balanced representatives of the species.
Already in 1860, at an exhibition in Birmingham, English bulldogs were presented, which could be called not fighting, but decorative dogs. The year 1873 was marked by the official recognition of the new decorative English breed. Since 1880, representatives of the species began to win the sympathy of dog breeders around the world. Now the English Bulldog is one of the most popular and expensive breeds. There are no more bloody battles in their lives, there is only the care and love of the owners.
Characteristics of the English Bulldog
The breed standard does not indicate a predetermined size, but the bulldog generally has a height at the cross close to 40 centimeters. The weight indicated in the standard is approximately 25 kilograms for men and 23 kilograms for women. It is a dog of heavy construction, of small size and short hairs.
At first glance, it is appreciated that it is a large, powerful and compact animal. The head of the English Bulldog is large in proportion to its body and has subtle wrinkles on the forehead and cheeks. The judgment is deep and broad. The thick, strong neck has an abundant double chin. The face of the English Bulldog is undoubtedly its most distinctive feature.
It is short and has a broad, blunt snout, which leans upward with obvious prognathism. In theory, this morphology helps the dog to bite without releasing the prey, but it is unlikely to be so and, in fact, it is not a common morphology among natural predators. Either way, the myth is still in effect. The round and medium eyes are well separated from each other and are very dark, almost black.
They must not be sunk or curved. In contrast, the high insertion ears are small, thin and pink. English Bulldog dogs hang sideways, but not at the front. The nose is broad and black. The jaws are wide, very strong and square.
Character of the English bulldog
The English bulldog is a dog determined, strong, alert, courageous and faithful. According to the breed standard, it must also be an active animal, but adult bulldogs are generally calm. This dog requires a lot of attention and is not an animal that should be left alone for long periods.
It has strong ties to its human family and it is difficult (though not impossible) to change ownership. Its fierce appearance usually gives a false impression. These dogs are generally affectionate, calm and quiet, although they are as stubborn when they want something. They are generally very patient with children and make excellent pets, but they are not very active dogs.
Of course, one should not think that by the fact of belonging to the breed, a dog will have all these characteristics. The character varies from one individual to another and depends a lot on the conditions in which the dog lives and has lived. When the English bulldog is angry however, it is an animal to be feared. When it defends its territory, its family or its property, it is a courageous dog and able to cause a lot of damage.
Therefore, it is very important to socialize him as a puppy and educate him to good manners and canine obedience. One of the aspects that can trigger aggression from the English bulldog is the competition for food and toys. These dogs tend to be possessive. Obedience training and, in particular, self-control exercises help a lot. On the other hand, this feature can be used to make English bulldog a good house keeper.
Not a compulsive butcher, this dog can sound the alarm when it really needs it, and its appearance may discourage more than one. However, its very physical structure makes it an ideal protection dog. As an adult, the English bulldog can be aggressive with other dogs, especially if they are of the same sex, and with other pets. However, when it has been properly socialized, it can get along with other dogs and pets. Be that as it may, many owners of this breed prefer to sterilize their dogs to reduce the risk of fighting.
English Bulldog Health
The weak point of the English Bulldog is health. The list of diseases to which these dogs are predisposed is very, very long. It contains both hereditary and acquired diseases. With proper care and feeding, Bulldogs can live 9-10 years.
It is especially hard for the owners of the English Bulldog during the period of his growth and the formation of his bones, the whole body.
All because of the unusual appearance of the dog. A short, flat muzzle leads to snoring during sleep, to problems with the cardiovascular system, the English bulldog cannot tolerate heavy physical activity. Also, there are often problems with the musculoskeletal system.
For inexperienced owners of an English Bulldog, we provide a list of diseases that are most often found in representatives of this breed:
- Obesity – Bulldogs have slow metabolism and weak joints. Because of this, obesity is doubly dangerous for them.
- Allergy – The first step in suspecting an allergic reaction from a dog owner is to determine the cause of the allergy. The next step is to eliminate it. For English Bulldogs, this can be pollen, foods, grasses or other plants. If it is not possible to completely isolate the animal from the source of the allergy, it is necessary to use medications that the veterinarian will prescribe.
- Diseases of the eyes – entropion, cherry eye, cataract, keratoconjunctivitis in the absence of treatment and surgery, the dog may lose sight.
- Distichiasis is a disease accompanied by abnormal growth of eyelashes at the edges of the eyelids.
- Hypothyroidism is the most common metabolic disorder in dogs.
- Deafness – may be acquired deafness associated with ear inflammation, tumors, trauma, poisoning, etc. Also, English Bulldogs have a tendency to develop congenital deafness.
- Dermatitis of the skin is sweet – arises from the pressure and movements of their curved tail on the skin of the anal region, as well as maceration.
- Difficult puppy birth – in many cases a caesarean section is required.
- Lymphosarcoma is a malignant tumor, the structural substrate of which is the cellular elements of the lymphoid series, characterized by damage to the lymph nodes.
- Cardiovascular diseases.
- Demodecosis is a parasitic disease. Caused by microscopic mites that feed on the skin and loose fiber.
- Dysplasia – joint damage accompanied by lameness, severe pain and, if untreated, immobilization.
Without fail, the owner of the English bulldog must carry out routine vaccination on time. You also need to regularly show your pet to a veterinarian for preventive examinations and take x-rays to detect joint dysplasia.
Heat is a health risk for the English bulldog. The extremely flattened face has an effect on the dog’s airways and makes breathing difficult when the bulldog is agitated and, therefore, when it is very hot, it is good for the bulldog to exercise moderately to stay in shape.
You will not win an Agility Championship with your English bulldog unless only dogs of this breed are in competition. However, this dog needs daily walks to exercise and socialize with people and other dogs. On the other hand, the English bulldog is not a dog to live in the garden. It does not stand up well to climatic variations, so it must live inside the house.
Moreover, its great need for companionship makes it unfit to live in a garden. The good news is that it is a cleaner dog than other breeds and is not very active.
The English Bulldog is not known to be a picky eater, but it should be fed a good quality diet that meets all of its nutritional needs and is age-appropriate. It is also a good idea to feed an English Bulldog twice a day as it reduces the risk of suffering from gastric torsion and also helps reduce flatulence, a problem which many breeds are known to suffer from.
It is also essential that young English Bulldogs are fed properly and receive the right amount of exercise to prevent them from gaining too much weight while they are still growing and developing. Carrying the extra weight puts a lot of pressure on the joints, bones and ligaments, which should be avoided at all costs.
At first glance, the English Bulldog is lazy and clumsy. In fact, this dog needs long walks, active games, only the owner should accustom the pet to all this. The English Bulldog is really lazy. If you do not provoke him to daily movement exercises, he can earn himself obesity.
Walking and physical activity under the scorching sun is not recommended, since representatives of this species of animals do not tolerate heat and can be seriously affected by it. It is also not recommended to walk these dogs in cold, rainy, frosty weather.
The short coat without undercoat cannot protect the dog from the cold, so walking in the rain and frost can end up with a cold or other health problems. In addition, this breed has an anatomical structure of the skull, in which heatstroke occurs very quickly.
The lazy English Bulldog loves comfort, so he always strives to get settled in the master’s bed. If you let him on your bed, it will be very difficult to get your pet out of there. Before buying a puppy, equip him with a comfortable bed. In no case should it be near heating devices and in a walk-through place. In addition to the resting place, the pet should have a feeding area with clean bowls.
Having solved problems with a feeding place and a place for rest, it is worth taking care of the obligatory hygiene procedures, without which the dog’s health may be at risk. Below is a list of required procedures for English Bulldogs:
- Brush your pet three times a week with a stiff brush.
- Bathing is rare, excessive water procedures can lead to flaking and inflammation, accompanied by severe itching.
- For light contamination, you can wipe the coat with a damp cloth.
- You need to brush your dog’s teeth regularly.
- Claws are cut as they grow back.
- Ears and eyes should be wiped, cleaned and monitored every 7-10 days so that there are no inflammations, injuries and excessive accumulations of secretions, both ear and eye.
- Skin folds on the face require special attention. During such a procedure, immediately wipe the skin with a damp cotton swab, then dry it.
Adults are fed twice a day. Overfeeding is unacceptable. The diet should not contain foods that cause bloating (beans, peas …), smoked meats, sweets.
English Bulldog training tips
The English Bulldog is not an overly obedient dog. But, once this dog has learned something, he never forgets it. The best way to be successful in your training process is to use fun training techniques that involve many repetitions. Positive reinforcement in the form of praise and rewards is also important.
The English Bulldog likes to eat, so the best way to beat it is with its stomach. Like all dogs, it also needs early socialization, which is undoubtedly the best method to ensure that it grows well and does not develop aggressive behaviors when it reaches adulthood.
The English Bulldog is not a guard dog, he is a decorative dog and he does not need special training courses. But no dog can do without education and training lessons.
Without fail, the dog must be taught to the following commands:
- Any dog cannot do without a collar and leash. From the first months of life, a puppy is taught both to a collar and to a leash. It should be borne in mind that a short leash is unacceptable. The dog will break free and get nervous with such a restriction of freedom.
- The “Near me” command is also needed. In any situation, the pet must respond to this command and return to the owner at the first call.
- “Sit”, “lie down”, “no” are the simplest commands, obligatory for every dog.
During training lessons, try to accustom the bulldog to various exercises that require mobility from the animal. This will definitely benefit him.
English bulldog Breed Highlights
The English Bulldog suits almost everyone. But you need to take into account the loud snoring and drooling of these dogs. They are also not inclined to long active walks, they like to lie down and take a nap more. In short, before you buy a puppy of the specified breed, carefully weigh the pros and cons:
- The English bulldog is extremely loyal and loves children of all ages.
- This dog is very adaptable, will happily live in an apartment or a house provided it exercises enough.
- A confident and easy-to-manage, that seldom barks.
- The English bulldog is not too demanding on the front of the exercise.
- It has an easy-care coat.
- This dog is prone to snoring loudly.
- The English bulldog can be stubborn when the mood takes it.
- It may be too possessive of its food.
- This dog breed loses a lot of hair throughout the year.
- It may suffer from severe flatulence.
- The English Bulldog has a short life span
- It is a dog that suffers from several health problems.
- Well-bred Bulldog puppies are expensive to buy.
English Bulldog Fun Facts
- It is one of the few breeds of dogs that do not have good swimming skills and do not like water. They cannot float alone due to the size of their heads, so it is likely that a specimen of English Bulldog falls like a stone in water. Whenever this dog swims in places with a little depth, he must be constantly monitored to avoid drowning.
- The English Bulldog usually needs help to give birth, and the vast majority of puppies are born by cesarean section because of the size of their heads, too large to be born by natural birth.
- The English Bulldog is the penultimate on the list of canine intelligence prepared by Stanley Coren, which means that it is more difficult for him to understand the orders and to respect them at first. He does not learn a large number of orders, and prefers to lie down without doing anything other than training.
- This bulldog served as the basis for many other breeds we know today, including the French bulldog, the boxer, the bull terrier, the bullmastiff or the Boston terrier. They all have certain common characteristics which are due to the participation of this breed in their creation.
If you think that the English bulldog is the most suitable breed for you, then you should find a very specialized breeder there. As we have already explained, getting an English bulldog puppy is not a simple task, it requires time and patience, since there are relatively few puppies that are born due to the reproductive difficulties of the breed. Always let the breeder advise you and wait as long as necessary for your puppy, as this will guarantee that he will be a healthy and strong dog at all levels.
In addition, this way you can get all the information you need about the breed first hand, making it easier to train it so that you can enjoy an exemplary dog from the first moment. Creating a unique relationship with your dog is primarily up to you, so do your best as it will be worth it.