Last Updated on September 28, 2021 by Pets Feed
The breed of dogs in question is from the Baltic States. The Estonian Hound is a hunting gun dog. It is valued for its perfect flair, endurance and poise.
The owner of the hound must be an active person, as he has to provide his pet with a sufficiently high level of physical activity.
With the right upbringing, an Estonian Hound becomes not only an indispensable assistant during the hunt, but also a loyal companion, a cheerful playmate.
The history of the breed
The homeland of the Estonian hound is Estonia. The specified hunting breed arose when the Baltic States were part of the USSR. Formation, development took place in the first half of the twentieth century.
The “parent” of the breed is quite rightly considered S.А. Smelkov. This dog handler has been working on the improvement of the Estonian hound for more than two decades. It was necessary to create a dog that met the following requirements: compact, height no higher than 45 cm, loud-voiced, hardy.
Such requirements were explained by the fact that in Estonia a decree was issued prohibiting the use of large, tall hounds during hunting. That is why lovers of hunting with dogs urgently needed hounds that meet the above requirements.
For breeding work on breeding the Estonian hound, the selection of sires was carried out among different types of hounds: Anglo-Russian, Russian, Finnish, Swiss, etc. The main selection criterion is medium-sized dimensions.
Selected hounds were crossed with the following small breeds: Foxhound, Beagle.
As a result, the breeders managed to bring out a new variety of hounds – the Estonian one. From the breeds whose genes were used in breeding work, the Estonian hound inherited:
- From Swiss hounds – early maturity, at 5-6 months an Estonian Hound is ready to bring game to the owner.
- From beagles – quickness, small stature, strong paws.
- From the Russian hounds – obedience, a sonorous, powerful voice, anger towards the game, an irrepressible impulse of pursuit.
- From Foxhounds – energy, endurance.
- From Finnish hounds – vigilance, the ability to chase not only small game, but also large, such as deer.
The Estonian Hound does not differ in large dimensions, but all parts of the body of this dog are well-developed muscles.
The weight of Estonian Hound adults is 11-24 kg, height is about 40-50 cm.
Neck without skin folds, strong. It carries a medium-sized head, round, not too wide. The ears are pendant, long, with rounded tips, of medium thickness.
The eyes are dark, almond-shaped. The muzzle is straight, in profile it looks rectangular, long. The nose is large, with well-open nostrils, and is black.
The jaws are powerful. Scissor bite, large, healthy teeth. The lips are not pendulous, tight-fitting.
Stretched body. The loin is convex, wide, not long. The back is also broad and straight. The ribcage is barrel-shaped, deep, voluminous. The belly is slightly tucked up.
The tail is of medium length. It has a saber shape, rather thick.
The legs are of medium length, well-muscled. The paws are oval, the toes are tight, arched. Claws are strong, directed to the ground.
The coat is short. The outer hair is shiny, even. Tough to the touch. There is an undercoat, but it is insignificant, poorly developed.
According to the standard, the color of the coat can be black-backed, crimson-piebald, brown-piebald in blush, black-piebald in blush.
When hunting in the wild, the Estonian hound itself becomes wild, passionate, aggressive. But all this anger is shown only in relation to the prey.
Once at home, the Estonian hound turns into a kind, affectionate, playful creature. In the circle of her family, he does not have a drop of anger and aggression.
The hound is infinitely loyal to its master. With the right upbringing, he unquestioningly listens to him, clearly following all the commands.
Tolerant to children. He plays with them with pleasure, but will not allow himself to be offended. So the parents should immediately teach the child to respectfully treat the Estonian hound with care.
He behaves cautiously with strangers, but does not show much anger for no reason. If he sees danger, he will be able to stand up for himself and for the family, but as a watchman, you should not rely on a hound.
He gets along well with pets, provided that they lived in the house before the arrival of the Estonian Hound there, and provided there was no dominance on their part. The hound perceives new pets as “invaders”, and as a result, conflicts arise.
Estonian dogs easily converge with other dogs. He is ready to run for hours with them, frolic. He doesn’t like cats. Small pets, rodents can be mistaken for prey, so keeping these animals together with the hound is not recommended.
The average lifespan of an Estonian hound is 11-13 years. In order for the pet to live for the maximum number of years, the owner must provide him with proper care, nutrition and decent maintenance.
It is important to closely monitor the condition of the dog on a daily basis in order to notice possible symptoms that signal the disease in time.
For example, if an Estonian hound refuses food, water, and you notice diarrhea or vomiting, an urgent need to seek help from a veterinarian.
Many health problems can be avoided. To do this, it is necessary to visit the veterinary clinic with the dog annually for preventive examinations, do deworming regularly, carry out routine vaccinations and treat with drugs for skin parasites.
Each owner of a hound should have a first aid kit with medicines not only for family members, but also a first aid kit for animals. What medicines are included in it, the veterinarian will tell you.
Being naturally healthy, the Estonian hound, like all living things, sometimes gets sick. Most often, representatives of the breed suffer from the following diseases:
- Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints characterized by redness, fever, and pain.
- Dislocations – characterized by an abnormal location of the damaged organ in relation to the physiological norm.
- Ligament tears – more often occur from too much physical exertion.
- Otodectosis is a disease caused by the parasitization of microscopic mites Otodectes cynotis in the ear canal and on the inner surface of the auricles.
- Otitis media is an inflammation of the outer, middle and inner ear.
- Cataract – pathological changes in the eye, the disease leads to visual impairment.
- Retinal atrophy is a hereditary disease characterized by the presence of multiple retinal disorders.
You can keep a hound in a private house, in an apartment or in an aviary. But there are some nuances of the content:
- Aviary. The aviary should be spacious, with a warm booth, as the Estonian hound cannot stand severe frosts. You cannot install the aviary in the sun, the hound cannot be under the scorching sun for a long time.
- Apartment. In the house, the Estonian Hound’s bed should not be near heating devices or in a draft. Also, you cannot determine the place of the hound in the kitchen or next to the kitchen. The fact is that the smell of spices and other strong aromas act extremely negatively on the flair of a hunting dog. Paints or cosmetics can also weaken your dog’s scent.
With any method of keeping, it is necessary to walk the hound every morning and evening. In general, daytime walks should last at least 2-2.5 hours.
At the same time, it is important to regularly organize trips to nature, to the forest. A hunting dog, regardless of whether he participates in the hunt or not, needs to be outside the boundaries of settlements.
When walking in crowded places, next to motorways, you cannot let the hound off the leash. He may rush in pursuit of a stray cat, for example, or he may decide to catch up with a cyclist.
As a result, the dog can get hurt, hit by a car or simply get lost in a crowd of people.
A boring, sedentary lifestyle is not for the Estonian hound. It is vitally important for her to move, run. Slow walks will not give an opportunity to throw energy out of a super energetic pet.
A female Estonian Hound happily accompanies the owner during jogging, cycling. He has also proven herself as a participant and winner of frisbee, agility and other competitions.
Caring for an Estonian hound does not take much time and effort. The owner of such a dog should only do the following on time:
- Brushing once a week. For this procedure, you need to buy a brush for dogs with a hard coat.
- During molting, comb out once a day.
- Bathe your dog 3-4 times a year or in cases of heavy pollution, for example, after hunting.
- Examine and wipe eyes every day.
- Ears should be cleaned twice a week, and examined for signs of inflammation or excessive accumulation of ear discharge. The inspection after hiking in nature is especially important.
- Cut off the claws as they grow, using a special claw cutter.
A balanced diet is a guarantee that an Estonian hound will develop correctly. In no case should you feed her with scraps from the master’s table.
It is recommended to focus on a natural way of feeding, the basis of which is lean meat and offal. Porridge, vegetables, dairy products, eggs are important for the animal’s body.
Necessarily with a natural way of feeding the dog requires vitamin and mineral supplements. Which ones, the veterinarian will advise.
Dry, prepared food is also not prohibited. The main thing is to buy it from reliable sellers. It must be of the highest quality.
Remember, your pet should have fresh, cool water in the bowl around the clock.
Training and education
The keen mind and ingenuity of the Estonian hound makes it easy to train. But because of these same qualities, the educational process will be complicated if only the owner shows weakness.
A smart dog will instantly use it to its advantage and will try to lead a person on its own, eventually becoming uncontrollable.
Regardless of whether an Estonian hound goes hunting or is an ordinary pet, he must undergo a general training course.
After completing the specified course, the dog will obey unquestioningly and carry out the simplest commands.
Other teaching directions will follow the OKD. Hunting dogs will need special training. It is important from puppyhood to regularly take out the future four-legged hunter to nature, preferably to the area where hunting will take place in the future.
Purebred Estonian hounds in puppyhood have a dark nose or small pink specks. If the nose is light or the specks are too large, it is not recommended to buy a puppy.
During the hunt, the sound of the horn replaces the command “Come to me”.
Among all types of hunting dogs, the Estonian hound is rightfully considered one of the smartest.
With proper training, the Estonian hound is already at the age of six months able to participate with the owner in the hunt.
The Estonian Hound is an extremely active dog with an inexhaustible supply of energy. That is why he needs the same active, energetic owner.
The dog happily accompanies the owner not only during morning runs, but also on long-distance hikes.
If you cannot devote enough time to your pet, do not get an Estonian Hound puppy.
Before buying such a dog, check out its main advantages and disadvantages. This information will help you make the right decision.
- Unpretentious care and nutrition.
- Malice towards the beast, ideal hunting instinct.
- Willingness to hunt at an early age.
- Good health.
- Requires great physical exertion.
- Barks loudly and often.
- Shows hunting instinct in an inappropriate situation.
- Shows dominance.