In the Spitz canine category, there is a breed of German origin, the Eurasier dog. This dog emerged in the 60s, being the breeder Julius Wipfel, the architect of crosses, whose goal was to find a breed that combined the qualities of a chow chow and a wolfspitz. The result was a dog that exhibited the physical characteristics of both breeds, as well as combined personality traits.
The Eurasier is a large dog that stands out both for its robust and adorable appearance, because its luxuriant coat and its soft expression make it a very beautiful dog.
Eurasier is a young breed of dog that has an attractive appearance and combines all the qualities of a companion: cheerful, hardy, sociable, agile, loyal and unobtrusive, capable of protection. Other names of the breed: Eurasian Dog, Eurasian
Origin of Eurasier
In the early 1960s, breeder Julius Wipfel began making a series of crosses between dogs of two breeds, the chow chow and the wolfspitz, in order to create a new breed of dog that would combine the characteristics of the two dogs. The result was eurasier, a dog obtained by adding Samoyed to the previous mixture. This particular breed was officially recognized by the FCI in 1973.
The creation of the Eurasier breed was not easy, as the help of scientists specializing in canine genetics was necessary to end the problems associated with the original crosses. All of this has been rigorously documented thanks to the fact that several books have been written on the origins and obstacles encountered in its creation.
The Eurasier is a dog of medium height, strong and well-proportioned.
The head is wedge-shaped. The skull is wide enough, the forehead is flat. The length of the muzzle is almost equal to the length of the skull. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is smooth. The bridge of the nose is straight, the lobe is black. The lips are tight-fitting, black. The jaws are powerful and wide. The eyes are medium in size, almond-shaped, dark in color.
The ears are erect, of medium size, in the shape of an equilateral triangle, slightly rounded at the ends. The neck is of medium length, strong, without dewlap.
The back is straight and strong. The withers are well defined. The loin is wide and rather long. The chest is deep, oval in shape.
The tail is set high, thick at the base, tapering towards the end, covered with thick and long hair, in a calm state it is lowered down, during movement or emotional excitement it is carried over the back.
Note! Due to its close relationship with the Chow Chow, the Eurasier tongue can also be colored solid dark blue or have dark spots.
The limbs are straight, parallel to each other. The coat is of medium length, dense with a dense undercoat. On the face, head, ears and forelimbs, the coat is slightly shorter than on other parts of the body. On the back of the limbs, the hair forms feathers, on the hips – “trousers”. The color can be any color other than white and brown.
Height at the withers: Males – 52-60 cm, ideally 56 cm; bitches – 48-56 cm, ideally 52 cm.
Males – 23-32 kg, ideally 26 kg; bitches – 18-26 kg, ideally 22 kg.
Eurasier character and temperament
If something characterizes an Eurasier, it is that he is extremely adorable, because his personality is captivating, he is an affectionate, balanced, calm and really sociable dog. Likewise, we are confronted with a breed of dog perfect for a family with children, because the Eurasier dog loves company, games and the center of all eyes. In fact, another characteristic of the character of the eurasier is that it does not tolerate loneliness well.
On the other hand, and although it is a sociable dog, it is common that the first contact with strangers is careful or frightened. For this reason, it is important to proceed with the approach little by little, very carefully and always respecting the dog’s times.
As we said, the Eurasier is a very playful dog, so much so that it can be quite naughty during its puppy stage. In addition, due to the mood of the eurasier, if he is bored or does not receive adequate mental and physical stimulation, he can become a destructive dog.
Although in the first moments following the emergence of the breed, she suffered from serious congenital conditions, the result of the vast majority of inbred crosses, the current breed is much healthier and more robust. Even so, the Eurasier dog has a number of conditions that are more prone to other breeds, as we will see below.
What seems to affect the eurasier is rheumatological pathologies, that is to say those which affect the joints, having a great tendency, compared to other breeds of similar characteristics, to develop this type of disease. One of them is the well-known hip dysplasia, which cannot be completely avoided but has a better prognosis and better course if diagnosed early. They also tend to suffer from knee and elbow dislocations. Other diseases of Eurasier dogs are hypothyroidism, which affects the functioning of the thyroid gland, and eye conditions, both entropion and ectropion.
For all these pathologies to be as problematic as possible, it is preferable to go regularly to the veterinarian, by carrying out in-depth diagnostic tests. In addition, appropriate preventive measures should be taken, that is, putting on the proper vaccines when you touch them, performing internal and external deworming regularly, cleaning and monitoring the eyes, ears and mouth and following the instructions of the veterinary. In this way, we will ensure that our dog Eurasier enjoys a full and happy life.
Eurasier dogs can be kept both in the city and outside the city. They adapt perfectly to any conditions. However, if you decide to keep your pet in the yard of a private house, make sure that it has its own place that will protect it from precipitation and the scorching sun in summer.
Also, take into account that these dogs cannot live alone, they love to always be with their families, they cannot be left for a long time and kept in the yard on a leash. You can safely keep these dogs in the house, they are clean and behave very calmly indoors.
Taking care of the long hair of the Eurasier will not cause you any difficulties. About three times a week, the coat of such a dog needs to be carefully combed out with a metal comb with sparse teeth.
The Eurasier does not need a haircut, its coat should be natural. It is not necessary to bathe the Eurasier often, in cases of heavy pollution.
For this procedure, be sure to use a special shampoo. Eurasier’s wool dries for a long time, so it is best to use a special hair dryer for dogs after washing. Do not forget that your pet’s eyes and ears should always be clean and nails trimmed.
The Eurasier is a lively, energetic and intelligent dog and as such he must receive the right amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation to be a truly happy, well-balanced and obedient dog.
This dog needs at least an hour of exercise a day, and more if possible, to keep him from getting bored, which could cause him to develop unwanted behavior problems, including separation anxiety.
A shorter walk in the morning would be nice, but a longer and more interesting one in the afternoon. These dogs also like being able to walk around in a back yard as often as possible so that they can really let off steam. However, fencing needs to be extremely secure to keep these dogs sharp and alert because if they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape and have all kinds of problems.
That said, Eurasier puppies should not be over-exercised as their joints and bones continue to grow and putting too much pressure on them could cause problems for a dog later in their life. They should not be allowed to jump or jump furniture or go up and down stairs for this reason.
Eurasier is rarely picky about food, if he is not pampered, and quickly gets used to the proposed type of food. These can be natural products or ready-made dry food. In any case, the diet should be balanced, appropriate for the age, size and physical activity of the dog. Eurasier dogs eat in moderation, they do not tend to overeat and be overweight.
Proper nutrition is the key to the health of any dog. For your dog to be active and cheerful, you must definitely take care of his diet. Choose food products carefully, they must be of high quality and healthy.
The Eurasier diet should be balanced and contain all the necessary substances: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. If you are not sure that all the necessary nutrients are contained in your pet’s diet, be sure to feed it with special vitamin complexes.
Note! It is important to remember about the predisposition of Eurasier to volvulus and to take all possible preventive measures to prevent the development of a dangerous pathological condition.
Protein food of animal origin should make up 50% of the entire diet of the Eurasier.
Give him not fatty meat, offal, be sure to cottage cheese and kefir. You can add sour cream and walnuts to the curd. This dish is especially useful during the formation of the skeleton of the animal.
Cartilage is very useful, as well as chicken legs and necks. They contain a lot of calcium and phosphorus, which the growing body also especially needs. Seedless sea fish should be given several times a week.
Vegetables and fruits are the main sources of vitamins to which the puppy needs to be taught from puppyhood. They should be given raw, chopped, preferably with the addition of a small amount of fish oil and vegetable oil. Buckwheat and rice are also useful for the dog’s body (it is not advisable to give other cereals). Boil cereals in water. Milk and broth should be added before consumption. Remember that the dog should always have clean water in the bowl. Do not feed your dog with sweets, pickled and smoked foods, yeast baked goods, potatoes, tubular bones, canned food and other semi-finished products.
Education and training
High learning ability and human orientation allow for good results in short periods of time. Raising an Eurasier puppy is very easy. He quickly understands what they want from him and tries to fulfill the requirements. For this reason, the breed is suitable even for beginners.
Like many other spitz dogs, the Eurasier has a share of independence in his character, which can manifest itself in the form of temporary “deafness” or an attack of laziness. Eurasier is quickly bored with monotonous repetitions of the same commands. It is better if the classes are held in a playful way.
Note! Eurasier dogs are engaged in various sports, the most suitable ones: agility, obedience and the like.
Eurasier Dog Breed Highlights
Eurasier is a loyal dog with a stable psyche. He is good-natured, affectionate. Very sensitive to the mood of the owner. In relation to outsiders restrained. Alert by nature. Not aggressive. Somewhat independent. In many situations he makes independent decisions. Easily adapts to new conditions. Easily navigates the city. Gets along with other animals. Little barks. Dislikes being alone or tethered.
- The Eurasier dog is quick to learn and in good hands, easy to train and train.
- It is fun and playful by nature.
- This breed is known to be a healthy breed.
- The eurasier is a good watchdog.
- He is not known to be a “barker”
- Most Eurasiers do not have a high sense of prey.
- This dog is a good choice for new owners because he is so willing and eager to please.
- Like all spitz-type breeds, the eurasier is independent by nature.
- He can turn a deaf ear to a command when the mood takes him.
- It requires high maintenance on the grooming front.
- The Eurasier dog loses a lot of hair throughout the year, especially in spring and autumn.
- He needs a lot of daily exercise and mental stimulation to be a truly happy dog.
- He is generally wary of strangers and people he doesn’t already know.