Also known as the Roman cat, the European Shorthair cat is, as its name suggests, one of the most common breeds found in Europe. In addition to being a regular companion animal in homes of all kinds, it is also frequent to find it in the wild in colonies in cities. It is a very heterogeneous breed and with a multitude of variables both in its physical characteristics and its temperament. One of the reasons why it is so numerous.
Faithful, playful and unpretentious European shorthair cats are excellent companions that do not require much effort to maintain.
The European Shorthair cat, however, like all domestic cats, descended from a wild Nubian or Libyan cat. For thousands of years, these animals have lived in European settlements side by side with humans. Cats were tamed as mousetraps or pets, however, in the Middle Ages their population was severely affected, because animals, especially blacks, were suspected of interacting with the devil forces and were actively burned at the stake. Fortunately, over time, the number of European cats has fully recovered. And only in the middle of the XIX century, cat lovers drew attention to the usual “minke whales” that lived next to them. Enthusiasts decided to “legitimize” this beautiful native cat, creating breed standards for the European Shorthair cat and registering it at the official level.
The first to breed an ideal European cat were British breeders. Already at the end of the XIX century, European cats were presented at exhibitions, but did not receive prizes and titles, since the breed was not officially recognized. At the beginning of the twentieth century, specialists from Denmark, Sweden and Norway began to breed a real European cat. Alas, their attempts to register a new breed were not supported by international felinological organizations. While the European cat breed remained unrecognized, breeding routes in the UK and Scandinavia diverged greatly.
British breeders increased the backbone of their cats, tried to bring out massive animals with a large head, noticeable cheeks. And their European colleagues tried to consolidate the best natural qualities of cats. Therefore, in the early 1980s, the efforts of enthusiasts led to the emergence of two different breeds: European cats from the UK were registered as a “British” breed, and cats, over the standards of which Scandinavian amateurs worked, in 1982 received the official name ” European Shorthair “. Surprisingly, one of the oldest aboriginal cats in the world according to the classification of the International Organization for Breeding and Breeding new cats (FIFE) is one of the youngest breeds.
But even after registration a lot of classification difficulties arose: is the Siberian breed simply European longhair cats or a separate species? And what about the American Shorthair, because these are descendants of the same Europeans. The World Cat Federation (WCF) attempted to avoid confusion by registering a European Shorthair cat called “Celtic Shorthair Cat”. Therefore, European Shorthair cats can also be called Celtic.
Characteristics of the European shorthair
The main thing in assessing the quality of a European shorthair cat is the presence of its natural phenotype, that is, the absence of impurities of other breeds. Real “Europeans” should be of medium size, with a proportionate muscular body, straight slender muscular limbs, slightly tapering to strong and round paws.
Although infinite combinations and variations can be found in the specimens belonging to the European shorthair cat, the truth is that they all share some specific characteristics. For example, they are usually medium-sized cats, strong and muscular, although with a slim and athletic silhouette. They are well-proportioned animals in the length of their legs and tail, with a rounded head and a medium-sized snout. It also has medium-sized ears that always remain upright on the head.
The head is round with a slightly elongated muzzle and proportional ears rounded at the ends – their length should correspond to the width. Ears should be set upright. The eyes of European Shorthair cats are rounded, located at a slight angle. Their color can be green, amber and blue. The tail is proportional to the body – wide at the base, it tapers towards the tip. Short hair should be thick and shiny. The colors of European shorthair cats are diverse, the main thing is that they must be natural, that is, found in nature.
- Life expectancy: 15 – 17 years
Dimensions and weight of the European Shorthair cat
It’s amazing how from small kittens at the age of several months a sufficiently large and muscular animal grows, with grace, strength, flexibility and natural agility. The well-developed musculature gives the impression of impressiveness, although in fact the cats are rather medium-sized than large.
According to the tradition of natural data, females are inferior to males in size: their length, weight and height are always somewhat less than that of males. The European Shorthair cat weighs about 2.5-5 kg, and an adult cat weighs 3-8 kg.
|Newborn||65-140 g||70-150 g|
|1 month||260-620 g||540-750 g|
|2 months||450-915 g||900-1500 g|
|3 months||1-1.4 kg||1.4-2.5 kg|
|4 months||1.3-2.5 kg||1.5-3.6 kg|
|5 months||2.0-2.8 kg||2-4.1 kg|
|6 months||2.1-3.3 kg||2.3-4.8 kg|
|8 months||2.2-3.9 kg||2.4-5.2 kg|
|10 months||2.3-4.1 kg||2.5-5.7 kg|
|1 year||2.4-4.7 kg||3.1- 6.6 kg|
|2 years||2.5-5.0 kg||3.3-8.0 kg|
Coat color and type
The coat of the representatives of the European Shorthair cats is dense, thick and short. A slightly pronounced undercoat determines its adherence to the body, elasticity and noble shine.
The standard includes more than 50 types of natural colors. The range is from white to black. Some European breeders favor one rare color and make it their trademark.
The most valuable are white European cats and tabby animals: silver, golden, marble.
European shorthair cat behavior
European Shorthair – self-contained cats, even slightly aloof, they spend time alone with themselves, without requiring constant attention and affection. Moreover, they love the owners, as a rule, especially highlighting one of the family members, they will never show aggression, they will be faithful and devoted companions, without overloading the owners with their own needs. For those who spend the whole day at work – the perfect pet.
For centuries, conquering their own territory, European shorthair cats used to be masters of it. Therefore, they are reluctant to share the apartment with other feline or dogs. But with children, they are surprisingly patient, even if the kids inflict pain or inconvenience on them.
“If you prefer cats that are constantly sitting on their hands, running after the owners’ tail,” then the European shorthair cat will not suit you, ”explains Natalya Babicheva, head of the Hamilton cat cattery. – These cats are independent and calm creatures, with dignity and their own territory, in general, they are very far from the type of “Velcro cats”.
The European Shorthair cats are silent and speak only in exceptional cases – extreme hunger or a pinched tail.
European shorthair cat’s health
The natural development of the breed has made the European shorthair cat one of the strongest and most resistant in the entire feline kingdom. In addition, it adapts with maximum ease to any way of life, so it hardly suffers from diseases, and there is no known genetic disease that affects it in a special way due to the type of race.
The European shorthair cat has no inherited ailments. His loving owners can boast of this.
It is necessary not to forget about the routine vaccination of the animal. Usually, if the parent of the kitten is vaccinated, then the baby can be injected at the age of 12 weeks. And if the mother cat has no protection, then she vaccinates the kitten at 8 weeks. And since the teeth of the cubs erupt in the period from 4 to 7 weeks, then during this period of time, injections are not given to cats.
It is imperative to drive away parasites, especially worms, 10 days before vaccination. Once vaccinated, the European shorthair cat should feel good. But if she is afraid of the light, does not want to eat and is discouraged, then she needs to go to the veterinarian again and immediately.
You should visit a veterinarian every six months to get rid of fleas, worms, and get vaccinated if required. And it is also worth examining ears, teeth, claws and eyes with a specialist with the same frequency for widespread feline diseases.
A kitten’s teeth change begins at 4 months of age and lasts up to 7 months of age. Vaccinations are not recommended at this time.
Keeping European shorthair cats requires minimal effort from the owners. This cat’s meek thick hair does not require constant care – the owners can comb it no more than once every two weeks, however, during molting it should be done more often to help the animal get rid of falling hairs.
Claws need to be trimmed and be sure to install a claw point at home so that the furniture does not suffer. The European shorthair cat needs to be washed only as needed if the cat is smeared.
You can often walk your European shorthair cat, keeping him on a leash. And at the same time, there should be a collar on the neck against parasites and ticks.
In nutrition, the European Shorthair is unpretentious, has a good appetite and is not susceptible to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. He does not need to follow special diets. If desired, the owner can choose one of two feeding options for the Celtic Shorthair cat:
- Ready-made feed, the richest assortment of which is presented in special departments of any supermarket. It’s not too budgetary, but convenient;
- Table made from natural products. It takes time to prepare, but it is affordable, healthy, and inexpensive.
Natural food for the Celtic Shorthair cat includes:
- Boiled or scalded meat and offal;
- Vegetables (except legumes and eggplants);
- Boiled fish;
- Cereals and soups;
- Dairy products.
The natural diet of a European cat must be supplemented with vitamin and mineral complexes. You can buy them at veterinary pharmacies.
To avoid health problems, short-haired purrs are strictly prohibited:
- All products from the master’s table, especially smoked meats, sausages, fried, fatty and sweet;
- Milk: some animals are lactose intolerant;
- Raw fish: the risk of infection by helminths is significant.
An adult European cat should be fed 2-3 times a day. Clean water must be available at all times.
Milk, raw fish and pastries are foods that should not be given to cats in principle!
European shorthair cat fun facts
- In the UK, the European Shorthair cat has to fight for its legal rights, as this country refuses to recognize it as a full-fledged breed.
- European shorthair Kittens are sold at a cost of $ 35 – 500. It all depends on the pedigree, whether the seller has documents for a particular individual.
- In the CIS countries, it is almost impossible to find a cattery of the European shorthair cat. We have to order animals from abroad or buy from lucky owners from their hands. But there is a high risk of deception, so it is worthwhile to familiarize yourself with the breed standards in more detail.
- Representatives of this breed usually live from 15 to 17 years in good conditions.
- The body temperature of the animal is elevated, and can reach 39 degrees, which is recognized as the norm.
- European shorthair cats can catch mice. Therefore, the ideal residence for them is in a private house.
Conclusions about the breed
The European shorthair cat, once in the house, immediately falls into the hearts of the owners. This can be easily explained by the personal data of the pet and the characteristics of its breed:
genetic health and good immunity; a well-proceeding pregnancy and easy labor; pickiness in leaving: it will not take a lot of time to put the pet in order; unpretentiousness in food; the animal’s sociability does not interfere with busy owners, the cat is always interested in spending time with someone and with himself; a kind and gentle disposition is characteristic of this breed.
Despite the difficulties in acquiring and breeding their beloved beauty, more and more people give their sympathy to Europeans and find ways to get the desired breed into their home.