The German Shorthaired Pointer claims to be the most numerous hunting dog in the world. Elegant, tireless, versatile worker and great companion.
Although it is classified among the pointer dogs, the German Shorthaired Pointer is a multi-functional hunting dog, being able to perform other tasks such as collecting and tracking. That is why it is highly prized among hunters.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a cute, graceful and very agile sports dog that is a hunting dog like the Weimaraner, The Hungarian Pointer (Vizsla) and Irish Setter. This dog can hunt both small game and deer. Fearless, fast and indefatigable GSP is the pride of German breeds.
They are very intelligent and loyal dogs, who need a large dose of daily physical activity and are not suitable for living in small spaces such as apartments or small houses. They are also very playful and sociable, both with children and with other pets, so they are recommended for families with small or large children.
If you want to adopt or buy a German Shorthaired Pointer, do not miss the information of Pets Feed below to know everything about this breed.
Origin of the German Shorthaired Pointer
The German Shorthaired Pointer is the perfect product of German breeders. They turned out to be a versatile cop of such a level that “neither add nor subtract” – neither in appearance nor in working qualities.
On closer inspection, it turns out that the blood of the shorthaired pointer is international. Distant ancestors from an extensive family of marriages – old European hounds. Approximately in the XV century. in marriages, hunting specialization and delimitation began to take shape.
At this time, in Central Europe, marriages were mainly used by the beast and to search for wounded animals on the trail of blood. There were no cops as such, but Spanish short-haired marriages stood out as excellent bird hunters.
“Poultry houses” began to be massively imported to Flanders and Germany from Spain. As a result of the mixture of southern, Mediterranean and local, Hanoverian dogs, the type of Pointing Dog from Württemberg emerged. It was a rather massive and slow moving shorthaired marriage, balanced and suitable for a variety of hunts.
With the proliferation of firearms, the nature of hunting has changed, and marriage has improved. He already had a semblance of a stand, but he could not boast of sufficient flair to detect a live bird.
The Old German Württemberg Pointing Dog could not withstand the competition with the English dogs, which literally made a splash in the hunting environment in the second half of the 19th century. At the same time, pointers and setters were not entirely suitable for work in the Central European woodlands, overly emotional, hot and overly gentle. Moreover, they did not import game.
There is no doubt that the Pointer blood was used rationally in Germany. By the 70s, the German cop had significantly improved her instinct and flair, increased her speed and refined her exterior. We selected dogs with short hair of practical color.
The history of the shorthaired pointer is an example of purposeful selection, and the work was carried out in parallel by many enthusiasts. The results were obtained amazingly quickly thanks to the consolidation of breeding material from different states of Germany. Already in 1879 the official breed standard was adopted, in 1881 the main united club ” The German Shorthaired Pointer Berlin” was formed and from 1897 they began to keep the herd book of the new breed.
The constant communication of these dogs with the owner makes them affectionate, sociable and balanced.
The German Shorthaired Pointer remained purely German until World War II. The livestock grew, the breed developed, but only within Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic.
Hunters in Russia did not appreciate the individual shorthaired pointer, being passionately carried away by the island cops. The same was true for France. Italy had its own cops. Where the shorthaired pointer immediately came to the court, it was in the USA, where it was brought in 1925. Alas, the depression and the war slowed down all processes.
The rapid quantitative growth of the livestock began in the 60s, and this trend has already captured all the countries of the European continent and South Africa. In Czechoslovakia, the breed took root so much that its own standard was developed. And in the USA the shorthaired pointer has become the leading hunting breed.
Since the 70s. several nurseries in Germany gained worldwide fame, the leading of which was “Hege-Haus”. France and Italy have shown themselves. Hunting conditions, passion for field-trail competitions and personal preferences of breeders in the Mediterranean led to a slightly different, lighter type of shorthaired pointer.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is one of the top 10 breeds from Germany that have gained worldwide popularity. Since 1991, the kutzhaarists have united into Deutsch-Kurzhaar-Verbandes e. V. (World Kurzhaar Club). Considering the completely finished work with the breed’s exterior, dog handlers do not stop improving the system for checking working qualities. The rules of testing and selection are only getting more complicated. The conditions for admission to breeding are extremely strict.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a versatile hunting breed that can track, bring and spot a variety of game from pheasant to deer
Physical characteristics of the German Shorthaired Pointer
The German Shorthaired Pointer has one of the most detailed standards and is strictly adhered to when judging at trade shows.
The document FCI No. 119 of 2001 is in force. The standard in the very first lines stipulates the priority of working qualities of the breed and the exclusion from breeding of dogs that have not passed field tests.
The German Shorthaired Pointer values proportionality of addition, the perfect balance of all articles. This is an elegant dog, without signs of effeminacy, capable of long-term work in different conditions.
German Shorthaired Pointer refers to dogs of above average height:
- 62–66 cm at the withers in males,
- 58–63 cm in females.
With this height, an adult dog weighs 25–35 kg (not specified in the standard).
In general, the dog gives a sense of purposefulness, interest, readiness for movement and vigorous activity. At the same time, the pointer must be calm and manageable.
The German Shorthaired Pointer doesn’t go to extremes. Coarseness of the skeleton is as undesirable as lightness. Muscles are in good shape, but without exaggerated relief. Thinness, muscular flaccidity and excessive fatness will be punished.
An elegant silhouette, deep chest, powerful back, strong hind girdle, beautiful tail set and dense coat – all these qualities give the German Shorthaired Pointer a noble appearance
The shorthaired pointer has a head of clean noble lines, without a sharp transition. It is good when the lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel, while the bridge of the nose is desirable with a hump, especially in males. The lowered lips give the head a more powerful and expressive look. The best eye color is brown, even in black dogs.
A narrowed and shortened muzzle, a rough, convex skull and light eyes are recognized as unsuccessful.
The standard is strict with regard to the dental system, which is an infrequent phenomenon in modern cynology. Not only deviations from the scissor bite are punished, but also the absence of teeth, the list of which is clearly stipulated. The working load on the shorthaired pointer’s teeth is loyally taken into account.
The German Shorthaired Pointer has an almost square format; height, leg height and back length are in the correct ratio.
The top of the shorthaired pointer is strong and reliable. Modern dogs exhibit a fairly long, muscular neck with a distinctly proud appearance, pronounced withers, and a straight back. Beautiful top and bottom lines in profile give a harmonious picture. It will be obtained by having a deeply dropped chest with correctly arched ribs. The bulky chest should be long enough so that an undermining in the abdomen and lower back does not form.
The broad croup is by no means sloping and only sloping slightly towards the tail. The tail is set rather high, but does not lift, continues the top line without a sharp angle.
The German Shorthaired Pointer must have excellent angulation to demonstrate productive, free movement.
German Shorthaired Pointer’s coat, although short, is quite dense and tough, fits well to the body. The color grid of the modern shorthaired pointer is expanded:
- Brown (originally “liver”) solid or with white markings on chest and toes.
- Brown with spots and gray hair (accepted in the domestic version – coffee piebald in speck), with a predominance of brown.
- The same, but with a predominance of white background, with a brown head.
- The same options for black color.
The standard and expertise of the German Shorthaired Pointer dogs scrutinizes the nervous system. A working dog assumes a balanced character, without a shadow of fear and aggression.
German Shorthaired Pointers are the favorites of hunters all over the world
Character of the German Shorthaired Pointer
The German Shorthaired Pointer has a lively hunting instinct and the energy to play its original role as a hunting dog. It is a good companion for an active family who can meet its needs and is known to be a loyal, kind and loving pet.
The hunting nature of this type of dog defines its temperament. It is an active, lively, curious and intelligent dog who enjoys outdoor activities in the company of itself. If you have a suitable place and with enough time to keep these dogs, they can become excellent pets for dynamic people and families who love outdoor activities. These shorthaired German Shorthaired Pointer dogs are generally not good pets for people or families who are sedentary or who live in apartments or small houses.
When socialized from an early age, the German Shorthaired Pointer presents itself as a friendly dog, both with strangers and with dogs and other animals. Under these conditions, it is generally very friendly and playful with children. On the other hand, if it is going to live with small pets, it is important to focus on socializing it as a puppy, as its hunting instinct can surface in adulthood.
Their great dynamism and strong hunting instinct generally cause behavioral problems when these dogs are forced to live in departments or in densely populated areas where they cannot release their energies. In these cases, dogs tend to be destructive and confrontational. In addition, German Shorthaired Pointer are generally noisy animals, barking frequently.
The movements of the German Pointer are coordinated, confident and economical
The genetics of the German Shorthaired Pointer are risk free. From time to time, hereditary diseases are recorded:
- Dysplasia of the hip joint.
- Diseases of the eyes (entropion, progressive retinal atrophy).
- Poor blood clotting.
Otherwise, nonspecific diseases are associated with mobility, field leisure and the size of the dogs: gastric volvulus, trauma, otitis media, babesiosis, dirofilariasis. Off-season, permanent shedding and wool pigment disorders are caused by improper metabolism due to unbalanced nutrition.
With good care, the German Shorthaired Pointer can live up to 14 years old, and up to 12 goes hunting.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is soft, affectionate, balanced and obedient – wonderful qualities for this dog
The German Shorthaired Pointer does not have any specific requirements. Regular exercise, standard hygiene, good nutrition. Hunting practice only makes small additions:
- It is advisable to avoid long-term downtime of dogs in the off-season, when they gain weight and lose their physical shape.
- The diet should be adjusted depending on the load, even within a week.
- Dogs should be carefully treated for ticks.
Spring molt is expressed in shorthaired pointers. It should be completed in 3 weeks, at this stage the dog should be combed out with a sponge with pimples, and at the end it should be bathed. Swimming in bodies of water is not a substitute for a thorough wash with shampoo.
Unprotected eyes, nose, and the entire snout of the chicken often suffer from plant cuts when quickly searching in the field. Paw cuts are also common. The owner can use a first aid kit.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is not picky about food, he has a hefty appetite.
German shorthaired pointer dogs are unpretentious in food. They can be fed with quality dry food or natural food. If you decide to give preference to drying, then the feed must be of super premium class according to the weight category. Also, your pet should always have a bowl of fresh water, as dogs consume a lot of liquid on dry food.
On a natural diet, it is important to maintain a balance. In the diet, the main place should be occupied by fresh meat, plus the bone component, cereals, vegetables, vitamins and minerals.
The daily menu of the German shorthaired pointer is: 50% meat products (not sausages, but meat offal and any meat).
You also need clean fresh water, fruits and vegetables (boiled and raw) or good dry food.
Several times a week it is necessary to give the dog calcium, phosphorus and other vitamins and nutrients (eggs, dairy products, cereals, fish oil).
Once a week, it is useful to give non-bony fish. It should be excluded: radishes, pasta, potatoes, sweets and peas.
The approach to feeding German shorthaired pointer puppies is somewhat different. Small hunters, due to increased metabolism, must absorb more high-calorie food. In industrial food there is a special line for puppies.
Puppies up to 3 months of age require 5-6 meals a day, from half a year you can reduce the number of meals to 3-4, and for adults (from a year) two times are enough.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is an excellent watchdog and companion dog for an active family
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a very active dog and needs at least two hours of exercise a day to expend some of its energy. If it cannot run freely or receive adequate mental stimulation, this dog will be bored and destructive at home. It likes to collect coins on land and in water.
These dogs must be accompanied for much of the day and require a lot of physical and mental exercise. Consequently, they do not adapt very well to living in an apartment or in densely populated cities. The ideal for this breed of dogs is to live in a house with a large garden or in a rural area where they can run more freely.
The short and thick white flecked liver is highly appreciated at dog shows.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is malleable in training, loves to study and learns the basics of obedience early. It is only necessary to take into account his physical activity and hunting instincts, latently driving a young dog. Excessive mentoring and pressure on a junior can take away the independence that is so necessary in hunting practice.
Field training and a serious course of training begin as usual, at 10-12 months. But if until this time the training does not start, there is a risk of getting a stupid mischievous or uncontrollable behaviour. Early acquaintance with games of smells, bat and live, and systematic home education are recommended for puppies.
If, at the age of up to one and a half years, the dog is not subjected to special training – coaching, its development will follow a spontaneous path. The potential of the shorthaired pointer may not be fully revealed. Self-directed training during the hunt, in the season, does not provide an opportunity to develop full-fledged reflexes and correct skills that would meet breed standards.
A well-placed German Shorthaired Pointer reaches a completely different, much higher level of skill, and demonstrates a beautiful style in his work. Dogs improve up to 5–7 years old and it is at this age that, as a rule, they successfully compete in title complex.
The system for assessing the field qualities of the shorthaired pointer was developed in detail by the breed club. It proceeds from the basic idea that the German Pointer is a versatile dog. The responsibilities include:
- Search for a live bird in the field and in the forest and point at it with a stand.
- Search for a live bird on the water and climb the wing.
- Search and selection of wounded animals.
- Pursuit of the beast on the trail.
- Assortment of game from land and water.
The multi-stage German system of selection of the best dogs, consisting of a whole list of disciplines, speaks at least about the wide possibilities of the German Shorthaired Pointer. Compared to our realities, in the homeland of the breed, they pay much more attention to versatility and obedience.
Sharp instinct combined with extreme intelligence is the main characteristic of the German shorthaired pointer
German shorthaired pointer Dog Breed Highlights
The very fact that the breed is large suggests that the pluses of the shorthaired pointer prevail:
- German shorthaired pointer dogs are very intelligent and in good hands, easy to train.
- A perfect choice for people who lead an active outdoor life and, as such, the German shorthaired pointer is better suited to work houses.
- Versatile hunting abilities
- They are social by nature and generally get along with everyone.
- German shorthaired pointer dogs are good for older children.
- These dogs thrive on human companionship.
- They are not the best choice for first time dog owners.
- Shorthaired German Shorthaired pointer dogs lose a lot of hair throughout the year and even more in spring and autumn.
- They need a lot of vigorous daily exercise and a ton of mental stimulation.
- These dogs are slow to mature and only really grow when they are about 2 years old.
- Short-haired German Shorthaired pointer dogs form strong bonds with their owners and suffer from separation anxiety when left on their own.
- He needs a serious course of training and coaching
For most hunters in a mild and medium climate, the shorthaired pointer seems to be the optimal choice of a dog, unless this is contradicted by hunting preferences and the nature of the grounds.