Famous for its shiny golden fur of medium length, the golden retriever is a dog with a friendly expression, perfect symmetry and a superb and fluid movement, moving with long and strong steps.
The golden retriever is one of the youngest breeds in terms of origin. Currently, his hunting skills are not as developed, but instead, he has become a favorite pet in homes around the world.
Based on the number of registered golden retriever in European cynological clubs, we can conclude that this breed is the second most popular among all types of dogs. Golden retriever is valued primarily for its golden character.
With its presence, this dog is able to calm a person, relieve stress, eliminate aggression. The Golden Retriever is even used in working with children who are autistic. Such a pet can become a hunter, guide, companion. He gets along well in any family, becoming for all households a faithful friend.
Due to its versatility and intelligence, the golden retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world. Currently, in addition to being a great pet, he has skills such as service dogs, therapy dogs, police dogs, hunting dogs and even rescue dogs. Below, in this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ dog breed sheet, we explain everything you need to know about the Golden Retriever.
Sir Dudley Marjoribanks (Lord Tweedmouth) adored the golden color in collection dogs and acquired a dog called “We” in Brighton (England) in 1865 to cross it with a spaniel dog in tweedwater, which was a collection dog of liver color .
After 20 years of breeding in which labradors retrievers, a red setter and possibly one or two dogs for improving odor capacity and bone mass were included, a golden retriever dog was developed and was registered and exposed. in 1908 under the name of walleye with stiff hairs;
In 1913, its classification became that of golden retriever or golden dog and finally, in 1920, it took the name under which we know it today.
Characteristics of the Golden Retriever
You could say that the Golden Retriever is one of those dogs that inspires confidence just by looking at its face. It is one of the most popular dogs as a pet, but also as a working dog as a guide, as a drug and explosive detector dog, etc. What is clear is that the Golden is well trained to perform any task, and that is why it is such a precious animal.
Once the breed expanded around the world, two lines of the Golden Retriever were defined, the British type and the American and Canadian type.
As for the characteristics of the American golden retriever it appears that it is a type of dog larger and more unsightly than the other variety, with a denser coat and in different shades, which also has large fringes length.
The English golden retriever is a large dog, with a square head, a broad muzzle and not excessively long. It is a fairly heavy dog, which is nevertheless agile in movement, and fast when it should be. Its legs are elongated and slender, fairly solid, its chest deep and its tail of medium length, which usually takes the fall or half-height when it is in motion. Round and dark eyes and a large truffle stand out on his face, which can be presented in black or pink.
It is a very energetic and well-proportioned dog, muscular and trained for all kinds of sporting activities. It is a dog with a great capacity for adaptation to the environment in which it lives, which will however need large doses of exercise to get all its energy out.
The size of the Golden Retriever is maintained between 56 and 61 centimeters at the withers in the case of males, between 51 and 56 centimeters in the case of females, which is one of the most recognizable characteristics of the Golden Retriever. It is a large dog, but it is also not one of the largest known. Their weight remains between 30 and 34 kilos, a little lower in females, which generally oscillates between 25 and 32 kilos.
One of its most distinctive features is the coat of the Golden Retriever, hence its name Golden Retriever. In two layers, and of medium length, it is a silky and shiny coat, slightly wavy and very resistant to water. The inner layer is cut and smooth and moulted twice a year, usually in spring and autumn. The outer layer is strong and long, but not too much so as not to interfere in the performance of its tasks.
According to the breed standard, the color is presented in shiny gold, of different shades. It can also be a cream, although shades that are too light or too dark are rejected. Red or mahogany, pure white and black are not allowed in the exhibitions. Beyond official competitions, the color of the coat or the mixture of shades have no effect on the dog as a pet or for carrying out work.
Is the Golden Retriever the same breed as the Labrador Retriever?
Sometimes these two breeds create some confusion due to the similarity they have at different levels. However, they are two very different breeds both physically and behaviorally. The fact that they are both Retriever means that they share certain characteristics, but that does not mean that they are of the same breed. For starters, among the physical features of the Golden Retriever, the fact that it has a long coat, which never happens in the Labrador Retriever.
In addition, the colors of the two are very different, only the cream-colored specimens of the two breeds being similar. On the other hand, the Golden Retriever has a friendly temper with everyone, which also tends to appear in Labrador, but this second can be more shy if it is not socialized correctly as a puppy. What is clear is that both breeds are more than recommended as a pet, so if you choose one, you just need to make sure you get as much information as possible. And in a case of the Golden Retriever, you will find here the most complete information.
Character of the Golden Retriever
The stable and gentle temperament of the golden retriever is one of the main characteristics of the breed and perhaps the one that has given it the most popularity. These dogs are patient, intelligent, easy to train and very dynamic. These qualities make them excellent assistance, working, therapy and companion dogs.
The golden retriever takes time to mature, it takes about three years or a little more to develop its final character. In addition, he is always very playful even when he is an adult, so he is very appreciated by families with children. All these peculiarities of the character of golden retriever are the result of decades of selection aimed at obtaining dogs that are very obedient, sociable and able to work. Of course, not all golden retriever have the same character and there can be great variation between individuals.
The Golden Retriever is a friendly and balanced dog that generally adapts well to family life. He enjoys participating in all activities, both inside and outside the home.
He remains above all a hunting dog, so he will try to pull the leash, hunt or carry anything that finds in his mouth. He also likes water, so you have to be careful with its safety when approaching it.
Like many other breeds, the Golden Retriever can suffer from several hereditary eye disorders and from elbow and hip dysplasia (a joint condition that can be painful and cause mobility problems).
Therefore, a hip and eye exam is important before dedicating the dog to breeding.
Main diseases of the Golden Retriever
The Golden Retriever is a dog that generally enjoys good health. However, they are prone to certain diseases, such as hip dysplasia, von Willebrand disease, heart problems, skin allergies, eye defects or cancer.
This breed also tends to gain weight easily, so it is very important to pay attention to its diet, control rations and prices and always offer the highest quality food. With good quality and lifestyle, it is possible to control most of these conditions and enjoy a healthy animal at any time.
The Golden Retriever is adapted to both housing and aviary, but not at all adapted to keeping on the chain. The fact is that such a dog is very sociable, friendly and very attached to people. Loneliness is disastrous for him.
If you regularly leave the dog alone for a long time, no matter in the house or in the yard, its psyche will suffer. The Golden Retriever is suitable for any person, but before buying a Golden Retriever puppy of the specified breed, think about how much time you can devote to it so that the pet does not suffer.
Caring for golden is very simple. The main thing is to teach him from a puppy to everything necessary in terms of hygiene. In addition, not only the owner, but also all households can carry out these procedures:
The Golden Retriever coat should look as natural as possible. Therefore, a haircut is not advisable, if you trim the dog, then you need to do this with the help of a specialist, especially if it is a show pet.
Comb daily using a special brush.
Inspect the eyes daily, wipe the detected secretions with a damp rag. If there are too many secretions and they appear constantly, you should contact your veterinarian. Such a symptom may indicate a plague or another disease. Although an ordinary grain of sand can also cause a similar phenomenon.
If you go hunting with your dog, be sure to inspect and rinse her eyes upon returning home. During forest adventures, debris can get into the eyes, this can cause inflammation and infection.
Ears need inspection every 6-8 days. It is enough to wash them gently with water or just wipe them with a wet swab.
Periodically brush your dog’s teeth with cotton buds or a special brush. Without this procedure, there will be an unpleasant smell from the pet’s mouth, a yellow coating will appear on the fangs and tartar may form.
You need to bathe a Golden Retriever three times in 10-12 months.
Golden Retriever adults need a reasonable amount of exercise to stay in peak condition. If you exercise too much for the puppy, he may develop bone or joint problems.
A few hours of exercise a day is enough for a healthy adult, but he’ll be more willing to accept it if he can.
When picking up a Golden Retriever puppy, be sure to ask the breeder what he fed him. An abrupt change in diet can trigger an eating disorder.
In the future, the diet should be developed taking into account the fact that a large dog with a luxurious coat needs good nutrition.
If you decide to feed your pet with natural products, a harmonious diet will consist of:
- Cooked meat (turkey, beef, chicken)
- Fish – no more than once a week (marine lean)
A quarter of the diet should contain vegetables that are grated and given raw or stewed for 5 minutes:
- Turnip and cabbage
From time to time you can add offal to feeding – heart, lung, liver, beef tripe.
Up to five months, the Golden Retriever puppy should eat from 4 to 6 times a day in small portions. The daily dose is 300 grams. meat, 150 gr. cottage cheese, 100 gr. vegetables, 500 grams of milk porridge.
At eight months, you can transfer the puppy to two meals a day.
Cartilage, tendons, and knee joints are purchased for puppies to facilitate timely and correct tooth changes.
If you prefer to feed your pet with dry food, then choose “premium” and “super – premium” designed for large breeds. It is in them that the minerals are found that strengthen the joints of a dog with a large weight.
Golden Retriever dog breed facts
Golden Retriever has a wonderful character, it can become a pet in any family, even with many children. It would seem that the indicated breed has absolutely no flaws and every person can maintain it.
But in fact, even Golden Retriever dogs have their drawbacks, and they are completely unsuitable for those who do not have the opportunity to devote enough time to a pet. So, before buying a retriever puppy, you should familiarize yourself with all the advantages and disadvantages of the breed, and then decide whether it is your dog or not.
- The Golden Retriever is among the most reliable dog breeds.
- Extremely adaptable and suitable for most lifestyles.
- Always eager to please and able to be ordered, making it the first dog ideal for first-time owners.
- Highly trainable thanks to his intelligence and his concern to please.
- The Golden Retriever is very social by nature and gets along with everyone, including other dogs, animals and pets.
- Maybe a little on the palate which is a trait that should be softened gently when the Golden Retriever is still young and before it becomes a real problem.
- High maintenance on the grooming forehead.
- The Golden Retriever can smell like a dog.
- This breed of dog needs a lot of exercise and mental stimulation.
- This dog is easily distracted by what is going on around him.
- The Golden Retriever lost a lot of hair all year round and more in the spring and fall.
- Known to suffer from many health problems, veterinarian bills can be high.
Fun facts about the Golden Retriever
In addition to knowing all the details of the breed, there are some interesting facts to consider for those who aspire to own a Golden Retriever breed dog.
- Currently, the Golden Retriever is the third most popular breed in the United States, the fifth in Australia and the eighth in the United Kingdom. These data were obtained by accessing the records of new puppies born each year, which follow an ascending line.
- Before discovering the original crossbreeding records of the breed, it was thought that its creator, Lord Tweedmouth of Guisachan, had obtained the breed from a group of circus sheepdogs. However, in his archives, it was clear that the development through crosses of hunting dogs exclusively, thus dispelling any doubt.
- In 2006, a meeting of enthusiasts of the Golden Retriever dog breed was organized in Scotland, with the intention of gathering all possible specimens in their place of origin. In the photos taken, up to 188 dogs were captured together, breaking the record for the largest number of Golden Retriever dogs in the same image.
- It is one of the breeds of dogs with a greater sense of smell developed. These dogs can learn to search for objects of all kinds and in all circumstances. This ability makes it ideal as a dog to search for explosives, narcotics or any other product.
- Although all dogs need to chew, the Golden Retriever needs it with much more intensity. It requires toys or solid elements where it can discharge part of its energy and its needs.
- They are also dogs that love water, swim and are in contact with it. They are excellent swimmers, so whenever they get the chance, they will enjoy a good dive anywhere.
- Until the age of three, the Golden behaves like a small puppy, plays and frolics tirelessly.
- Retrievers are ideal swimmers and love water.
- Golden Retriever is a nocturnal animal, during the day he prefers to take a nap if possible, and in the evening he begins to be active.
- The Golden Retriever is at the forefront of all service dog breeds.
If you are thinking of sharing your life with a dog of this breed, the first thing to do is to contact an experienced breeder with good references. Pet stores or individuals offer puppies of questionable origin and without any guarantee, which may favor blind breeding with animals in poor conditions. Only a breeder specializing in the Golden Retriever breed will be able to provide you with all the information you need, in addition to knowledge about your puppy’s parents, so that you can rule out some of the hereditary diseases associated with the breed.
A Golden Retriever can be a great traveling companion throughout its life, it is enough to understand its needs and try to meet them at all times. Thus, your relationship will be unbeatable and you will have a balanced, affectionate and eager pet to be with you and to make you happy. The Golden Retriever is one of the most beloved dog breeds in the world, something that has been won by its temper. If you want to enjoy a big dog, bet on the Golden Retriever, you will not regret it.