Great Pyrenees Dog | Information & Dog Breed Facts


The great pyrenees dog is also known by the name of pyrenean mountain dog (Pyrenean Mountain – Patou) is a large mountain dog resisted since time immemorial in the French and Spanish Pyrenees. Historically, he was used as herder and protector of herds, but he is now one of the most beloved family dogs.

This dog offers an extremely powerful appearance and is at the same time very balanced and elegant. Its movements are calm, firm and smooth, driven by its powerful hindquarters. The great pyrenees dog is white or white with badger, grayish, yellowish, orange or brown spots on the head, ears and base of the tail.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

The Pyrenees Mountain Dog is a tandem of power and elegance. This dog is unusually beautiful. The sheer size and snow-white coat make this dog looks like a polar polar bear.

Representatives of the breed are very calm and balanced, they are ideal for families with children who lead a calm lifestyle.

The “smiling” look and friendly disposition do not prevent the Pyrenees dog from being an excellent guard of the owner’s property and bodyguard of the owner himself. The watchdog instinct in these animals is highly developed, one might say, from birth.

In this Pets Feed dog breed sheet we will detail with you all the characteristics of the great pyrenees dog, its temperament or its characteristics among others. 

Origin of the great pyrenees dog

The great pyrenees dog has its origins in the Pyrenees mountain range, between Spain, Andorra and France. It is believed that its history dates back even before the Middle Ages, although it was then that it reached real popularity, for its use as a guardian of castles. This breed is mentioned for the first time by the count and viscount Gaston III of Foix-Bearne in the 14th century.

Later, in the 17th century and thanks to his watchdog work, he won the favor of French nobles, as well as that of King Louis XIV himself, who named him royal dog of the Court of France. Later, in 1897, it was when a detailed description of the great pyrenees dog appeared for the first time in the book of the Earl of Bylandt.

Ten years later, the first great pyrenees dog club began and in 1923 the first meeting of lovers of these dogs, an initiative of Bernard Sénac-Lagrange, who first wrote the standard for racing in the SCC, very similar to the one we know today.

Currently, the great pyrenees dog is a dog that is still used to protect herds in the Franco-Spanish mountains, but also in other countries such as the United States and Australia. It is also an excellent family dog ​​in various houses around the world.

Note! The Leonberger breed has the blood of the Great Pyrenees dog, along with the Newfoundlands and St. Bernards.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Physical characteristics of the great pyrenees dog

The great pyrenees dog is described as being a large dog, imposing and proportionate, although elegant in turn. The head is not large compared to the rest of the body and has flattened sides. The nose is black. The muzzle is broad and a little shorter than the skull. The eyes are small, almond shaped and amber brown. The ears are of medium insertion, small, triangular and with the rounded end, which also fall on the sides of the head.

The body is slightly longer than it is tall, which gives the great pyrenees dog a rectangular profile. It is solid and robust. The chest is large and deep. The tail is long and reaches at least the point of the hock. When the dog is active, it is bent over the back and only the end of the tail touches the back. A feature of this breed is that it has double spurs on the hind legs.

The hairs are tufted, stiff and long. It is rough on the back and shoulders. It can be slightly wavy in the neck and tail. It is white or plain white with spots on the head, ears and tail. The spots, when they exist, are gray, pale yellow or orange.

The measures and the weight of the great pyrenees dog are:

  • Males: between 70 and 80 centimeters high at the cross, weighing between 36 and 41 kilograms.
  • Females: between 65 and 75 centimeters high at the cross, weighing between 50 and 54 kilograms.

Note! When deciding to have such a pet, one should take into account the size of the animal and the fact that he inadvertently can harm someone. This is especially true for very young children who can please him in the paw.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Character and temperament of the great pyrenees dog

The character of a dog is determined directly according to the temperament of the animal itself, the education received and the genome, it should therefore be noted that the great pyrenees dog was bred by selecting the specimens that best demonstrated surveillance and deterrence capabilities, as well as its attachment to the herd. As a result, the great pyrenees dog generally has a protective, loyal and somewhat independent character.

Despite the fact that the breed is documented as shepherds and watchdogs, the great pyrenees dog have not performed this function for a long time and are more likely friends and companions. The modern generation of mountain dogs are intelligent animals who view their family as their own pack and are ready to protect it until their last breath.

They adapt very quickly to a new place, quickly accept the rules of the game, as well as the orders established in the house. And white giants also adore physical contact, they just need to be constantly squeezed, stroked and even just touched.

Despite their formidable appearance and impressive size, the great pyrenees dogs are practically devoid of aggression. Strangers are treated wary and even suspicious. Any suspicious person is perceived as a type trying to snatch an unintelligent lamb.

The great pyrenees dogs are very fond of children and will never offend them, even if little children hurt them through negligence. Moreover, if a young mischievous person is in danger, he will immediately come to his defense.

The animal has a genetically built territorial instinct, so you should be prepared for the fact that the dog will constantly patrol its territory. At the same time, they are not inclined to infringe on the rights and freedom of other household members, including pets. The breed is ready to share territory with cats, dogs and other animals.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog


The great pyrenees dog is a breed that normally enjoys good health. However, like most purebred dogs, this dog is susceptible to various hereditary diseases, among which we highlight certain skin problems and others such as:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Patellar dislocation
  • Entropion
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Gastric distortion

To quickly detect the onset of any of these problems, it will be essential to go to the vet every 6 or 12 months, thus ensuring their good health and being able to quickly deal with any problem or stop the progression. any degenerative disease, such as hip dysplasia

If we also follow the dog’s vaccination schedule and deworm it regularly internally and externally, we can enjoy a dog with a life expectancy of between 10 and 11 years, approximately.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Basic care

Do not believe the statement that the great Pyrenees dog feels comfortable in a cramped city apartment.

Such a freedom-loving dog needs space, it is not adapted to living in cramped conditions. It is also not recommended for this dog to be kept on a chain or constant sitting in an aviary.

An ideal option for the great Pyrenees dog is a spacious fenced house area with the ability to enter the house. If you decide to settle the dog in a booth, it should be large enough and insulated.

If in the enclosure, then it should have a wooden flooring and a canopy, again, a warm booth. Thick, long hair protects the Pyrenees dog from the cold, but shelter is still required.

The great Pyrenees dogs are very calm, but this does not mean that that they do not need physical activity. With apartment living, be sure to walk it every day in the morning and in the evening (at least half an hour for each walk).

If the dog is kept in an aviary, it is recommended to close it there with a lock no longer than 2-3 hours a day. The rest of the time, he should be able to walk freely around the fenced yard.

The owner must ensure that the fence is solid, metal or stone is recommended.

The great Pyrenees dogs are able to quickly dig, so this must be monitored. Lock the gate with a secure lock. This is a very smart dog and quick-witted, it will quickly understand how and where to press with ts paw, so that the gate opens.

Walking is an essential part of life of the great Pyrenees dog. He loves active games, prefers running to walking. When planning your walks, keep in mind that it is not so important for him to walk time as distance.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

A large long-haired dog needs regular care. There is nothing complicated in this, since this breed is notable for its cleanliness. The following are the procedures required to care for the great Pyrenees dog:

  • We comb out the hair twice a week, we pay special attention to the hairs on the legs, on the tail. Also requires careful combing lush mane and space behind the ears. During molting, combing is required daily. Shedding at these dogs is very plentiful, and it takes place about once a year.
  • We do not need to bathe a great Pyrenees dog often, so as not to violate the natural protective skin layer. In addition, the hair of these dogs is capable of self-cleaning. That is why they almost always look clean, snow-white, especially if they live in a house, and not in the yard. Bathing is necessary 4-6 times a year or with severe pollution. The rest of the time, wipe the wool with a damp towel. As detergents, cleaning shampoos are recommended.
  • It is recommended to wipe the eyes with a weak infusion of chamomile, which serves as the prevention of acidification, conjunctivitis.
  • We examine the dog’s ears weekly. You can clean the ears using cotton buds, gauze swabs and a special lotion purchased from a veterinary pharmacy.
  • We cut our dog’s claws about once every 40-60 days, the frequency of the procedure depends on how often the dog runs on a hard road surface, erasing its claws on its own.
Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog


Natural great Pyrenees dog’s food is recommended. Each serving should consist of 2/3 of protein products, 1/3 of carbohydrates and fats.

Puppies and young individuals cannot be overfed, otherwise they will develop incorrectly, curvature of the limbs may occur.

It is a mistake to assume that a large dog necessarily needs a huge amount of food. A large great Pyrenees dog has a slow metabolism, so it does not need large portions. The daily rate is calculated depending on the age, state of health and physical activity of the animal.

Two-thirds of the diet of an adult Great Pyrenees dog should be protein (meat, fish, cottage cheese, offal), and not heat-treated. Don’t worry, the animal’s body will easily digest any raw meat, except pork and fatty lamb. But the fat content of fish fillets is only good for Great Pyrenees dog. The only caveat is that it should be sea and well-frozen fish. The remaining third of the daily diet consists of vegetables, fruits and cereals (oatmeal, buckwheat, rice). The latter are not always well absorbed by the pet’s digestion, but they help make the portion more satisfying.

Note! For Great Pyrenees puppies up to a year, fermented milk products are introduced. As a reward, sugar seeds or special treats containing healthy vitamins and minerals can be used.

Great Pyrenees puppy
Great Pyrenees puppy

From carrots, zucchini, bell peppers, tomatoes, turnips and cabbage, the dog can make salads seasoned with low-fat sour cream, or shavings, in which the meat is then rolled. As additional sources of useful minerals, fats and polyunsaturated acids, breeders recommend giving natural butter (a couple of times a week in a small cube), bran (a tablespoon per serving), flaxseed oil (a teaspoon once a week), kelp.

Periodically, it is useful to give a bone to a Great Pyrenees dog, but it should be spongy, not tubular bone with a sufficient amount of meat and certainly raw. Overfeeding puppies of Great Pyrenees dog, as well as adults, is harmful. The breed is characterized by a slow metabolism, so its representatives quickly gain weight, which puts pressure on the joints. Remember, a healthy and normally developing puppy should have a good feel for the ribs – this is considered normal condition.

Serving sizes should be determined by the habitat. Booth-dwelling Great Pyrenees dogs require a higher-calorie diet than their house-dwellers. It is also not forbidden to transfer a pet to dry industrial feed, but it will take a long time to select a suitable option – the components contained in the “drying” can color the wool of the Great Pyrenees dog, and are not always ideally absorbed by the digestive system. It will not be possible to save on dry food: all varieties of “drying”, the class of which is lower than the super-premium, are dangerous to the health of the dog.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Training and education

Pyrenees Mountain dog’s early socialization is very important. It is important to stop manifestations of unjustified aggression and excessive anger towards people and animals from puppyhood.

Introducing a young dog to as many new people as possible will help mitigate the manifestations of excessive protection.

Pyrenees dog often shows obstinacy, independence, he is inclined to disobedience, likes to make decisions independently. That is why training for representatives of the breed is necessary.

You will need to take a general training course with the dog, a course “controlled city dog” and “companion dog”.

During training, the owner will require patience, perseverance, permissible rigor and constancy.

Physical punishment and rude attitude are not acceptable by the Great Pyrenees Dog. Praise and taste incentives will help to achieve success in learning faster.

Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Great Pyrenees Dog Fun Facts

  • The Pyrenees mountain dog was bred for grazing flocks of sheep on its own, so this dog loves to make decisions on its own.
  • The soft wool of the Pyrenees dog is highly valued as yarn from which knit mittens, scarves, etc. Such things do not prick at all, in contrast to the natural wool of sheep.
  • A sculpture of a Pyrenean mountain dog adorns the northern gate of Carcassonne in France.
  • According to the annals of the Pyrenees dog, Charles the Sixth saved from the angry bull.
  • In 1675, the Pyrenean dog was given the status of “Royal Dog of France.”
  • Pyrenean dogs love water and swim beautifully.
Great Pyrenees Dog
Great Pyrenees Dog

Pros and cons of the breed

You should not be guided when buying a Pyrenean mountain dog only by its beautiful appearance. To determine if she is suitable for you as a pet, check out its main strengths and weaknesses.

Pros of the Pyrenees mountain dog:

  • Beautiful exterior.
  • A balanced, calm disposition.
  • The ideal watchdog instinct.
  • Devotion.
  • Strength and endurance.
  • Friendliness, lack of causeless aggression.

Cons of the Pyrenees mountain dog:

  • Not suitable for life in the city, in the apartment.
  • Requires daily exercise.
  • Wayward character, stubbornness.
  • Poorly trained.