The Hungarian Vizsla, the Hungarian Pointer, or simply Vizsla, is a dog that has excelled in hunting for years. Fortunately, today it is a dog that excels in all kinds of activities and exercises. Its fine sense of smell and great fondness for water make this dog an excellent companion for dynamic and active people.
The Hungarian Vizsla became famous as a hunting dog and a companion dog. The vizsla’s energy and mobility can be envied. At home, this dog is affectionate, playful, friendly, but once he is on the hunt, he turns into a strict, serious dog, ready to hunt game for the owner.
Representatives of the Hungarian breed have a fine sense of smell, which allows them to work clearly on the trail, excellent stamina, endurance, and the ability to hunt in almost any area under any weather conditions. A state of complete rest is a rarity for a vizsla.
Hungarian Vizsla, Hungarian Pointer, Magyar Vizsla
The birthplace of the Vizsla is Hungary. Representatives of this breed are the national treasure of the country. It is interesting that once it was the Hungarians who almost became the reason for the complete extermination of the Vizsla.
Let’s not get ahead of ourselves and consider the history of this wonderful hunting breed from the very beginning:
- Ninth and tenth centuries – Pointing dogs (the ancestors of modern Vizsla) appeared on the territory of Hungary together with the Magyar tribes. Nomads survived solely thanks to hunting, which is why cops were indispensable to them.
- Eleventh century – Magyar cops often left their habitable territories because of an innate love for freedom, setting off to explore new places. During this period, nomad hunting dogs spread throughout Hungary. Against the background of local hunting breeds, newly arrived dogs were not appreciated.
- Twelfth to fifteenth century – the perfect hunting talent was finally noticed by Hungarian nobles, who loved to hunt. Pointing Magyars won their hearts with their grace, dexterity and versatility. During this period, these dogs are crossed with Russian canine greyhounds to improve their working qualities. As a result, the breed acquired a light shade of coat.
- 1526 – the Turkish army occupied the Hungarian lands, along with the conquerors the Saluki were brought into the country. As a result of unplanned mating with Turkish dogs, the exterior and working qualities of the future dogs changed. A beautiful golden color and versatility appeared.
- Eighteenth century – serious breeding work began to improve the Hungarian cops. Initially, the breeder Zai in the city of Zaingroche led the selection. The process was lengthy (over 140 years). During mating, representatives of the following breeds were used: kurtshaaras, pointers, poodles, Hanover hounds.
- Nineteenth century – the popularity of the Vizsla began to decline, German pointers took the place on the pedestal of hunting breeds. To preserve the purity of the Hungarian Vizsla, a law was passed banning the import of point-and-shoot goods from Hungary to European countries. But neither the law nor the efforts of the breeders could save the breed, it survived was on the verge of extinction.
- The twentieth century – a small number of purebred Hungarian cops was the beginning of the revival of this species. The FCI has entered the breed into the official registry with the established standard. Scaffolds have gained popularity in Europe, America, Canada. Thanks to the efforts of American breeders, the number of Hungarian short-haired cops has increased.
- 1941-1945 – The threat of extinction loomed again over the Hungarian breed. The fact is that during the war with Germany, the Hungarians decided to destroy all the representatives of the breed in order not to give the German invaders a trophy in the form of a Vizsla. As a result, dogs of this species survived only outside their homeland, this fact saved them from complete extinction.
The breed again revived at the end of World War II, now it is popular in many countries of the world.
Physical characteristics of the Vizsla
The Vizsla is distinguished by a taut, muscular physique. You cannot call it a heavy and rough dog, it gracefully combines grace, aristocratic manners with strength, endurance and power.
The weight of adults is 20-30 kg., Height at the withers is about 53-65 cm.
A rounded head rests on a long strong neck. The ears are rather long, hanging, the tips are rounded, the V shape is shaped. Dark, oval eyes are not too big. The look is expressive, studying.
The muzzle is long, not sharp. The nose is large with open nostrils. The color of the nose, as well as the color of the claws and pillows of the paws of the Hungarian Vizsla must necessarily coincide with the color of the coat. This is a distinctive feature of the breed from other species of similar color (Rhodesian ridgeback).
Jaws are powerful, scissor bite.
All parts of the Vizsla dog’s body are well developed muscles. Croup elongated with a slight slope to the base of the tail. The loin is short. The back is straight. The chest is not too bulky.
Legs are long, as a gundog should be, even with a strong bone. Paws are rounded.
The tail is wide at the base, tapering towards the end. Vizsla holds it straight or in the form of a saber.
Representatives of the breed according to the structure of the wool are divided into two types:
- Shorthair squeezed – a dense coat, the remaining hair is straight and smooth.
- Wirecoated – the coat is slightly longer than that of the short-haired variety, the outer hair is hard to the touch.
The standard is allowed reddish-golden color (all shades). A small white mark on the chest is not a defect.
Character and temperament of the Vizsla
The Hungarian Vizsla has an amazing character, resulting in a fun, happy and loving companion for those who can devote the time and attention it needs.
The character of Vizsla is calm, balanced and friendly. Severity and aggression are manifested mainly during the hunt session. With the right upbringing, the Vizsla dog will be a faithful companion, obedient assistant and just a merry friend for the owner.
The Vizsla dogs are friendly towards all households and close family. With children over 5 years old plays with pleasure. With small children, a Vizsla is not recommended to be left alone. Such contact should be supervised by adults.
If a guard dog is needed, then there is little hope of a Vizsla. Representatives of this Hungarian breed are not aggressive, never in vain do they spite and are completely calm about strangers, guests at home.
They do not conflict with other pets. The Hungarian Vizsla Dog is able to make friends even with a cat, especially if the animals grew up in the same territory. But due to a strong congenital hunting instinct, it is not recommended to keep pins in the same territory with birds or rodents. Such a neighborhood can end in disrepair for small pets.
Hungarian Vizsla dogs survive on average can live about 13-14 years.
The dog’s state of health depends on its genetic heritage and on how carefully the owner treats him. Most diseases can be avoided if a dog is provided with a balanced diet, the necessary conditions, and proper care. It is also important to undergo annual preventive examinations in a veterinary clinic, an X-ray examination, to carry out vaccination, treatment for skin parasites and deworming without breaking deadlines.
The owner of the Hungarian Vizsla should know what health problems the breed representatives are predisposed to:
- Hip dysplasia – at the initial stage it is characterized by pain, then the dog begins to limp, the pain intensifies, at the last stage immobilization occurs.
- Epilepsy – accompanied by involuntary bowel movements, seizures.
- Hypothyroidism is a decrease in thyroid function.
- Progressive retinal atrophy – if untreated, leads to loss of vision.
- Oncological diseases.
The Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer will do at least two hours of daily exercise. As you would expect, given its past as a hunting dog, show and charge, games to collect items (both land and water) are its favorites.
This breed of dog is versatile and adapts satisfactorily to many canine sports (agility circuits).
It is a mistake to assume that a Vizsla dog must live on the outside. For example, the Vizsla survived from ancient times, when the cops were still nomads, living side by side with the owners. It needs contact with people and completely unbearable loneliness.
If for a long time regularly leave a Vizsla dog alone, its character will deteriorate, which will undoubtedly affect behavior and obedience.
Due to the irrepressible energy of the Vizsla, it can be assumed that it will have little space in the apartment. In fact, in the room, next to the owner and household, such a dog behaves calmly, but once on the street, in the open, this dog immediately turns into an active animal, which needs to pour out the accumulated energy.
From the foregoing, we can conclude:
- Kennel care – we will equip the kennel with a warm booth, daily we will release it for a walk outside the Vizsla.
- Housing care – we equip a place with a stove bench in the dwelling, we go for a walk on the street daily. Plan your walks so that the pet is engaged in physical and mental exercises for at least an hour.
His favorite pastimes are active games, sports, hunting, jogging, swimming in open water.
In order for the dog to look well-groomed and not sick, it is important to conduct grooming procedures in time according to all the rules:
- We comb out 2 times a week using a finisher and a natural bristle brush. In periods of profuse molting, comb out daily.
- Squeezing does not exude a strong specific smell, so bathing it is often not required, 2-3 times a year are enough. The rest of the time, you can remove light dirt from the pet’s hair with a wet rag. After my walks and inspect the paws. During bathing, we use only special shampoo intended for shorthair dogs. It is advisable in the summer to take vysla to natural reservoirs, where it can splash in plenty.
- Wipe the ears with special tools 2-3 times a month.
- Vizsla eyes require daily inspection. If you notice redness or excessive discharge, you should consult a veterinarian. We clean the morning discharge gently with a cotton swab.
- Brush your dog’s teeth 2 times in 20-30 days. For this procedure, you will need a paste for dogs (“human” is not suitable), as well as a brush or nozzle on the finger. It is recommended to buy for regular cleansing of the teeth from plaque from the pressed veins.
- Every month we put in order the claws of a gundog. If it is strongly grown, we cut it with a nail clipper, if bumps, burrs have formed, smooth them with a nail file.
You can feed the Vizsla Dog with both dry food and natural products. If you choose ready-made feeds, buy a premium class. If you prefer a natural way of feeding, get only fresh, high-quality products and provide your pet with a balanced diet.
With natural feeding, proteins (50-60%), vegetables, cereals, dairy low-fat products, sea fish should be present in the diet. It is important to provide a sufficient amount of vitamin and mineral supplements.
Vizsla Dog Fun Facts
- The peculiarity of the Vizsla dog is the desire to be always with the owner, or at least not to let him out of sight.
- The Vizsla is able to jump, changing direction, as well as quickly navigate both water and land.
- Representatives of the breed have excellent hearing and scent.
- Sneaking up to the prey, the Vizsla takes an elegant stance, in this position, if necessary, the dog is able to stay for a very long time.
- The name of the breed comes from the Hungarian “vizsgál”, which means “search, study.”
- The Vizsla Dog is a very talkative breed. A pet often howls, whines, makes unimaginable sounds than barks. In this way the squeeze expresses its feelings.
Training and education
The Hungarian Vizsla is considered one of the most intelligent and hardworking dogs with a high level of intelligence. It is not difficult to educate and train this dog if you start this process from puppyhood. Grown up young vizsla are less susceptible to training if they have not been trained before.
Here are to some rules when it comes to learning:
- The command “Nearby” should be practiced almost from the first day the puppy appeared in your house. At this time, he practically does not leave the owner and will quickly master the science.
- When the puppy begins to carry different things in his teeth, it’s time to teach him the “Aport” command. During this period, it is easiest to do this, the main thing is that the pet, on demand, gives the thing that it holds in its teeth.
- From the age of three months, it is recommended to carry out training under the guidance of an experienced dog handler.
- At 6 months, take it with you on a hunt in order to “train” it for game and teach it to navigate in space.
Hungarian Vizsla Fun Facts
The peculiarity of the Hungarian Vizsla is the desire to be close to the owner all the time, or at least not to let him out of sight.
The Vizsla is capable of jumping, changing direction, as well as quickly navigating both on water and on land.
Representatives of the breed have excellent hearing and scent.
Having crept up to the prey, the Hungarian vizsla takes an elegant stance, in this position, if required, the dog is able to stay for a very long time.
The name of the breed comes from the Hungarian “vizsgál”, which means “to seek, study”.
The Hungarian Vizsla is a very talkative breed. The pet howls, whines more often, makes unthinkable sounds than barks. In this way, the vizsla expresses its feelings.
Hungarian Vizsla dog Breed Highlights
Like every breed of dog, the Vizsla dog has its pros and cons. Before buying a puppy, you should familiarize yourself with the main ones.
- The Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer is a very intelligent and loyal dog, making it an excellent pet.
- This dog requires little maintenance on the grooming front.
- It has a low coat.
- The Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer is extremely good with children of all ages.
- This breed is ideal for first time dog owners.
- In good hands and in a good environment, the Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer is easy to train.
- This dog excels in all dog sports and makes one of the best therapeutic dogs.
- This dog is very energetic and needs a lot of vigorous daily exercises.
- The Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer hates being alone and suffers from separation anxiety.
- This breed needs a lot of training from an early age.
- It may be hyperactive and needs a ton of mental stimulation.
- Some Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer dogs are ultra-sensitive and can easily be injured.
- It suffers from selective hearing and is known to be stubborn at times.
- The Hungarian Vizsla – Hungarian Pointer hate rain and often refuses to go.