The Ibizan Hound is a medium sized dog, tall, with short or hard hair and erect ears. It is available in white, brown or plain “lion”, or in any combination of them.
This is a very ancient breed that helped people hunting several millennia ago. The name is one of the most unusual among all breeds, but dogs, despite their unusual name, are very graceful. Before buying this dog, you should familiarize yourself with how a purebred Ibizan Hound should actually look like, how to care for him, what food to choose and how to get a puppy correctly.
Origin of the Ibizan Hound
The birthplace of the Ibizan Hound is Spain, to be precise, the Balearic Islands.
There are two versions of the origin of this dog. Both are plausible, but which one is one hundred percent true, it has not been possible to establish until now.
According to the first version, the Ibizan Hound belongs to the most ancient dogs. The first representatives of this breed appeared during the time of Ancient Egypt.
This is confirmed by the ancient drawings discovered by archaeologists during excavations with images of dogs with large ears and a graceful physique, exactly reminiscent of modern ibizans.
These drawings date back to 3000 BC.
According to the second version, Ibizan Hound appeared relatively recently as an independent breed. Many geneticists believe that it was bred by selection.
In the process of breeding work, several breeds of greyhounds were used. Ibizan is similar to ancient Egyptian dogs only externally, but not by blood.
Until the twentieth century, the largest population of Ibiza greyhounds was observed in the breed’s homeland, Spain. Slightly lower in European countries. Ibizan Hounds appeared in America in the twentieth century.
Initially, these dogs were recognized by the International Kennel Union under the name “Pharaoh’s dog” (1963).
But a little later, another breed is registered under the same name. To avoid confusion, the first pharaoh dogs were renamed to Ivis greyhounds.
In the fall of 1989, the breed standard was set.
In ancient times, the Ibizan Hound was used as a small game hunter. Most of them were kept in packs, several individuals on the farm.
In the pack, these greyhounds were able to conduct a guard service. They could cope with a predator, for example, a wolf.
Ibizan Hound has a lean, lean physique with well-developed muscles. The representatives of the breed cannot be called rough and massive. They are graceful, but strong, hardy dogs.
Adult dogs weigh 20-27 kg., Grew about 58-70 cm.
On a long neck covered with flat muscles, a narrow-elongated head (truncated cone) is held. There should be no skin folds, dewlap. Ibizan’s head is strictly dry. The skull is flat, long.
Ears are the hallmark of the Ibizan Hound breed. They are very big. Height 2.5 times wide at base. Not docked. Standing with sharp tips.
The eyes are small, slanting. Amber color. The look is inquisitive, intelligent.
The stop is weak. The muzzle is thin, elongated, there is a very slight hump. The nose is flesh-colored with a pink tinge. Large in size, with well-open nostrils.
The jaws are strong. Scissor bite. The lips are not pendulous, dry.
The croup is slightly sloping. The back line is straight. The loin is well muscled, slightly arched and wide enough. The abdomen is moderately tucked up. The chest is deep. The sternum stands out with a sharp keel. The tail is rather long, saber-shaped.
The limbs are long, strong, even, with a thin bone. Paws are long. The paw pads are strong. Fingers closed, there are no profitable ones.
Step – hovering trot, trail to trail (tightrope walker).
Representatives of the Ibizan Hound breed are divided according to the coat into two different types:
- Wire-haired – hard to the touch, hair length 2.5-7.5 cm. There may be a lush and long mustache.
- Short-haired – hard to the touch, coat length up to 2.5 cm.
Color: white, red. Shades are allowed from light to dark red.
Personality and Character of the Ibizan Hound
Ibizan Hound loves to be in the spotlight. He is infinitely loyal to the owner and, despite the lack of aggressiveness towards people, in a dangerous situation he is ready to rush to his defense.
This is an affectionate pet, loyal friend and companion. If the owner is busy, the ibizan will never bother him, getting underfoot.
This does not mean that the dog does not need attention. Because of her over-activity, it is important to spend a lot of time walking.
Due to the lack of walks or due to their lack, the character of the Ibizan Hound can greatly deteriorate.
He does not show aggression towards children. He enjoys playing with kids. Such games should be supervised by an adult. An overly mobile dog can accidentally push a child.
He is wary of strangers, but not aggressive. Such a dog will never attack first, without reason, without provocation from a stranger.
He will not work as a watchman, since the Ibizan Hound is not spiteful and does not like to voice.
With other dogs and his own and strangers gets along. Relationships with other pets are difficult, especially with rodents and cats.
The reason for this is an innate hunting instinct. Although each dog is individual in its own way and its behavior largely depends on education.
The average life expectancy of the Ibizan Hound is 12-14 years.
By nature, this dog is endowed with good health, strong immunity. It is important to regularly carry out treatment for skin parasites, timely deworming and vaccination are also important.
It is also recommended to undergo preventive examinations with the pet annually at the veterinary clinic. Testing, X-ray examination and diagnostics of specialists will help to timely detect health problems and start treatment at an early stage.
The owner of the ivy dog should familiarize himself with the list of diseases to which the pet is predisposed:
- Allergy – often occurs to care products, but can also be to food.
- Cataract is an eye disease characterized by deterioration of vision, without proper treatment, blindness can occur.
- Deafness – more often congenital.
- Retinal dysplasia is a congenital disease in which the retina does not develop properly and has folds.
- Epilepsy – accompanied by convulsions, involuntary urination. It is not treatable, but seizures can be controlled with drugs.
- It is worth adding to the above list that Podenko Ibizenko often injure paws. They also have an increased sensitivity to anesthesia. If surgery is to be done, it is important to correctly calculate the dose of anesthesia.
Ibizan Hound has problems with thermoregulation. They react very badly to sudden changes in temperature, they cannot stand heat and extreme cold.
The dog is well suited for living in an apartment due to its cleanliness, neatness and docile disposition. However, only on condition of good physical activity. The house is quiet and calm. As for life in the yard, an aviary, and especially a chain, is categorically contraindicated for a greyhound.
Free walking is complicated by the fact that the pet is famous for its tendency to escape. They find all sorts of ways to overcome fences. If they cannot jump over the fence, they will climb up and climb over it. It is believed that they can even climb trees.
The coat does not have a specific smell and does not shed with regular combing. Suitable for lovers of unarmed hunting and long walks in the forest, as a companion for cycling or jogging, it is possible to keep in an apartment, if sufficient physical activity is provided, living in a private house does not exclude the need for a good walk, in addition, the fence of the site must be impregnable for the animal.
Escapes do not occur because the pet is dissatisfied with something or it is bad for him to live with you. The fact is that by nature they are very curious, love adventures and want to hunt all the time.
The Ibizan Hound needs very good physical activity. Not only the duration of the walk is important, but also its saturation. Walking is sure to complement vigorous play and free running.
The dog is absolutely not picky about grooming. Only minimal maintenance is required, which varies slightly depending on the type of coat. Short-haired dogs are periodically brushed with a special brush or mitten. Long hair is trimmed 1-2 times a year, usually in spring and summer.
In winter, the undercoat grows, which improves protection in the cold season. Walking in frosty and windy weather is minimized and the animal is additionally insulated. Clothes are selected depending on the weather. It should be comfortable and not interfere with movement, because, first of all, activity on a walk does not allow the dog to freeze.
Other regular treatments the Ibizan Hound needs include occasional cleaning of ears and teeth, and clipping of the dog’s nails, which they do not grind on their own.
Pets are often picky about food, which makes it difficult for them to provide complete natural food. The dog will not eat everything, but from the offered he will choose the most delicious. Favorite foods usually include meats and organ meats, some cereals, fruits and vegetables, and eggs and dairy products. Mineral and vitamin supplements should be given quarterly.
If your dog is not eating staple foods, it is better to consider feeding prepared dry food. Ibiza Greyhounds are suitable for medium-sized dogs that lead a normal or active lifestyle. Animals are not prone to overeating, so they rarely suffer from excess weight. Unless the owners are led on the whim of the pet and feed her only high-calorie goodies: cookies, cheese, etc.
The Ibizan Hound is a high energy dog, which needs at least 2 hours of vigorous exercise each day to be a truly happy and well-balanced dog. It is not suitable for city life, but is an ideal choice for people who live in the countryside and who know the breed or this type of high energy dogs.
A shorter walk in the morning would be nice, but a longer and more interesting one in the afternoon. These dogs also like being able to walk around in a back yard as often as possible so they can really let off steam. However, the fence must be extremely secure to keep one of these beautiful dogs, because if they find a weakness in the fence, they will soon escape and be in trouble of all kinds.
That said, Ibizan Hound puppies should not exercise too much, as their joints and bones continue to grow and excessive pressure on them could cause some problems later in their lives. They should not be allowed to jump or jump furniture, or go up and down stairs, as this puts too much pressure on their joints and growing limbs.
Education and training
The Ibizan Hound is perfect for sports, jogging, in other words – for active pastime, he is hardy and persistent, so he can run for a long time without fatigue, for the same reason you can take part in exhibitions and competitions with him.
Due to its independent character and hunter instincts, which have been formed over thousands of years, the dog during the hunt can go against the commands of its owner and make its own decision, despite the fact that the pet can be strongly attached to the owner. It is important to remember this and not be surprised when a pet, keen on hunting, can disobey its owner.
Ibizan Hound dog fun facts
- Ibizan Hound is distinguished by extremely developed hearing, sense of smell and sight.
- Unlike most greyhounds, the Ibizan is able to hunt day and night.
- Ibizan has a “soft grip”, with proper training, it brings the hunter live game.
- This dog is very jumpy, it makes a jump right from the spot. Able to jump over a one and a half meter fence. It is also believed that these dogs can climb trees.
- Ibiza hounds can hunt in a large pack (13-15 individuals). In the process, the animals interact harmoniously: one dog discovers prey, all the others surround it and wait for the right moment to attack.
- The owner, completing the pack of Ibizan Hounds, selects only one female, they work harmoniously and do not quarrel among themselves, unlike males. In the pack of working Ibizan Hounds, the presence of only one dog was allowed, no more.
- Ibizan Hound, after long-term participation in herd hunting, can go on strike, completely refusing to work. The fact is that after such stress, such a dog needs a long rest.
- This greyhound is capable of speeds over 60 km / h.
- Ibizan Hounds are depicted on Roman coins.
- In ancient times, Ibizan Hound was called a vegetarian dog. All due to the fact that vegetable soups and goat’s milk were the basis of his diet at that time.