The Japanese Chin is a faithful companion and frien. Its remarkable features are grace in behavior and grace of movement.
At home, the Japanese Chin is considered not only an ideal companion, but also a “cure” for depression. The cheerful, friendly disposition of this small, cute dog can relieve boredom of any person. His main fear is to lose his master.
The Japanese Chin belongs to decorative dogs. It is the first non-indigenous Japanese breed to be recognized internationally.
Representatives of this species resemble cats in their behavior. They also wash with their paws, love to jump and all the time try to climb higher, for example, on the back of a chair or even on a closet, if possible.
It is possible to see the true Japanese Chin outside of Japan only occasionally at exhibitions. At home, they are still considered a national wealth and do not allow themselves to profit from the breeding and sale of chins.
The history of the breed
The homeland of Chins is Japan. Although, with regards to the origin of this breed, two options are known:
- Tibetan spaniels are considered the ancestors of the Japanese Chins. They were brought to Japan in the third century by Buddhist monks from India and China. Buddhists compared these dogs with the lion of Buddha.
- Dogs, which are considered the ancestors of modern Chins, were brought to North Korea and China by emissaries.
In 732, one of the Korean rulers presented a pair of such dogs as a gift to the Japanese ruler. This couple became the parents of the Japanese Chins.
In the twelfth century, the first descriptions of the exterior and character of the Japanese Chin appeared. The exterior was visible in ivory, wood, or bronze figurines. The rulers of China and Japan talked about the nature of these dogs.
The fact is that the Japanese Chin was a pet only for high-ranking, wealthy persons. Poor people, representatives of the lower strata of the population, such pets were not available.
Despite its popularity, it was only in the fourteenth century that Chin breeding began seriously. Wealthy ladies used to wear these dogs in the sleeves of their kimonos. Therefore, miniature individuals were especially valuable. In our time, preference is also given to small chins.
The Japanese Chin has become very popular all over the world. Until 1977, the Americans called him the “Japanese Spaniel”.
In the twenties of the twentieth century, breeders came to grips with improving this decorative breed. A little later, according to the results of their work, this type of dog was divided into several types:
- Edo is the smallest.
- Yamato – coat with brown spots, medium size.
- Kobe – a very fluffy tail, in comparison with other varieties of Japanese Chin it has large dimensions.
In modern chins, signs of all three of the above types are observed. But at the same time, like ancient times, preference is given to miniature size and length, the splendor of the coat.
These little dogs love walks, but they cannot be called too active. Favorite places are the back of the sofa and unexpected corners that cats usually choose.
The Japanese Chin is a small, elegant decorative dog. Distinctive features – long beautiful hair and a wide muzzle with miniature dimensions. The movements of this animal are graceful. The physique is somewhat stretched. The weight of adults is about 2-3 kg., The height is about 25 cm. The format of bitches is more stretched, but in height they are inferior to males.
On a short, straight-set neck, a rounded head is held. The ears are pendant, large, triangular with long adornment hair. Large black eyes, rounded. The look is slanted.
The transition from the forehead to the muzzle is sharp. The muzzle is short, there are “pads” characteristic of the hinam above the upper lip. The expression of the muzzle is “astonished”, although this characteristic is inherent in representatives of the breed with a purely Japanese ancestry.
The nose is black or brown. Pink is not allowed. The bite is straight, but not considered a fault undershot or scissor bite.
The back is straight, the chest is deep and wide. The tail of the Japanese Chin is held on its back, it is considered a decoration of the dog, as it is very fluffy with a long adorning hair. The belly is tucked up. Legs are straight, paws are small, oval.
The coat is long. The guard hair is straight. Silky to the touch. There is an undercoat, but it is quite insignificant. The color is white-red or white-black. According to the standard, there must be a white stripe from the bridge of the nose to the forehead.
A delicate decorative dog in need of comfort cannot live on the street. So Japanese Chin must be kept in the house. It will not take up much space, besides, Chins do not have, inherent in almost all dogs, the habit of gnawing furniture and other master’s things.
Although there is a lack of behavior – the desire to climb as high as possible. This could be an armchair, a table, or even a wardrobe. Jumping from such a height often results in injuries, so the owner must make sure that the pet does not have the opportunity to climb too high.
The Japanese Chin is very clean. He, like a cat, washes himself with his paw, putting himself in order on his own. If you properly care for the long hair of your pet, there will be no dog hair in the corners of the house.
Large physical exertion is not needed for a decorative dog. You need to walk with him twice a day. In the cold season, he does not need clothes, but on frosty or rainy days, it is impossible to keep the dog outside for a long time.
In hot summer, the pet should also not be allowed to overheat. If the chin frolicks for a long time under the scorching sun and at high above zero temperatures, it can get heatstroke.
In the house, decorative dogs often rest and sleep in the master’s beds, armchairs, on sofas. Despite this, a place should be allocated for a small pet in the house. It can be a bed or a special dog house, equip it not near heating devices and not in drafts. The chin, like a small child, loves to play, so make sure he has a lot of toys. Keep food and water bowls clean.
We support the beauty and health of Japanese Chin with the following procedures:
- Every day we comb out long hair in order to avoid the formation of pellets, you do not need to spend a lot of time on this. Once a week, we comb it out more thoroughly, riding the coat of dead hairs.
- It is not recommended to bathe the chin often, once a month will be enough. After the walk, you need to wash your paws and long hair on your legs.
- Once a week we use a special solution and tampons for cleaning the ears. During the procedure, we carefully examine the ears for trauma, inflammation, and excessive discharge.
- The Japanese Chin requires brushing every week.
- We trim the nails every 30-40 days.
It is important to provide your dog with a balanced diet and access to clean water around the clock. The Japanese Chin is often stubborn and refuses to eat food that it doesn’t like. In this case, it is very difficult to feed him. The main thing is to choose a diet suitable for your pet.
Little chins can be gluttonous, but you must not follow their lead, otherwise the dog will get fat and hurt.
The dog’s diet should include:
- Animal proteins. Beef, fish, poultry. Fatty meat is excluded.
- Carbohydrates. Porridge and vegetables must be mixed with meat or fish.
- Calcium. For breakfast, cottage cheese diluted with kefir is suitable.
There is no need to share “human” food with your dog.
Japanese chins are unpretentious in food, so you can keep the diet that they are used to from the breeder.
For example, you can feed the chin with premium dry food if that’s convenient for you.
Japanese Chins are excellent mothers, so puppies are always fed and washed.
From a month, babies need to be fed with cottage cheese, diluted milk or kefir.
First, give cottage cheese from your finger, then teach the puppies to eat from a saucer.
Only after the kids get used to such a diet, you can go first to minced meat, and then to small pieces.
By one and a half months, cereals are added to the diet, by two months – boiled vegetables, by three months – raw fruits and vegetables, fish.
Health and diseases
Japanese Chin has no particular health problems. Most often, there are diseases to which almost all decorative dogs are predisposed. The list of these diseases is set out below:
- Hypothyroidism is a pathological condition that develops as a result of a long-term lack of thyroid hormones.
- Mitral valve stenosis is a pathology characterized by narrowing of the left atrioventricular opening.
- Distichiasis is an abnormal growth of eyelashes.
- Erosion of the cornea of the eye – epithelial damage to the cornea, often of a traumatic nature.
- Progressive retinal atrophy is an inherited eye disease that leads to loss of vision.
- Cryptorchidism is a pathological condition characterized by the absence of one or two testicles in the scrotal cavity.
- Dysplasia of the hip joint – at the last stage leads to immobility and intolerable pain.
- Dwarfism is a disease associated with a deficiency of growth hormone (somatotropin) produced by the pituitary gland.
- Semi-vertebra – manifested by a very significant shortening of the vertebral body, often accompanied by a decrease in the height of the vertebral body.
- Entropion is removed by surgery.
There is another problem with Japanese Chins worth noting. They often sneeze for a long time, snort, which, in the end, can lead to an attack. All because of the special structure of the head. The owner, having noticed such a sneezing, should take the pet in his arms and calm him down.
It is also important to know that Japanese Chins do not tolerate anesthesia well. Apply anesthesia, pain relief should be done with great care.
With proper care, maintenance, nutrition, Japanese Chin can live for 11-12 years. There are cases of longevity, when representatives of the breed lived to be 15-16 years old. Proper care consists in routine vaccination, preventive examinations in a veterinary clinic, taking tests and processing from external, internal parasites.
Heat, high air temperature is destructive for chin.
Character and abilities of the Japanese chin
The Japanese Chin is a friendly, unobtrusive, proud and brave dog. Only the owner’s inattention and rude attitude can spoil her character. What is valuable in such a pet is that it adopts the lifestyle of its owner.
If he likes to spend his time actively, Chin will be happy to run, jump, play all day long. If the owner prefers to relax passively, sitting on the couch in front of the TV, the dog will just as calmly lie next to him, enjoying the owner’s company in any case.
The chin is friendly to all household members, but it certainly singles out the main thing among them. The greatest pleasure for such a dog is to take part in everything that family members do.
Despite its innate friendliness and playfulness, the Japanese Chin does not tolerate familiarity from strangers. It is better for a stranger not to try to stroke the chin; in response, he can not only growl, but also bite.
Surprisingly, this decorative dog has a fearless disposition, which is why it often finds itself in dangerous situations. It makes an excellent housekeeper. Chin barks rarely, only in justified cases. More often he arranges tantrums, during which he can “yell”, hiss and even spit. In anger, the Japanese Chin completely loses its mind.
The decorative pet gets along well with children. Adults should teach older children to take good care of the chin, and it is not recommended to leave babies alone with such a miniature dog. A small child can unknowingly harm a chin, which in turn can respond with aggression.
Relationships with pets are good. The Japanese Chin gets along well even with cats.
Important! Chins sometimes become depressed from jealousy or resentment against the owner. During such periods, the dog may go on a hunger strike. Don’t try to quell the riot by removing the bowl of food – you may exacerbate the situation.
Training and education
Compared to other decorative dogs, the Japanese Chin is easy to learn. He has a sharp mind, he is quick-witted, but with the wrong approach to education and training, he can refuse lessons, become uncontrollable and even aggressive towards the owner.
It is important that from the first days a mutual understanding is established between the puppy and its owner. Interestingly, on rare occasions, Japanese Chin is trained with food rewards. For such a dog, praise from the owner and variety during classes are more important. Chin doesn’t like to be bored.
It is quite possible to train a decorative dog at home. The main thing is that the owner is calm and consistent. If lessons, trainings are carried out daily, you can achieve high results from your four-legged pupil.
- In ancient times, a thief who stole a Japanese chin was punishable by death.
- Representatives of the Japanese breed have starred in many films (“Mimino”, “Stone Flower”).
- In Japan, Chins are often called “makurar-tzem”, which translates as “sofa dog”.
- Because of the habit of chewing the food of the Japanese Chin for a long time and thoroughly, in his homeland they call the “chewing dog”.
- The Chins kept at the palaces had one main duty – to create harmony in the imperial chambers and maintain a positive mood of the royal people.
- Marshal Georgy Zhukov had a pet in the form of the Japanese Chin.
Pros and cons of the breed
The Japanese Chin, due to its friendly nature, is suitable for almost everyone who loves decorative dogs. The main thing is that the owner has enough time to devote it to his pet.
Like every other breed, the Japanese Chin has its own pros and cons.
- Beautiful appearance.
- Friendly nature.
- Loyalty to the owner.
- Ideal for apartment maintenance.
- Does not require long walks and great physical exertion.
- Well trained.
- Adapts to the owner’s lifestyle.
- Get along with children.
- Get along with pets.
- Excessive fear of being left without a master.
- Long coat requires daily grooming.
- Picky about food.
- Loses control in anger, shows recklessness.
- Often injured due to the habit of climbing higher.
- Does not tolerate heat.
- Poorly tolerates anesthesia.