A dog that knows its own worth is how you can characterize a baby Japanese Spitz. He is dependent on the attention of a person, but he will never impose on him: this will not be allowed by his dignified essence. A distinctive feature of the pet is its snow-white coat – rarely any breed can boast of such an impeccable coat, so the doggie is very clean.
The Japanese Spitz is a decorative dog with a luxurious snow-white fur is quite justifiably very popular in almost all countries of the world.
Representatives of the breed are not only beautiful, they are friendly, playful, not whimsical and, unlike most indoor dogs, calm, not conflicting.
The homeland of the Japanese Spitz is Japan, it is clear from the name. The formation, development of the breed took place in this country in 1920-1930.
For all the time, it has not been possible to find a 100% correct answer to the question of which dogs’ genes were used to improve the Japanese Spitz, which breeds are its ancestors. There are two most plausible versions:
1. From northeastern China to Japan in the early twentieth century were imported German Spitz. The Japanese, seeing these dogs at a show in Tokyo (1921), were delighted with their beauty. It was decided to create a similar breed in Japan.
Breeding work was carried out from 1925 to 1936. Crossing of German Spitz with dwarf white Spitz was carried out, they were brought from different parts of the world. As a result, we managed to breed a snow-white dog, named a new species – Japanese Spitz.
2. There is an assumption that the direct ancestors of the modern Japanese Spitz are the undersized Samoyed Siberian huskies.
In 1948, the breed standard was officially established in the homeland of the Japanese Spitz. In European countries, it was recognized and registered in the seventies of the twentieth century.
On the one hand, the Japanese Spitz adopted from its congeners – the Florentine and German Spitz – most of the characteristics, but, on the other hand, it differs in its own exterior features. For example, a pet has a longer body length, the eyes have a characteristic oriental cut, and the coat is snow-white. The standard does not allow for yellowish, creamy or milky shades, recognizing only pure white wool.
Japanese Spitz has a small round head, which slightly widens towards the back of the head. The muzzle is wedge-shaped, with a distinct stop before passing into the skull. The bite should be scissor bite, and the teeth should be medium-sized and strong. The nose is small, always black, and has a characteristic roundness. The small eyes are dark in color with contrasting rims.
The ears are triangular, closely spaced, inclined only forward. The gracefully curved neck is sufficiently long and strong. The long body is distinguished by a short and straight back, a convex loin, a wide chest, and a tucked-up belly. The hind legs are muscular, somewhat reminiscent of the legs of a cat. The tail is located on the back, has long hairs, medium length and high set.
The pride of the Japanese Spitz – a thick and lush coat – is formed by a fluffy, dense and thick undercoat and top coat, due to which the appearance becomes airier. Rather coarse hair stands upright, but not on all parts of the body it is long: for example, the forearms in front, metatarsals, ears, pasterns and muzzle have a shorter coat. Color – white only.
The dimensions of the dog are as follows: the height at the withers is 36-40 cm maximum, the weight is 7-10 kg.
Character and personality traits of the Japanese Spitz
The Japanese Spitz is a wonderful companion because it is loyal, energetic, playful and affectionate. Its loving, kind nature means it is also good with young children.
This breed thrives on being close to people and the Japanese Spitz loves to be at the center of its family. It is very loyal and will want to be at your side at all times.
Its sociable nature means it gets on well with other dogs and pets in the house. Despite its “knee-size” appearance, this breed enjoys being active, spending time walking and running off the beaten path. This does not mean that you will not find this your friendly Japanese Spitz curled up on your lap for a while later.
There is no need to invest in a burglar alarm, as this breed is an excellent watchdog and barks easily to alert its family of a visitor’s arrival at its home.
The Japanese Spitz really believes that this is a big dog trapped in the body of a small dog. However, if it does not socialize well as a puppy, this trait can be a problem because it can become too suspicious of strangers.
It is not uncommon for this breed of dog to be initially removed from visitors, but once this dog has relaxed, it will quickly seduce the guests with its vibrant and entertaining personality.
The average lifespan of a Japanese Spitz is about 10-16 years. Representatives of the breed are distinguished by longevity. By nature, Spitz has good health, it has excellent heredity, genetic problems and viral diseases very rarely occur.
It depends on the owner how healthy his dog will be. It is important to monitor the condition of the animal, having found signs of the disease, not to self-medicate, but immediately seek help from a veterinarian.
Also necessary are routine vaccinations, preventive examinations in a veterinary clinic, drugs for helminths and skin parasites.
The Japanese Spitz has a predisposition to the following health problems:
- Dislocations – the joint is displaced from its normal position.
- Excessive tearing – this phenomenon occurs due to too small tear ducts or due to stress.
- Allergic reaction – often occurs to care products, in particular to shampoo.
- Cataract is an eye disease that can lead to complete loss of vision.
- Volvulus – happens due to poor quality food and improper diet.
- Oncological diseases are more often observed in elderly Spitz.
Having a thick undercoat in tandem with a long coat, the Japanese Spitz could well live outside in a booth, in an aviary. But it is absolutely impossible to imagine a snow-white small dog living in a yard. This pet was created for housing.
In addition, the Japanese Spitz is distinguished by its cleanliness, he hates dirt. If you install a litter box for him in the house, the dog will quickly learn to relieve himself in the indicated place. This does not mean that you do not need to walk the Spitz.
Take your pet to fresh air daily. Two walks a day are enough, but they should be active, give him the opportunity to run without a leash, free.
In the apartment, from the first day, determine the place for the puppy with a bed. The Japanese Spitz is neat and obedient, he does not spoil the owner’s things, does not tear the floor with his claws and does not tear the furniture upholstery with his teeth. But to be on the safe side, buy him toys that he will sharpen his teeth on.
An indisputable plus of the Spitz is the absence of a specific dog smell. So such a pet is ideal for indoor keeping.
The care is not too difficult, the main thing is regular procedures:
- We comb the wool twice a week; during the shedding period, this procedure is carried out daily.
- The coat of the Japanese Spitz has a unique property – dirt does not stick to the guard hair, but, on the contrary, repels. That is why these dogs always look neat and clean, it is enough to shake off and the coat is clean again. It is clear that frequent bathing is not required. It is enough to wash the dog every 2-3 months. It is recommended to use detergents containing natural oils for bathing the Spitz. It is important to dry the dog thoroughly after bathing, as the thick undercoat will dry on its own for a very long time, which can lead to skin diseases.
- We wipe our dog’s eyes daily in the morning, removing discharge after the night.
- Ears are examined and cleaned weekly. We buy special cleaning products for cleaning. Watch for excessive earwax or infection symptoms.
- We trim the nails as they grow. If there is no experience, we turn to a specialist. Without skill, the owner can touch the blood vessels located on the claws.
In food, the Japanese Spitz is completely unpretentious. The representatives of the breed rarely have food allergies. You can feed such a pet with ready-made dry food or natural products.
In the first case, the feed is bought premium, balanced. In the second, the products must be of high quality, the diet is well-prepared, and you should also buy vitamin and mineral supplements without fail.
You need to feed the Spitz 3 times a day, dividing the daily rate into small portions. Remember to wash your food and water containers daily, they must be perfectly clean.
As mentioned earlier, the Japanese Spitz does not have allergies, therefore, a variety of foods can be in its diet.
- Meat: Lean lamb and beef; skinless chicken (you need to make sure that its use does not cause dark marks under the eyes)
- Sea fish: Boiled or baked fillet
- Cereals: Buckwheat or rice
- Vegetables: Broccoli, green pepper, cucumber, zucchini
- Eggs: Boiled or omelet
- Fruits: Pears, apples – exclusively in the form of a delicacy. Avoid orange and red vegetables and fruits so that the dog’s coat does not turn yellow
- Cartilage and rusks: As a treat
- Vegetable oil: 1 tbsp. l. sea buckthorn, linseed, olive
- Fermented milk products: Kefir, low-fat cottage cheese, natural yogurt
The Japanese spitz needs about one hour of exercise a day. The bright white fur is dirty under the effect of rain, but once dry, the mud is removed very well by brushing, leaving the hair as clean as before.
Training and education
For decorative dogs, such as the Japanese Spitz, no special training is required. But socialization, education and a general course of training must be carried out, otherwise even an ordinary walk with a pet in public places can turn into a lot of trouble.
The Japanese Spitz is a quick-witted dog with a good memory. It is not difficult to train him, the main thing is that the lessons are not boring, it is recommended to use a game form.
Education should not be soft or tough, it will ruin the pet, its character will become unbearable. It is necessary to find a golden mean in the process of training. Use food promotions as well as praise.
You cannot beat or shout at the Spitz, because of this he will be either too fearful or too vicious.
Up to 2-3 months, the pet must learn the basic, simplest commands and learn the rules of behavior in the house and in public places. After that, you can proceed to more complex commands.
Japanese Spitz Fun Facts
- The Japanese Spitz has a special texture of the coat, thanks to which dirt does not stick to the coat, it is very easy to remove, sometimes it is enough for the dog to shake off to become clean again.
- All organizations of dog handlers existing in the world have officially recognized the “Japanese Spitz” breed, only the American club refused to recognize this species as independent. American dog handlers believe that the Japanese Spitz is identical with the American Eskimo dog.
- The Japanese Spitz is quite rightly called “the silent dog”. All due to the fact that such a pet barks only justifiably, it never makes noise in vain. If the Spitz is too noisy, this is a serious drawback, a marriage.
- The Japanese Spitz is a dog characterized by increased cleanliness.
Japanese Spitz Dog Breed Highlights
The Japanese Spitz is the ideal companion dog. Its owner can be a beginner. Such a pet is suitable for couples, for the elderly, for large families.
If you are ready to devote enough time to a Pomeranian, if you provide him with proper maintenance, balanced nutrition, give your care and love, he will answer you with boundless devotion and affection.
Below are the main advantages and disadvantages of the Nihon Supittsu breed.
- It does not bother a Japanese Spitz to be left alone as long as it’s never too long.
- This dog is very good with children of all ages.
- Beautiful snow-white coat.
- In the right hands, it is easy to train.
- Friendliness and dedication.
- Get along with children.
- Japanese Spitz gets along well with other dogs because it is social by nature.
- It’s a good choice for first time dog owners.
- Get along well with other pets.
- Japanese Spitz is a natural watchdog.
- The Japanese Spitz requires a lot of maintenance (grooming).
- It has a lot of energy and needs a lot of daily physical exercise.
- Inclination to dominate.
- This dog is naturally suspicious of people it does not know.
- Japanese Spitz has a sense of prey.
- Can easily get stressed or depressed.
- It is a breed known to love the sound of its own voice.
- Japanese Spitz can be willful and stubborn when the mood takes it.