The komondor is a breed of dog of Hungarian origin, which was traditionally used as a guard dog and which is very similar to the Puli dog. However, they can be easily differentiated, and that is because the puli is a much smaller dog than the komondor.
It is an excellent sheepdog and protector of sheep or cattle, the komondor is a brave dog capable of defending his against any attack, both from intrusive people such as the wolf and the bear. In this article from Pets Feed, we will learn more about this spectacular dog, its origin, its characteristics, its character and even the health problems linked to the breed.
The komondor is an ancient breed, known in Hungary – native country – for thousands of years. It arrived in Hungary with the nomadic Magyars, who used it as guardian of their flocks. It is possible to descend from the great ovtcharka, another protective dog of cattle from the Caucasian region of southwestern Russia.
The history of the Komondor dog since its beginnings in Hungary, perhaps as a descendant of the Tibetan dogs which populated the Himalayas, like the Tibetan mastiff, with which it is believed to share its origin. It is a very large and sturdy dog, which can be classified as a giant breed because of its size.
In Hungary, this animal was very important for a long time, as a pasture dog and guardian, until today becoming one of the pets par excellence in the country. His appearance may be that of a tender sheep, but beneath this appearance is a strong and courageous dog with a high protective instinct, which, beyond taking care of the herds, was even used as a battle dog during the Second World War.
During this time, the German army killed a good number of Komondor dogs, which put the breed in serious danger. Fortunately, at the end of the war, the Hungarians were able to maintain and recover the breed through improved breeding, and today it remains one of the favorite pets in homes across the country. However, it is not so easy to find specimens of Komondor outside of Hungary, as it is a generally unknown breed.
Physical characteristics of komondor
The two most striking characteristics of the komondor dog are its size and its fur. It is a large animal that competes with another handful of breeds to be the largest in the world.
In what it gains by far, it is in the weight of its fur, which represents up to 7 kilos of weight for the animal because of the quantity. It is a fairly heavy breed in terms of movement, with very large limbs. It camouflages itself perfectly well under all its coat of hairs, but it is always possible to differentiate its dark and oval eyes and its hanging ears in the shape of V.
Its muzzle is very powerful, not too elongated, and ends in a large truffle black that protrudes slightly between the hairs. The komondor is very strong, and it is not easy to control if you do not have the experience and education of a puppy, so it is not a breed recommended for everyone.
In addition, it is capable of jumping high enough, and was originally used to attack any predator that approached herds, including wolves and bears.
The komondor is one of the largest dogs that exists. The minimum size of these animals, in the case of females, is 65 centimeters, but it is quite common to find males that reach about 90 centimeters, a record height for a dog. As for the weight, it is generally between 40 and 80 kilos, proportions which allow to test the resistance of the strongest people.
The coat of the komondor is the other distinctive feature of the breed. It is a fur made of ropes or dreadlocks, very long and dense, which covers almost the entire body of the animal.
The hairs are always white, reminiscent of a traditional mop, something that this dog naturally obtains, and for which he needs help and care. It also has a much softer and denser inner protective layer, although it seems almost impossible to find it beneath this entire outer layer.
The komondor puppy is born with short, soft, curly hairs. It is only when it reaches maturity that the hairs begin to grow and acquire the shape that we know. In addition, it will take six years to complete its growth, when the animal will show its full splendor.
Nature is believed to have formed the fur of these animals as a protective measure against wolves, who were unable to bite or harm them when they were fighting. This coat is one of the most special of all known dog breeds, and although it requires specific care, it is able to remain naturally in good condition.
In addition, despite the volume of hair, the komondor practically does not release dead hair, an advantage when it comes to keeping the house clean of canine remains. It is important to keep in mind that the type of hair does not require brushing, as their dreadlocks would be broken, but it needs special care, which will often necessarily end up in a professional grooming salon. In addition, it is necessary to watch that the animal does not take fleas or ticks, because they are very difficult to detect when they hide in the tangled hairs.
Character of the behavior of the Komondor
Guard dog by nature, the komondor is not a breed suitable for anyone and you have to think deeply before buying one. Suspicious of strangers, it feels devotion to its family and will protect it from everything it considers a threat.
The temperament of the komondor is everything you would expect from a watchdog. Although its appearance may seem funny and harmless, the truth is that under all this coat hides a very brave and trained animal for combat, which needs a firm leader who can contain it. It is a breed that requires training of a puppy, because it can be stubborn and independent, so it is not recommended for people with no previous experience with dogs of these characteristics.
On the other hand, the komondor is a fairly calm and self-assured dog, with a great protective instinct towards his family. It is not a particularly affectionate animal, but it will tolerate the caresses of those it loves, especially if they are children, with whom it is patient and affectionate.
This breed also requires rapid socialization with other dogs and other animals, to avoid developing aggressive tendencies in adulthood. With firmness in his education and socialization, it will be possible to enjoy a balanced, calm and even affectionate animal.
It all depends on the effort of its owners to meet the needs of the animal. Remember that it is also very important to influence the education and socialization of a puppy’s komondor, because it is an animal with a strong enough temperament which can be difficult to control in adulthood. Also, always try to educate him positively, as he is a dog who does not tolerate punishment well.
Given its working dog characteristics, the most resistant specimens have been historically selected to fulfill this function. Consequently, komondor is today a dog which presents practically no health problem.
However, he is also likely to suffer from common problems of large breeds, such as hip dysplasia and gastric torsion. Beyond that, the most important thing is to take good care of your coat to avoid skin problems.
Caring for a Komondor dog is time consuming. First of all, you need to regularly examine the eyes and ears of the Komondor – because of the thick coat, it is not always possible to understand that there are some problems. Purulent formations can be removed with cotton swabs.
- Contrary to fears, grooming is easier than it sounds.
- Tangled pigtails must be carefully separated by gently pulling.
- This removes small debris, blades of grass, chips.
- Up to 10 months the Komondor puppy’s coat over the tail can be brushed.
- It is recommended to use a soft, fluffy brush for cleaning.
- Too long leg flaps can be cut off.
Due to the density of the Komondor hair, the probability of the appearance of parasites is high, so the dog should be examined regularly. It is enough to wash the Hungarian Shepherd Dog once every two months using lanolin shampoo.
Despite the fact that the dog looks like a mop, it is notable for its cleanliness. In addition, the Komondor does not have a specific “doggy” smell, so it will not become a burden when kept in an apartment.
Despite its evolution, the Komondor remains an active guard dog. For the Hungarian Shepherd, a city apartment is not the best place to live. The pet will feel most comfortable in a suburban area – a summer residence or a farm.
The dog needs regular physical activity, so you need to walk it daily for at least two hours. Simple running is not enough for representatives of this breed: it is recommended to drive the Hungarian Shepherd to a special area equipped with various obstacles. People leading an active lifestyle can take a Komondor with them for a run to the park – he will willingly run alongside him as long as necessary.
Historically, the adult Hungarian Shepherd Komondor is not picky about food. At a young age, it is recommended to feed a puppy of this breed with specialized food, which contains all the necessary trace elements and vitamins. As you grow, vegetables, cereals and meat can be added to the diet.
Despite its impressive size, an adult Komondor eats a little – on average, one and a half kilograms of food. You should train your dog to eat once a day at the same time. If the pet is kept on a natural diet, it is recommended to add complexes for large breeds of dogs to the diet. After eating, the Komondor should rest for better digestion.
It is strictly forbidden to feed the Hungarian Shepherd:
- Fatty pork;
- Dairy products (with the exception of rare portions of cheese);
Training and education
Thanks to a sharp, inquiring mind, learning the Hungarian Komondor is easy even at a young age. But, having a cunning and stubborn character, the Komondor will try to cheat and deceive the owner.
A trained dog that has recognized the authority of the owner, on the contrary, will listen to him without trying to take a leading position. This does not negate the fact that in any incomprehensible situation the Komondor is able to quickly make the right decisions – a free life for many generations affects.
Note! Teaching young Komondor puppies is best done in a playful way. The “whip method” will not give the desired effect – the touchy Hungarian Shepherd will start doing everything in spite of its owner.
Komondor Fun Facts
Representatives of the breed have a touchy character, and can repay the offender in kind, “savoring cold revenge.” This applies not only to outsiders, but also to family members who have lost authority in his eyes.
Among large breed dogs, a high level of intelligence is not uncommon, but Hungarian Komondor dogs can give odds to anyone. The main thing that distinguishes the commanders is their phenomenal memory: even once contacting a person, he is able to recognize him after a few years.
The Hungarian Komondor Shepherd has very light bones, which reduces overall body weight and makes the dog lighter than other breeds of the same size. An adult Komondor weighs an average of 50-60 kg. For comparison: St. Bernard or English Mastiff with the same height can weigh up to 100 kg.
Komondor dogs are considered a national treasure. And this despite the fact that the breed appeared earlier than Hungary itself and in a completely different place.
Komondor Dog Breed Highlights
- The Komondor is known to be a good companion and a “loyal and dedicated” pet.
- It is an excellent watchdog with a natural instinct to protect and guard.
- The Komondor thrives in a family environment.
- It is known to be a natural watchdog.
- The Komondor is very smart and quick to learn.
- It is a dog breed with a low coat.
- The Komondor thrives on human companionship and suffers separation anxiety when left alone.
- It is not the best choice for new owners.
- It is an independent thinker by nature.
- It is known to love the sound of it own voice a little too much.
- Komondor puppies must be well socialized from an early age.
- This dog is better suited to households with older children.
- The Komondor has a strong sense of prey.
- It must be trained with a firm but gentle hand.
- It can be quite voluntary when the mood takes it.
- The coat of the Komondor requires a lot of maintenance, especially when it is young.
If you believe that a specimen of the Komondor dog is what you need in your life, then go to a specialized breeder. The task will take time, as it is not a breed that is too large in the world, but it will be the best way to ensure that your puppy is healthy and strong.
Additionally, only an experienced dog breeder will be able to provide you with the information you may need about the breed first hand, something fundamental to knowing the needs of your new pet to get an ideal life partner. .