The poodle is a breed that has its origin in the middle ages, as evidenced by artistic representations where these animals can be recognized, such as sculptures or coins. However, at that time there was only one variety of poodle breed, much larger than the other three varieties that appeared later. The miniature poodle is the third, a small dog that does not become as compact as the toy poodle.
The breed was mainly developed in three countries, in France, Russia and Germany, and in each of them, they followed certain breeding guidelines to reach the size of the breed that best suited the lifestyle of their inhabitants. Although in all countries the great poodle was divided into the original breed, the other varieties adapted to be perfect pets were quickly seen.
At first, the poodle was mainly used for hunting. It had innate capacities to collect prey in water, probably acquired in its genes within the framework of its creation from other breeds such as the spaniel or the Maltese. Since then, he was a very popular animal, so much so that even Francisco de Goya represented it in several of his works, as a portrait commissioned by King Louis XVI of France himself.
These hunting poodles had one of the most relevant characteristics that have remained until today, and that is their long, very dense and populated fur. The problem with this coat was that it posed a risk to the animals when they jumped into the water to collect prey, because it weighed heavily when they soaked and sank the dogs, some even drowned. To avoid this risk, owners have started to cut hair from the least sensitive areas of their body, such as the legs and back, leaving only the fur of the chest and kidneys to protect it. This custom has been maintained until today, although today it is made for aesthetic purposes, and it is mandatory in many cases to present the breed at beauty shows.
Gradually, the largest varieties of the breed gave birth to the smallest and most compact, which combined all the beauty and intelligence characteristics of large poodles in a smaller body suitable for city life. Therefore, it is currently possible to find copies of all sizes and types in homes around the world.
Characteristics of the miniature poodle
The miniature poodle is a small dog, a little larger than the variety of the toy poodle, but with the ideal size to be able to enjoy an active and energetic animal, easy to transport and which can accompany its owner anywhere. Even being a small puppy, it is an animal that maintains proportions perfectly, like all the other larger varieties.
He also has the same elegance as his larger counterparts, although he may have more sympathy when walking, as his steps are shorter. The head also remains perfectly proportioned and ends with an elongated and very fine snout. He also has dark, almond-shaped eyes, and large ears that fall on both sides of the head.
Among all the characteristics of the poodle, the fact that its legs are robust and of medium length, as well as its tail, which tends to be raised at an average height. For all this, it is a sporty breed and predisposed to activity, which always remains alert and easily attracts the attention of people for their appearance and their character.
Size of the miniature poodle
The size of the miniature poodle, like that of other varieties, is marked by the FCI. According to the drafted standard, these animals must be placed between 28 and 35 centimeters at the cross. The weight is not indicated in the standard, but it must always keep the proportions with the size. In addition, these dogs can be a little lighter than other breeds of equal size, it should always look like an agile and healthy animal. Thanks to its size, the miniature poodle adapts easily to life in small spaces, an advantage for people who live in big cities and who do not have excessively large apartments.
Miniature poodle coat
The coat is one of the characteristics that remain exactly the same in all varieties of the breed. It can come in two forms, in the form of tufts or curly. In the first case, the locks are made up of locks of hair that reach about 20 centimeters. In the second case, they are curly hairs based on very fine curls and woolly to the touch.
Poodles of different shades can be found, although they should always be specimens of one color throughout their body. The most common colors are white, black, brown, gray, fawn and various shades of brown. All are also accepted to attend beauty contests.
Differences between the miniature poodle and the toy poodle
The main difference between the different varieties of poodle is its size. In the case of the miniature poodle and the toy poodle, this difference is the same. The breed is practically the same in terms of physical characteristics, except that the toy poodle reaches a maximum of 28 centimeters in height, which is precisely the minimum height for the adult miniature poodle. The difference between the two is so small that, in some cases, it may even seem that the miniature poodle is a toy poodle, and vice versa.
In addition, just as the same breed is eminently in terms of physique, it is also of character. The poodle has a similar temperament in all its sizes, although it is true that the small varieties can be a little more nervous and show a slight change in their usual state. The temperament of any poodle is alert most of the time, which does not mean that they cannot enjoy moments of tranquility and relaxation.
Miniature poodle behavior
The miniature poodle is a perfect pet for all types of families due to its friendly and sociable nature. He is very playful and enjoys activity in the company of his family and people of all ages. He likes to be with children, although his treatment should be monitored so that he does not suffer any damage due to his small size.
It is a very intelligent dog breed attached to its family, capable of keeping the attention focused on its owner for very long periods. This implies that the animal is more than likely to pursue its owner everywhere, but it also considerably facilitates its education, since it is also able to learn a large number of commands.
The poodle requires more attention and care than other breeds, so it is only recommended for people who can spend a lot of time a day. If this small dog is bored or if he suffers from anxiety, he may develop destructive and unpleasant behaviors inside the house. We must also keep in mind that he is very protective of himself and that he can bark frequently if he perceives the presence of strangers, whom he will always be wary of.
There is no doubt that the miniature poodle and its temperament are ideal for any type of family. If you choose this breed, you will have a loyal and very special friend, provided that the whole family is ready to meet their needs.
Note! Young dogs like to bark a lot. But over time, this feature comes to naught.
It is quite easy to find poodles with a very long lifespan, which reach on average 16 years without difficulty. Indeed, it is a strong breed, which is hardly affected by the most common diseases in dogs. The miniature poodle may suffer from hip dysplasia, allergies and other skin problems or glaucoma, but all are more or less controllable if diagnosed early.
Providing the dog with a healthy lifestyle is the best way to stay healthy and have a very long and happy life.
To take good care of a miniature poodle, the most important is to devote a good part of your time to it, so that you can enjoy his company and strengthen this privileged relationship. Do not forget to go to the veterinarian whenever necessary, to ensure his health and give him the necessary vaccines and deworm them internally and externally.
The coat of the miniature poodle also needs some attention so as not to become tangled or deteriorate, although in this case it is interesting to go from time to time to a professional hairdresser to cut his hair and that it is still in perfect condition. In addition, if your dog participates in a competition, he must show a specific cut, so inform yourself before submitting him to a beauty contest. What you can do by yourself is to bathe him, but always make sure to do it with a specific product suitable for his delicate skin.
The miniature poodle is not a dog that needs as high a level of exercise as the other breeds, but it must practice various activities daily, like walking or playing all kinds of games. He must also have space to run in order to eliminate any energy he may have.
Note! Small dogs love the bathing procedure, so frequent bathing will not hurt. This is due to the past of the dog, who spent a lot of time in the water.
The training of this poodle is relatively simple as long as it is done correctly and positively. It is an animal with a high level of attention and very intelligent, so it will learn easily if its owner gives the necessary directives and participates in it. It is also important to influence his socialization with all kinds of animals as a puppy, so that as an adult he will be an affable and friendly animal in all situations.
If you think this is the breed that suits you best, then start by looking for a breeder with experience and good references. In this way, you will have health guarantees for your puppy and you will be able to receive direct information on its care and education. Remember that the poodle in general, and especially the miniature poodle is one of the most suitable dogs for people of all kinds, but it also requires a lot of attention from the owner, so make sure you can dedicate that to him before making the decision.
In particular, the breed includes a vulnerable liver that reacts quickly to improper nutrition. It is necessary to exclude everything fat from the dog’s diet. The miniature poodle will need a balanced diet with a minimum fat content.
You need to feed a miniature poodle according to the following rules:
- Gradually change the type of food used by the breeder (if needed).
- Buy only high-quality dry food of the highest class if ready-made food is used.
- Do not add natural food to prepared feed.
The choice of the type of diet remains with the owner. Both dry and natural food in the correct dosage will be suitable for the pet. The main thing is not to mix both types of food. This will lead to an imbalance in the pet’s body.
An adult dog eats twice a day, a puppy – 3-5, depending on age. The largest number of feedings will be required for an animal from 2 to 3 months. From 8 months old the dog can be fed 2 times a day.
It is enough to adhere to the feed dosage indicated by the manufacturer. For natural foods, portion sizes are based on weight. The optimal volume is 350-450 grams.
Miniature Poodle Dog Variety Highlights
- The miniature poodle is a large and very adaptable dog.
- It is a great companion for the elderly.
- It does not lose (a lot) of hair, which makes it the perfect choice for allergy sufferers.
- The miniature poodle is energetic, lively and loyal.
- It is extremely intelligent and therefore easy to train.
- The poodle is easy to transport.
- It generally behaves well with other animals when it has been well socialized from an early age.
- Not too demanding in terms of exercise.
- Good choice for new owners.
- Some miniature poodles can be very tight, which seems to be the case on certain lines.
- The miniature poodle can be shy and reserved if he is not socialized well enough from a young age.
- He suffers from separation anxiety if left to himself.
- The miniature poodle is known to be a “barker”.
- High maintenance on the grooming front and should benefit from a professional maintenance every 6 weeks approximately.
- The miniature poodle is not the best choice for households with very young children.