Molosser Dogs- Who Are They: An Overview Of Dog Breeds

Molosser dogs

Of all the variety of dog breeds, Molosser dogs attract special attention. These dogs command respect at first sight – and not only for their size.

Molosser Dogs History

Molosser dogs are rightfully considered one of the oldest dogs on the planet. Long before the beginning of our era, they lived with the Assyrians, Sumerians and Phoenicians, from where, according to the stable version, they got to the ancient Romans and gained immense popularity here. Giant dogs were used for spectacular bloody battles, protection, hard work.

Already in those ancient times, folk selection of various breeds of Molosser began – people selected dogs for their specific needs and bred them. Subsequently, the history of any of the Molosser dogs breeds was not easy, it knew its ups and downs. Many of them have repeatedly found themselves under the threat of complete extinction – only in the last century this happened twice, after the First and Second World Wars.

General Features

Ancient, terrifying giant dogs became the ancestors of many modern breeds, including the rather miniature ones. But even in a small pug or a funny Frenchie, the signs of their great ancestors are clearly visible.


Breeds of Molosser dogs have common, distinctive features for the entire group of exterior features:

  • Impressive dimensions;
  • Hanging ears;
  • Saggy skin, powerful jaws;
  • Massive head;
  • Strong bones;
  • A tired, wise look.


Molosser dogs are very intelligent and they seem to know about it. These dogs do not rush to carry out the command, but prefer to think it over well in order to make the only correct decision later. For this reason, they can not find a common language with every trainer, but they will learn and work perfectly with someone who is truly respected.


But these wonderful dogs were not lucky with health. Large breeds are very difficult to grow, however, smaller breeds also have problems with paws, with the formation of bone and cartilage tissue, joint pathology, the most common and serious of which is dysplasia. Dogs with a short muzzle have difficulty breathing and subsequently with the cardiovascular system. Digestive disorders often occur, Molosser dogs are also susceptible to such a dangerous pathology as gastric volvulus.

Pros and cons of keeping Molosser Dogs


  • Spectacular appearance;
  • High intelligence;
  • Outstanding protective qualities;
  • Loyalty to the owner and his family


  • Health problems;
  • Short life expectancy;
  • Difficulties in training;
  • Difficult cultivation

Varieties of Molosser Dogs Breeds

Many breeds of dogs belong to the Molosser type – with significant similarities in exterior and character, they are very diverse. And a little cute pug, and a sports boxer, and a giant mastiff – there is plenty to choose from.

Great Dane

Great Dane Molossian

Noble and majestic giants – Great Dane – are full of self-esteem and will take revenge on anyone who dares to encroach on him. In the family, the dog develops the most tender relationship, especially with children.

St. Bernard

Molossian St. Bernard

The handsome St. Bernard is a lifeguard by its main purpose, but his character is far from being as soft and fluffy as his appearance. These dogs are temperaments, touchy, love and know how to fight.

Cane Corso

Molossian Cane Corso

Cane Corso is a reliable protector of your family, fearless, smart and loyal. But the upbringing of such a dog will have to be systematically engaged in its entire life, starting from an early puppy age.

Mastiffs The subgroup includes several breeds of mastiffs: Neapolitan, Tibetan, English and others. They stand out for their huge size, independent but loyal character and, unfortunately, short life expectancy.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Molossian Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are territorial guard dogs, excellent shepherds. They are accustomed to making and implementing important decisions on their own, so learning can be problematic.


Molossian Rottweiler

The Rottweiler is one of the brightest and most effective service breeds. But it is highly desirable that such dogs end up only in experienced hands.

Dogue de Bordeaux

Molossian Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux is also a mastiff, but of French origin. A bully, a sly and a glutton, but overall incredibly charming – I just want to call him Porthos.


Molossian Newfoundland

Newfoundland, which we often call a diver, specializes in water rescue. It swims perfectly and has a special quality water-repellent wool. The character is nordic, not at all “cute”.


Molossian German Boxer

The German Boxer is a dog of medium (as for a Molosser dogs) size and a fit, athletic build. Temperamental, smart, well trained, a little stubborn – but that doesn’t spoil him.

English Bulldog

Molossian English Bulldog

This short-legged big man and lumpy can show excellent qualities of a watch dog and bodyguard, and not just a companion. Keeping English Bulldogs is not difficult, and a city apartment is quite suitable for them – as long as it is not too hot in it.

Video: Molosser are special dogs

Starting any of the Molosser dogs breeds, you need to weigh its pros and cons, soberly assess your capabilities: can you cope? Moloss is a big, but very difficult happiness in your home.


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