Last Updated on August 6, 2023 by Pets Feed
Also known as the Newfoundland Retriever, the Newfoundland is one of the giant dog breeds that exists. Its origin has a lot to do precisely with the Canadian island of Newfoundland, although we know that it was not there, but was introduced by European settlers in the form of their ancestors.
It seems to have a common past with the St. Bernard, with the Spaniel and probably with other mastiffs because of its characteristics, even if all this is more of a hypothesis than a real knowledge.
When he is a puppy, he looks like teddy bears, but this stage does not last long, because he grows very quickly. It can be black, brown or black and white (called Landseer).
Newfoundland dog photos
Newfoundland is best described as a gentle giant. He is a large and heavy dog – in terms of both skeleton and coat. Puppies look like teddy bears. But they won’t stay that way for long, because Newfoundlands grow very quickly. The color can be black, brown or black and white (Landseer). The height of an adult male is 69 – 74 cm, weight is 60 – 70 kg, an adult female is 63 – 69 cm and 45 – 55 kg.
- Head: The head is massive, large. The skull is broad with a slightly protruding vault and a developed occiput. The muzzle is square, shortened. The stop is noticeable, but not clear.
- Jaws: The jaws are quite powerful. The teeth are white, large and strong. The bite is straight or scissor.
- Ears: The ears are small, triangular with rounded, hanging tips, located closer to the back of the head.
- Eyes: Medium sized deep and wide planting eyes. The color of the iris ranges from light brown to dark brown.
- Body: The body is compact, strong and powerful. The neck is quite long, athletic, the dewlap is weakly developed. The back is broad, strong with a spacious and strong croup. The loin is muscular, strong. The chest is voluminous, well developed.
- Limbs: The legs are straight, parallel, strong. The paws are large, rounded, collected in a ball. The toes are compact, strong and hard, close-fitting with strong claws. Swimming membranes are located between the fingers.
- Coat: The coat is long, straight or slightly wavy, hard in texture, thick and smooth, oily and water repellent. The undercoat is soft and dense. Color black, brown of various shades, black and white.
Character and behavior
The Newfoundland is a dog with a “golden” character and a positive biofield, totally non-aggressive. Instantly attaches to the owner, idolizing, but tactfully without intrusiveness.
Monogamous, so the new owner will be treated politely, but without warmth. Painfully tolerates rudeness and a raised voice in his direction, immediately takes offense and walks away from the offender.
He perceives strangers in a friendly way, strives for open communication, but if he realizes that a stranger is a threat to his relatives, he first warns with a fearsome bark, and only then attacks, but in no case does he bite, but simply knock it down.
With the children
The Newfoundland is particularly affectionate towards children, becoming a gentle and vigilant nanny for them. But it must be a little dangerous for small children, because of its huge size.
With other animals
The Newfoundland gets along well with other animals, but is best made friends with cats from an early age.
With proper care and nutrition, a Newfoundland dog can live up to 10 years. The health of these large dogs is largely in the hands of the owner. It is the owner of the pet who must vaccinate on time, show it to the veterinarian for prophylaxis, do an x-ray, since large dogs are prone to dysplasia. Also, the owner of the Newfoundland should know what diseases and health problems this dog is prone to:
- Heatstroke – often occurs due to the fact that the Newf has a thick coat with a dense undercoat.
- Dysplasia is a deformation of the joints, which is accompanied by lameness and pain.
- Cardiomyopathy is a myocardial disease.
- Atopy is an allergic skin reaction.
- Volvulus – can be fatal if you do not help the dog in time.
- An atrial septal defect is a small opening in the septum between the atria. As a result, blood flows from the left atrium to the right.
- Twisting of the eyelid – requires surgery
- Ectopia of the ureters – the release of urine at a time when the dog does not have an act of urination.
- Cataract is an eye disease.
- Hypothyroidism – develops as a result of a long-term lack of thyroid hormones.
With proper care and nutrition, the life expectancy of a Newfoundland from 8 to 10 years.
Newfoundland care is not difficult:
- Brush hair 3-4 times a week.
- Clean eyes daily.
- Ears are checked 2-3 times a week.
- Bathe the dog as needed without shampoo.
- Grooming is done twice a year.
- The nails are cut once a month.
- The teeth are brushed once a week.
A large Newfoundland dog is not very comfortable in small spaces. These dogs can live in a spacious house and apartment. The main condition is to be able to walk twice a day, and the walks should be long.
The Newfoundland dog must have at least 60 minutes of exercise per day and it needs a lot of space to move around. Ideally, a Newfoundlander should be allowed to walk in a back garden as often as possible so that he can really let off steam in a safe environment. That said, the fence in a garden must be very secure to keep such a large dog.
- The Newfoundland shares traits with many other large dog breeds, such as the Saint Bernard, the English Mastiff, Pyrenean mountain dog, etc. They were even part of the Leonberger breeding base.
- This breed has been one of the most appreciated in history because of its ability to work and its good temperament. For this reason, he has now gained a position as a pet dog, although it is not uncommon to find him as a working dog.
- There are many legends around the Newfoundland dog breed, one of which tells that a single specimen saved 63 sailors from a shipwreck.
- This Canadian dog also appeared in the works of artists who represented them in painting or sculpture, so he became very famous at that time.
- Among the best-known Newfoundland dogs, Seaman stands out, a dog that accompanied explorers Lewis and Clark on their expedition, or Napoleon, a dog that was the star of the Van Hare’s Magic Circus circa 1862 for the number of turns and of pirouettes that he could play.
- One of his greatest qualities is his ability to take care of children, so he is a perfect nanny. Originally, the dog that appears described in the story of Peter Pan was a New Earth, although in the animated film it was changed to a Saint Bernard, probably due to the lack of knowledge of this breed by population.
History of the breed
There is no exact information about the origin of the breed, there are only a few reliable facts. We know that Newfoundland is a very old type of dog. The homeland of divers is Canada, namely the island of Newfoundland. It is believed that the North American Indians were their first owners on the coast of this island two thousand years ago.
The Molossians are called the ancestors of modern Newfoundland dogs. The purpose of the breed was primarily to transport goods. They also performed a security guard service. The Newfoundland’s ability to swim and dive beautifully is given to dogs from birth. This quality has made them outstanding rescuers.
We will take a step-by-step look at the development and growing popularity of the breed:
- 1639 – The first written information about Newfoundland dogs appears.
- 17th century – the influence on the development of the breed of dogs, imported from the Old World to the island, was noted.
- At the beginning of the 18th century, dogs showing excellent results in diving and swimming were introduced to Europe. This was the beginning of the conquest of European countries by the Newfoundlanders. English dog handlers were the first to work on their cultural selection.
- 1860 – in Birmingham at a dog show, representatives of the Newfoundland breed were presented for the first time.