It is probably the most famous and most domesticated breed of all that exists. One of the oldest and only long-haired breeds. The modern Persian cat is the result of a long selection process and now looks like a very expensive, incredibly charming and soft living stuffed animal.
We easily recognize the Persian cat for its broad, flat face next to the abundant fur. They were introduced into Italy from ancient Persia (Iran) around 1620, although their true origin is unknown. The current Persian standard as we know it was established in 1800 in England and comes from the Turkish angora.
Read on and find out in ‘ Pets Feed ‘, all the information about the Persian cat.
The first documented ancestors of the Persian cat were imported in the 17th century from Iran in Italy and from Angora (today Ankara, in Turkey) in France. Persian cats had gray fur, while Angora’s were white. Finally, the descendants of these long-haired cats arrived in Britain in the 19th century.
These early Persian cats were quite different from the cats who win prizes today: they had longer faced, larger ears and more lanky shapes. Over the years, selective breeding has created the stocky body and the flat face we know today. The coat is not only long, but it has a very thick lower coat which requires a huge commitment in terms of care: the Persian cat cannot be entangled.
Characteristics of the Persian cat
The physical appearance of the Persian cat is elegant and glamorous. They are distinguished by their dense, long and fluffy fur, and for an alert and intelligent expression that few have, in addition to the well-known shape of their face.
The Persian cat is a medium-sized animal, which can also be large, and of strong, muscular structure. It is one of the breeds that has changed the most over the years, and that is because the original Persian cat was rather elongated, light and stylized, which contrasts with the large and robust cats of today. hui. They also show an enlarged belly, one of the keys to the breed that forms due to the fatty tissue attached to the belly.
Likewise, ancient Persian cats had a longer muzzle than current cats and larger ears. The current Persian breed is distinguished by its flat muzzle, pushed almost to the extreme in Persian ‘peke face’ cats, a variant produced by the human hand, during the deliberate reproduction of a cat born with a genetic problem.
This new variant may seem nice due to the shape of their face and their characteristics, but the truth is that the flat face does them no good. The Persian ‘peke face’ cat can usually have respiratory problems or constant tearing, which also occurs in dogs.
The other more traditional variant also has a muzzle cut compared to the original Persians, but in a much more subtle way, and does not represent any health problem for the animals. Its head is large and rounded, although it does not seem disproportionate to the body. Its small ears stand out, erect above the head, and its larger than normal eyes, which attract attention with their deep eyes. They are sometimes known by the nickname of doll-headed cats, due to the gentle expression that appears on their faces.
Something that the two varieties share, and which is also one of the breed’s most sought-after and distinctive characteristics, is its coat. His coat is arranged in a long, soft and silky mane which surrounds the whole body, and which requires a series of specific care to always remain in perfect condition and avoid the appearance of knots and other problems.
Coat color and type
The entire body of a Persian cat is covered with a soft awn, under which a dense underfur is hidden. In different parts of the body, the length of the coat varies between 10-20 cm.
The Persian color can be almost any. The classic types of color include:
- Monochrome. The coat of such Persians can be white, cream, blue, red or black. The main thing is that it is evenly painted over and does not have blotches of a different shade.
- Smoky. Such Persians have a silvery-white undercoat. But the awn can be painted in any color. Most often, smoky Persian cats have a gray, chocolate, cream, red or purple coat.
- Himalayan or color point.
- Tortoiseshell. This color variety is found exclusively in females.
Sizes and weights of Persian cats
The size of long-haired pussies is medium to large by feline standards. The weight of the Persian cat male is always greater than the weight of the female. A male usually weighs in the range of 5-7 kg, and a female about 3.8-5 kg. New-born kittens, with proper nutrition, grow rapidly, delighting the owners every month with the growth dynamics. Animals reach a standard weight by one and a half years.
The height does not exceed 30 cm.
Personality and character of the Persian cat
The Persian is calm and affectionate. It is mild and not as active as some breeds. In general, he doesn’t mind living alone and is very happy to be a unique cat. He is happy to sit quietly and look good.
The Persian cat is a familiar and calm cat that we will find many times relaxing on the sofa because it spends long hours of the day resting. It is an extremely domestic cat which shows no attitude typical of its wild parents. We will also observe that the Persian cat is very conceited and ostentatious, knows that it is a beautiful animal and will not hesitate to strut around several times in front of us to get petting and attention.
He likes to feel accompanied by people, dogs and other animals. He also behaves wonderfully with children if they do not pull his hairs and do not behave properly with him. It should be added that the Persian is a very greedy cat that it will easily convince you to have all kinds of treats.
Although the Persian has a life expectancy of around ten to twelve years, it is a breed that has different health problems. Since the shape of the head has been reduced and the face has been crushed, there may be malformations of the jaw that cause dental disease and possible feeding difficulties. The small size of the nostrils and too long a soft palate can also cause serious breathing problems.
The tear ducts may not follow their natural course, so the eyes will cry and constantly moisturize the face, which can cause rashes and sores on the face. The flat nature of the face also increases the likelihood of eye diseases.
The Persian cat can carry a gene that causes kidney failure (called autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease) by developing cysts in the kidney. Tests for this disorder appeared in the 1990s, which showed that more than a third of all Persian and exotic cats suffer from it. Currently, breeders are using detection to try to eradicate the problem; Always ask the breeder to show you the PKD certificates of your cat’s parents.
Persian may also have a higher incidence of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (thickening of the walls of the heart). Like other long-haired cats, Persians are very prone to fungal skin infections, such as ringworm.
In summary, here are all the diseases that can affect your Persian cat:
- Abortions in blue cats
- Malformations in blue cats
- Chediak-Higashi syndrome
- Congenital ankyloblapharon
- Congenital epiphora
- Primary glaucoma
- Skin fold dermatitis
- Urinary tract stones
- Patellar dislocation
- Hip dysplasia
Care and grooming of the Persian cat
The Persian needs daily care to keep his coat long and thick without knots or tangles. Keeping it tangled may end up cutting all of the cat’s hair, so the coat will grow back. Particular attention should also be paid to the eyes and the anal area.
These areas should be cleaned daily to avoid staining. Persian eyes tend to cry, so the tear and the side of the nose will need to be cleaned periodically. The anal area and the lower part of the tail are generally prone to stains with excrement, so it is necessary to be careful to keep this area scrupulously clean to avoid uncomfortable spots and lumps.
Regular grooming is necessary to help remove dead hair and not be ingested by the cat in the form of balls, which can be a serious problem for the Persian. As with all cats, periodic vaccinations and pest control are recommended.
The Persian cat sheds the hairs according to the season, for this reason and to maintain the quality of the fur. Bathing our cat if it has become very dirty is a good option to avoid dirt and tangles. On the market we will find breed-specific products that are used to remove excess fat, to clean tears or ears.
Persian cats eat both industrial and natural food equally well. Therefore, when choosing a diet for a pet, you can be guided by your own preferences.
Persian cats that eat drying should be given premium, super premium or holistic products. The composition of such feed contains all the necessary substances and there are no questionable additives.
The best options are the following brands of feed:
- Royal Canin;
- 1 st Choice.
The diet of Persian cats on natural nutrition is made up so that fresh lean meat predominates in it. Also, the pet is given:
- boiled vegetables;
- porridge on the water;
- sea fish;
- dairy products.
Neither a purebred nor a semi-Persian cat should eat sausage, pastries, sweets, bones, or pork. Also, do not give the animal salty, fatty, spicy or fried food.
With a natural type of nutrition, a Persian cat is given vitamin and mineral complexes twice a year.
Persian cat highlights
The Persian cat is an exclusively domestic animal in the literal sense of this definition. Representatives of this breed have lost the ability to hunt, they cannot run fast and make high jumps. Your pet will not need walks on the street.
Persians love to lie down for a long time. This lack of mobility is typical for all representatives of the breed and is not a sign of any physical ailment.
Persian cats are very calm and do not need large spaces. They will never bother you with their activity and get underfoot. For the same reason, you will not have to get upset with torn curtains and damaged upholstery of upholstered furniture.
Persians are very affectionate and do not like being alone. They will even prefer to sleep in bed with you and it is difficult to wean them from this.
The kind, docile nature of the animal allows even the smallest children to be safely left alone with him.
Persian cat owners note their high intelligence. They are well trained, carry out simple commands, quickly get used to the tray.
A Persian will rarely meow attention to his problems. In most cases, he will simply come to the owner and begin to stare at him, as if trying to mentally convey to you the essence of his request.
Due to the balance of character, these “sofa” cats easily find a common language with other domestic animals and peacefully share their living space with them.
The Persian cat will treat all household members peacefully and calmly, some alertness may appear only when a stranger appears, but this will not last long.
The disposable appearance of the animal makes most people want to take the cat in their arms. If she resists, never insist on your own. Persian does not like violence and can harbor resentment for a long time.
Persian cats are prone to excessive food consumption. They often beg in an effort to get a tidbit from the owner. If you do not accustom your pet to a certain diet and indulge its gastronomic desires, then health problems due to obesity will not keep you waiting.