Peterbald is a hairless breed of graceful and elegant cats originally from St. Petersburg. Thanks to their friendly and docile nature, the Peterbald cats have won universal love and respect.
The most “alien” of all hairless cats, Peterbalds are active, playful, brave, smart, self-centered, extremely affectionate and affectionate.
Peterbald cats are direct descendants of the Donskoy.
Cat breed history
Peterbald is a 100% breeding “product” obtained as a result of crossing the Oriental cat and the Donskoy. The first experiment to create a new breed branch was carried out in 1994 by Olga Mironova, a St. Petersburg felinologist. As a result of planned outcrossing, four hybrid kittens were born: Sissy from Murino, Nocturne from Murino, Mandarin from Murino and Muscat from Murino. It was these cats that were entered in the herd books, as the official ancestors of today’s Peterbalds.
The recognition of the felinological associations “petrika” received relatively quickly. In 1996, the SPF gave the go-ahead to breed the St. Petersburg Sphynxes, and a year later TICA joined it, approving the abbreviation PD for the breed. In 2003, the animals were recognized by the WCF, giving them their own abbreviation – PBD. It is worth making a small clarification here: despite the successfully passed standardization and the official breed status, the branch of Peterbalds remains developing, which means that obtaining its reference representative from breeders is only in the plans. Nevertheless, since 1997, mating between Don Sphynxes and “Petersburgers” is officially prohibited.
As before, and now, breeding specialists do not set as their goal the breeding of exclusively hairless cats, more concerned about the extremalization of their external characteristics. So, the ideal Peterbald in the understanding of felinologists should be close to the oriental type of appearance, that is, combine the maximum of the breed features of the Siamese and Oriental. Moreover, the amount of wool on the animal’s body practically does not affect its value, both in breeding and financial terms. An exception is the straight-haired variety of the breed, but more about it later.
Despite the insignificant amount of coat, and often its complete absence, the breed is not hypoallergenic. To be more precise, the Fel D1 protein in the saliva of Peterbald cats is present in the same volume as in cats with full hair.
From the Don Sphynx, the Peterbald cat has inherited the dominant gene for “baldness” and the corresponding types of “hairlessness”. And from the Oriental he got large almond-shaped eyes and wide-set huge ears. The body of the Peterbalds is thin, graceful and muscular; unlike the Sphynx cat, he does not have a large, round belly. The heads are narrow and elongated. The tail is long and flexible, and the long, webbed fingers allow for grasping objects and opening doorknobs.
The Peterbald is a warm to the touch, soft, yet strong and elegant cat with long limbs and a long tail, but strong bones.
- Head: narrow, wedge-shaped, with flat cheeks and forehead, muzzle strong, not sharp, for example a light pinch. Vertical folds on the forehead, diverging horizontally above the eyes. The chin is in line with the tip of the nose. Straight line of the profile.
- Ears: large, not wide at the base, slightly set apart.
- Eyes: almond-shaped, obliquely set, green or blue.
- Body: long, dense, muscular. Deep groin line. The limbs are long, thin, but with strong bones. The forearms are straight. Paws are oval. The fingers are long, mobile.
- Limbs: the legs of Peterbald cats are long, thin and perfectly straight. The paws of the animal are in the shape of an oval, with flexible, so-called “monkey” toes.
- Tail: long, straight, whip. On the last third of the tail, there may be residual hair.
- Skin and coat: in a regular Peterbald, the skin should be soft, loosely fitting the body, forming numerous folds on the head and slightly fewer on the body. By inheritance from the Don Sphynxes, the breed received the gene for hairlessness, therefore the classic Peterbald is, in fact, a naked cat, in some cases with a rare and short hair.
- Peterbald colors: any.
The average weight of the Peterbald fluctuates within 3-5 kg.
Peterbald cat are distinguished by intelligence and quick wit
Peterbald cat’s character
The Peterbald is an open and contact breed (often oversized). These hairless eared ears do not accumulate negativity, preferring to occupy their own memory with only positive impressions, are always frank in their feelings and are not inclined to traditional feline intrigues. The only thing that a Peterbald can irritate with is the strategic supply of affection that he needs to throw out on a person. So, it is better not to acquire a Peterbald for inveterate introverts who need personal space.
A fairly common mistake is attempts to mistake the good-naturedness and sociability of the Peterbald cats for spinelessness. Consider, by the type of temperament, bald cats are more choleric than melancholic. Yes, their favorite pastimes are eating all kinds of delicacies and reclining on something soft and warm, but with the wrong upbringing and lack of attention, they can turn into real breakaways. So if you stumbled upon a review on the net about an evil Peterbald, in 9 cases out of 10 – this is the story of inexperienced lazy owners who took the animal as an interior decoration and did not even try to establish relations with it. By the way, for all their feline affection for the owner, Peterbald cats are not monogamous, and in the case of a spontaneous move to a new family, they will easily establish contact with its members. For this breed, it is not so important who to love. The main thing is that the object of adoration is always there and responds to the feline tenderness.
The rest of the Peterbald is a cat without pretensions: patient, easygoing, understanding. If you are tired of independent pets, slashing your child’s hands with or without reason, take the Peterbald cat for education and make sure that not all cats are in conflict with babies. Cats also have peace and understanding with other representatives of domestic fauna. Especially Peterbald cats are not indifferent to bald brothers. So, having settled a couple of representatives of this breed in the house, get ready to watch the tenderness and caresses that animals will bestow on each other without any measure.
The natural curiosity of the Peterbald cat is something that defies description. A closed door, a ladies handbag zipped, a cardboard box brought by a courier – all this for the monkey fingers of thePeterbald cat is a temptation that is impossible to resist. Better not to lead your pet into temptation and do not try to hide something from him. Peterbald will not be a Peterbald if he does not declassify what attracted his attention.
Peterbald cat is one of the most talkative varieties of sphinxes with a rather demanding voice. Moreover, most cats do not turn off their inner purr even in their sleep
Health and illness of Peterbald cats
Some terrible hereditary ailments have not been identified in the Peterbald cats, but the breed is actively developing, and it is not a fact that in the foreseeable future the breeders will not announce an incurable genetic defect passing from parents to kittens. Some breeders are inclined to believe that Peterbald cats do have a predisposition to lung infections. Experts argue their assumptions by the fact that cats with rhinotracheitis usually do not stop there, catching pneumonia next.
Physiological defects such as underdevelopment of the thymus and hyperplasia of the gums (more often in animals of cream, blue and tortoiseshell colors) are also genetically determined. For the rest, Peterbald cats suffer from standard feline ailments such as seasonal colds, which primarily affect bald individuals, skin diseases (bald again) and eye problems. Changes in the quality of grease is an additional indicator that not everything is going smoothly in the animal’s body. If the secret is secreted too abundantly and has an overly greasy consistency, it is worth revising the cat’s menu with the veterinarian.
The skin of completely bald Peterbald cats gives off a large amount of secretion, therefore it requires careful and at the same time careful care
Peterbald cats are very convenient to keep at home: they have no wool, but they themselves are peaceful, accommodating and cleanliness. They need a large living space, as well as warm houses and couches (even special loungers that are attached to central heating batteries have been invented for them). Peterbald cat cats will definitely need clothes made of light hygroscopic fabric, sewn out with seams, and knitted items (threads without acrylic, without lurex and without boucle and other knots).
For a Peterbald, you need to buy a “cat tree” or a game complex of another design.
The complexity of caring for a breed directly depends on the amount of wool in its representatives. Peterbald cats in this regard are less demanding than, for example, naked individuals. In particular, Peterbald cats are characterized by intense discharge from the sebaceous glands. Outwardly, it looks like the cat is covered with a waxy coating that sticks slightly to the fingers. However, this is not a reason to drag your pet to the bathroom every day, since the secret performs a protective function and protects the skin from negative external influences and minor injuries.
Of course, bathing a Peterbald cat is worth more often than an average cat, but you shouldn’t be too zealous. Washing off protective lubricants, shampoos and other cat cosmetics dry out the skin and often cause flaking.
If the Peterbald cat looks too greasy, you can make an alternative cleaning: moisten a clean cloth with baby caring oil and walk on the cat’s skin. And of course, take a responsible approach to the choice of cosmetic products, giving preference to Ph-neutral shampoos, and in the most severe cases – tar soap.
Peterbald cat’s ears emit an increased amount of secretion, but you need to take it calmly, that is, do not try to stick cotton swabs into the ear canal every day, but calmly clean the ear funnel once a week with ordinary lotion from a veterinary medicine.
The same procedure must be done with the fingers of the animal, as fatty deposits accumulate in the area between the claws and the skin, which interferes with the movement of the cat. The Peterbald’s tail is an area of special attention. There are a lot of sebaceous glands at its base, so there are often blockages of pores and pimples in this area. Tail acne should be fought with cleaning veterinary lotions and wipes, so that later you do not go to a specialist for the removal of overgrown subcutaneous wen.
Be sure to set aside time for daily examination of the Peterbald’s eyes, because due to the lack of eyelashes, the breed cries more often than others. Especially tearful are the naked Peterbald cats who have a thick jelly-like liquid in the corners of the eyelids. In the morning, look the cat in the eyes and if there is mucus in them, remove it with a clean napkin or cloth. If the “jelly” in the corners of the eyelids has changed its transparency to brown and greenish shades, it is better to consult a specialist. And, please, no pharmacy drops without consulting a veterinarian, otherwise you risk leaving the ward without sight.
Petersbold’s claws can be cut a couple of times a month, which, of course, does not exempt you from buying a scratching post. It is advisable to additionally handle the claw with a nail file, so that when scratching, the St. Petersburg Sphynx scratches its own skin less.
Peterbald cats, like all bald purrs, have accelerated thermoregulation. Hence – a brutal appetite, which does not fit with the model appearance of the pet.
Peterbald cat feeding
With food, Peterbald has a passionate lifelong romance, therefore, despite the almost ballet complexion, cats eat a lot, not hesitating to beg for more food. Before the Peterbald kitten turns one year old, you can close your eyes to such behavior and not limit the baby in nutrition. It is, after all, a growing organism that requires more energy than an adult.
After a year, the food habits of the Peterbald cat can and should be corrected. Peterbald should not overeat, so as not to turn into a clumsy semblance of its relative – the Donskoy. At the same time, the animal itself categorically does not accept such an alignment and constantly strives to pull something off.
If a Peterbald cat suddenly wants something tasty, he will definitely check all the pots and pans, inspect the contents of kitchen cabinets and taste everything that you have left on the table without fail.
Chocolate, canned vegetables, chips – Peterbald does not disdain anything, albeit to the detriment of its own digestion. So, having acquired a Peterbald cat, from the first days wean yourself from the habit of leaving something edible in the open access. And you are calmer and your pet is healthier.
You can feed the Peterbald cat either by “dry food” (dry croquettes are soaked for kittens in warm water), or with natural products. Some breeders practice mixed feeding (lean meat + commercial feed), although most veterinarians criticize the method as harmful.
As for the natural menu, it is the same for Peterbald cat as for other breeds. The only difference is that the cats are given the fish thermally processed and as rarely as possible. For the rest, nutritional recommendations and restrictions for St. Peterbald cats are standard: more lean meat protein and a little less variety of additives in the form of cereals, vegetables and fruits.