The Pomeranian also known as a Pom, or Dwarf-Spitz, is a delicate little dog distinguished by its character and sympathy. It looks like miniature fox, with a long, stiff fur upper coat and a very dense lower coat, which gives it the appearance of a stuffed bale.
The Pomeranian is a toy or a dog of mini size, that is to say that it is very small. You should know that many people think of adopting this wonderful long-haired dog, either because it is hypoallergenic, or because of its intelligence, or because of its affectionate and noble character. Without a doubt, it is a good companion who will bring us joy and happiness on a daily basis. The origins of this spitz type dog are European and perhaps for this reason, it is widespread in France, Spain, the United Kingdom or Germany among many other countries of the world. Today it is a very popular dog.
Pom-Dog, Pom-Pom, Pom, Zwers, Tumbleweed, Deutscher Spitz; Zwergspitz; Dwarf-Spitz
It seems almost certain that dogs of the Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) breed dogs that pull sleds in the Arctic and are also related to Keeshond, Norwegian Hunter Elk Hunter and Samoyed. The first reliable evidence of this breed comes from Pomerania, a region of the Baltic Sea coast, which dates back to the 19th century, although these dogs are much larger (about 13 kilos). There were litters of up to 10 registered pups and soon the smaller litters became favorites. By the middle of the 19th century, the breed had spread to other European countries, and in 1888 Queen Victoria of England fell in love with this breed, reinforcing the popularity of the Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf).
The British breeders crossed them to obtain a smaller size breed and with more hair.
Characteristics of the Pomeranian
The Pomeranian is a European spitz type dog, accepted by the FCI within group 7: spitz and primitive type dogs and although we know it by the name of pomeranian or dwarf spitz, its official name is always “wolfspitz “. Unlike the old Pomeranian breed which weighed around 23 kilograms, the current breed standard is around 1.8 and 2.5 kilograms.
We determine that it is a toy dog or a miniature. Its coat is quite long and silky so it will be essential to comb it regularly. Currently, the “puppy cut” is very popular and it is that the Pomeranian short-haired loulou acquires a unique and very soft appearance. Many people claim that their coat does not produce allergies, so the Miniature Spitz is a hypoallergenic dog.
The accepted colors of this breed are mainly black, brown, white, orange, grayish and it is estimated that other colors may also be included. The wide variety of colors is truly incredible.
Character of the Pomeranian
The Pomeranian has long since lost its cattle dog instinct, to become popular as a companion dog, some physical characteristics have been selected, and certain behaviors have also been selected to be a domestic dog. It is currently a very affectionate dog, who hates loneliness and lack of attention.
This dog is also very active, alert and intelligent, even curious. The Pomeranian is a perfect dog for very different families but it must be clear before adopting it that it will need several walks, constant attention and time to educate it. We also need to point out that sometimes the Pomeranian can become a very barking dog, we need to be prepared for this.
Its relationships with children have varied greatly in recent generations. In the last century, it was considered that it was not suitable for the little ones, because it was not very patient with its tail and its hairs, reacting even negatively.
Currently, the Pomeranian dog is more affectionate, calm and patient, but for an excellent coexistence, it is important to teach children to interact with it: always in a positive way and never harming it . Respecting the dog and leaving it alone when it growls (growling is a completely normal and usual form of communication) will help us avoid any incident.
Known Pomeranian Diseases
If you are considering adopting a Pomeranian puppy, it is very important that you know the hair loss that usually occurs between 4 and 8 months of life. It’s a completely normal and ordinary phase, don’t worry. At this stage, the Pom loses practically all of its hair to make way for the fur it will have in its adult stage. On the other hand, you should know that the continuous crossing of specimens from the same family can lead to serious genetic problems.
This usually happens in some breeding sites, in unlicensed places and when a dog is raised without any knowledge. Eye diseases are present in the Pomeranian, especially older dogs. It is a normal condition that affects geriatric dogs. Dislocation (incorrect position of the bone), dental discomfort or open fontanel (a problem that leaves an area of the skull open) are other problems that can affect this little dog, less common.
Regular visits to the veterinarian every six months and check his face regularly, a correct movement of the limbs and the whole body for protrusions will be a way to detect a possible disease. Obviously, the Pomeranian must also have an up-to-date vaccination schedule as well as internal pipettes and dewormers.
Although the Pomeranian likes to be a lap dog and a family partner, it needs some exercise and the ability to run, play and walk. Be sure to closely monitor your Pom outdoors. These dogs are known to escape through small cracks or openings in fences, or climb over short fences.
Small breeds such as the Pomeranian can be mistaken for rabbits or squirrels by large predatory birds such as hawks and owls, so keeping a Pom indoors or staying with them is essential. When the Pomeranian is outside, you must also be careful of large dogs, which can easily injure him while playing.
Pet dogs have a fast metabolism, which means they burn energy at a very high rate. This means that with such a small stomach, they should eat little but often. Small breed foods are specifically designed with adequate proportions of essential nutrients and smaller feed grains suitable for smaller mouths. It also stimulates chewing and improves digestion.
If you get a Pomeranian puppy from a breeder, he will give you a feeding schedule and it is important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid stomach upset. You can change the diet of a puppy, but this should be done very gradually, ensuring that it does not develop digestive problems.
Adult Pomeranian dogs are not known to be picky or fussy eaters provided they were not spoiled when they were young. The rule of thumb with the Pomeranian is to feed it with high quality food, a little at a time and more often. The reason is that this little dog likes to snack on food rather than eating a larger meal twice a day and this reduces the risk that their blood sugar will rise or fall too much between meals.
Feeding guide for a Pomeranian puppy (depending on the puppy’s construction)
Pom puppies are tiny and should therefore be fed small amounts of food several times a day so that their blood sugar does not rise or fall too dramatically, which could lead to hypoglycemia. in a puppy. It is also essential to feed a puppy at the same times of the day for the same reason. As an indication, the quantities that a Pomeranian puppy can be fed daily are the following:
- 2 months – 29g to 71g
- 3 months – 32g to 80g
- 4 months – 33g to 84g
- 5 months – 33g to 84g
- 6 months – 28g to 76g
- 7 months – 24g to 68g
- 8 months – 24g to 60g
Once a puppy is 9 months old, it can be fed adult dog food.
Feeding guide for an adult Pomeranian (depending on the activity)
An adult and mature Pom should ideally be fed several times a day with a nutritious meal of good quality. It is better to feed smaller portions throughout the day rather than giving a larger meal a day for this little dog, which ensures that his blood sugar never drops too low.
It is important to take into account the number of “foods” that the dog processes each day to avoid gaining too much weight. As an approximate feeding guide, a mature Pomeranian can be fed each day in the following amount:
- Dogs weighing 1kg can be fed from 24g to 31g
- Dogs weighing 1.5 kg can be fed from 32 to 42g
- Dogs weighing 2 kg can be fed from 40g to 53g
- Dogs weighing 2.5 kg can be fed from 47g to 62g
The grooming of the Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) must be done regularly.
During their adolescence, it is necessary to increase the frequency of their grooming to help them clean the coat, afterwards, the grooming can be reduced to a few times a week. Check regularly that there is no entanglement in the lower mantle.
Do not use a comb with fine hairs, it will damage the lower coat and reduce the volume. The coat should be well maintained with a thick comb with barbs and lightly brushed. From time to time, you should cut the hair around the foot.
Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) Breed Highlights
- Loyal, affectionate and extremely fiery.
- Forms strong bonds with a particular person.
- Good around older kids.
- Playful, the Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) likes to be in the center of attention.
- This dog is the perfect companion because he is so eager to please.
- Very intelligent, the Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) learns things quickly.
- Very adaptable, always as happy to live in an apartment as in a house.
- The Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) does not need to do much daily exercise, only 30 minutes a day.
- Can be inclined to bark (be alive) if it’s not socialized enough when young.
- Training at home takes a little more time and patience.
- May suffer separation anxiety when left alone.
- Ask a lot in terms of grooming.
- The Pomeranian (Spitz dwarf) is intelligent and needs a lot of mental stimulation to become a well-balanced dog.