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The Rough Collie (the Long-Haired Collie or the Scottish Collie) is a sheepdog which, due to its beauty and good character, has become one of the most popular of show dogs and pets. He is also known simply as a collie.
In the fifties of the twentieth century, the series “Lassie” was released. The main role in the film was played by a collie dog (Scottish Shepherd). Millions of people who watched the series fell in love with this dog. This was the reason that the popularity of the breed soared to the highest level.
Everyone wanted to have their own Lassie at home. The Scottish Shepherd Dog (Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog) is a herding breed. It is extremely loyal to all family members, very intelligent and sensitive. In short, a collie is a real find for those who appreciate the listed qualities in pets.
Read and find out in ‘ Pets Feed ‘ everything you need to know about the Rough Collie to give your furry companion a good quality of life.
Other names: Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, “Lassie” dog
This dog breed is said to have come from the cross between the dogs that accompanied the Roman invaders in 50 BC and the native Scottish dogs. Its name probably comes from a type of black sheep, the Colleys, which were raised in the Scottish lowlands.
In the 1860s, Queen Victoria became fascinated with these dogs on her journey to her Scottish estate of Balmoral, taking some of them with her upon her return to Windsor Castle. Known at the time as the Scottish Shepherd, the collie entered dog shows at the Birmingham Dog Society Show for the first time, quickly becoming a much sought after dog.
In the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, the Rough Collie became one of the most popular dog breeds in the Western world. This is due to the fame acquired by Lassie, the canine character created by Eric Knight, and who was the main character in novels, radio soap operas, films and television series. This popularity declined thereafter, but even today the collie is still a well-known and highly regarded dog as a pet.
Characteristics of the Rough Collie
The first thing that draws attention to this dog is that it has a longer body than a large one. His back and chest are striking, both solid and well proportioned.
The legs are beautiful to look at, but also very solid and athletic. Another of its basic features is an elongated wedge-shaped head that tapers to the tip of the nose.
The nose is precisely fine and black, and the small ears remain straight on the head, although they tend to droop when the animal is at rest. The eyes of the Rough Collie are proportional in size to the rest of the head and are generally dark brown in color.
However, both eyes, or only one, may be solid or partial blue in blue merle specimens. A characteristic that few breeds have and which undoubtedly gives them a particular beauty. On the other hand, it shows a fairly long tail, full of hairs, which it wears suspended when the animal is at rest. In full activity, the tail will rise, but will never bend until it touches the back.
The Rough Collie is a medium-sized breed, although it can be large depending on the specimen. According to the standard, the measurements of the size of these animals should be between 56 and 61 centimeters, a little less in the case of females.
The definition of the standard does not consider the weight, but the usual thing is that they weigh between 23 and 34 kilos both males and females.
The Rough Collie breed undoubtedly draws attention to its beauty, and part of this beauty is due to its coat. It shows a very dense and long coat, which marks the outline of the animal’s body.
It is composed of two layers, one inside, very soft to the touch, and with a woolly structure that protects the animal; and another external, smooth and rough, which can reach several centimeters in length in certain areas.
As for color, the Rough Collie has up to three varieties. There are three-colored specimens, which mix black, white and beige in their fur, and specimens of blackbird, which show a silvery blue tone with patches of black. Although the most common is to find specimens that mix white with different shades of brown, from dark mahogany to light gold.
What is certain is that any animal of this breed will have a unique and very striking beauty.
Rough Collie behavior and character
Although at first glance the Rough Collie may attract attention for its beauty, the truth is that it is really its temperament that manages to win the hearts of people.
It is a very affectionate animal, and it also has a great intelligence and sensitivity. Although he is playful and active, he always controls his actions and is extremely soft to the touch. It is a very docile breed of dog which on very rare occasions is aggressive, and in no case if it receives an adequate education, otherwise it can be shy and reserved.
The Rough Collie is a very sociable dog, and he likes to be accompanied by his family, other people and other animals. He needs a high level of exercise and activity, as well as love to be happy. With proper education and socialization, the Rough Collie will be the perfect animal for any family, as it also adapts perfectly to any lifestyle.
Nature has awarded the Rough Collie with good health, this dog has practically no congenital diseases. Collies live on average 12-15 years, provided they are properly cared for and well fed. Also, the owner must show the pet to the veterinarian for prophylaxis, timely vaccination and treatment with drugs against skin parasites.
Despite the strong body, Rough Collie dogs have a predisposition to certain diseases:
- Epilepsy – accompanied by seizures, convulsions, involuntary urination.
- Dermatitis – accompanied by itching and inflammation of the skin.
- Vitiligo is a violation of melanin production.
- Entropion is the turn of the century. Requires surgical intervention.
- Collie eye syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by abnormalities in the development of the dog’s eyes.
- Ectopia of the ureters is a congenital, often hereditary, disease in which the flow of urine into the bladder is impaired.
- Pemphigus foliaceus is an autoimmune skin disease.
- Distichiasis (additional eyelashes) is a developmental anomaly in which an additional row of eyelashes appears behind normally growing ones.
- Deafness is most often congenital.
- Dysplasia is a deformation of the joints.
- Dislocated elbow.
- Aspergillosis is an infectious pathology of a fungal nature.
- Immune-mediated hemolytic anemia is a disease of the immune system when it destroys its own red blood cells.
- Gastrointestinal disorders – diarrhea, volvulus, bloating.
The Scottish Shepherd Dog feels comfortable when kept in an apartment. Collies can also be kept on the outside, but such an affectionate and friendly dog deserves to live next to their beloved owners. Give this dog a place to sleep and rest in the house, buy toys, a couch, bowls for water and food. Also, an active collie needs to release the accumulated energy. Therefore, take it for a walk every day, providing an opportunity to run to plenty. You need to walk twice a day, morning and evening.
At the first glance at the long-haired Scottish Shepherd, it becomes clear that the coat of such a pet must be carefully looked after. The daily brushing procedure takes at least 15 minutes. You will need combs for this: a comb with small and a standard brush. You need to comb out carefully, lifting the long hair up so that the teeth of the comb reach the roots of the hair.
The collie’s lush mane, tail and “pants” require special attention and time. In these places, mats are most often formed due to the owner’s oversight. For smooth-haired representatives of the breed, it is enough to comb out once a week.
In addition to grooming the hair, hygiene procedures are required, thanks to which not only the beauty of the dog is maintained, but also its health:
Bathing. The collie should be bathed once every two months. In cases of heavy pollution, bathing is not scheduled. For water treatments, it is recommended to purchase a softening shampoo from veterinary pharmacies.
Ears. We treat the ears with a special solution once a week. During the procedure, we inspect for trauma, inflammation or excessive accumulation of secretions.
Teeth. So that the dog does not have an unpleasant odor from the mouth and to reduce the risk of tartar formation, you need to regularly brush your pet’s teeth.
Claws. It is necessary to trim the claws as they grow back. Otherwise, they will interfere with the pet’s movement. Usually the collie, being an active dog, erases its claws on the road surface itself.
Eyes. If discharge from the eyes accumulates, they must be carefully removed with a napkin dipped in boiled water or in a solution of chamomile. If such clusters appear regularly, it is worth taking the dog to the veterinarian, as this may be a symptom of an infection.
You need to feed the collie dog with high-quality products or premium dry food. If you choose a natural way of feeding, keep in mind that fish should be present in the collie’s diet. At least once every 30-40 days, such a pet needs seafood. If you want to please him with goodies, treat him with a slice of cheese or biscuit biscuits. It is strictly forbidden to feed collies with lard, legumes and flour products.
The Rough Collie may be subject to swelling and stomach problems. One way to minimize this risk would be to offer less abundant meals but also more frequent.
The Rough collie owner should be aware that these dogs are extremely sensitive to medications. Therefore, self-medication is not recommended, before giving your pet any medication, be sure to consult your veterinarian.
Rough Collie puppies need to be fed a highly nutritious, good quality diet to develop and grow as they should. As a guide it is best to feed them 3 or 4 times a day.
Once a puppy is 13 months old, it can be fed with food for adult dogs.
Training and education
Collie dogs are smart, so it’s not difficult to train them. Sometimes, noticing a weakness in the owner, the pet can show stubbornness, cheat and pretend that it does not understand the requirements of the trainer. Such tricks must be stopped, not by rudeness and physical punishment, but by calm perseverance, consistency and rewards for excellent results.
From the age of two months we begin to teach the puppy the simplest commands. Having mastered the basic requirements, the dog is ready for a more complex training course. Including agility. Dog handlers recommend to set aside one command for studying one week. Of course, each dog is individual, choosing the sequence, you must be guided by the abilities of your pet.
Collie Dog Fun Facts
- The first mention of collie dogs dates back to the fourteenth century and belongs to the poet Chaucer.
- A collie named Dick earned military fame, having discovered 12,000 mines during the service. Including a huge land mine under the Pavlovsk Palace in Leningrad. Despite three wounds, the dog lived to a ripe old age and was buried with all the honors.
- The lack of aggression in collie dogs is due to the fact that wolves were exterminated in the British Isles. Therefore, unlike other herding dogs, the collie did not have to fight with predators, the dogs only grazed livestock.
- Collie wool is medicinal, products made from wool of Scottish Shepherd Dogs (socks, belts …) not only save from the cold, but also relieve pain, heal from diseases.
- During the Russo-Japanese War, collies were used as orderlies, and during the Great Patriotic War, they delivered secret documents.
Rough Collie Dog Breed Highlights
A pet in the form of a collie is suitable for almost everyone. Despite this, before buying a collie puppy, you should familiarize yourself with the main pros and cons of the breed.
- The Rough Collie is very intelligent, loyal and naturally loving.
- It is famous for being a wonderful pet.
- It’s social by nature, but also makes a good watchdog.
- The Rough Collie does not require much maintenance, even if it has a long coat.
- It is best for people who lead an active outdoor life.
- Ability to withstand heat and cold
- It’s a good choice for new owners and is easy to train in good hands.
- The Rough Collie loses a lot of hair throughout the year, but especially in the spring and fall.
- It has a strong sense of prey.
- It hates being left alone and suffers from separation anxiety.
- It is known that these dogs suffer from some hereditary health problems, so veterinary bills can be high.
- This dog can be wary of people they do not already know.
- Requires daily long walks
- Hypersensitivity to medications.
- If the Rough Collie is not well socialized at a young age, it may be more dominant and undisciplined.