Also known as the Russkiy Toy, the Russian Toy is a fragile, graceful, small dog breed that will cause affection in every person. At first glance, this animal looks unhappy, defenseless and even apathetic, but this is until the moment when the dog starts frolicking or gets angry with someone.
The Russian Toy has more than enough energy. A cheerful pet quickly finds a common language with all family members and with all pets. The manner of holding the head, high-set large ears and round eyes with an expressive gaze make toy terriers look like cute deer.
As the name implies, the homeland of the Russian Terrier is Russia. Before the revolutionary coup, English toy terriers were very popular among Russians. But with the advent of Soviet power, they began to be considered bourgeois dogs. Breeding work was practically stopped, the number of English Toy was sharply reduced. In the mid-fifties of the 20th century, cynologists of Russia began to work on the creation of Russian toy terriers.
Soon, decorative dogs from Moscow gained even more popularity than their English cousins. At first there were exclusively smooth-haired toy terriers. But in the late fifties, the first representative of the long-haired variety was born. The parents of an unusual puppy with feathers on the ears and legs were a pair of smooth-haired Russian Toy, one of which was distinguished by a slightly elongated coat.
It was decided to bring out the long-haired type of Russian Toy. The puppy with fluffy ears became its founder. He was crossed with a female with an elongated coat, and as a result got the first litter of long-haired Russian Toy.
Despite its diminutiveness, the decorative dog behaves boldly, even impudently, in any situation. This dog is able to defend his place in the canine collective and, if necessary, fearlessly rushes to protect the owner.
Physical characteristics of the Russian Toy
Dogs of this breed resemble miniature toys. They belong to the list of the smallest dogs in the world. The weight of adults does not exceed 3 kg, height is about 20-28 cm.
Elegant, agile, miniature, with thin bones and relatively long legs – this is the Russian toy. There are two varieties of the breed, long-haired and smooth-haired. Between themselves, they differ in the characteristics of the coat. The rest of the description of the representatives of the Russian Toy is the same.
A wedge-shaped head with a broad skull rests on a beautifully arched neck. Triangular ears with pointed or rounded tips. They are set high, erect. The muzzle tapers towards the nose. The nose can be brown or black. The eyes are slightly protruding, rounded, the look is intelligent, expressive. Sharp teeth, scissor bite.
The physique is graceful, the back is straight, the stomach is tucked up. Legs straight, long, parallel. Docking of the tail up to the second vertebra is allowed.
The coat depends on the breed:
- Smooth-haired Russian toy
The coat is short, shiny, tight to the body. No undercoat. Bald patches are unacceptable.
- Long-haired Russian toy
The coat is 3-5 cm long, straight, close to the body. Slight waviness is allowed, which does not hide the outline of the body. Ears with beautiful feathers are the main decoration of the long-haired toy. The hair on the ears is long, thick, like a fringe. Feet on the legs. Paws are covered with elongated hair, under which no claws are visible.
The coat color of the Russian toy is rich in shades. According to the standard, the following colors are allowed: fawn, black and tan, blue and tan, red, brown and tan, lilac and tan.
Character and temperament of the Russian Toy
The value of the breed is not only in its diminutiveness and sociability. The Russian Toy can be the perfect pet for someone who has never had any dealings with dogs before. This is an animal with a sociable temperament.
Devotion, vigor, mobility, unobtrusiveness are the basis of the character of the Russian toy. Aggressiveness is not characteristic of these dogs, although in some cases they show serious viciousness, especially those individuals who have not received proper education. An ill-mannered and spoiled Russian toy by its owners can turn into an uncontrollable, vicious animal. Such a pet, despite its diminutiveness, will lead all family members, trying to take the place of the leader.
Russian Toy terriers get along well both with all household members and with all domestic animals. Strangers are treated with suspicion, but after getting to know them better, they are ready to play and communicate. They play with children with pleasure, but they can stand up for themselves if the baby hurts. Leaving a dog alone with a child is not worth it, both the animal and the children may suffer.
The Russian Toy does not perceive itself as a small dog. Therefore, he does not retreat in front of large dogs. A decorative doggie can easily attack a guard dog, which will incur mortal danger. Males are especially disposed to dog fights.
Such a small, fragile dog cannot live on the outside. He needs a warm room, comfort, proper conditions of detention. The Russian toy seems to have been created for living in an apartment, even the smallest one. A miniature pet, with proper education, will not cause any problems to household members and will not take up much space.
Even before acquiring a puppy, you need to acquire things that the “pocket” dog cannot do without. The list of such purchases includes: bowls for food and water, clothes for different occasions (walking in the summer, winter, going out, traveling …), playpen, carrying bag, house or bed, toilet tray or diapers (disposable, reusable), chewing bones, toys, hygiene care products, harness.
Of course, it is impossible to list everything that is required during the care, maintenance and upbringing of a pet, but the main things mentioned above should be bought immediately.
It is worth considering the main points regarding the care and education of the Russian Toy:
1. Walking. A Russian toy does not need large physical activity. He may well use up energy by running from room to room or playing with toys. The mini-pet learns quickly to a litter box or diaper, so there is no need to walk it in the early morning and evening.
This little dog is thermophilic, in cold weather he quickly freezes and can catch a cold. This does not mean that it constantly needs to be kept indoors. It is necessary to walk the Russian Toy Terrier, the dog should walk for 40-60 minutes a day in the fresh air, this is good for his health, both physical and psychological. It is better to determine the time of walking during the day (not in the morning or in the evening) so that it does not freeze.
In warm weather, it is not necessary to wear it, except for beauty. In the cold season, walks are recommended to be short-term and not to let the dog out into the street without warm clothes. It is not recommended to let a nimble pet off the leash, unless you have the opportunity to walk in uncrowded places where there is no transport and stray animals or when walking in a fenced area.
2. Coat care. For a smooth-haired toy, it is enough to comb once every 5-7 days. Brush out long-haired pets daily. It is recommended to use a furminator during molting. Molting in Russian Toy is not abundant, there will be no special difficulties in grooming the coat.
3. Bathing. Representatives of the breed do not have a specific unpleasant odor, but they need to be bathed relatively often – once every 30-40 days. During water procedures, make sure that no water gets into your ears. They must first be plugged with cotton wool.
4. Claws. It is necessary to trim once every two months, if you do not do this, the dog will have difficulty walking. Russian toy Terriers do not naturally grind them on the road surface.
5. Eyes and ears. Regular examination is required for the presence of infections, as indicated by inflammation and excessive accumulation of secretions. It is forbidden to penetrate inside the ears, only the visible part needs to be cleaned every 20-30 days. The corners of the eyes, where secretions accumulate, should be wiped with a cotton swab dipped in warm water. It is believed that the eyes and ears are the weak points of the Russian Toy Terrier, so you need to take care of them with special attention.
6. Anal glands. Due to the overflow of the anal glands, the Russian toy feels terrible discomfort, and an unpleasant smell also appears, which creates discomfort for all household members. To cleanse the glands, you need to lightly press the bottom and sides of the anus with your fingers (thumb and forefinger).
7. Nutrition. It is recommended to feed Russian Toy Terriers with premium dry food. It has everything that is needed for the normal development and life of a pet. Natural feeding is also possible. The diet should contain 20-30% of lean meats. Owners of such dogs should be aware that they have an underdeveloped sense of satiety, therefore it is strictly forbidden to overfeed the pet. The dog will eat as long as food is available. Such binge eating can result in obesity, bloating, or even volvulus.
Health and disease of the Russain toy terrier
With proper care, nutrition and maintenance, the Russian Toy Terrier can live up to 15 years. At the same time, this decorative doggie practically does not get sick. But it’s not without problems. The weakest and most susceptible to diseases are the bones, heart, teeth, pancreas and skin. The owner of the toy should become familiar with the pet’s predisposition to the following diseases:
- Eye diseases.
- Dislocation of the patella.
- Ear infections.
- Cardiovascular diseases.
We’re glad that allergies are very rare in the breed.
At the age of six months, the Russian toy terrier’s teeth change. During this period, it is necessary to ensure that the milk teeth fall out. If it is noticed that the milk tooth has not fallen out, and the molar has already begun to grow, urgently take the pet to the veterinary dentist for removal.
The bones of the Russian Toy are very thin and fragile. He cannot jump from a height of more than 40 cm. Such a jump may result in a dislocation or even a fracture.
It is important to undergo preventive examinations at the veterinary clinic at least once a year. Mandatory treatment of the animal from skin parasites and routine vaccination.
Training and education
Starting from the age of one month, it is necessary to start raising a dog. The Russian toy is easy to educate and train. But there are some difficulties and features of education:
- You can’t pamper and praise too much, otherwise she will think she is the master of the house.
- It is necessary to suppress the emerging aggression, prohibit growling for no reason.
- Do not allow jumping on strangers.
- Forbid barking for no reason.
The Russian toy is a decorative dog, not a service one. Therefore, the owner himself will cope with his training. You can use the advice of a dog handler to make the training process more successful.
Russian Toy Dog Fun Facts
- Representatives of the Russian Toy breed are freely admitted to stay in hotels and on public transport. (Russia)
- The Russian toy is an excellent hunter for small burrowing animals. It is not for nothing that in a free translation from Russian the name of the breed is translated – “Russian toy burrowing dog”.
- Toy Terrier is a favorite pet of many celebrities and public people.
- Russian Toy females are infertile (1-5 puppies per litter).
- Long-livers with a maximum life expectancy of about 22 years are known among Russian Toy.
Russian Toy Dog Breed Highlights
If you want to have a little “pocket” friend, get a Russian Toy puppy. It would seem that this is an ideal breed that can take root in any family, but with many advantages, mini dogs have their disadvantages:
2. Suitable for apartment living.
3. Does not require regular walking.
4. Simple maintenance.
5. Not expensive upkeep.
6. High intelligence.
7. Friendly attitude to both people and animals.
8. Ease of transportation.
1. Fragility of bones.
2. Propensity to overeat.
3. Not perceiving your small size.
4. Predisposition to ear and eye diseases.
5. Intolerance to cold.