A graceful and harmoniously built dog does not run, but seems to float in the air. Saluki is sensitive, laconic and quick – a breed of dogs of a pronounced oriental type.
The Persian greyhound, like an unread book, constantly surprises. He is admired for her plasticity, hunting skills and rare attractive appearance.
The Saluki is a tall, elegantly lean greyhound bred for unarmed hunting for small game and long-distance dog races.
Saluki can be classified as an exotic breed of dog. These animals have an unusual appearance and amazing abilities.
Saluki has been used since ancient times as a hunting dog for gazelles and other small game. He has perfect hearing, treats strangers with distrust, so he can guard the house and the owner’s property.
The Saluki is a quiet and independent breed, so if you are looking for a tactful friend who will not wake you up by barking and demanding affection every minute, the Persian greyhound is the best option possible.
The Saluki is a different breed from the Arabian Greyhound – Sloughi
Saluki breed history
It is almost impossible to determine the exact age of the Saluki, therefore, in relation to this breed, experts prefer to get off with statements like “one of the oldest types of greyhounds”. Nevertheless, images and remains found during excavations indicate that Saluki were purposefully bred in Egypt and Iran already 5000-6000 years ago.
The Persian greyhounds owe their modern appearance to the Arab nomadic tribes. Bedouins, who since ancient times did not favor dogs and considered them devilish offspring, for some reason showed interest in the ancestors of the Saluki, declaring them sacred pets and taking an active part in their breeding. Pretty soon, the animals turned into real darlings of fate. They were not kicked out into the street, providing a cozy corner in a tent, pampered with delicacies and showered with caresses. What is there! The Saluki even had its own parade exit – a camel or a trotter, which took them out to hunt.
The golden age of the breed lasted long enough. The inhabitants of the desert considered the sale of their wards a mortal sin, therefore only occasionally presented greyhounds to each other as a present. The Bedouin tribes rarely contacted, and centuries of isolation were beneficial for the animals. The Saluki developed into strong, healthy hunters, masterly chasing not only hares and foxes, but also elusive gazelles.
Since the 7th century, the breed began to expand its habitat: along the Great Silk Road, the ancestors of the Persian greyhounds first came to China, and then with legions of crusaders to Europe. In particular, one of the earliest images of the breed can be seen in the painting by Lucas Cranach the Elder “Henry IV of Saxony” (approximately late 15th – early 16th century). However, medieval breeders did not succeed in breeding dogs en masse due to the fact that the Arabs were in no hurry to part with their pets and stubbornly refused to sell them.
The official history of the breed in the west began only at the end of the 19th century, after several purebred Saluki were brought to England in 1895. The pioneer in this matter was the daughter of one of the members of the British Parliament – Florence Amherst. It was the dogs from her kennel that were in high demand among the local elite.
Regarding the name, there are the following assumptions:
- In honor of the Arab city of Saluk.
- In honor of the Syrian city of Seleucia.
- From the Arabic word “herring”, which means “to tear the skin”.
The formation of the Saluki took place in the nomadic Bedouin tribes. During the breeding work, the Arabs tried to preserve endurance, speed and beauty of the exterior in the representatives of the breed.
Bedouins constantly roamed throughout the Middle East. Thus, the gazelle dog quickly spread in the indicated area, becoming famous as a skillful hunter of gazelles and various small game.
In China, Saluki appeared during the Tang Dynasty. Turks and Kazakhs appreciated the unique hunting abilities of the Persian greyhound and used its genes when breeding the Central Asian greyhound Tazy. Europeans became familiar with the Saluki in the Middle Ages.
Saluki do not suffer from heat, but they are very afraid of cold.
The formation of the Saluki took place in different tribes of nomads. As a result, depending on the area where the gazelle dog was formed, the type of its physique was determined. There are two options:
- Desert type Persian greyhound – relatively short stature, graceful constitution.
- Mountain type Persian greyhound – tall, well overgrown, bony.
Elegance, gracefulness, dry type of constitution, power, endurance are inherent in every representative of the Saluki breed.
Adults weigh 17-28 kg., Height at the withers is about 55-70 cm.
A very narrow, elongated head is held on a strong, long, beautifully curved neck. The skull is flat, without bulge. Hanging ears, long. They are on the move all the time. On the ears there is a decorating hair of a rather long length.
The eyes are oval, large, slightly protruding. The color is brown or brown with dark shades.
The nose is large with wide open nostrils. Natural flesh color or black.
The jaws are extraordinarily powerful. The bite is correct, pincer. The canines are strong. Saluki is able to hold the caught deer in place with her teeth for quite a long time, until the owner arrives in time.
The back is wide. The chest is flat and deep. The abdomen is strongly pulled up. The ridge is so flexible that the Persian greyhound at full speed is able to sharply change direction, turn around.
The legs are very long and straight. The musculature is highly developed. The hock joint is low. The paws are powerful, the toes are long, convex.
A feature of the Saluki breed is that both inner fingers on all limbs are much longer than the outer fingers. A cat’s paw is not allowed by the standard.
The step is high, flying. The gait is proud, aristocratic, if the greyhound is in a calm state. During the pursuit, the saluki is powerfully repelled by the hind limbs, throwing the front limbs forward.
It is unacceptable in the movements of the representatives of the indicated breed to frequently move their legs (“dancing”).
The tail is long, slightly curved.
The Persian greyhound is divided according to the coat into two varieties:
- Smooth-haired, which is very similar to the short-haired “Slugi” breed. Saluki with this type of wool is inferior in number to long-haired ones, they are considered a rare species.
- “In feathers” – long-haired, no undercoat. There is decorating hair on the ears, tail and “burki” on the hind legs.
According to the standard, almost all colors are acceptable except brindle. The most common and popular saluki with red, white, black and tan, silver, cream coat color.
The Persian greyhounds have an original shape of their paws, which helps them to create “little iniquities”. For example, opening the refrigerator door and removing prohibited delicacies or taking off your blankets and pajamas.
The Persian greyhound is not designed to be kept in confined spaces. If a Saluki lives in a house, it should be spacious and multi-room.
If kept in the yard in an aviary, the aviary should be large with a warm booth or a house that is heated in winter.
They do not have an undercoat, so they do not tolerate extreme cold and intense heat. In winter, during walks, Saluki should be dressed in warm overalls.
In the summer, it is impossible for such a dog to be in direct sunlight for a long time.
The main condition of detention is daily long walks, physical activity. Saluki must run every day; this is a vital need.
You cannot let a greyhound off the leash while walking in crowded places. This breed has an extremely strong hunting instinct.
Having noticed the object, which in the eyes of the Saluki appears to be prey, she, ignoring the commands of the owner, will begin pursuit. This can end sadly for both the target and the hunter. A dog can be hit by a car, for example.
Saluki is a very clean dog, behaves neatly. he does not smell like a dog, her molt is insignificant. So it is not difficult to care for a Persian greyhound, but regular implementation of the following procedures is necessary:
- We comb out the coat with a brush weekly.
- Bathing is required 2-3 times a year or if it is heavily soiled. After walking my paws, wipe the fur with a damp towel.
- We pay special attention to the ears. They are hanging and long, infectious diseases often occur in them with improper care. You need to examine and clean your ears 2 times a week. For cleaning, buy a special solution from your veterinary pharmacy. Noticing large accumulations of ear discharge, we urgently consult a doctor.
- In the morning, if necessary, we wipe our eyes, removing night secretions.
- We cut off the claws as they grow back with a claw cutter designed for large breeds.
The health of a pet directly depends on the nutrition that the owner provides. It should be balanced, the diet should be based on the age, state of health of the dog.
If small puppies mainly require a dairy diet with the addition of meat products and offal as they grow older, then adults need a large amount of raw meat of low-fat varieties, cereals, vegetables, dairy products.
Small puppies eat 3-6 times a day, adult Saluki eat 2 times a day. Water should be in drinking bowls around the clock, clean, fresh, cool. Vitamin and mineral supplements are important.
It is important to feed the Persian greyhound at exactly the same time in the same place. This pet eats very carefully, it never scatters food.
Representatives of this family have a low level of aggression towards humans, although animals prefer to be as detached as possible with strangers.
The average life expectancy of a Saluki is 13-14 years. It depends on the owner whether his pet will become a long-liver. It is the owner who must provide proper nutrition, proper care, and decent living conditions.
Persian greyhound is rarely sick. It is necessary to maintain the dog’s body in excellent condition by doing routine vaccinations, deworming, treatment against ticks and fleas. Annual preventive examinations at the veterinary clinic are also recommended.
It is good news that diseases affect no more than 4-6% of the Saluki breed. It is worth noting that genetic diseases are not seen in the Persian Hound. But the owner of a gazelle dog should be aware of some health problems:
- Intolerance to anesthesia – if anesthesia cannot be avoided, it should be used very carefully, given the sensitivity of the Saluki to it. The intolerance is explained by the fact that the representatives of the breed have almost no body fat. The amount of anesthesia is taken in less quantity than for other types of dogs.
- Hypothyroidism is a dysfunction of the thyroid gland. The disease is difficult to diagnose.
- Cardiomyopathy – there are changes in the structure and functionality of the muscle tissue of the heart.
Lack of physical activity, lack of walks is a common cause of diseases. Activity, running is vital.
The Persian greyhound is not particularly aggressive. This is a rather peaceful, wayward, independent dog. Devotion and friendliness is shown to all family members. Saluki loves to play, jump, run with the owner and other household members.
Representatives of the breed are very touchy, often nervous, stressed, mostly due to the fact that they are left alone for a long time. Saluki need to be given attention, care, and respect.
A greyhound will not offend a small child, but parents should teach children how to properly handle a hunting dog. In families with preschool children, it is not recommended to have Saluki. The Persian greyhound gets along well with schoolchildren and teenagers, playing different games with them.
He is indifferent to strangers, ignores their presence or tries to leave. But in situations where the owner or family members are in danger, the saluki are able to defend themselves.
The Persian greyhound is friends with dogs and cats. He will not offend representatives of decorative breeds, but prefers to see her blood relatives or greyhounds of other varieties next to her.
Small pets (rodents, turtles, birds) can become saluki prey at any time. Her hunting instinct is too developed.
Saluki is a classic greyhound. This means that walking the pet requires total surveillance, especially if small animals are walking around nearby.
Training and education
Training a Persian greyhound is not easy. If educated correctly, Saluki will in most cases be submissive and obedient.
But the owner must be prepared for the fact that having found prey, a hunting dog can instantly become naughty, unpredictable. That is why it is so important to seriously educate and train Saluki from an early age.
Representatives of this breed do not tolerate rough treatment. If the owner treats the Saluki rudely and such treatment becomes constancy, the pet will become depressed and withdrawn, he will have periods of depression. Attacks of aggression are also possible.
Training will be successful if the owner uses rewarding methods instead of rudeness and punishment. This will give the greyhound an incentive to continue learning and to diligently follow the commands learned.
Lessons don’t have to be monotonous. The Persian greyhound does not like boring repetitions, he prefers playing form, new approaches.
How to choose a puppy
When looking for a suitable Saluki puppy, you will have to be guided by the same principles as when choosing any other dog. In particular, talk to breeders more by visiting nurseries to assess the housing conditions of the greyhounds. If, before the deal, the seller hints that in case of your dissatisfaction with the puppy, the animal will not accept back, this means that the person makes money on the dogs and it does not matter to him what fate awaits his wards.
Be sure to meet the parents of the puppies. Do not limit yourself to reading pedigrees and assessing the characteristics of temperament, but specify the age of the litter breeder. If the bitch is less than 2 or more than 9 years old, it is pointless to count on healthy and promising offspring. It is not worth buying puppies in multidisciplinary kennels, the owners of which simultaneously breed two or more breeds. If a breeder raises and puts up for sale representatives of different breed groups, this characterizes him as an incompetent “breeder” engaged in the sale of low-quality “goods”.
Saluki are muscular dogs, with a minimum amount of body fat, hence the ineradicable passion of animals for soft ottomans and sofas.
- The Persian greyhound is on the list of the very first breeds bred by man.
- The Bedouins claim that the dog of the Saluki breed was given to them by Allah himself.
- The Persian greyhound is so hardy that it is capable of chasing prey at high speed for several hours without rest.
- Saluki can reach speeds of up to 70 – km / h.
- The Persian Greyhound is the record holder in long distance running.
- In the nomadic tribes, the Saluki lived in a tent with the owner, he was considered a member of the family.
- In terms of value, the Saluki ranked second, with the Arabian horses in the first place.
- During the hunt, the greyhound had to find, catch up with the prey and keep it alive until the owner arrived. The hunter had to kill the game himself according to Islamic traditions.
- The Saluki did not run to the place of hunting on its own; it was brought there on horseback on a camel or on a horse.
- Among the Arabs, it was not customary to sell Saluki; it was possible to present it to a worthy person as a precious gift. Once the owner presented his saluki to a friend, who took the dog two thousand kilometers away. After a while, the dog returned home, having overcome a huge distance in the desert.
- The Persian greyhound does not have a specific dog smell. This is due to the fact that its coat is covered with a slight layer of grease, unlike the wool of other breeds.
Pros and cons of the breed
Saluki is a dog with a difficult disposition. Her habits are aristocratic, her movements are graceful. If he recognizes the owner, hewill be devoted to him for the rest of her life.
Before you buy a puppy of the specified breed, consider your options. Saluki requires a lot of attention, he needs space, freedom of movement. If he is not provided with the proper conditions of detention, he will suffer.
The main pros and cons of the Persian Hound are outlined below.
- Exotic appearance.
- Endurance, speed.
- Unpretentiousness in care, food.
- Absence of unjustified aggression.
- Instinct, ideal hunter skills.
- Good health, excellent genetic inheritance.
- Not suitable for apartment maintenance.
- Does not tolerate cold.
- Requires daily physical activity.