The schnauzer is an elegant, agile and robust dog, characterized by his great intelligence and his great loyalty. Informally, it is also called a standard schnauzer, although it is not the official name of the breed. They are very curious, intelligent and unparalleled dogs. They are truly loyal and noble life partners, perfect for any type of family.
This terrier type dog usually has very specific physical characteristics that make it popular in countries around the world. They stand out above all from the eyebrows and mustache he has.
In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ breed sheet, we will detail with you some information from the schnauzer to know how you should take care of him, in addition to his characteristics and character. Everything you need to know before adopting one, below:
Origin of the Schnauzer dog
The origin of this breed is in Germany, where the schnauzer accompanied the cars, took care of the stables and killed rodents and other vermin. He was also popular as a companion dog and caring for children. In the late 1800s, the breed was first shown at a dog show. However, he was presented as a wire-haired pinscher. Subsequently and referring to his beard and his characteristic mustache, he received the name of schnauzer, which derives from the German word “schnauze” which means snout.
Over time, this breed has been crossed with other breeds of dogs to look for the same qualities in different sizes. Thus, the schnauzer gave birth to the giant schnauzer and the miniature schnauzer. Today, the schnauzer is an excellent companion, working and display dog.
Physical characteristics of the schnauzer
Generally speaking, this dog is a very elegant animal, with a square profile (height at the cross equal to the length of the body) and with a dignified and haughty appearance. It is medium in size, compact and with a rough coat. The dorsal line descends slightly from the cross backwards. The back and back are short and strong, while the rump is slightly rounded. The chest is moderate and deep in width, reaching the elbows. The flanks are collected in the belly, but without exaggeration.
The schnauzer’s head is covered with dense fur which forms protruding eyebrows, is strong and long, with a flat forehead and a slightly marked occiput. Its length corresponds to about half the length of the body (measured from the cross to the base of the tail). The stop, or nasofrontal depression, is very evident under the eyebrows. The muzzle is straight and shaped like a truncated wedge. The nose is broad and black, while the lips, also black, are well attached to the jaws. The bite is strong and in scissors.
The eyes of this dog are oval, medium and facing forward. They have a lively expression. The ears are V-shaped and fall forward. Previously, they were amputated, but the current standard of the Fédération cynologique internationale (FCI) requires full ears.
The tail should be natural and have a saber or sickle shape. Previously it was amputated, but fortunately for dogs, the current breed standard requires natural tails.
The hairs are formed in two layers. The outer layer is rough and moderately long, without being shaggy or wavy. The inner layer is thick. The fur on the head is very characteristic of the breed, forming eyebrows on the forehead and a bushy beard on the muzzle. Only two varieties of color are accepted for this breed, pure black with black interior and “salt and pepper”. However, we can find schnauzer dogs of different colors and combinations.
The height at the cross goes from 45 to 50 centimeters, for both men and women. The ideal weight, for its part, varies from 14 to 20 kilograms, for male and female dogs.
Character and temperament of the Schnauzer
Schnauzer dogs have a strong personality and are generally very confident, fearless and confident, many even being arrogant. Despite this, or perhaps because of this, their temperament is generally very stable and they are reliable and very loyal dogs.
It is very important to socialize them as puppies so that their strong personality does not cause problems later. Properly socialized, they get along well with people and tolerate other dogs and other pets well. However, if the training and socialization of dogs is not done properly and at an early age, the schnauzer can be reactive with other dogs of the same sex, be hunters of small animals and be reserved with strangers.
When it comes to canine education and training, they respond very well as long as they receive fair and respectful treatment. Exceptional results can be achieved when trained consistently and with positive methods.
Schnauzers are active dogs that need physical and mental exercise. When they don’t exercise enough, they can become destructive dogs. However, the most conflicting behavioral problem in this breed is that of a resource keeper. To avoid this, it is very important to socialize dogs from an early age and teach them canine obedience exercises that help develop self-control.
When properly socialized and educated, schnauzer dogs are excellent pets for singles and families who enjoy moderate physical activity. They are also excellent pets for families with older children because they get along with them. However, it is not the most suitable breed for families with very young children, as it can react badly to the mischief and ill-treatment of children.
The coat requires a little regular effort to keep it healthy and shiny. It usually takes daily brushing to avoid tangling and you should take the dog to the groomer about three or four times a year to shape and help take care of the hair.
Moderate exercise is necessary for these dogs. Although they are not as active as the giant schnauzer, they require two to three daily walks and some play time. They can also participate in canine sports such as agility or canine freestyle, but you should avoid sudden jumps when dogs are not yet fully developed. They are excellent jogging and walking companions.
These dogs have a strong and somewhat independent character, but need frequent companionship. Schnauzer dogs are not suitable animals to be left alone all day because it is at this point that they begin to develop a strong separation anxiety. They are very social animals who will thank a playmate.
On the other hand, they can very well live in an apartment provided that they receive enough walks and exercise, but it is better that they have a garden where they can run freely. Ideally, they can use the patio or garden for exercise (in addition to their daily walks), but sleep inside the house.
Unlike many other breeds of dogs, the schnauzer tends to be a healthy dog with no high incidence of inherited diseases. However, he sometimes has follicular dermatitis and may suffer from hip dysplasia.
Even if you are a healthy dog, it is important that you follow the usual health routines of any dog which include veterinary visits every 6 months, deworming and monitoring the vaccination schedule. Following these guidelines will help us quickly detect any medical condition.
The average life expectancy of a Schnauzer is between 13 and 16 years.