The Siamese cat is probably one of the best-known animals in the whole of the feline kingdom. This breed has been part of the homes of human beings since its origins, although it is not easy to define exactly where it comes from. What is clear about the birth of the Siamese cat breed is that it appeared in the kingdom of Siam, from which it takes its name.
History of the breed
More specifically, it was from the year 1880 that the specimens began to be considered as part of the human families of Siam, a region known today as Thailand.
In a short time, they spread to other countries of the world through merchants, first in the United Kingdom, then in the United States. From these countries, they continued to develop due to their beauty and characteristics, and they also began to be considered as part of cat shows in various parts of the world.
The most famous Siamese cat is the traditional Siamese cat, also known as the Thai Siamese cat. The usual image of this breed corresponds to the traditional Siamese, although it is not the only variety that exists. In 2001, the so-called modern Siamese cat appeared, whose lines are much more oriental and elongated.
The characteristics of this variety are more pronounced and marked, and this is what we currently see in feline exhibitions, even above the traditional one. Despite their differences, the truth is that the two varieties of Siamese cat are pure and have very similar characteristics.
And it is that the Siamese cat breed has a unique origin despite the fact that over time, the two above-mentioned varieties have developed. At the moment it is possible to find specimens of the two varieties of the breed in all corners of the world, although in some places one or the other is more common.
What they both have in common is that they have served as the basis for many other breeds, which means that it is easy to find feline specimens that are not necessarily Siamese despite the fact that their appearance has many similarities with this breed.
Thailand (formerly, Siam)
The Siamese cat shows a medium size of oriental body and is characterized by being thin, stylized, very flexible and muscular. Each time, they try to further promote these types of qualities.
The weight varies between males and females, as they weigh around 2.5 or 3 kilograms, while males generally weigh between 3.5 and 5.5 kilograms.
Blue point (dark gray), Lilac point (light gray), Red point (dark orange), Cream point (light orange or cream), Cinnamon, or White. Although the two variants of the Siamese cat are very similar, it is worth mentioning the differences in their characteristics.
The traditional Siamese or Thai cat has a silhouette and proportions reminiscent of the most common cats. Strong, round and muscular. For its part, the modern Siamese cat is much more stylized and elongated, and its silhouette is closer to oriental and Asian cats.
On the other hand, there are characteristics in the Siamese cat which have to do mainly with its coat and which are maintained in the two varieties. Although similarities can be seen in the large size of their ears in both cases and in the slanting eyes which are generally of a deep and light blue color, very striking.
The Siamese cat is white and gray in terms of its coat, with small darker parts that make it unique. Specifically, it shows a beautiful chocolate-colored mask on the face. The ears, the tail and the ends of the legs are the same color, although a gradation can be observed in certain specimens which begins in the feet and goes up to about half of the leg.
Personality and behavior of the Siamese cat
The Siamese is probably as well known for his direct vocal personality as for his classical appearance. The breed is generally open, outgoing and sometimes very noisy.
The Siamese cat is mainly distinguished by its high energy level. It even becomes hyperactive in many cases, so it requires a family able to stimulate you physically and intellectually on a daily basis, because otherwise you will be easily frustrated.
For the rest, it is a very affectionate and happy animal, playful and sociable. Unlike other breeds, it is generally not hostile to strangers, it is curious by nature and tends to get along with everyone. Although it can also be a little scary if you don’t receive proper education as a baby Siamese cat.
All character traits inherent in the Siamese cat, of course, do exist, but when raising a pet, remember that only your attention and understanding can make a real angel out of an imp.
It is also remarkable in this very expressive cat, who has the ease of being understood through his meows and his gestures. This requires a lot of attention on a daily basis. So if you spend a lot of time away from home, the Siamese cat may not be right for you. In any case, remember that the Siamese cat has an exceptional temperament, and that some care is enough to obtain an excellent travel companion at all levels.
Siamese cats are very intelligent and need to stay entertained. It is convenient to leave toys and scrape items close at hand to keep him entertained. You can also teach them to pick up toys that you throw.
Siamese are a living breed (they can even be over twenty). However, there are a number of disorders associated with this cat breed.
Some lines may show a predisposition to certain types of cancer, such as lymphoma and some intestinal tumors. In addition, Siamese seem more prone to chronic cough (bronchial disease) and vomiting than other breeds.
For unknown reasons, some Siamese lines ingest non-nutritious foreign objects (a phenomenon called geophagy), such as woolen clothes, plastic or other materials.
Even if your Siamese does not go out, you should not refuse vaccination. After all, any infection can be brought on clothes or shoes. The first vaccination against viral rhinotracheitis is carried out at 12 weeks. But if there is a need for earlier protection (in the case when the tailed mother is not vaccinated), then there is a vaccine that can be used at 8 weeks of age (Nobivac Tricat).
From 12 weeks old, you can vaccinate a kitten against rabies. Your veterinarian should draw up a subsequent vaccination plan.
Basic rules for vaccination:
- It is not recommended to vaccinate Siamese kittens at 4-7 months.
- During this period, their teeth are changing and the body is weakened.
- It is not recommended to vaccinate pregnant cats with live vaccines, this can negatively affect the offspring.
- 10 days before vaccination, deworming and treatment against fleas and ticks are carried out.
- Only healthy animals are vaccinated.
- Vaccinations are done exclusively by specialists in veterinarians.
- After vaccination, the animal needs to be monitored for several days in order to contact the veterinarian in time in case of complications.
Basic care of the Siamese cat
The care of Siamese cats is probably less than that of other breeds. In addition to paying attention, care and hours of play, this will only require a few routine visits to the veterinarian and usual care in terms of hygiene and nutrition.
The Siamese is a very clean breed by nature, which spends a good part of the day grooming itself. This means that one brushing per week and one bath every two months are more than enough to keep your coat in perfect condition.
Do not forget to regularly clean and disinfect not only the litter box, but the very place where the litter box is located.
The short and shiny coat of the Siamese does not require excessive care, but the Siamese cat will benefit from the attention given when grooming. These cats know how to take care of their fur to perfection. Like all cats, Siamese need vaccination to protect themselves from disease, as well as regular pest control and annual veterinary checks.
The Siamese are very clean cats. But in some ways, your help will not hurt.
- Keep your cat’s ears clean. They need to be cleaned once a week using ear cleansers and cotton pads.
- Brush your cat’s teeth monthly to prevent tartar formation. You can buy a special paste and a brush at the veterinary pharmacy.
- Eyes also need care – use a damp cotton swab to remove dried secretions from the inner corners of the eyes. If unusual discharge alarms you, see your veterinarian.
The room where the Siamese cat lives must be kept clean – these aristocrat cats cannot stand unpleasant odors and dirt. Therefore, the tray will have to be removed in time.
The Siamese, like each cat, is unique and has its own food needs. However, cats are carnivores and each cat must get 41 different specific nutrients in their food. The proportion of these nutrients will vary depending on age, lifestyle and general health.
It is therefore expected that an energetic growing kitten will need a different nutrient balance than that of a less active older cat. It is necessary to pay attention to the amount of food necessary to maintain an ideal physical condition in accordance with the dietary guidelines and individual preferences regarding the type of food (wet or dry).
When drawing up a menu for a Siamese, it should be borne in mind that cats are predators, whose digestive system is designed to digest raw meat. Therefore, the basis of the diet should be lean meat and fish. In order to destroy possible parasites or viruses, the meat should be boiled or scalded.
Of course, you can feed your pets with industrial food – dry or wet. But no matter how attractive it may be, such food will not replace natural food.
Considering the individual taste of a mustachioed gourmet, include cottage cheese, eggs (boiled yolk), milk (boiled), sour cream, unsweetened yogurt, butter in the diet.
There are cats who love fruits and vegetables, such as carrots, apples and potatoes.
Any greens should be available, but give preference to wheat or special grain mix for cats.
Mixed food is not encouraged, since the animal’s gastrointestinal tract is difficult to rebuild to digest different types of food, and this can lead to digestive problems.
As for other care, the most important is to offer him a good education, affectionate and firm, and to socialize him from an early age with all possible animals. In this way, the character of the adult Siamese cat will be balanced and calm. And you can boast of having a Siamese cat with exemplary behavior.
Siamese pregnancy and giving birth
Usually puberty in cats occurs at 8 months of age. But Siamese cats, which belong to the eastern type, enter this period earlier – at 4 – 5 months. The onset of sexual activity can be influenced by the time of birth of the animal. A female Siamese born in the spring may enter this period in the fall, and a one born a little later, estrus is likely to begin next spring.
In general, for Siamese cats, the ability to reproduce begins only at 10 months of age and lasts up to 8 years.
The average gestation period for Siamese cats is 65 days. Lambing is considered premature if it occurs before 60 days. Kittens born at this time are considered non-viable. If childbirth does not begin on day 68, we can talk about overweight kittens, in which case you need to seek help from a veterinarian.
If the Siamese mating went well, then in the first month the first changes in the cat’s appearance and behavior will be visible. At this time, there is a slight increase in weight. There may be loss of appetite, slight vomiting.
After 35 days, the cat’s tummy becomes round, the nipples turn pink and enlarge. Appetite and desire to sleep longer appear. During this period, the cat’s life is almost no different from the previous one, but too active games should be prohibited, although dosed activity is necessary.
In the later stages, a pear-shaped tummy appears, and by putting your hand on it, you can feel how the kittens move.
2 weeks before giving birth, the movement of kittens in the womb is clearly visible in the tailed mother lying on her side. During this period, the activity of the animal is significantly reduced. It is best to provide the kitty with a cozy place to rest and not disturb her unnecessarily.
A week before the start of labor, show your Siamese cat to the veterinarian and arrange with him so that qualified assistance is immediately provided in case of complications.
The behavior of the animal changes and her voice will up a bit higher about the approach of childbirth. The cat begins to actively look for a place for lambing. The loop is greatly enlarged, transparent or light pink discharge appears. A tailed mommy can completely refuse food. The animal becomes especially affectionate and requires attention to itself.
For lambing, you need to prepare a special place, or better a few. Any cardboard box with low sides will do, so that the kitty does not touch the belly. The box is lined with a warm mattress, or a blanket folded several times, over which a clean sheet (disposable or cotton) is covered. The nest is placed in a secluded place, where households or pets do not look.
A naturally physically developed and healthy Siamese cat will cope with childbirth on its own. But your presence is simply necessary, especially if the cat is giving birth for the first time. Just stay nearby so that the furry girl can feel your presence and support.
Just in case, prepare the necessary tools to help the Siamese cat in labor and her offspring. You will need:
- Sterile gloves
- Sterile scissors with rounded ends
- A thread for tying the umbilical cord (catgut)
- Clean nappies and towels to wipe the kittens
- An eye pipette for sucking mucus from the respiratory tract of kittens
- Cotton buds.
Keep your phone and veterinarian number nearby in case you need urgent advice or assistance.
Once the kittens are born, you will need to control the temperature inside the nest. To do this, place a thermometer on the bottom of the box.
During the first 3 days of life, kittens should be warm, so keep the temperature around 29 ° C. This is easily done by placing a heating pad under the mattress. Then, every week, reduce the temperature by 3 ° C, gradually bringing it to 21 ° C.
How to choose a Siamese cat?
The cat in the house is a big responsibility. Therefore, do not act rashly, but carefully consider the pros and cons:
- Can you provide your cat with normal conditions of detention, because active Siamese need more free space for movement?
- Will you have enough time to communicate with your cat, because if you don’t pay attention to the Siamese, the animal will grow up withdrawn and, possibly, unfriendly
- If any of the family members have allergies
- If the family has a small child, then adopting a Siamese kitten is not recommended, as it can only harm both babies, because the kitten can get scared and scratch the child.
Before you adopt a Siamese kitten, think carefully if you have the patience and time to make friends with the owner of a difficult character. After all, kittens are charm, but an adult cat is a completely different matter. It’s a personality to be reckoned with. But if the heart is conquered by this breed, then before choosing a baby you need to decide on the following questions.
- If you are wondering how long a Siamese cat lives, you will be happy to know that it is one of the breeds with the longest life expectancy. These animals can live on average 20 years, more than in most feline breeds. However, for their quality of life to be good and last a long time, you need to provide them with adequate care at all levels.
- The cat has been regularly regarded as an animal linked to the afterlife. In the case of the Siamese cat, this connection reached such a point that when a person died, one of these animals was placed close to the body. According to popular belief, the spirit of the deceased would go to the body of the cat, so that it would be its guardian forever.
- An interesting fact – Siamese kittens are born completely white, with pink noses and pads on their paws. Dark marks begin to appear from about two weeks of age. This color is called acromelanism. That is, the warmest parts of the body are painted in lighter colors, and where the thermal conductivity is less (limbs, tail, muzzle and ears), the color is much darker.
If you think this breed is best for you, it’s time to get the best specimen. Therefore, before thinking about the price of a Siamese cat, you should contact a professional breeder specializing in the breed. Keep in mind that the Siamese cat has served and is the basis for many feline crosses. It is therefore possible that you will find cats similar in appearance to the Siamese which, in their genetics, carry a mixture of other breeds. Hence the importance of relying only on a breeder who can offer you all the guarantees on the origin of your new animal. Maybe that way the price of the Siamese cat is higher, but you will make sure that your cat has the physical and capricious characteristics that you really look for in a pet.