The Siberian husky is undoubtedly one of the breeds of dogs with the greatest physical beauty. It is a dog from Russia, especially Siberia, which was born as a working animal for the Chukchi tribe. With this tribe, they fulfilled various functions, ranging from the company of their owners to raising deer, pulling sleds and keeping the children of the tribe warm.
It is possible to find images of Siberian huskies in their origin, to verify that the concept we have now of this breed differs a little from its original image.
If you are considering adopting a puppy or adult Siberian husky, you have come to the right place, in this breed sheet of ‘ Pets Feed ‘, we will detail everything about the Siberian husky, including curiosities about his character, his behavior, his relationships social with other animals and specific care.
In short, everything you need to know about this wonderful dog. Nowadays, the Siberian Husky is a fantastic companion dog which is really popular for its beautiful complexion, its solid body and its appearance similar to that of the wolf. Read on and find out everything about the Siberian husky:
The Siberian Husky comes from the snowy Siberia, as the name of the breed shows. With a high degree of probability, it can be assumed that this breed was bred by the Chukchi, who lived in nomadic tribes. In these parts, people need a reliable helper and friend, and the tribes of the aborigines who lived in the vast open spaces have bred for themselves a special breed of sled dogs, most suitable for harsh weather conditions.
When people had to overcome long distances, they were sure that they could rely on these energetic dogs, because a team of a couple of dozen dogs was able to overcome incredible distances across the snow-covered expanses of the North and Siberia.
The breed got its name in memory of the northern tribes, since the word “husky” is a distortion from the word “eski” (“eskimo”).
But, for the northern people, huskies were not just transport and hunting companions, they were family members. Legends say that when a child was born in the family, the dog, usually living in the yard, was called to the house to warm the baby with the warmth of its body. As the child grew older, the husky always followed him, protecting the baby from dangers and cold.
At the dawn of the 20th century, the breed almost sank into oblivion. During the Soviet era, it was decided that these dogs are not suitable for the transportation of goods due to their small size, therefore the Siberian husky was not recognized as a breed and the breeding of these dogs stopped.
But, thanks to the Americans, this breed has not disappeared from the face of the earth. In the 30s of the last century, several dozen dogs were taken to Alaska directly in sleds. The years of the “gold rush” and aroused special interest in these dogs, because thanks to the husky, gold diggers could make their way to the mines in the most inaccessible places.
And in 1925, when, thanks to a brave representative of the husky breed named Balto, a team of dogs managed to deliver the medicine for diphtheria to the city of Nome, and thereby saved the village from an epidemic. Balto was recognized as a national hero of the United States and a monument was erected in his honor in Central Park in New York, which always remains a reminder of the feat of Balto and his four-legged team.
Characteristics of the Siberian Husky
The husky dog has very marked physical features, from its size to its posture when walking. They are very athletic animals, strong and resistant, trained to travel long distances and ready to pull weights that multiply several times by their own size. Their ears are still pointed, which allows them to adopt an almost permanent alert position. But these are not the only characteristics of the Siberian husky to consider.
Physically, the Siberian husky has the characteristics of a medium-sized dog, which can reach 60 centimeters in height up to the withers in the case of the adult male Siberian husky, and up to 56 in the case of the female husky. Concerning the weight, the males evolve on a scale from 21 to 28 kilos, and the females from 16 to 23 approximately. Their average lifespan is 12 years, although they can live up to 15 or 16 years.
The Siberian husky has a long, dense coat, with two layers that adapt to the environment in which it lives. Thus, it loses the inner layer of fur in warmer climates, but it will retain it and become denser even in colder climates.
This coat can appear in different shades, the accepted standard being that which shows a combination of at least two of the colors. Among the most common coat colors are: white, black and white, red and white, sand and white and gray and silver husky. This dog loses its hair once or twice a year, so it is recommended to brush it frequently to prevent its hair from becoming tangled and ending up scattered all over the house.
Siberian husky eyes
Undoubtedly, the husky is acclaimed by his eyes, although this characteristic often takes precedence over others much more important.
Although you tend to think that the only color for the husky is blue eyes, the reality is that genetics is the only one responsible for determining the color of each Siberian husky puppy. They may have eyes of different colors, such as brown-eyed huskies or blue-eyed huskies, although one of the main characteristics of the husky’s eye color is that it sometimes differs from eye to eye. ‘other. As a resounding statement, the Siberian husky has keen eyes, regardless of their color.
How are the Siberian Husky and the Alaskan Malamute different?
It is quite common that there is confusion between the Siberian husky and the Alaskan Malamute due to their physical similarity, but the truth is that they are two very different breeds. Certainly, these are two Nordic breeds with fairly similar fur, but it’s easy to discover their differences if you see specimens of the two breeds.
The Siberian Husky is smaller in size and dimensions, and less bulky than the Alaskan Malamute. Its proportions are reminiscent of those of a wolf, while in the case of the malamute, its shapes are much more rounded and similar to those of molosoid dogs. The husky and malamute’s bodies are similar in that they are very friendly and affectionate animals.
However, the husky is a much more active dog with very high needs for exercise, which outweighs the malamute. To make a decision on the best breed for you, you will need to think about their needs for space and activity, as well as their temperament.
And it is that the Nordics in general, and in particular the Siberian husky, have a behavior which must be understood and understood to make them really happy and maintain a perfect relationship between the animal and its owner.
Character of the Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky is not only one of the most popular pets because of its physical appearance, it is its character that makes this dog breed special.
They are generally affectionate, playful and friendly dogs who like to be in the middle of the family nucleus. The history of the husky is intimately linked to the daily routine of women and children. So, you do not have to worry if your husky and your child play long hours, provided they are well educated.
The little ones in the house should learn to play with the dog gently while the dog needs to know what the limits are. If you are not sure that the game can work 100% (either because of one or the other), always be present and avoid an undesirable situation.
It is a breed that enjoys the company of other dogs at home and outdoors. For this reason and to avoid behavioral problems in the future, we must socialize our husky puppy. The socialization of a dog allows him to communicate with other pets, people and objects without fear or aggression. It is very important to spend time developing an outside knowledge, as this will allow us to have a social dog.
Huskies are dogs characterized by good health and good stamina. But there are some diseases to which they may be susceptible. First of all, this is hip dysplasia. This is a rather serious pathology that affects the health of the entire musculoskeletal system. Huskies, who are unable to move normally, have a hard time tolerating this disease. In some cases, only surgery can really help, however, this is an extreme measure. Most often, physiotherapy and medication are prescribed.
Another group of problems that a husky may face is ophthalmic diseases. Most often we are talking about progressive retinal atrophy and juvenile cataract.
A cataract is a lump on the pupil that makes it difficult to see properly. Juvenile cataract usually develops in representatives of the breed before the age of 2 years. You can get rid of it promptly, although few pet owners agree to this. The main reasons are the high risks of unsuccessful intervention and the high cost of the operation.
Retinal atrophy provokes degenerative changes, which eventually lead to complete blindness. Two eyes are usually affected.
It is also noted that representatives of the husky breed have a tendency to epilepsy.
Keeping a husky in an apartment is contraindicated. They need space and expanse in which they can fully express their activity. A country house surrounded by a high fence, which can prevent the possibility of undermining (representatives of this breed “sin” with such an occupation), will suit him for living. Even if at first the huskies will behave calmly in the apartment, do not flatter yourself. Over time, they will start to spoil things, but the further, the more the dog will be bored and there will be no trace of his love of life.
Huskies are unpretentious in keeping and leaving. Being clean, they in this regard can be compared with the same cleanliness – cats. Dogs are practically odorless, so they will not cause any discomfort to those who live with them. You can rarely bathe animals, even once a year or as it gets dirty (if suddenly overly active huskies get into some kind of mud).
Husky dogs molt twice a year. During this time, they lose a thick undercoat, so this fact must be borne in mind. If you don’t want hair all over the place, brush your dog every day. At other times, it is enough to periodically brush the dog, helping it to get rid of dead hair and maintain its attractiveness.
By the way, it has been noticed that huskies living in a cold region shed much less than those that live in warm latitudes.
Every week, you need to examine your pet’s ears in order to notice possible inflammation in time. It is better to clean the auricles not with cotton, but with special tampons made of soft tissue. They need to be treated with a solution that a veterinarian can prescribe.
To prevent dental problems, tartar formation and inflammation of the gums, the Siberian Husky is recommended to brush his teeth weekly.
It is enough to trim the nails once a month. But, if the pet’s claws grow more intensively, then this procedure can be carried out more often.
You can ask the breeder about nutrition, but if you are not satisfied with the method he proposed, you should not abruptly change the puppy’s diet.
An adult husky is omnivorous, but this does not mean that she can be given everything.
The digestive system of the breed has evolved over the centuries, and the dogs are used to eating what they were given along the way when they pulled the team.
And so, it happened that the exchange of the husky became protein-fat.
What should you include in your diet if you choose natural foods?
Meat makes up 70% of the total diet. Raw veal, lamb, beef, cut into pieces.
Fish is given no more than twice a week. It is desirable that these were sea species, boiled and boneless.
Vegetables account for 20% of the diet.
Carrots, tomatoes and cucumbers are given raw, all other vegetables must be cooked until half cooked.
Sometimes you can give your pet fermented milk products and eggs.
Choose a brand of dry food that is high in fat and protein.
Siberian Husky puppies need more calories than an adult dog because they are still growing and therefore need more in terms of energy intake.
As a guide, a puppy should be fed 4 meals daily.
Once a husky puppy is 16 months old, it can be fed an adult diet, as shown below.
The Siberian Husky is a dog that usually requires a high dose of daily exercise. It depends on each specimen in particular. This breed needs to exercise a lot, even if it has to be done in a secure and bounded area, or on a leash, as they have a strong desire to run if they are left free and generally do not respond to the call of their owner.
A fenced garden is essential and, as they are able to jump without running, height is also very important. An adult Siberian Husky dog needs more than two hours of daily exercise.
The Siberian Husky dog is known as a walking dog, but if he does not stay under surveillance, he is able to walk and forget where his home is. For this reason, we recommend using a chip and an identification plate with your phone number on his collar.
Husky training and education
The Siberian husky lends itself well to training, but it definitely needs training and socialization. It is advisable to contact a professional who knows how to handle wayward, character dogs.
Many of the owners of the representatives of this breed claim that their pets show themselves excellently during training, they follow all the commands of the trainer. But as soon as they cross their own threshold, they refuse to repeat at least something from what they have passed. This does not mean that huskies are stupid. This can be for two reasons: either in this way they show their stubborn nature, or they got caught by an inexperienced novice coach.
The owner of the dog must be confident and assertive. Thanks to its cuteness and charming gaze, the Siberian Husky is able to deftly manipulate an insecure owner and other family members to achieve his goal. Be strict with the dog (only without extremes and aggression). This is especially true of the training period, when the character of the pet can still be corrected, and its strengths can be directed in the right direction.
Siberian Husky Dog Breed Highlights
Like any other dog breed, the Siberian Husky has its advantages and disadvantages.
- Extremely friendly with people and children.
- The Siberian Husky loves the company.
- Playful all its life.
- Very adaptable, it does not stress when it finds itself in new environments.
- Extremely intelligent, but naughty.
- This dog is laid back by nature, which makes it very indulgent.
- The Siberian Husky does not have that “dog smell”.
- This dog breed is social in nature and generally gets along well with other dogs provided it has been well socialized.
- Not the best choice for new owners.
- Not a very good watchdog because Siberian Husky loves everyone it meets.
- Not so faithful because it loves everyone
- Very great sense of prey, difficult to master.
- Not so obedient as by the fact that it is an independent thinker.
- The Siberian Husky is not known to bark, but will scream for pleasure.
- The Siberian Husky still needs a lot of exercise.
- Known to be destructive around the house if left alone for a while.
- This dog is suffering from separation anxiety.
- Gardens and homes must be extremely safe to keep a Siberian Husky safe.
- The Siberian Husky has trouble digesting a lot of grain, so be careful with his diet.
- This dog moults a lot throughout the year and even more so in the spring and fall.
- It has a sensitivity to certain drugs.
Siberian Husky fun facts
In addition to all the information that should be known at the breed level, there are some interesting curiosities to know to complete the knowledge on the breed of husky dog.
- About this breed, the legend of Balto is well known, a husky dog who, in 1925, succeeded, with another group of dogs, to cross the Bering Strait to bring the serum necessary to control an epidemic of diphtheria. In the middle of a snowstorm and for more than five days of crossing, the dogs managed to transport the medicine which otherwise would never have reached their destination.
- Today, it is still the best canine representative to practice mushing, and as such, the Siberian Husky is still used in races which take place in many parts of the world. Of course, these animals need special care and training throughout their lives to be able to keep up with the sporting rhythm that is required of them.
- The Siberian Husky is a breed of dog that likes to search when it has the opportunity. It is common for a garden to appear full of holes, but this is also due to its origins, when it had to dig a hole in the snow to lie down and protect itself from the cold.
- Unlike other breeds of equal size or even much smaller, these are animals that barely smell like a dog, and they tend to stay clean and groom themselves, which is not say they don’t need help, because there are areas of the body that they don’t reach alone.
- The Siberian Husky is hypoallergenic, which means that people who show symptoms of allergy to other breeds can live with a Siberian husky dog. This is because it produces the hormone that produces the allergy in very small amounts, so it is generally not a problem despite their large amount of hair.
- The size of the husky makes it perfect for living in any type of house, as it adapts perfectly to the space. He can share a small apartment with his owner and be perfectly happy, as long as he has the time he needs and does not skimp on walks or daily exercise.
- Despite popular belief, it is not true that the husky has to run several kilometers each day. It can, but it adapts to its owner’s lifestyle and the amount of daily exercise.
- Huskies tolerate heat fairly well thanks to the possibility of removing the inner layer of their fur. For this reason, a husky should never be shaved, as it would be left unprotected from the weather and could suffer from sunburn, sensitivity or even heat stroke.
A Siberian husky can be a perfect traveling companion. He is extremely loyal, friendly and fun. You just need to know how to understand their needs for the relationship to be successful and lasting, so make sure you can do anything for your new friend before you decide to share your life with a Siberian husky dog. First, what you need to do is educate yourself, go to several breeders specializing in the breed so that you can discover these special animals firsthand. Also try to see photos of huskies from previous generations to that of your dog, as this will give you an idea of what your new friend will look like. Prepare for the most exciting trip of your life, because even without a sleigh, nothing will ever be the same again before you see your Siberian husky.