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As the name suggests, the Siberian cat is an animal from the cold region of Siberia, in eastern Russia. This may be the cause of its abundant coat, if necessary, to protect it from the weather.
With an abundant coat and a penetrating look, the Siberian cat has become one of the most popular and appreciated feline breeds in the world. His balanced temperament and physical characteristics have also made him one of the ideal companions for people of all kinds. However, and despite being a very old cat, its official recognition dates from the 90s.
In this breed sheet of ‘ Pets Feed ‘, we will explain everything you need to know about the Siberian cat, its characteristics, its character, its care and its photos. Do not miss it!
The Siberian cat is one of the so-called “forest cats”, along with the Maine coon and the Norwegian forest cat, because specimens of this breed are spread in the lush groves of Russia and Ukraine. It is thought to come from the crossing of domestic cats brought to Russia and Ukraine with wild cats from the Siberian forests, hence the name “Siberian Forest Cat”.
This breed seems new because there is no document which mentions it until 1871. In this way, there was no official pedigree until 1987 and the World Federation of the cat recognized it only a few years ago, its international expansion took place in the 1990s. This can be explained by the current ban of the Soviet regime from owning pets, which is why farmers who owned Siberian cats did so. secretly. However, its origins seem to go back a thousand years. In Russia, they were the usual companions of the nobles, being very present in the most distinguished palaces of imperial Russia. Therefore, it is part of one of the oldest breeds of cats in the world, despite its official documentation on the dates indicated.
Characteristics of the Siberian cat
The main characteristic of the Siberian cat is its size, much larger than what is considered the norm in the feline world. In addition to being tall, he is also very voluminous and corpulent, with very developed muscles and an amazing appearance both standing and in motion. It is curious to see that this animal has a very slow development, and does not reach its final size until its full maturity, which occurs around 4 or 5 years of life. At this point, it is normal for the weight of the adult cat to be between a minimum of 4 kg that a female can weigh, up to a maximum of 10 kg that a male can weigh ( sometimes). However, there are no official marks according to the standard, beyond ensuring that the animal is always well proportioned and remains athletic and active.
Among its physical characteristics, we also note long muscular legs and a tail also long and full of hair. The Siberian is a big-headed cat, but well proportioned compared to the rest of the body, with large and deep eyes, which can be declined in different colors, and with a short and rounded nose. The ears are medium in size, and can be seen to have a slight forward tilt.
Another key to recognizing this cat is its fur. Its coat is not comparable to that of any other breed of cat, and it is so dense and strong that it can be difficult to find its body under the three thick layers of hair. Curiously, even tufts of hair can be found between the pads, yet another form of protection against the cold. As far as color is concerned, the coat of the Siberian cat can appear in almost any shade, even a single color, two-color or three-color; perhaps the most common being the orange Siberian cat and the white Siberian cat. It is undoubtedly a very special breed capable of falling in love with anyone for its imposing beauty and also for its character.
Weight: Females 5.5 – 6 kg / Males 7 – 8 kg
Siberian cat character
If we talk about the temperament of the Siberian cat, it should be noted that this breed is characterized by its sociability and its affability. Despite the fact that its robust appearance can be impressive, it is a very affectionate cat and it adapts well when dealing with other cats and even other animals such as dogs. The guardians of these cats say that their behavior is reminiscent of a dog, because they wait for them when they return home and constantly ask for attention and affection.
On the other hand, it is also true that it can take a while for them to lose their initial shyness towards strangers, so if you are the new guardian of one of these specimens, you must have a little patience , because once they meet you, they will spend hours playing and begging you to be pampered. At first, it can show an ephemeral character, with behaviors like hiding from visitors, but as soon as it gains confidence, they will not hesitate to belly up and to purr joyfully at the caresses.
Basic care of the Siberian cat
The Siberian cat generally requires more aesthetic care than health, as long as healthy lifestyle habits are respected. Its long hair, which appears in three layers, requires constant brushing so as not to form knots or hairballs which could also be swallowed during grooming. With these brushes and a full bath every two months or so, your coat will always be shiny and in the best condition.
On the other hand, it is practical to take into account the food according to the exercise that the animal does. In any case, you should always focus on quality food, and combine dry and wet food so that the cat has all the nutrients. As for the quantity, being a big cat will require more food than the other breeds, but always in line with the exercise you do.
By following the above guidelines and offering you love, games, education and socialization, the Siberian cat will be the perfect animal for any family, so don’t doubt that it is a breed that suits you.
Due to its wild origin and the breed unchanged by human hands, the Siberian cat is strong and robust, with enviable health and without notable congenital diseases. Despite this, he has diseases common to all other breeds such as hypertrophic heart disease, which consists of an enlarged myocardium of the left ventricle, so veterinary checks should be frequent.
As in the rest of cats, it will be necessary to pay attention to the condition of the coat, nails, mucous membranes and teeth to detect and prevent diseases. Likewise, it is important to follow an adequate vaccination and deworming schedule, always following the veterinarian’s instructions.
Siberian cat fun facts
- There are legends that attribute the task of guarding Russian monasteries to the Siberian cat.
- This particular breed likes to play with water, so be careful, as as mentioned above, it could be harmful to their health.
- Finally, the Siberian cat is considered a hypoallergenic cat because it does not produce a protein called FelD1 which is responsible for 80% of animal allergies. For this reason, Siberian cats can be a good choice for those who suffer from allergies to feline fur.
- The coat of the Siberian cat in three layers, dense and very bushy was and is its main protection against low temperatures from its place of origin. Long before this animal was domesticated and part of family life, it had to survive the weather and, thanks to its physical characteristics, it was able to withstand temperatures of up to 30 degrees below zero.
- It is one of the so-called hypoallergenic cat breeds. This does not mean that allergic people can live with them in all cases, but it will be more likely, since this breed generates to a much lesser extent than others the protein responsible for the majority of animal allergies in humans. . However, before acquiring a specimen of Siberian cat, it is advisable to go to a specialist to do the relevant tests, thus avoiding the possibility of going through a difficult trance.
- The Siberian cat is considered the national breed of Russia for its impressive appearance and size, thus taking the place of other feline breeds which also had their origin in this region.