As the name suggests, the Siberian cat is an animal from the cold region of Siberia, in eastern Russia. This may be the cause of its abundant coat, if necessary, to protect it from the weather.
With an abundant coat and a penetrating look, the Siberian cat has become one of the most popular and appreciated feline breeds in the world. His balanced temperament and physical characteristics have also made him one of the ideal companions for people of all kinds. However, and despite being a very old cat, its official recognition dates from the 90s.
In this breed sheet of ‘ Pets Feed ‘, we will explain everything you need to know about the Siberian cat, its characteristics, its character, its care and its photos. Do not miss it!
The Siberian cat is one of the so-called “forest cats”, along with the Maine coon and the Norwegian forest cat, because specimens of this breed are spread in the lush groves of Russia and Ukraine. It is thought to come from the crossing of domestic cats brought to Russia and Ukraine with wild cats from the Siberian forests, hence the name “Siberian Forest Cat”.
This breed seems new because there is no document which mentions it until 1871. In this way, there was no official pedigree until 1987 and the World Federation of the cat recognized it only a few years ago, its international expansion took place in the 1990s. This can be explained by the current ban of the Soviet regime from owning pets, which is why farmers who owned Siberian cats did so. secretly. However, its origins seem to go back a thousand years. In Russia, they were the usual companions of the nobles, being very present in the most distinguished palaces of imperial Russia. Therefore, it is part of one of the oldest breeds of cats in the world, despite its official documentation on the dates indicated.
Characteristics of the Siberian cat
The Siberian cat rightfully bears the title of Russian beauty. He looks like a lordly presentable thanks to his well-developed large body with powerful paws. Small tufts of wool grow between the toes of the Siberian.
The head is large and appears to be a trapezoid with rounded corners. According to the breed standard, the distance between the ears should correspond to the width of the ears. On the tips of the ears there are tassels that give the muzzle a lynx-like appearance.
The characteristic of the muzzle requires harmony with the body of the body; therefore no sharpness is allowed. The back of the head should be flat. By the shape of the head, it is easy to distinguish a true Siberian from another similar breed. In addition, a smooth transition from nose to forehead is noticeable, and the Persian can no longer be passed off as this breed.
The description of the standard indicates large and rounded eyes with expressive gaze.
A unique woolen caftan is formed around the powerful strong neck. Impressive shoulders exceed body width. The body itself is excellently developed. Such power is considered a feature of the breed – any cat will be an excellent rat-catcher and can compete in strength with some dogs.
The tail of cats is very fluffy and wide, but moderately long.
A sign of a thoroughbred Siberian cat is a thick rather coarse coat. You can recognize these long-haired cats by examining their fur coat: since it consists of two layers of undercoat and has rigidity, it is not wet. The hind legs are dressed in thick warm “pants”.
Those who decide to have a small or adult Siberian can be calm about the appearance of allergies – the breed, despite its long hair, is defined as hypoallergenic.
The combined color of the cat is ideal for the wild conditions of Siberia. The color is noticeable from the first month of life and can be patterned or solid, a variety of colors are allowed, including black and white.
The winter coat of Siberian cats is much longer than the summer coat. In the cold season, they have a chic collar and fluffy pants. In warm weather, a Siberian can look like a smooth-haired cat.
Sizes and weight of Siberian cats
Since these are cats with a heavy massive bone, then, despite the average size and dimensions, their not quite light weight cannot be small. The growth of an adult animal at the withers reaches 30 cm if it is a female, and 40 cm in a male.
The kitten gains weight from month to month, as a rule, well, and nevertheless, the cat grows for a long time: all body parameters are fully formed, weight and length are completed by the age of three or even five years.
When buying a cat from Siberia, you should ask how much it will weigh: the weight of males is large and is 6-8 kg, females are lighter. Their weight does not exceed 5 kg.
Siberian cat character
Siberian cats are mobile and playful, they love to play with babies and are very attached to their owners. At the same time, they have a pronounced sense of their own dignity, are not very “talkative”, sometimes they behave waywardly and are subject to mood swings. If the cat does not reciprocate the affection of the owner, it is better to leave it alone. In turn, having a developed sense of tact, the Siberian cat will never impose on the owner if he notices that he is not in the mood or is busy with something. But he can make anyone laugh, showing her funny habit of lounging on her back, taking funny poses. Tenderness is also caused by the way this animal loves to sleep, lounging on its back and raising its front legs up.
Siberians have a strong character, but they do not seek to dominate in relationships with other animals, which are usually friendly. These cats are fearless, but they prefer not to communicate with strangers, showing undisguised suspicion towards them.
They are hardy and unpretentious to living conditions: they feel great both in urban conditions and in country houses, although they prefer, of course, space and will. These cats are born hunters, and where they are the boss, you will not find rodents.
If a Siberian cat lives in a city apartment, it is advisable to walk it at least once a week, as it is very curious, loves to explore new territories and needs physical activity. These cats like to observe the terrain from elevations, so they love to settle down on cabinets, bookshelves, and are not indifferent to chandeliers.
Due to its wild origin and the breed unchanged by human hands, the Siberian cat is strong and robust, with enviable health and without notable congenital diseases. Despite this, he has diseases common to all other breeds such as hypertrophic heart disease, which consists of an enlarged myocardium of the left ventricle, so veterinary checks should be frequent.
As in the rest of cats, it will be necessary to pay attention to the condition of the coat, nails, mucous membranes and teeth to detect and prevent diseases. Likewise, it is important to follow an adequate vaccination and deworming schedule, always following the veterinarian’s instructions.
Basic care of the Siberian cat
The Siberian cat generally requires more aesthetic care than health, as long as healthy lifestyle habits are respected. Its long hair, which appears in three layers, requires constant brushing so as not to form knots or hairballs which could also be swallowed during grooming. With these brushes and a full bath every two months or so, your coat will always be shiny and in the best condition.
On the other hand, it is practical to take into account the food according to the exercise that the animal does. In any case, you should always focus on quality food, and combine dry and wet food so that the cat has all the nutrients. As for the quantity, being a big cat will require more food than the other breeds, but always in line with the exercise you do.
By following the above guidelines and offering you love, games, education and socialization, the Siberian cat will be the perfect animal for any family, so don’t doubt that it is a breed that suits you.
To make a Siberian look attractive, you need to take proper care of him:
- The eyes and ears of the breed are wiped daily with a moistened cotton swab and examined for uncharacteristic discharge. If Siberian pus is found, they must be shown to the veterinarian.
- A cat’s claws are usually grinded down naturally. But, if necessary, they are shortened with a claw cutter so as not to damage living tissues and cause pain to the Siberian.
- The cat’s teeth are brushed weekly with a non-foaming paste that is applied to a silicone brush or a special nozzle.
Feeding the cat
An important characteristic of the breed is its indiscretion in food. Siberian cats eat everything that is given to them with appetite, and often beg for more. To avoid the development of obesity, it is advisable not to overfeed them.
A complete diet
Siberian cats can be fed with both industrial and natural food. When buying a dryer, it is recommended to give preference to quality premium or super premium products without any questionable ingredients.
It can be food of the following brands:
- Royal Canin;
With a natural type of feeding, the diet of a Siberian should consist of 70-80% low-fat fresh meat such as beef, chicken, rabbit or turkey. Also, the cat is given:
- boiled vegetables;
- boiled eggs;
- dairy products;
- porridge on the water;
- lean sea fish.
The Siberian cat should not be fed with pork, sausages, smoked meats, sweets and pastries. Also, she should not be given bones, river fish and any food from the master’s table.
The Siberian Cat should not be fed supplements that contain shellfish and algae. These components contribute to a change in color and the acquisition of an ugly shade.
Siberian cat fun facts
- There are legends that attribute the task of guarding Russian monasteries to the Siberian cat.
- This particular breed likes to play with water, so be careful, as as mentioned above, it could be harmful to their health.
- Finally, the Siberian cat is considered a hypoallergenic cat because it does not produce a protein called FelD1 which is responsible for 80% of animal allergies. For this reason, Siberian cats can be a good choice for those who suffer from allergies to feline fur.
- The coat of the Siberian cat in three layers, dense and very bushy was and is its main protection against low temperatures from its place of origin. Long before this animal was domesticated and part of family life, it had to survive the weather and, thanks to its physical characteristics, it was able to withstand temperatures of up to 30 degrees below zero.
- It is one of the so-called hypoallergenic cat breeds. This does not mean that allergic people can live with them in all cases, but it will be more likely, since this breed generates to a much lesser extent than others the protein responsible for the majority of animal allergies in humans. . However, before acquiring a specimen of Siberian cat, it is advisable to go to a specialist to do the relevant tests, thus avoiding the possibility of going through a difficult trance.
- The Siberian cat is considered the national breed of Russia for its impressive appearance and size, thus taking the place of other feline breeds which also had their origin in this region.
Siberian cat highlights
The Siberian cat is a strong animal, medium to large in size. Cats weigh an average of four kilograms, cats – at least six. It happens that the weight of the male reaches 12 kg.
Endowed with great vitality, excellent health, agility and courage.
They reach real maturity by the age of three to five years, live long, sometimes up to 20 years.
They have a calm character, friendly, affectionate, but they are suspicious of strangers.
Siberian cats are independent, tactful and never bother their owners, chasing them on their heels.
They get along well not only with people, but also with animals that show friendliness to them, however, the aggressor relatives will immediately be rebuffed.
They are extremely neat, very tidy, and at the same time need grooming. The fur of a well-groomed cat should be shiny and shiny.
One of the main advantages of the breed is the variety of colors.