Last Updated on September 30, 2020 by Pets Feed
The sphynx cat or sphinx cat is a truly unique cat in the world. He was the first to be accepted as a hairless breed or without visible fur. Many professionals suggest that it comes from the Devon Rex breed, with which they share very similar characteristics.
The main feature of the Sphynx is its lack of fur. However, these cats do not completely lack hairs, but are covered with a layer of fine and soft hairs reminiscent of peach skin. This cat has no whiskers or eyelashes. Its head resembles that of the Devon Rex. The eyes are sunken and lemon-shaped. The body has a thin bone, although it is muscular and its chest is strong. Read on and find out all about the sphynx cat or the sphinx cat in ‘ Pets Feed ‘:
Hairless cats have been known for generations; It is said that the Aztecs already had hairless cats. The Sphynx is the first hairless cat that has been bred specifically for this trait.
The breeding program began in 1966 in Ontario, Canada, when a domestic cat had a hairless male kitten. However, most of the current Sphynx are from three hairless kittens found in Toronto in 1978.
Native country: Canada
Other names: Egyptian hairless cat
Characteristics of the sphynx cat
It is an average cat, elongated and muscular. You can see the huge ears that stand out on the naked body, which form folds in various areas. Although the sphynx cat is considered to have no hair, the reality is that the fur is very thin and short, to the point that it is not seen.
There are many color combinations that give unique examples. If there is anything to highlight the sphynx cat, it is its absence of a coat that makes it precisely so characteristic, although it should be noted that there are four varieties of this breed of cat and that some of them have a light layer of hair which barely reaches a few millimeters.
The most remarkable in its anatomy is the shape of its head and its particularly long neck, in addition to the folds that form on its skin throughout the body. The sphynx cat’s head is rather elongated and its pointed cheekbones stand out. The size of his eyes and ears is also notable in the expression of his face, very large in proportion to the rest of the body.
The usual weight of specimens of this breed is between 3 and 5 kilos, also depending on their length, although they are never as bulky as other long-haired breeds. The breed standard has remained unchanged to this day, although current breeders are also seeking to establish the characteristics that are most attractive to them. Therefore, it is possible to think that at some point it will be necessary to update the standard, although the breed is currently more than consolidated in the world.
Temperament and character of the sphynx cat
The sphynx cat is an intelligent, curious and extremely friendly breed, particularly people-oriented. The sphynx cat generally welcomes its owners (or anyone else, as the case may be) at the front door, with obvious enthusiasm and happiness. The sphynx cat does not particularly like dogs or other cats, preferring all the attention that is offered to them, although many relate well to other pets.
It is probably not the best option for a house with young children. If a person likes this bald and wrinkled cat, or if a person is not very enthusiastic about its appearance, everyone will have a strong and memorable reaction when they meet their first sphynx cat. It is good that the sphynx cat likes attention because it attracts it wherever it goes. It requires human attention and will do anything to make you laugh.
This makes it easier for veterinarians or anyone else to handle, and it is not uncommon for a sphynx cat to be a therapy cat as it likes to meet people. When it is not next to its owner, the fearless and active sphynx cat explores its surroundings, climbs in its cat trees or searches for heights, chasing insects. He has a lot of fun with hanging toys and puzzles that challenge his intellect.
If you leave during the day, the sphynx cat will appreciate having a friend in the form of another sphynx cat, another cat or even a dog. He enjoys the company and, just as important, he likes to have someone to curl up to stay warm. He likes to be hugged and you can expect him to sleep with you, most likely under the covers. The most common places to find these cats are on computer screens, in sunny windows, on a TV, or hidden under a blanket.
They are well known for sleeping with their owners under the covers, as they are perpetual seekers of heat. The natural curiosity of the sphynx cat can lead to potentially dangerous situations. They certainly should not be left unattended outside for a long time. People who love them say that living with a sphynx cat is very different from having a “normal” cat. This cat is comfortable and affectionate, whenever it wants to be close to you.
Partly, it is because it is looking for warmth, but it is an unusually friendly cat that likes attention and touch. He likes to have company, so if you work during the day, it’s a good idea to have two so they can play and sleep together while you’re away. He will also be the receptionist of the house, welcoming guests, nodding and even jumping over a shoulder if available. If you can tell that cats are flirting, the sphynx cat certainly does. He will do anything to attract attention, so he will always continue to laugh with his silly antics. He is fearless, playful and intelligent.
In general, Sphynx cats are in good health, but due to the lack of a warm coat they can catch a cold, so avoid drafts in the apartment. Due to inadequate hygiene, Sphynx cats can suffer from dermatitis, and the absence of eyelashes can cause conjunctivitis. Also, cats may experience eye problems such as eyelid inversion, microphthalmos (abnormal development of the eyeball and blindness). The weaknesses in the representatives of the breed are the mammary glands (cysts and hyperplasia), as well as the rarity – the curvature of the vertebrae in the tail.
Be sure to vaccinate your Sphynx cat, and also do not forget about the regular prevention of helminths. If you are not going to engage in breeding don, it is better to sterilize or neutered the animal.
Despite their lack of hair, Sphynx cats can cause allergic reactions. Cat allergies are usually caused by an allergen present in their saliva.
It is necessary to pay attention to the amount of food necessary to maintain an ideal physical condition according to the guidelines for food and individual preferences with regard to the type of food (wet or dry).
Sphynx cat care
Since the Sphynx cats do not have hair, they need to be washed regularly (1-2 times a week) as they sweat all over. The skin of the sphinxes is very similar to non-human skin, but the sweat has a brown tint. Therefore, the cat can be wiped with wet wipes or towels, and you can also use not only specialized, but also baby shampoo with a low acidity level. When washing a Sphynx cat, make sure that the cat does not overcool. If sweat is released too much, this may mean that the animal has a metabolic disorder and needs to change the diet.
In winter, the Sphynx cat can be dressed if the house is cold and the pet is cold. You can tell by the cat’s cold ears. The optimum room temperature in which the animal can be kept is 20-25 degrees.
Do not deprive the Sphynx cat of the pleasure of crawling under your blanket and soaking up a little in warmth and comfort. In summer, the cat loves to sunbathe, be it the street or the balcony of your apartment, so you need to smear it with sunscreen. Make sure that the skin does not burn, otherwise it will peel off.
You can walk with your pet on the street no more than 1-2 times a month in any season, but then be sure to wash the whole body, checking for ticks.
Keep the Sphynx cat’s long ears clean by regularly wiping off dark secretions with a cotton swab moistened with water.
Each owner strives to maintain the integrity of the interior if a cat lives in his house, so provide the animal with a scratching post and toys and regularly trim the claws by 3-4 millimeters. The Sphynx cat also loves to play with plants, so if you want to save your friend, buy your cat a special herb in a long rectangular pot.
By themselves, these cats are very clean and will never tolerate if their bowl is dirty or smells bad. It is best to have three bowls: for water, for dry food, and for natural food.
Sphynx kittens learn to walk in the litter box very quickly and do not throw litter around. Therefore, immediately accustom the kitten to a specific place of the toilet.
Cats of this breed can be placed on special beds or in houses, like dogs. It will be very convenient for you and for them.
The Sphynx cat’s diet includes a huge number of foods. You can even talk about their omnivorousness. However, at the same time, it is important to monitor the cat’s nutrition in order to prevent obesity.
In addition, the Sphynx cat can develop allergies, so it is best to select food individually. If you decide to change the food (even within the same brand), you should constantly monitor the condition of the pet.
Sphynxes can be fed with dry food and natural food. The main task of the owner is to provide a balanced diet with an optimal amount of vitamins and microelements (consult your veterinarian about this).
If suddenly you decide to tune your cat for natural food, then raw meat (beef, lamb) and poultry (chicken, turkey) are usually taken as a basis. You can give adult cats chicken necks, as they clean the teeth and strengthen the bone tissue.
From offal, you can give the liver and tripe. Fish and eggs can also be offered to the cat, but only boiled and not more often than once a week.
Diversify your diet with dairy products: unsweetened and low-fat cottage cheese, fermented baked milk, give cereals (oatmeal, rice). But as for vegetables and fruits, they should be no more than 7-10% of the total food volume. It is better to add vegetables to minced meat.
If you have a nursing Sphynx cator small kitten, it is preferable to give drinking cream.
Is the Sphynx cat hypoallergenic?
Despite the complete or partial absence of wool, the Sphynx cat breed can also be allergic. All this is due to the allergenic protein, which is not secreted through the coat, but through saliva or sebaceous glands. And, by the way, all cats have them.
There is no scientific evidence that the Sphynx cat is suitable for people with allergies, so do not trust breeders who try to stick a “magic” kitten in you.
Don’t choose a Sphynx cat solely for its weird appearance. The Sphinx is so much more, it is personality, individuality, curious, smart and funny. He loves people, loves to sleep with you under the covers, loves to be the center of your attention, so be prepared for his cute antics.
Sphynx cat fun facts
The Sphynx cat can look a person in the eye for a long time without blinking.
Sphynxes also have color, like fluffy cats. These animals may have short hair or spots on the body.
If the Canadian Sphynx cat is extended to its full length, folds remain on the body, one way or another.
The Sphynx cat’s heart beats faster than other breeds. And the younger the cat, the more frequent the heartbeat.
The skin of the animal resembles the skin of a child by touch.
The Sphynx cat can be feline centenarians. One male lived to be 19 years old.
For these animals, it is worth equipping a real shelf with cosmetics: baby shampoo, lotion and sun cream.