The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a dog with a cheerful and positive character, perfect for active and dynamic people. If you are thinking of adopting a dog of these characteristics, it will be very important to inform you in advance of his education, the care he needs or the needs that we must meet so that he continues to be a happy dog for many years.
It is a muscular dog with soft fur that combines Bulldogs and Terriers with their physical appearance, and it offers an image of great strength and agility.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier breed is very popular. Many people mistakenly consider such dogs to be overly aggressive, dangerous to humans. In fact, they are devotees and, one might even say, affectionate animals. They show friendliness not only to family members, but also to strangers.
Due to its relatively small size, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier feels great in a city apartment. Only with apartment maintenance is it necessary to provide the pet with daily walks. The health of the breed is strong, the coat is short – this is not a complete list of the advantages that bull terriers have.
In this ‘ Pets Feed ‘ dog breed sheet, we will detail everything you need to know about the Staffordshire bull terrier, so that its adoption is thoughtful, responsible and successful.
The birthplace of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is England. The beginning of history is recorded in the seventeenth century. It is impossible to say exactly which dogs STBT came from, but there are two versions:
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier dogs are descended from Old English Bulldogs and Mastiff dogs of Great Britain, which were used to bully bulls.
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier came from the cross of English Terriers and Bulldogs. The most famous breeder who made a great contribution to the formation of the new breed was the Duke of Hamilton.
In the second half of the nineteenth century, STBTs began to be exported to other countries. Dogs were especially popular in America; at that time, they were called the “Bull and Terrier”. Used this type of animal for bullying rats and as participants in dog fights. Moreover, in the nineteenth century, not only in the UK, but also in other countries, bans on dog fighting and other cruel spectacles involving animals began to be introduced.
Starting in 1861, clubs for Staffordshire bull terriers began to be organized, at the same time the first exhibitions of this type of dog were held. In 1974, the breed was officially recognized and recorded in stud books as the Staffordshire Bull Terrier (STBT).
When breeding, breeders put emphasis on the exterior of the dog, and not on the aggressive character of the fearless fighter. Indeed, now the staffs are not fighting in the bloody arenas. Now these are exhibition animals, participants in sports competitions, companions and excellent pets.
Physical characteristics of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a medium sized breed. It is characterized by excessive activity and agility. Build muscular and compact. Representatives of the breed have amazing strength and endurance. The growth of adults is 35-40 cm, weight 13-22 kg.
On a short, wide neck is a powerful head with a wide skull. The ears are relatively small, semi-stable. The eyes are small, their color depends on the coat color, in most cases dark.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a short muzzle, a large black nose. Cheekbones are highly developed, jaws are powerful, scissor bite.
Strong physique. The back of the The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is flat, the chest is wide. Ribs stand out. Tail of medium length, hanging, set low. Docking is not carried out. Forelegs set wide, even.
Hind – parallel, with inclined lower legs. Both front and hind limbs with well-developed muscles, strong, strong legs, medium size. The movements are fast, free and confident.
Coat tight-fitting, short, smooth. Shedding is not too plentiful. Recognized colors of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier are:
A combination of white with any color is acceptable, white marks are not considered a disadvantage.
Character and temperament of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier
The whole look of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier speaks about the strength, stamina and fearlessness of this dog. The staff has a tenacious, wary look, but when he looks at his master or at other household members, kindness and devotion are visible in the look. Representatives of the breed are independent in nature, so the owner of such a pet must have experience with dogs and have a strong-willed character.
The main character traits of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier are devotion and fearlessness. The ancestors of modern staffs were aggressive. After all, they had to participate in dog battles. The current bull terriers are known as pets and loyal companions. Aggression justifiably manifests itself in cases where the owners or their property is in danger. But the adequacy of staff largely depends on early socialization, proper education and professional training.
It is surprising that the English are affectionately called the “nanny dog” by such a terrible-looking and powerful dog. This nickname arose because of the gentle, affectionate treatment of staffs for children. Being next to the baby, an alert dog will immediately take the child under its care, although leaving the baby alone with the bull terrier is not recommended. This dog is too active and mobile, accidentally during the game it can cause harm. Similar games should be controlled by adults.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier has a friendly relationship with other pets. Friendship is especially evident if the pets grow up together in the same family. It is worth noting that the Staffordshire should not be closely acquainted with small animals (rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters), he can perceive them as prey or as a living toy. Although a strong hunting instinct in STBT is not observed.
Staffordshire Bull Terriers can live about 10-16 years with proper care. The owner must regularly show the pet for preventive examinations to specialists in the veterinary clinic. It is also important to timely vaccinate and treat parasites.
These dogs have no particular health problems; by nature, they are endowed with strong immunity and a strong body. But there is a predisposition to some diseases:
- Digestive problems – bloating, volvulus, diarrhea. Most often it happens from improper nutrition and from poor quality feed. Diarrhea can be a symptom of an infection.
- Urolithiasis – stones form in the urinary tract. They can be located in the urinary tract, kidneys, ureter, or bladder, but most of the time they are found in the bladder.
- Mast cell cancer – Mast cell tumor is one of the most common skin tumors in dogs.
- Dysplasia of the hip joint – underdevelopment of the acetabulum, leading to impairment of the musculoskeletal function of the limb.
- Cataract – clouding of the crystal, if inactive can lead to complete loss of vision.
- Entropion – the volvulus of the eyelid is not treatable, it can only be dealt with surgically.
- Arthritis – accompanied by lameness, severe pain, stiffness of movements.
- Hyperadrenocorticism is a clinical syndrome that develops with an excess of corticosteroids in the body.
These dogs will need at least one hour of daily exercise. If your Staffordshire Bull Terrier does not get along with other dogs, be sure to check it properly to avoid damage.
Many dogs of this breed have no problem with other dogs, but others may be aggressive with those of the same breed.
Every owner who plans to buy a Staffordshire Bull Terrier must choose what kind of food he will give – natural or dry, purchased from the store.
Only in the first case will you be able to provide your pet with a balanced diet, if you settled on the last option, then buy exclusively elite food.
The diet of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier must be dominated by meat and meat products:
- Fillet and bones of pork, beef, chicken;
- Liver and kidneys;
For a balanced diet for your Staffordshire Bull Terrier, it is important to include greens, vegetables, fruits, as well as fermented milk products and eggs in the diet.
As an additive to meat, it is worth giving porridge – barley, oatmeal, rice.
Important! It is undesirable to give vegetables raw. They are best boiled or stewed to make them easier to digest.
There is no consensus on whether to give raw or cooked meat products to a dog.
Some experts recommend that you feed your Staffordshire Bull Terrier with raw, fresh meat at least once a week.
It is important to give your pet bones that he can chew, this is very good for the teeth.
They should not be tubular, as it is impossible for the fragments to get into the dog’s stomach.
It is important not to skimp on food for the dog, especially at a puppy age, when the pet develops hair, scent, eyesight, etc.
A Staffordshire Bull Terrier dog should always have clean water, it is also advisable to feed it at the same time.
You can keep a Staffordshire Bull Terrier both outdoors and indoors, but certain conditions must be observed. When keeping outdoors, short-haired staff will need an insulated booth so that it does not freeze in winter frosts. It is generally not recommended to leave puppies in an unheated room. Choose a place in the yard for the dog so that there is enough sun, and there is an opportunity to hide in the shade, there should be no drafts.
If you let your pet run freely around the yard, keep in mind that the representatives of this breed adore digging, and are also able to jump very high. So, the fencing of the site must be reliable. In order for the staff not to get bored and not be naughty, hang up an old car camera for him, it will be a wonderful toy.
With the apartment living of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, daily long walks with active pastime will be required. Please note that such dogs love to chew and gnaw something all the time. Even after coming out of puppyhood, the dog will continue to sharpen its teeth. The owner of the staff must provide the pet with appropriate toys, otherwise furniture and other household items will suffer from these teeth.
During a walk, an active dog must completely throw out all the accumulated energy. One of the dog’s favorite pastimes is playing ball. The staff happily runs after the ball, the owner can only throw the toy and take it back. The main thing is to find a walking place where there is enough free space. The dog should be able to run without restrictions. After such walks, the pet behaves quietly and educated in the house.
For the Staffordshire Bull Terrier to be healthy and look well-groomed, beautiful, some actions will be required from the owner. The procedures for caring for a representative of the specified breed are quite simple, but they must be performed without fail:
- Once a week, comb out the coat with a soft brush, this will be enough to rid the dog of dead hairs.
- Bathe twice a year or as needed if the dog gets very dirty during a walk. The rest of the time, wipe the coat with wet wipes designed for dogs.
- Clean and examine ears every 5-7 days. If you find excessive accumulation of ear discharge or trauma, take your pet to your veterinarian immediately.
- Shear the claws as needed, although the mobile staff in most cases grinds them off on their own during long walks.
- Staffordshire Bull Terriers are prone to eye diseases, so the owner should carefully examine the eyes for inflammation, discharge, keep clean, wiping with napkins in time.
Training and education
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is distinguished by a developed intellect and intelligence. Therefore, it is not difficult to train him. Early socialization, education, training courses for representatives of the breed are required. If the owner is patient, he will be able to raise an adequate, without unnecessary aggressiveness, obedient dog.
Bull terrier always strives for dominance. During training, this fact must be taken into account. Manifestations of unjustified, excessive aggression must be suppressed. Such a pet should be in control. In the process of education, manifestation of rudeness and physical punishments by the owner is unacceptable.
The main thing in staff training is calmness, consistency and persuasion. Of course, rewards for correctly executed commands and obedience are welcome. If there is no experience in handling such types of dogs, it is recommended that training courses be conducted under the guidance of an experienced dog handler.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier dog reaches sexual maturity at the age of 8-9 months.
However, the female should not be mated before reaching 15 months, and the male up to a year.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier female’s estrus period is individual for each pet and ranges from 9 to 12 months.
It is recommended to mate a female until 8 years old, no more than once a year, before mating, deworming is mandatory.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier fun facts
- In ancient times, Staffordshire Bull Terriers were prized for their ability to catch rats.
- A rat-baiting entertainment was invented. A hundred rodents were thrown into a previously prepared hole, and several Staffordshire bull terriers were placed there. Viewers placed bets on which dog would kill the most rats in a certain time (1-3 minutes).
- Breeders began to engage in serious breeding of Staffordshire Bull Terriers only in the nineteenth century.
- A trained Staffordshire bull terrier is able to jump from a spot to a height of about two meters.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Dog Breed Highlights
If you don’t have enough time to deal with the dog, stop thinking about buying a Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Also, such a dog is not suitable for slow, weak-tempered people.
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier should be practiced every day, training, educating, developing it mentally and physically.
If you have a great desire to buy a Staffordshire Bull Terrier puppy, carefully weigh the pros and cons, having familiarized yourself with the main pros and cons of this fighting breed.
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a confident, friendly and good dog around children of all ages.
- Very people oriented.
- Full of energy and loves to play interactive games.
- Low maintenance on the grooming front
- Excellent security, watchdog qualities.
- Good health
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is an excellent choice for new owners as long as they have time to socialize and train.
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is very people oriented and does not tolerate being alone.
- It may suffer from separation anxiety.
- Requires a lot of mental stimulation and daily exercises.
- Early socialization is essential.
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a dog that can be destructive when it gets bored.
- May be aggressive towards other dogs.
- Can be stubborn sometimes.
- Training must start from the first day.
- The Staffordshire Bull Terrier needs handling with a steady but fair hand.
- Striving for dominance
- With the wrong upbringing, shows unjustified aggression and willfulness