Last Updated on August 21, 2022 by Pets Feed
Tervuren stands out among other Belgian shepherd dogs, as it has a more expressive exterior. He has a luxurious ripe coat, a strong build and amazing almond-shaped eyes. Like other shepherd dogs, Tervuren is a strong, hardy and intelligent dog and it is desirable that she could realize herself.
Tervuren shepherd photos
Description of the breed Belgian Shepherd Tervuren
In the FIFA, all types of Belgians are united under one standard. But in some countries, cynological organizations still recognize them as independent breeds.
All Belgians, including Tervuren, are quite large animals, although when compared with other giants of the canine world, they do not look so impressive. The growth of representatives of the breed varies, depending on sex – in males 60-66 cm, in bitches – 56-63 cm. Males weigh from 25 to 30 kg, while the maximum weight of females does not exceed 25 kg.
The Belgian is a well-proportioned, harmonious dog with a proud bearing and an elegant fur coat. At one glance, it becomes clear that this is an elegant, graceful, self-confident dog.
The standard specifies the following description of purebred Tervuren shepherd:
The head is beautiful, refined, well-defined, which is typical for most of the shepherd dogs from northern European countries. The skull is of medium width, the muzzle is smoothly narrowed towards the nose, with an even, straight nasal bridge and a large lobe with wide nostrils. The transition from the forehead to the nose is not abrupt, but clearly visible.
The lips are thin, tight-fitting, black pigmented. The jaw apparatus is strong, well developed, with a full set of large, snow-white teeth, the bite is correct, scissor-shaped.
The eyes are small, oval or almond-shaped, of medium depth and set. The iris is dark brown or black. The dog looks directly, attentively, a lively brilliance and intelligence are noticeable. The ears are triangular, erect, set high, turned forward.
The neck is long, strong, covered with strong muscles, widens significantly towards the body, there is no dewlap.
The body is not heavy, slightly elongated, but not devoid of proportionality, with a well-defined withers and a wide, well-muscled back. The rib cage is of medium width, but noticeably pronounced.
The sternum passes in a smooth line into the belly, which is not too lean, but also not saggy. The croup is wide, but moderately, with a slight slope.
The tail is set at the middle level, long, abundantly pubescent with thick fur. It is straight or slightly curved starting at the hock. Even during arousal, it does not rise high and does not bend.
Legs straight, parallel, not too long, well-muscled, with compact, oval legs, arched, gathered into a ball. The pads are firm, with strong black nails.
Wool quality and possible colors
The coat of Tervuren is thick, long, smooth, with not too hard, but not too soft texture. The abundant coat forms the expressive appearance of these shepherd dogs, it forms a rich “collar” in the neck and feathering in the chest, peritoneum and limbs.
In addition to the guard hair, these dogs have a thick, dense undercoat that protects the animal even at very low temperatures.
The standard is limited to colors and only a few varieties are recognized. First of all, a reddish-coal combination is preferable, without excess black wool, not washed out, warm.
Small white markings on the sternum and feet are acceptable, but undesirable, as they lose the uniqueness of the breed exterior. Tervuren must have a mask of dark color on the face, ears, in the area of the eyes and on the lips, also combining all the marks into one whole.
Temperament and distinctive character traits
Like most shepherd dogs, Tervurens are distinguished by high intelligence, the ability to independently make decisions and perform various jobs. If earlier they successfully completed various tasks on farms, today these shepherd dogs can be found in the police service.
They also make excellent guide dogs. Such versatility is associated with a set of their genetic qualities and high learning ability. Tervurens have always lived side by side with humans, so they do not have an innate aggressiveness towards people. A well-bred Belgian Shepherd Dog is peaceful, intelligent and polite.
Such a pet is very strongly attached to its owner, most often he chooses one owner in the family. He cannot do without communication and contact. The dog has a very subtle mental organization, so the tervuren can be jealous, commit impulsive acts and it is hard to experience a rude attitude and punishment.
All “Belgians” are perfectly trained, they closely observe the owner and quickly memorize commands. But dogs are so brave and courageous that they can independently assess what is happening and make decisions.
Tervuren is a real protector and guard, he vigilantly monitors the territory and protects the household. Due to the pronounced territoriality, he is not too happy with strangers and in a certain situation can react aggressively.
The dog is friendly to the younger members of the family, however, despite great patience, he is not a nanny. And one more nuance – such a pet often does not accept other people’s children.
Tervuren can be kept with other animals – dogs and even cats, but only if he has been socialized. When a pet is introduced to other animals from childhood, as an adult, he will be very loyal to them. Otherwise, the shepherd may be jealous or show excessive interest in other species.
Even living in an apartment, the Belgian does not cease to perform herding functions, she watches over family members, and, if required, will send those who have lost their way.
Education and training of the Tervuren
Tervurens, on the one hand, are very capable students, on the other hand, they are too smart and independent. Therefore, beginners may find it difficult to train. It is important to start training your pet as early as possible, show firmness of character and not use rudeness.
The main thing is to show who is the leader and takes leading positions from the first days of finding a pet in the house. The dog will obey unquestioningly only if it accepts the authority of the owner.
It is not uncommon for people unfamiliar with the temperament of the Belgian Shepherd to make the mistake of constantly punishing their four-legged friend. In this case, the dog turns into a secretive, shy and cowardly animal, losing its natural courage and fearlessness.
Before classes it is better to let the dog run, frolic, “let off steam”. Another nuance – the training should not be monotonous, so the pet will very quickly lose interest in the process. It is necessary to diversify the activities as much as possible, stirring up the pet’s interest in learning.
All Belgian Shepherds are working dogs, which means that standard walking and field training may not be enough for them. Owners of a tervuren who are not involved in work, it makes sense to think about participating with a pet in dog competitions. These active dogs are successful in almost all sports, and in agility they are practically unmatched.
It is important to socialize your shepherd dog and do it as early as possible:
The animal should be calm about people, and for this, the puppy should be taken out to public places, it should not be allowed to be teased or intimidated, provoking inappropriate behavior.
The pet must be able to communicate with fellows – it is unacceptable for the “Belgian” to be afraid of other dogs or show anger without any reason. It is recommended to pay due attention to walking on special areas.
It is necessary to accustom the puppy to the obligatory hygienic procedures – combing, cutting nails, bathing and other activities should not cause an active protest from the pet. Even without having a special love for them, he must obey unquestioningly.
Tervuren should be neutral towards external stimuli – the howl of special vehicles, the sound of a vacuum cleaner or fireworks should not cause panic in the pet; the dog should be taught to them gradually.
The Belgian Shepherd Dogs are excellent aports and can perform even complex tricks. If you practice with your dog regularly, using both punishment and reward, you can achieve amazing results.
How to care for tervuren
This type of Belgian Shepherd Dog has a luxurious coat – long, smooth, voluminous, and the owner will have to try to keep it attractive. Tervurens shed twice a year, and the hair falls out very abundantly. During these periods, the pet will have to be combed 5-7 times a week, getting rid of dead hairs. The rest of the time, the procedure is sufficient to carry out 2-3 times a week.
These dogs are not clipped, but hair that has grown between the toes must be removed. Shepherd dogs are bathed infrequently, it is recommended to do this only when necessary. More frequent washing will negatively affect both the structure of the coat and the condition of the skin. When bathing, you need to use special hygienic shampoos, gels or other products.
It is recommended to examine your pet’s eyes and lips regularly, 1-2 times a week. But the teeth require more attention, since in dogs of this breed, plaque and tartar often appear on the enamel. They are cleaned weekly, and you can also give your dog special dental treats and toys.
Preventive examinations, vaccinations and regular deworming are mandatory to prevent various diseases in the dog.
Tervurenins cannot be called weak and painful, however, some pathologies are diagnosed in them more often than others:
- oncological diseases;
- retinal atrophy of the progressive type;
- dysfunction of the thyroid gland;
- dysplasia of large joints.
In addition, it should be borne in mind that representatives of this breed have an increased sensitivity to anesthetic drugs.
Diet and feeding regimen
The Belgian Shepherd is a rather large, powerful animal, and in order for such a dog to grow from a puppy, you should carefully consider the diet of a four-legged friend. It is important that the dog gets enough animal protein, for this it should be fed raw beef, boneless and without veins. The product is cut into small pieces.
In addition, it is recommended to include ocean fish in the shepherd’s menu. Meat can be given with vegetables – carrots, zucchini, pumpkin, herbs, cauliflower, etc. As for cereals, they are not an obligatory product for feeding tervuren. But you can cook buckwheat porridge for your pet and fill it with a small amount of vegetable oil.
Fermented milk products are useful for the digestive processes of the animal – low-fat cottage cheese, kefir, yogurt, yogurt without additives. In addition, complexes of vitamins and minerals are accepted.
The owners of “Belgian” have an alternative – dry industrial feed. They are recommended to be selected based on the age of the pet and health characteristics. It is worth paying attention to premium and super-premium rations, intended for large, active breeds.
Features of the content of tervurens
A Belgian Shepherd puppy is a lively, active and inquisitive toddler, so it is important to remove all dangerous items before it appears in the house.
Representatives of this breed are ideal for enclosure keeping, with the possibility of walking in the local area. But often the owners decide to have such a dog in the apartment. In this case, they should be ready for regular intensive dog shedding and long, active walks and exercises on the site.
It is important that the dog works, moves a lot, this will keep him in good physical shape and allow him to throw out excess energy.
Purchasing a Tervuren puppy
Belgian Shepherds, including Tervurens, are not very common, but still in some countries, there are a small number of kennels and private breeders engaged in breeding this breed. How much a puppy will cost depends on the purpose for which it is purchased and where. You will have to pay a lot more for a baby from a specialized nursery.
If the owner wants to get a pet for his subsequent successful show career, then it is worth choosing a show class pet that has not only an excellent pedigree, but also an excellent exterior.
The Belgian Shepherd is a luxurious dog that, in the right hands, will definitely show all its natural qualities. Tervuren is not a toy or a couch dog, but a working dog that needs work and respect for itself.
The origin of the breed
The breed is believed to have originated in 1891, when veterinarian Adolf Riyul set about breeding a dog intended to become a national treasure. In work, he took dogs of approximately the same size and appearance, but with different colors and types of coats.
In 1907, the first standard was created, according to which the breed was divided into 4 types, each type being named after the names of the cities in which they were bred. The Belgian Shepherd Tervuren is the most elegant of the four.
Initially, dogs were used as shepherds, but during the wars their field of activity expanded, from tervurens they turned out to be excellent messengers, watchmen, riding and draft dogs. Today, this type of Belgian shepherd dog is used for grazing livestock, protecting homes and land, as well as for official purposes.